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Brandeis University 
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Hon. GEORGE HOOD 

FIRST MAYOR OF LYNN, 1850-'51. 




Hon. WILLIAM SHEPHERD 

MAYOR OF LYNN 1899-1900 




CITY OF LYNN 



fIDaeeacbusctte 



SEMI-CENTENNIAL 

©f IFncorporation 



EVENTS AND EXERCISES OF THE 
^oth ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATION 
HELD MAY 13th, 14th and i^th, 1900 



printed b^ direction of tbe Celebration Committee 



LYNN, MASS., 1900 



F7t 



WHITTEN &• CASS, PRINTERS 
J3 Mtinvoe St., Lynn, Mass. 



TO THE 

Settlers of the "Saugust" Plantation 

THEIR 

Descendants and Successors in the Town of Lynn 

AND the 
Citizens of the City of Lynn 

TO WHOSE industry AND APPLICATION DURING TWO 
HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-ONE YEARS 

IS DUE 

THE PRESENT GREAT MUNICIPALITY 
This Book is Dedicated. 



203894 



PREFACE. 



To preserve a memorial of the important event which this 
year has transpired in the history of the City of L3'nn was the 
purpose of the 50th Anniversary Celebration Committee in 
directing the publication of this volume. Assigned to the duty 
of conducting the celebration, the Committee deemed that duty 
fulfilled only when it had caused to be placed on record, in 
form for convenient reading and reference, all that was of value 
in a historical sense in the exercises which the celebration em- 
braced. The book is designed to take a place in the growing 
collection of local historical literature and to go abroad to add 
to the store elsewhere possessed of knowledge pertaining to 
Lynn. Its chief function will be, it is hoped, to acquaint coming 
generations with the life and character, the public spirit and 
high emprise, of Lynn as she stands at the end of fifty years of 
city life and of two hundred and seventy-one years as a New 
England community. 

To the undersigned, members of the Celebration Committee, 
was intrusted the work of publication, and they in turn called 
to their aid, as Editor, Hon. Walter L. Ramsdell, whose gen- 
eral plan of the work, submitted beforehand, was considered 
worthy of adoption, and whose adaptability to the task was 
unquestioned. To his painstaking efforts is due, in a large 
measure, the merit which the book is confidently expected to 
attain in the public estimation. 

Acknowledgments are due to many who gave assistance in 
the preparation of the matter, the services thus rendered having 
been in most cases in addition to generous contributions of time 
and effort toward the success of the celebration itself. 

William Shepherd, 
Charles C. Fry, 
George C. Houghton. 

Lynn, Mass., December, 1900. 



.^^ 



EDITOR'S PREFACE. 



In the volume printed as a memorial of the 250th Anniversary 
of the Settlement of Lynn, the late Hon. James R. Newhall not 
only gave a carefully prepared account of the celebration of 
1879, ^^^ made therein a valuable contribution from his pen to 
local history and biography. In the present volume the need 
of space wherein to record the exercises and events of which 
the celebration of 1900 was so prolific precludes any attempt at 
independent historical narrative. Nevertheless, the reader will 
tind herein much to give him knowledge of the past and much 
to acquaint him with contemporary men and things, for these 
pages embody, as a result of the excellent plans of the Com- 
mittee, the best of material for that purpose. He need only 
turn to the Anniversar}- oration, or the sermons and addresses, 
to be conducted into instructive fields of history, illumined by 
new thought and brought down to a period where, by contrast 
alone, it is rendered more distinct and intelligible ; and the pro- 
ceedings and pageantry of the moment, as depicted in the 
accounts of other celebration features, will serve to set forth — 
better, perhaps, than b}' any other means — the activity and 
spirit, the prosperity and power, of the Lynn of the present 
day and generation. 

The Editor met with some difficulty and embarrassment in the 
progress of his work, but has been admirably assisted by those 
to whom he has applied for aid. Their number is legion, for 
many parts of the book have passed through the hands, in manu- 
script or in proof form, of the individuals most familiar with 
particular exercises or events. The splendid work of the news- 
paper press in publishing most ample reports of the celebration 
is thankfully acknowledged, for their reports served as the basis 
upon which the book has been built up. The Daily Evening 



viii CITT OF LTNN SB MI-CENTENNIAL. 

Item, in particular, covered the whole ground, and the Editor 
has availed himself copiously from its columns. Special thanks 
are due the Essex County Republican for loan of portrait en- 
gravings ; and, in behalf of the Committee, renewed thanks are 
tendered to Misses Abbie J. Barry and Kate R. Moulton and 
Messrs. Charles A. Lawrence and Fred B. Valpey for their 
artistic contributions to the souvenir programme, which are 
again made useful in embellishing this volume. To Misses V. 
Marguerite Hastings and Alice G. Billings, Messrs. Harold D. 
Valpey, J. D. Montgomer}', William Stone and Clarence I. 
Allen, thanks are due for photographs used in preparing illus- 
trations. 



(JJ(aMa^ Jo. (Rjo<^v^djJX_ 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



V 

vii 
xiii 



Page 

Dedication .......... iii 

Preface 
Editor's Preface 

Introductory 

Origin of Celebration Movement, xiii ; Recommendation in Mayor's 
Address, xiv; Referred to Joint Special Committee, xiv ; Com- 
mittee Appointed, xv ; Appropriation Order, xv. 
The Preparations ........ 

Formation of Plan, i; Co-operation of Citizens, 3 ; Finance Com- 
mittee Appointed, 5; Appeal for Contributions, 5; Collection 
Committees Appointed, 7; Public Subscription List, 9. 

Appointments and Invitations. — Sub-Committees of City Com- 
mittee and Chief Marshal Appointed, 17; Orator, Poet and Odist 
Selected, 18; Survivors of 1850 Government Invited, iS; Presi- 
dent of the United States (Mayor's Letter to), 19; Distinguished 
Persons Invited, 19; Letter to Mayor of King's Lynn, England, 20. 

The Schools and Churches. — Co-operation of School Com- 
mittee and Parochial School Authorities, 21; School Exercises, 
Observation Stands and Entertainments, 21-22; Mayor's Com- 
munication to Pastors, 22; Responses, with Invitations to City 
Government to Attend Services, 23. 

The Procession and Other Features. — Chief Marshal's Invi- 
tation to Organizations, etc., 24; Division Marshals Appointed, 
25; Battery C and Second Corps Cadets Invited, 25; Decoration 
of Buildings, 26; City Hall Decoration, 27; Athletic Sports Ar- 
ranged, 27; Fireworks, 28; Hospitable Preparations, 28: Official 
Badge Designed, 29; Souvenir Programme Published, 29; Com- 
pleted General Programme of Celebration, 30. 

Quotation from Sermon. Rev. Tillman B. Johnson . 3 

The First Day ......... 

Church Services of Sunday, May 13. — City Government at 
St. Stephen's, 33; First Universalist Church, Abstract of Sermon 
by Rev. Dr. James M. Pullman, 34; Church of the Incarnation, 
Abstract of Sermon by Rev. Albion H. Ross, 35; St. Joseph's 
Roman Catholic Church, Notes on Sermon by Rev. Patrick Col- 
man, 35; Highland Methodist Episcopal Church, Abstract of 
Sermon by Rev. Joseph Jackson, 36; High Street Free Baptist 
Church, Note on Sermon by Rev. Abbott P. Davis, 37; Essex 
Street Baptist Church, Abstract of Sermon by Rev. Frank M. 
Holt, 37; St. Jean Baptiste Roman Catholic Church, Notes on 



33 



X CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Address by Rev. Jean B. Parent and Sermon by Rev. Father Hol- 
land, 38; South Street Methodist Episcopal Church, Abstract of 
Sermon by Rev. Charles W. Blackett, 38; Chestnut Street Con- 
gregational Church, Abstract of Sermon bj Rev. George W. 
Osgood, 39; First Congregational Church, Note on Sermon by 
Rev. William C. Merrill, 39; Scandinavian Evangelical Church, 
Notes on Morning and Evening Services, 39; First Baptist 
Church, Union Service, Abstract of Address by Rev. Tillman B. 
Johnson, 39; People's Church, Note on Sermon by Rev. A. A. 
Williams, 41 ; Maple Street Methodist Episcopal Church, Note 
on Sermon by Rev. Edward E. Small, 41 ; Broadway Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Note on Sermon by Rev. M. E. Wright, 41 ; 
First Methodist Church, Services for the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, 41 ; First Presbyterian Church, Services for Odd Fellows' 
Encampment, 42 ; Central Congregational Church, Young Men's 
Christian Association Address, 42 ; Church of the Sacred Heart, 
Notes on Sermon by Rev. Denis F. Sullivan, 42. 
Anniversary Sermons. — Rt. Rev. William Lawrence, 43; Rev. 
Arthur J. Teeling, 53; Rev. Arthur J. Covell, 58; Rev. Samuel 
B. Stewart, 67; Rev. Dr. Edward T. Curnick, 69; Rev. Clayton 
S. Cooper, 74; Rev. Neil Andrews, Jr., 78; Rev. A. N. Foster, 
82 ; Rev. William Full, 83. 

Quotation from Poem. David N. Johnson ... 88 

The Second Day ........ 89 

I. Exercises in the Schools, Etc. .... 89 

Salutes and Band Concerts, 89; Exercises in the Schools, 91 ; High 
Schools, 92; Grammar Schools, 93; Primary Schools, First Dis- 
trict, 100; Second District, loi ; Third District, 102; Fourth Dis- 
trict, 103 ; Parochial Primary Schools, 104. 

Addresses in the Schools. — Hon. Asa T. Newhall, 105; Hon. 
Nathan Mortimer Hawkes, 113; Howard Mudge Newhall, 126. 

Literary Selections. — The Last of the Saugus Tribe, Alonzo 
Levjis, 132; Tne Bells of Lynn, Henry W. Lotigfelloiv, 134; 
Anthem, Alonzo Leivis, 134; Hannah at the Window Binding 
Shoes, Lucy Larcom, 135. 

Afternoon Events. — Children's Entertainments, 137; Athletic 
Sports, Young Men's Christian Associations, 139; High Schools, 
140; Grammar Schoolboys, 141. 

II. Exercises in Lynn Theatre ..... 145 
Invocation, Rev. Samuel B. Stewart, 146; Chorus, 'Native Land, 

United Land," 147; Address of Welcome, Hon. William 
Shepherd, 148; Anniversary Poem, Mabel Ward, 155; Chorus, 
"O Land Beloved," 160; Oration, Benjamin Newhall Johnson, 
i6i ; Chorus, "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean," 197; Anni- 
versary Ode, Isabelle Dorothea O'Brien, 198. 
High Rock Bonfire, 199. 



CONTENTS AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Quotation from Oration. Cyi'us Mason Tracy , . 300 

The Third Day ......... 201 

Excessive Heat, 201; Battery C Fires Salute, 202; Governor Ar- 
rives, 203 ; Formation of Procession, 203 ; Scenes in City Hall 
Square, 204 ; Duties of Police, 204. 

Chief Marshal's General Orders, 205. 

On the March, 215. 

(Detailed Movement of the Procession, Notes on Decorations and 
Observation Stands, and the Review of the Column.) 

Roster of the Procession. — Chief Marshal and Staff, 221 ; First 
Division, 222 ; Second Division, 230 ; Third Division, 240 ; Fourth 
Division, 251. 

Hospitality, 259. 

Evening. — Salute and Thunder-shower, 261; Reception in City 
Hall, 261 ; Greeting from Maynard, 262. 

Fireworks (Postponed to May 23) ..... 263 

Editorial Expressions 

Poem. 



George Brickett 
City Government of 1900 
Revised City Charter 
Financial Statement 
Index . . . . . 



265 
368 
271 

273 
274 

275 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Portraits. — 

Hon. Georsre Hood, First Mayor of Lynn, i8i;o-i8«;i 1 c, .,• ^ • 

^ -' -' ' •^' -^ V . pronttspiece 

Hon. William Shepherd, Mayor of Lynn, 1899-1900 J 

Members of Celebration Committee, including City Messenger and 

Clerk ............ xii 

Mayors of Lynn from 1850 to 1861 . . . . . . .48 

Mayors of Lynn from 1S62 to 18S4 ....... 64 

Mayors of Lynn from 1885 to 1898 ... ... 80 

Surviving Officials of First City Government . . . . .112 

Governor Winthrop Murray Crane . . . . . . .128 

Miss Mabel Ward, Poet | 

Miss Isabelle Dorothea O'Brien, OdistJ •••••• t5 

Benjamin Newhall Johnson, Orator ....... 161 

General Charles C. Fry, Chief Marshal of Procession . . . 201 

Captain George C. Houghton, Marshal First Division of Procession, 222 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



94 



215 
223 



228 



Henry W. Eastham, Marshal Second Division of Procession . 230 

Captain Edward H. Smith, Marshal Third Division of Procession . 240 
J. Clarence Wilson, Marshal Fourth Division of Procession . . 251 

Fac Similes. — 

Letter and Autograph of President William McKinley ... 18 

Letter, Autograph and Seal of Letter from Major of King's Lynn, 

England 20 

Official Celebration Badge ......... 29 

Admission Ticket to the Theatre Exercises 14^) 

Decorations. — 

City Hall by Day and by Night xvi 

Oxford Clubhouse 28 

School Exercises. — 

Ingalls School . 

Salute. — 

Battery C at Oceanside 

Procession. — 

Governor and Mayor in Carriage — General Lander Post, G. A. R., 

Stand in Market Square — Company D, 8th Regiment, M. V. M. 

Right and Left of Grand Army Veterans — Float of Poquanum 

Tribe, "The Sale of Nahant" — Float of St. Mary's Parochial 

School ............ 

Tracy School Coach — The Red Men 232 

Float of the Shepard School ........ 241 

Master King's Schoolboys ......... 246 

Displays in the Trades Division ........ 256 

Reviewing Stand in City Hall Square — Children's Stand, Johnson 

Street 258 

Sketches and Designs from Souvenir Programme. — 

Oldtime carriage of shoes to market ....... iv 

Old Lyceum Hall .......... xvi 

City Hall. Drawn by Miss Abbie J. Barry 32 

Cover Design. Drawn by Charles A. Lawrence .... 87 

High Schoolhouse. Drawn by Miss Kate R. Moulton ... 88 

Sketch — Early Settlers. Drawn by Charles A. Dawrence . . 132 
Sketch — Oldtime Shoe Shop and Implements. Drawn by Charles 

A. Lawrence ........... 136 

Titlepage. Designed by Fred B. Valpey . . . . . .143 

Sketch — Modern Shoe Manufacturing. Draivn by Charles A. Law- 
rence ............ 154 

Sketch — Woods and Shore. Drazvn by Miss Abbie J. Barry . 155 

Companion Sketch to Above ........ 159 

Sketch — Old Townhouse and Antiquities. Drawn by Charles A. 

Lawrence ............ 196 

Public Library. Drawn by Miss Kate /?. Moulton .... 200 

Sketches — Electrical Industry. Drawn by \V. L. Ramsdell . 267, 270 




Mayor WILLIAM SHEPHERD 

CHAIRMAN CELEBRATION COMMITTEE. 





Gen. CHAS. C. FRY, 

ALDERMAN. 



Capt. GEORGE C. HOUGHTON 

ALDERMAN. 




HENRY W. EASTHAM 
PRESIDENT OF THE COMMON COUNCIL. 



CELEBRATION COMMITTEE. 





C. NEAL BARNEY 

COUNCILMAN. 



EUGENE MARLOR 

COUNCILMAN. 




JOHN A. WOODMAN 

COUNCILMAN. 





CLARENCE I. ALLEN 

CITY MESSENGER. 



CHAS. H. SPEAR 

CLERK OF COMMITTEES. 



CELEBRATION COMMITTEE 

CONTINUED. 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



Introductory. 



To find the origin of the movement which culminated in the 
observance of the 50th Anniversary of the incorporation of the 
City of Lynn, it is necessary to go back to the year 1850, for 
no doubt even then the public looked forward to the time when 
the first fifty years under the new City form of government 
should be completed, and calculated on the people of that dis- 
tant period taking ample notice of the event ; as those of to-day 
are anticipating the looth Anniversary^, feeling very sure that the 
great City then existing will by no means pass it by in silence. 
The instinctive desire of the human species for celebrations is 
another source from which the incentive came, and more re- 
cently this desire has been excited by references in the press to 
the approaching Semi-Centennial. Toward the close of the year 
1899 the subject of the observance had become one of conver- 
sation among those whose attention was in some measure given 
to public affairs, and interest therein became general on the first 
day of the Anniversary year. 

On that day took place the inauguration of the Mayor and 
City Council elected for the year 1900. The usual inaugural 
address was delivered by His Honor William Shepherd, for the 
second time chosen to the high office of Mayor; and, taking 
advantage of the opportunity thus affbrded, he proposed, in the 
language which follows, a celebration of the 50th Anniversary 
of the incorporation of the City, and recommended action by 
the City Council to that end. 



V CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Abstract froin the Second Inaugural Address of Mayor 
William Shepherd. 



FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY. 

On the fourteenth day of May, 1900, Lynn will have 
completed her first half-century as a municipality. When 
the City Charter was adopted, in 1850, we had a population 
of about fourteen thousand. To-day we have a population 
nearly five times that number, a most gratifying and 
remarkable increase. This is all the more so because the 
life of the City was for many years dependent upon one 
principal industry. Those of us who have seen its various 
vicissitudes, its prosperity and its adversity, have special 
cause for congratulation that our standing has been so well 
maintained. Our people have been self-reliant and enter- 
prising, our industries have increased and to-day we stand 
in the front rank of Massachusetts cities in the amount of 
manufactured product. Thankful for the past and hope- 
ful for the future, it is fitting that we should in some 
special manner celebrate our 50th Anniversary. I there- 
fore recommend that the City Council take prompt and 
immediate action in this direction. 



Immediately upon dissolution of the joint convention in which 
the message was read to the City Council, the Board of Alder- 
men adopted an order, presented by Alderman Houghton, pro- 
viding for the appointment of a Celebration Committee, as 
follows : 

Ordered^ That so much of the inaugural address of His Honor the 
Mayor as relates to the celebration of the 50th Anniversary of Lynn 
becoming a City be referred to a Joint Special Committee, to consist 



INTRODUCTORY. xv 

of His Honor the Mayor and two Aldermen, the President and three 
members of the Common Council. 

The Common Council adopted the order in concurrence with 
the Board on the same day. Both branches meeting again 
January 9, the Joint Special Committee was duly constituted as 
follows : 

On the Part of the Board of Aldermen : 
Mayor William Shepherd. 
Alderman George C. Houghton. 
Alderman Charles C. Fry. 

On the Part of the Common Council: 
President Henry W. Eastham. 
Councilman John A. Woodman. 
Councilman C. Neal Barney. 
Councilman Eugene Marlor. 

In the Common Council, the same evening, an order was pre- 
sented by Councilman Matthew McCann, instructing the Com- 
mittee on Finance to set apart in the annual appropriation bill 
the sum of $5,000 for the proposed celebration ; but, in view of 
the fact that the Committee on Finance had not then been ap- 
pointed, it was voted to lay the order upon the table. In a 
subsequent meeting of the Common Council, held February 13, 
Councilman C. Neal Barney reported from the newly-appointed 
Celebration Committee, recommending the adoption of the fol- 
lowing order, which recommendation was unanimously con- 
curred in : 

Ordered.^ That the Committee on Finance be and hereby is re- 
quested to consider the advisability of incorporating in the annual 
appropriation order the sum of $5,000 for the pvn-pose of properly 
observing the 50th Anniversary of the incorporation of the City of 
Lynn. 

The Board of Aldermen concurred in the adoption of this 
order February 20, and in compliance with the request therein 



xvi CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

contained, the Committee on Finance included in its bill of ap- 
propriations for the current year the amount designated, the bill 
passing the Common Council March 13, and the Board of Alder- 
men March 20. 

In this official manner the celebration was set afoot. It re- 
flects the spirit of the times to record that the municipal govern- 
ment did not lose sight of the need of economy in conducting 
the affairs of the City ; and limited the appropriation to what 
could be spared without adding to the burden on the taxpayers ; 
and also to state, as an incident bearing on the moral sense of 
the community, that there was not lacking in the City Council 
a voice to protest against the introduction of intoxicating liquors 
in any part of the proceedings. The historian of the 250th An- 
niversary proceedings took special pride in recording the tem- 
perance which marked those festivities, and the present writer 
is bound to say that the example thus set was not departed from 
in the 50th Anniversary exercises. 




OLD LYCEUM HALL. 




THE CITY HALL BY DAY. 




THE CITY HALL BY NIGHT. 



The Preparations. 



Formation of Plan. — Co-Operation of Citizens. — Pub- 
lic Subscription. — Appointments and Invitations. — 
The Schools and Churches. — The Procession and 
Other Features. — The Completed PrograMxME. 

Among the tasks imposed on those charged with piibHc 
functions there is none more arduous or perplexing than that of 
planning a public celebration and perfecting the arrangements in 
all their countless details. It would have been easy for the 
Committee appointed from the City Council to forecast a general 
scheme for the event if what had been done at other times and 
in other places was to be imitated. Several Massachusetts cities 
had celebrated similar anniversaries within a brief period,^ and 
the record of their doings was open to the Lynn Committee. 
The time was fruitful of such events, for the cities of the Com- 
monwealth were arriving at their 50th birthdays one after 
another, and the cities and towns whose first settlers came with 
the tide of immigration following the landing of the Pilgrims at 
Plymouth and the Puritans at Salem were seeing the close of 
two centuries and a half since they began existence. Lynn 
herself had celebrated with becoming fervor, in 1879, ^h^ 250th 
Anniversary of the settlement by those "rude forefathers" who 
took "peaceable possession" in 1629. There was not lacking 

1 Cambridge, incorporated March 17, 1846; 1852; Lawrence, incorporated March 21,1853; 

New Bedford, incorporated March 9, 1S47; Fall River, incorporated April 12, 1854; Chelsea, 

Worcester, incorporated February 29, 1S4S incorporated March 13, 1S57. Other anniver- 

(celebration in connection with dedication of saries celebrated within the last decade were 

new City Hall). Cities to observe serai-cen- Gloucester, 250th of establishment as a town, 

tennial anniversaries of incorporation in next 1892; Marblehead, same, and Maiden, same, 

few years are Newburyport, incorporated May 1S99; Melrose, 50th of establisiiment as a town, 

24, 1S5:; Springfield, incorporated April 12, Framingham, looth do, Topsfield, 250th do, 1900. 



2 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

precedent, therefore, nor was there serious objection to the same 
being followed by the Committee, if it chose to copy forms thus 
established by usage. 

But mere slavish imitation of the example of others was not 
the purpose of the Committee selected to arrange Lynn's birth- 
day festivities, and in the adoption of a plan original ideas pre- 
vailed to the extent which the natural restrictions permitted. If 
the plan can be described as having a main purpose other than 
that of providing a round of patriotic exercises and pleasing 
spectacles, it was to interest and instruct the younger generation 
in the history, the growth and future possibilities of the City. 
To that end, as a matter of fact, a large share of the thought of 
the Committee was directed, and the result was a programme in 
which the children of the schools had abundant opportunities to 
be seen and heard, and to see and hear for themselves. In em- 
bracing the idea of instruction to those who would be the citizens 
of the future, the scheme became enlarged to include exercises 
calculated to edify the minds of older persons, both with regard 
to the history of the past and the outlook for the future, and 
thus the celebration mounted to a plane of intellectual profit 
which gave it a character at once lofty, dignified and unique. 
The services in the churches on Sunday, the first day, including 
pulpit addresses by numerous divines, in which the subject of 
Lynn's life as a city was treated from a multitude of view-points 
and embellished with many gems of thought ; the exercises in 
the schools on Monday, the second day, wherein the minds of 
the young people were impressed through the instrumentality of 
song and story, speech and poetry; the theatre exercises of 
Monday evening, which gave an opportunity to a distinguished 
citizen to review in a great oration the City's history and pro- 
gress, as well as set free most timely thoughts from the mind of 
a native poet, distinguished for her youth no less than for the 
grace of her muse, — such were the features which made the 
celebration an inspiration to the mind and memory and a stimu- 
lus to patriotism, and saved it from passing into forgetfulness 
with the '^ tumult and the shouting." There was educational 



THE PREPARATIONS. 3 

value, also, as well as patriotic inspiration, in the great proces- 
sion of Tuesday, the third da}', which was designed to afford a 
spectacle of interest to the multitude while exhibiting to all 
comers the City's strength of manhood and her commercial, 
industrial, and municipal resources. 

Probably the earlier consideration of a plan on the part of the 
Committee did not extend to the definite object thus set forth, 
and which appears complete more as it is looked upon in the 
light of reflection, but whether the Committee in its wisdom 
forecast all that transpired to the advantage and benefit of the 
people and of posterity, or, in its efforts to provide a worthy 
celebration, ''builded better than it knew," it placed itself in a 
position to deserve the high commendation which it eventually 
received. It certainly prepared a programme ^ which embraced 
all the noble features from which so much of profit was realized, 
as well as provided lighter forms of entertainment in the shape 
of band concerts, athletic sports, theatrical shows, decoradons, 
illuminations and fireworks, and it was not without labor of mind 
and body that the varied feast of good things, affording the 
largest measure of enjoyment to the largest number of people, 
was successfully spread. 

CO-OPERATION OF CITIZENS. 
While the officials designated to serve as the Committee were 
fully empowered by the City Council to act independently in 
the matter, they nevertheless saw much advantage to be gained 
by enlisting the co-operadon of citizens at large, and among the 
first movements of the Committee was one to secure advice and 
assistance from outside the circle of government. With this 
end in view, communications were sent to the Lynn Board of 
Trade, the Lynn Merchants' Association and the Lynn Histori- 
cal Society, organizadons of business men and others who took 

iBy direction of the Committee, a draft of a omitting a public banquet and speaking exer- 

programme, in which features occupying three cises on the common (for which the exercises 

days, May 13, 14 and 15, were suggested, was in Lynn Theatre were substituted), and increas- 

drawn up by Clarence I. Allen, City Messenger, ing the magnitude of the procession, and the 

who relied upon his own creative faculties in programme as thus devised was carried out in 

doing so. Changes were subsequently made, the celebration. 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



a large interest in the affairs of the City. Each of these bodies 
acted in due time, returning replies in which the project of the 
celebration was highly commended and promises made of sup- 
port in the carrying out of plans. Committees were delegated 
from these associations to confer with the City Committee, 
and they attended to the duty, assuring the latter that a celebra- 
tion commensurate to the City's importance was desired, and 
agreeing in behalf of their constituent bodies to help make it a 
successful event. ^ 

Encouraged by these assurances and by the expression of a 
general public desire for an ample celebration, the Committee 
took cognizance of the fund placed at its disposal by the City 
Council and came to the conclusion that it would not suffice for 
a celebration of the character desired, and that a more ample 
supply of money was necessary to do justice to the undertaking. 
The programme under consideration was an elastic one, and 



iThe Lynn Historical Society, which had 
been organized and incorporated in 1S97, and 
of which Benjamin N. Johnson, Esq., was 
president; Henry F. Tapley, Vice President; 
Eugene A. Putnam, Treasurer; Howard Mudge 
Newhall, Recording Secretary, and William S. 
Burrill, Corresponding Secretary, was first to 
act, as appears by the following communication : 

Lynn Historical Society, 

January 30, 1900. 
Hon. William Shepherd, 

Dear Sir: — Replying to your letter to Mr. 
Philip A. Chase, inviting the Lynn Historical 
Society to appoint a representative delegation 
to meet and confer with a Committee of the City 
Government to make arrangements for a proper 
observance of the 50th Anniversary of the in- 
corporation of Lynn as a municipality, I would 
write that at a meeting of the Society, held on 
January 17, 1900, a Committee was appointed 
to have charge of any arrangements which 
might be made for the observance of the occa- 
sion by the Society, or to co-operate with any 
committee of citizens, or of the City Govern- 
ment in behalf of the Society, and as already 
appointed the members of the Committee are 
Messrs. Henry F. Tapley, Philip A. Chase, 
[Hon.] Nathan M. Hawkes, Benjamin F. Spin- 
ney, William S. Burril). 

Howard Mudge Newhall, 

Recordings Secretary. 



The Lynn Board of Trade, organized iSgi, at 
a meeting held February 20, passed this vote, 
which was communicated by Henry A. Sawyer, 
Secretary: "That the Lynn Board of Trade 
heartily approves of the purpose of the City 
Government to properly celebrate the 50th 
Anniversary of Lynn as a municipality, and 
that the Board of Trade will co-operate with the 
City Government as far as possible in whatever 
it can do to make the celebration a great sue 
cess." The Committee from the Board of Trade 
consisted of Charles H. Hastings, the Presi- 
dent; Hon. Charles E. Harwood, Everett H. 
Dunbar and Howard Mudge Newhall. 

The Lynn Merchants' Association, organized 
and incorporated in 1S97, at a meeting held 
March 6, voted as follows: "The Merchants' 
Association, in session assembled, are unani- 
niously in favor of celebrating the 50th Anni- 
versary of Lynn as a City, and pledge assist- 
ance individually and as an Association." 
The officers of the Association at the date of the 
meeting were George IL Robie, President; 
Thomas B. Knight, Secretary; Charles E. 
Rolfe, Treasurer. Subsequently, and before the 
celebration took place, I. Walton Titus was 
chosen President, and William E. Downing, 
Treasurer, and these gentlemen, together with 
Thomas B. Knight, Secretary, were appointed 
the committee of conference. 



THE PREPARATIONS. 5 

there was hardly a feature in it that could not be made more 
elaborate and satisfactory. Provision for the participation of 
the school children, for one thing, could not be as generous as 
was desirable without a considerable increase in the means at 
hand. Taking this view of the matter, the Committee resolved 
to assume the responsibility of an appeal to the public for addi- 
tional funds, thus voluntarily augmenting the burden of the task 
committed to it by the City Council. 

An auxiliary Committee on Finance was appointed, consisting 
of Mayor Shepherd and Alderman Fry, from the Cit}' Com- 
mittee, and the following gentlemen selected from the committees 
of the orc^anizations which had tendered assistance : Charles H. 
Hastings, President of the Lynn Board of Trade ; I. Walton 
Titus, President of the Lynn Merchants' Association, and Henry 
F. Taplev, Vice President of the L3mn Historical Society. 
To this Co;rimittee was subsequenth' added Edwin W. Ingalls, 
representing the shoe and leather manufacturing industries. 
These gentlemen immediately set about their task of raising 
funds, and as a preliminary step caused to be prepared and 
circulated the following appeal : 

City of Lynx, 
Celebration 50TH AxNn'ERSARY, 

Office Coisimittee of Finance, 

Lynx, ISIass., March 27, 1900. 
To the Citizens and Erieiids of Lynn : 

In accordance with a natural and commendable desire to fittingly 
mark the close of the first half-century in the life of the City of Lynn, 
and the beginning of another, the city is about to celebrate the 50th 
Anniversary of her incorporation, the exercises to take place May 13, 
14 and 15. The City Council, recognizing the importance of the 
event, has provided the sum of $5,000 to meet the contingent expense. 
In view of what seems to be demanded in the way of a celebration 
which shall be in keeping with the character and dignity of the city, 
this sum is evidently insufficient, though it is as ample as the authori- 
ties deemed expedient to take from the treasury under the circum- 
stances. 



6 CITT OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

That Lynn may have a worthy celebration, her citizens and friends 
are relied upon to extend pecuniary aid at this juncture. Every person 
intei'ested is earnestly requested to contribute toward the additional 
fund required. On former occasions, when the public has been 
appealed to in a similar way, the response was generous and abundant. 
On this occasion, when we shall rejoice over the progress of fifty 
years, and invite our neighbors to view the results of that progress, 
there should be hearty co-operation on the part of Lynn citizens and 
those interested in her welfare, to the end that nothing shall be wanting 
to make the celebration a notable and memorable success. 

Contributions may be forwarded to Gen. Chas. C. Fry, Treasurer of 
the Finance Committee, 90 Exchange Street, who will cause due 
acknowledgment to be made of all sums received. Trusting this will 
have your kindly consideration, we remain. 

Yours respectfully, 

William Shepherd, Chaii-maii^ 
Chas. C. Fry, Tr easier er^ 
Charles H. Hastings, 
I. Walton Titus, 
Henry F. Tapley, 
Edwin W. Ingalls, 

Finance Comfnittee. 

Contributors of substantial amounts, among whom were the 
publishers of the Daily Evening Itcm^ the Boston & Maine 
Railroad, and the Lynn Gas and Electric Company, were 
announced before the appeal was fairly on its way. Public- 
spirited individuals and concerns were prompt to respond when 
the purpose of the Committee became known. Aided b}^ the 
liberal action of the press, -^ which gave columns of space to an 
agitation of the matter, the attention of the public was soon fully 

' A "Press Agency" was early established by daily editions, gave a great deal of attention to 

the Committee, under the charge of the Editor the inauguration of the celebration, as well as 

of this volume, by means of which the news- copious reports of its actual occurrence. Assist- 

papers were supplied with news of events and ance of this kind was also rendered by the Lynn 

transactions as the work of preparation pro- Weekly Times, the Lynn Revie-M, the Essex 

gressed. The Lynn Daily Evening hem and County Republican, the journals of the shoe 

the Lynn Daily Evening JVezvs, the Boston and leather trade, and many daily and weekly 

//eral J, Globe, yournal and Post, in their daUy papers published througliout the state. For 

and Sunday editions, the Boston Traveler, reports, special articles and historical reviews, 

Transcript, Advertiser and Record in their see contemporary files in the Public Library. 



THE PREPARATIONS. 7 

directed to the enterprise in hand and a satisfactory flow of 
subscriptions succeeded. As an additional effort, and to make 
sure that the auxiliary fund should be guaranteed before it was 
too late to effect the arrangements, a movement involving the 
enlistment of citizens as canvassers was decided upon. In 
pursuance of the plan, a number of gentlemen, prominently 
connected with the trades and professions, or with social 
organizations, were invited to a conference wherein they were 
requested to serve upon a general finance committee under 
instructions to solicit subscriptions by personal approach. The 
acceptances of the invitations were quite unanimous, and the 
subsequent service rendered showed that they were also sincere. 
The corps of solicitors thus secured was organized and assigned 
to various branches of business, professions, clubs, etc., 
according to a systematic plan, the following being the arrange- 
ment and the names : 

Shoe Manufacturers . . James W. Hitchings, Hon. Charles 

H. Baker, M. F. Donovan. 

Shoe Supplies, Cut Leather and Findings Trade 

Albert R. Merrill, Edward W. LaCroix. 

Shoe ]Machinery .... William H. Treen, John J. Heys. 

Upper Leather Manufacturers . . . Walter O. Faulkner. 

Boston Boot and Shoe Trade, Charles H. Conway, Robert Leslie. 

Grocers . . . Edward W. Finkham, Stephen S. Marsh. 

Wholesale Grocery Trade Arthur J. Blood. 

Common Victuallers . . M. A. Fenton, William H. Hennessey. 

General Retail Trade . Thomas B. Knight, William E. Downing, 

A. Jus Johnson, Samuel G. Gunn, Ev- 
erett H. Dunbar, Parker J. Webber, 
Wellman Osborne. 

Last Manufacturers Thomas W. Gardiner. 

Coal Trade . . . iSIaurice A. Stevens, George E. Sprague. 

Retail Cigar and Tobacco Trade, James N. Pike, Matthew IMcCann. 

Lumber Trade and Box Manufacturers . William B. Littlefield. 

Insurance and Real Estate Men 

Howard ]Muclge Newhall, J. Harry Stiles. 

Express Companies S. Henry Kent. 



CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



Lawyers 



Hon. George F. Harwood, Peter A. Breen, Esq. 



Physicians ...... Dr. George W. Haywood. 

Dentists Dr. Arthur B. ISIudge. 

Milk Dealers . . . . H. P. Hood, Charles H. Wilson. 

Printers John F. McCarty. 

Oxford Club and Citizens at Large . George F. Lord, Charles H. 

Collins, William E. Neal, 
George R. Beard sell. 

Lincoln Club ....... E. B. Eraser. 

Prospect Club, W. B. Abbott, Everett E. Condon, Charles Bellows. 

Ward 7 James Hill, Allen G. Shepherd. 

With commendable alacrity the solicitors entered upon their 
duties, and results from their work became immediately mani- 
fest in extended lists of contributors given publication in the 
newspapers from day to day. The fund mounted rapidly, not 
only through the persuasions of the collectors taking effect on 
not unwilling citizens, but by voluntary subscriptions, man}' of 
which were accompanied by words of encouragement^ and 
endorsement of the committee's plan of action. It cannot fail 
to interest readers of this volume in the future to be informed 
who of the citizens and friends of Lynn in 1900 were contribu- 
tors to a cause so worthy of support, and the list is therefore 
appended, arranged in alphabetical order. 

* The death had occurred, May 30, 1S99, of lived, for she believed that the occasion of the 

George Burrill Currier, who had served twenty- 50th Anniversary of the City he loved and 

five years as a member of the Board of General faithfully served would have been of great 

Assessors. His widow, in contributing to the interest to him, and it would have been his 

fund, which she did in a personal visit to Gen. pleasure to help in every way to make the 

Fry's office, stated that she was doing only celebration a success. 
what her husband would have done had he 



THE PREPARATIONS. 



THE PUBLIC SUBSCRIPTION/ 



Abbot, H. D. & Co. 
Abbott, F. B. 
Aborn, C. H. &; Co. 
Ackerman & Bnimmell 
A. J. S. . . 

Allen, Clarence I. . 
Allen, C. S. . 
Allen, George H. . 
American Car Sprinkler 

Co. . 
American Credit Co. 
American Express Co. 
American Leather Co. 
American Shoe <fc Leather 

Reporting Co. 
Appleton & Dana . 
Armour Packing Co. 
Aspinwall, Dr. John 
Attwill, Joseph W. 
Attwill, William A. 
At wood, Luther 

Bacheller, A. P. 
Badger, Gustavus A. 
Baker, Sarah E. 
Bam ford, B. B. 
Barker & Lord 
Barry, J. L. . 
Barry, John N., Esq. 
Bartlett, A. F. & Co. 
Bartlett, John S. 
Batchelder, G. H. & Son 
Bauer, R. S. . 
Baumgarten, Bernard 
Bay State Cut Sole Co. 
Beebe, Lucius & Sons 
Belonga & Leonard 
Bemis & Wright 
Benner, F. R. & Co. 
Bent, George F. & Co. 
Besse, Rolfe & Co. . 



$2.00 
5.00 

15.00 

10.00 
1. 00 
5.00 
1. 00 

10.00 

10.00 
2.00 



25.00 
5.00 
1. 00 

25. 00 
3.00 
q.oo 



2.00 
2.00 
1. 00 
2.00 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 

20.00 
5.00 

10.00 
1. 00 
5.00 

15.00 

10.00 
5.00 
2.00 
3.00 

25.00 



Bessom, Andrew S. 
Bessom, Hon. Eugene A 
Berridge, Frank 
Berry, Charles E. . 
Berry, Hon. John W. 
Bickford, F. E. 
Bingham, G. W. & Co. 
Blake, Charles E. & Co. 
Blakelev, George C. . 
Blethen'(C. TOBakingCo 
Bliss, A. W. . 
Blodgett, G. W. 
Blood, J. B. & Co. . 
Blumenthal, F. & Co. 
Bodwell, G. A. & Co. 
Bogue, Arthur, Esq. 
Bogue, Thomas 
Booth & Co. . 
Boston and Maine Rail 

road Company 
Boston, Revere Beach anc 

Lynn Railroad Com 

pany . 
Boynton, Elmer E. .^ 
Brackett, C. W. . 
Brackett, G. W. . 
Brackett, William F. 
Brav, Elmer E. 
Bray, F. H. . 
Brazell, John F. 
Breed & Bacheller . 
Breed, F. J. . 
Breed, George W. . 
Breed, H. G. & Son 
Breed, Hon. Amos F. 
Breed, R. G. . 
Breen, Peter A., Esq. 
Bresnahan Shoe Machinery 

Co. . . . 

Brewer, Parker & Co. 
Broad, Frank H. 



1. 00 
5.00 
2.00 
1. 00 

10.00 
2.00 
1. 00 

10.00 
5.00 

LO.OO 
15.00 

1. 00 
50.00 
15.00 
10.00 

5.00 
15.00 
1^.00 



50.00 

5.00 

15.00 

25.00 

10.00 

10.00 

1. 00 

1. 00 

10.00 

1. 00 

10.00 

5.00 

50.00 

5.00 

5.00 

ro.oo 
5.00 
5.00 



■ A number of contributors modestly withheld their names from public.ition, and the list is not, 
therefore, as complete as it might be. A statement of the total amount contributed is given in the 
financial report at the end of the volume. 



lO 



CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



Broad, Fred H. 
Broad, J. H. . 
Brock, Dr. E. H. . 
Brockway-Smith Corpo^ 

ration ... 
Brooks & Co. 
Brooks, George P. . 
Brophy Bros. Shoe Co. 
Brown, W. D. 
Bubier, F. L. . 
Bulfinch, H. dishing 
Bulfinch, C. T. 
Burckes, Capt. Thomas M 
Burckes, Stacy R. . 
Burke, William 
Burleigh, H. Y. . 
Burrill, Frank A. . 
Burrows & Sanborn 
Burns & Bee . 
Byers, George H. . 

Cahill, Maurice 
Callahan, William . 
Carr Bros. 
Carr, Dr. George B. 
Campbell, Thomas, 2d 
Carroll, James H. . 
Caunt, Joseph & Co. 
Caverly, E. J. 
Centi-al National Bank 
Chadwick, F. H. . 
Chase, Amos B. 
Chamberlain, Charles 
Childs & Kent Express Co 
Chisholm, F. A. 
Clark, George D. 
Clark, John . 
Clark, R. U., Jr. 
Clark, S. E, . 
Clough, M. P. 
Cobb & Putnam 
Coffee, W. M. 
Colbath, H. W. 
Collins & Dolan 
Collyer, T. 
Connery, William P. 
Conway, Charles H. 



5.00 
1. 00 
5.00 

20.00 
5.00 

10.00 

15.00 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 

10.00 
1. 00 

15.00 
2.00 
1. 00 

25.00 

10.00 
1. 00 

1. 00 
2.00 
5.00 
2.00 
4.00 
1. 00 

10.00 
1. 00 

50.00 
2.00 

10.00 
5.00 

10.00 
1. 00 
1. 00 
1. 00 
5.00 
2.00 

10.00 
5.00. 
5.00 
5.00 

10.00 
1. 00 
5.00 

15.00 



Cook & Hart . 
Copeland, L. H. 
Corcoran, Thomas & Sons 
Corey Leather Co. . 
Cotter, John . 
Courtney, A. B. 
Creighton, G. A. & Son, 
Creighton, George J. 
Crosman Box Co. . 
Cross, Alfred & Co. 
Cross & Tucker 
Currant, Thatcher M. 
Currier, Mrs. George Bur 

rill 
Curtis, M. C. . 
Cutter & Ames 

Daily Evening Item., 
Hastings & Sons, Pub- 
lishers 

Dam & Warner 

Dame, M. A. 

Davis & Eastman 

Davis & Young 

Dean, Chase & Co. 

Dearborn, Stephen W 

Dennison, Dr. A. S. 

Derrin, E. S. . 

Devine, Henry 

Dibble, W. B. 

Dick, A. W. & Co 

Dickinson, Joseph 

Dodd & Williams 

Doherty, C. J. 

Doherty, J. Joseph, Esq 

Dolan, Frank . 

Dolan, Rev. E. J 

Donohue, D. F. 

Donohue, John 

Donovan, D. A. & Co. 

Donovan, John 

Donovan, Michael (16 
Chestnut street) 

Donnelly, Peter 

Dorrer, Lawrence 

Downing, Charles H. 

Downing, William E 



5.00 

1. 00 

5.00 

15.00 

15.00 

5.00 

10.00 

5.00 

15.00 

10.00 

10.00 

1. 00 



5.00 
5.00 



100.00 

10.00 

1. 00 

2.00 

25.00 

15.00 

5.00 

3.00 

5.00 

50.00 

2.00 

5.00 

15.00 

5.00 

1. 00 

5.00 

15.00 

10.00 

5.00 

1. 00 

25.00 

2.00 

5.00 

10.00 

2.00 

2.00 

10.00 



THE PREPARATIONS. 



Downs & Watson Co. 
Dovle, E. A. . 
Dudley, C. F. 
Dunbar, Everett H. 
Dunham, C. H. & Co. 
Dunn & McKenzie 
Dun, R. G. & Co. 
Durland, Robert M. 

Eager, F. D. . 

Earl & :Martin 

Eastern Amusement Co. 

Eastham, Henry W 

Eastman, H. L. & Co 

Eaton, George E. 

Eckhardt h Ford 

Ellard, J. W. 

Embree, W. F. & Co. 

Employers' Liability As 
surance Corporation, 
C. S. Goodridge, Agent, 

Fadden, Joseph G. 
Farnsworth, Hoyt & Co 
Farquhar, Dr. J. M. 
Faunce & Spinney 
Feeley & Brennan 
Felt Bros. 
Fenno, Herbert L. 
Fenton, M. A. 
First National Bank 
Fisher, A. D. & Son 
Fisher, A. D. 
Fisher & Levy 
Field, L. C. . 
Flynn, Daniel F. . 
Flynn, D. J. & Co. 
Fogg, Hon. E. Knovvlton 
Foote Bros. 
French, Hartvvell S. 
Frizzell, Frank H. . 
Fry, Charles C. 
Frye & Griggs 
Fuller & Besse 

Gafney, Thomas F. 
Gallagher, John 



25.00 Gammon, Dr. Guy N. 

10.00 Gammon, Dr. Nathaniel 

10.00 Gardiner, Thomas W. 

10.00 Garfield, Joseph W 

15.00 Garney, J. A. 

10.00 Gay, Charles W. 

5.00 General Electric Com 

5.00 pany . 

Gifford, W. B. & C 

1. 00 Gilman, ^Villiam 

15.00 Gilson & Hatch 

25.00 Gloyd, Arthur E. 

35.00 Gocldard Bros. 

10.00 Goldthvvait, E. O. 

3.00 Goodell, Dr. J. W. 

2.00 Goodhue, G. W. 

5.00 Goodrich, ]SI. 

5.00 Goodwin Bros. 
Gordon, E. H. 
Gordon, Hiram W. 

25.00 Grady, John P. 

Graham, George H 

10.00 Grant, George 

15.00 Greeley, Eugene O. 

1. 00 Greene, Rufus F. 

25.00 Green, John H. 

5.00 Green, Thomas 

10.00 Grim stone, R. A, 

5.00 Grover, J. J.'s Son: 
Gr3-mish, Samuel 
Gunn, Samuel G. 

5.00 Hall, Albion K. 

35.00 Hall, E. P. . 

1. 00 Hall, L. D. . 

1. 00 Halloran, Edward 

15.00 Hamley, John C. 

10.00 Hanlon, John 

5.00 Harding, Joseph W. & Co 

35.00 Harmon, Dr. AL A 

2.00 Harney Bros. . 

35.00 Harnois, Ernest 

3.00 Harriman, J. M. 

1. 00 Harrington, Rev. J. C 

Harrington- Rintels Drug 

3.00 Co. 

3.00 Harris, J. Frank 



I 

60.00 
50.00 



3.00 
2.00 

10.00 
1. 00 
1. 00 

10.00 

250.00 

10.00 

25.00 

5.00 

5.00 

i;;.oo 

10.00 

5.00 

1. 00 

3.00 

5.00 

2.00 

3.00 

1. 00 

2.00 

35.00 

3.00 

1. 00 

5.00 

5.00 

3.00 

15.00 

35.00 

5.00 

1. 00 

1. 00 

1. 00 

15.00 

10.00 

15.00 

35.00 

5.00 

35.00 

5.00 

5.00 

50.00 

5.00 
5.00 



CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



Harris, Solomon 
Harwood, Hon. Charles E 
Harwood, Hon. George F 
Haskell, John C. . 
Haven, Michael P. . 
Hayden, D. J. 
Hayes, Hon. Elihu B. 
Hayes, Harry F. . 
Hayes, J. & Co. . 
Hayes, Mrs. Latilla M. 
Hay wood, Charles E., Esq 
Haywood, Dr. George W 
Heald, M. C. & Co. 
Heald, Willis C. . 
Heffernan, Edward . 
Heffernan, P. J. 
Hemingway Bros. . 
Henderson, Abby M. 
Hennessey Shoe Co. 
Hennessey, W. H. . 
Herbert Press (The) 
Herrick, G. W. & Co. 
Higgins, Di^niel 
Hilliard & Merrill . 
Hill, James 
Hill, Welch & Co. . 
Hines, Thomas T. . 
Hitchings & Conlthurst 

Co. . 
Ploag, Heath & Co. 
Hodgkins, J. E. 
Hoffman, A. B. 
Holder & Co. 
Holder, W. C. & Son 
Hollis, Samuel J. . 
Holtham, George H. 
Honors, B. O. & Son 
Hood, H. P. & Sons 
Plook, Hiram . 
Hopkins, F. I. 
Hopkins, Dr. William T 
Houghton, Capt. Georg( 

C. . . . 
Houghton, James & Son 
Houghton, John C. 
Hovey, A. S. 
Howard, F. W. 



2.00 

15.00 

5.00 

5.00 

5.00 

15.00 

10.00 

5.00 

5.00 

1. 00 

5.00 

5.00 

25.00 

1. 00 

50.00 

35.00 

10.00 

5.00 

10.00 

50.00 

5.00 

35.00 

5.00 

ICJ.OO 

10.00 

10.00 

1. 00 

10.00 

35.00 

10.00 

5.00 

5.00 

10,00 

25.00 

5.00 

10.00 

15.00 

5.00 

5.00 

5.00 

25.00 

10.00 

5.00 

5.00 

r.oo 



Howe, C u s h m a n 

Stocker 
Howe, Oliver R. 
Hoyt Bros. 
Hubbard, J. T. 
Hunt, E. P. . 
Huntt, Harry . 
Hurley, M. & Co. 
Hurley, Thomas 
Hutchinson, Thomas T. 
Hutchinson, W. Henry 
Hyde, E. V. . 

Ingalls, Brown & Co. 
Ingalls, Charles H. & Co 
Ingalls, Edwin W. . 
Ingalls, James W. . 
Ingalls, Jerome & Co. 
Ingalls & Williams . 
Ingram, John, Esq. 
International Shirt an< 
Collar Co. . 

Jackson, H. P. 
Jackson, Lambert . 
Jeffers, George W. . 
Jenkins, Frank A. . 
Jenkins, Susie M. . 
Johnson, A. Jus & Co. 
Johnson, E. J. 
Johnson, Enoch F. & Co 
Johnson, Luther S. & Co 
Johnson, T. C. & Son 
Jones, Dr. E. W. . 
Jones, F. E. & Co. 
Jones, Walter S. 
Jordan, Henry F. . 
Joyce, M. B. . 
Joyce, Michael H. . 
Judkins, Dr. F. L. . 

Kane, John F. 
Kane, Richard J. 
Kane, William H. . 
Katzes, Harry 
Keene (Frank) Co. 
Keith, Ira B., Esq. 



1. 00 
2.00 

50.00 
1. 00 
1. 00 
5.00 

50.00 
5.00 
1. 00 

20.00 
5.00 

5.00 
5.00 
25.00 
5.00 
5.00 
2.00 
5.00 

10.00 

5.00 

3.00 

1. 00 

1. 00 

10.00 

25.00 

1. 00 

15.00 

25.00 

5.00 

5.00 

10.00 

1. 00 

1 .00 

1. 00 

1. 00 

5.00 

1. 00 
15.00 

1. 00 
25.00 
15.00 

S.oo 



THE PREPARATIONS. 



13 



Keliher, D. J. 
Keliher, John E. 
Kellam, Theodore N. 
Kellam, Tilton & Co. 
Kelley, C. J. & Co. 
Kelty, J. H. . 
Kennan, H. Y. & Co. 
Kennedy, Dr. John 
Kennedy, John 
Kenison, J. B. 
Kiely, PhiHp A., Esq. 
Kiel}', T. J. & Son . 
Kimball, Rufus 
Kimball, William E. 
King, Mrs. C. H. . 
King, Thomas 
Kistler, Lesh & Co. 
Klivansky, J. . 
Knight, Thomas B. 
Knox, Joseph E. & Co. 
Kollock, F. A. & Co. 
Kyes, Dr. F. W. . 

LaCroix, W. & E. W. 
Laffey, John H. 
Lamper, J. B. &L W. A. 
Lancy, John, Jr. 
Landers, John 
Landers, Robert 
Landregan, T. F. . 
Larrabee, E. E. 
Leary, Joseph W. . 
Lee, David 
Lee, Perkins & Co. 
Lee, Timothy 
Lenisky, Max 
Lennon, P. E. 
Lennox & Briggs 
Leonard, Dr. Henry P. 
Leonard Shoe Co. . 
Levisenr Bros. 
Libbey, J. L. & Sons 
Lincoln Club . 
Little, A. E. & Co. (So 

rosis Shoe) . 
Littlefield & Plummer 
Lord, Z. N. . 



15.00 

50.00 

1. 00 

10.00 

1. 00 

1. 00 

10.00 

2.00 

1. 00 

2.00 

5.00 

5.00 

5.00 

1. 00 

5.00 

10.00 

25.00 

5.00 

5.00 

5.00 

1. 00 

5.00 

ICf.OO 

15.00 

15.00 

10.00 

15.00 

15.00 

25.00 

1. 00 

5.00 

1. 00 

1. 00 

1. 00 

3.00 

15.00 

10.00 

5.00 

10.00 

50.00 

15.00 

25.00 

25.00 

25.00 

1. 00 



Lougee, Dr. Frank T. 
Lovejoy, Dr. C. A. 
Lovell, Dr. C. D. S. 
Luddy & Currier 
Luke & Edwards 
Lynn and Boston Railroad 

Company 
Lynn Box Company 
Lynn Gas and Electric 

Company 
Lynn Ice Company 
Lynn Mutual Fire In 

surance Company 
Lynn National Bank 
Lynn Retail Clerks' Asso 

ciation 
Lynn Safe Deposit and 

Trust Company . 
Lynn Steamboat Company, 
Lynn Typographical 

L^nion 
Lyons, J. H. . 
Lyons, John . 

Macfarlane, John & Co. 
Magrane, Kate 
Magrane, P. B. 
Mann, R. C. . 
Mansfield, G. H. & E. A 
Manufacturers' National 

Bank . 
Marsh, George E. & Co 
Marsh, Stephen S. . 
Marshman, G. 
Martin, Dr. A. H. . 
Martin, Dr. N. R. . 
Martin, James P. 
Martin, Edward F. . 
Maxwell, H. W. . 
Mayo, Fred D. 
McBrien, W. J. 
AlcCann, Matthew . 
AlcCarren, Frank S. 
McCarty, John F. . 
McDonald, Dr. William 

A. . . . 
McFarlane, W. H. & Co 



5.00 

5.00 

2.00 

25.00 

10.00 

250.00 
15.00 

150.00 
5.00 

25.00 
50.00 

25.00 

50.00 
25.00 

10.00 
1. 00 
1. 00 

5.00 
1. 00 
25.00 
1. 00 
5.00 

50.00 
10.00 
3.00 
1. 00 
2.00 
2.00 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 
5.00 
1. 00 
5.00 
1. 00 
10.00 



5.00 
10.00 



H 



CITY OF L7'NN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



Melanson & Currier 
Merritt, Arthur S. . 
Meyers, H. L. 
Miles & Johnson 
Miller, I. G. & Bro. 
Miller, William & Sons 
Moloney & Harrington 
Moody,' M. F. & Co. 
Moody, W. H. 
Moore, Frank 
Moore, Mrs. George H. 
Moore, Nixon & Co. 
Moran, J. J. . 
Moran, J. Z. . 
Moran, Thomas J. . 
Morning Star Shoe Co. 
Morrill Leather Co. 
Morrison, H. L. 
Morse & Logan 
Mosser, J. K. & Sons 
Moulton, William B. 
Mudge, Dr. Arthur B. 
Mudge, Wallace O. 
Mulholland & Varney 
Mullen, J. D. & Son 
Murphy, Martin H. 
Mui'phy, Thomas F. 
Murphy, T. J. 
Murphy, William . 
Murray Bros. . 
Murray Shank & Counter 

Co. . 
Murray Shoe Co. 
Murray, William F. 



Nash & Sea mans 
National City Bank 
National Shoe and Leather 

Exchange . 
Naval Brigade, Co. E 
Neill, James E. 
Nelson, John M. 
Newcomb, Arthur P. 
New England Telephone 

& Telegraph Company, loo.oo 
Newhall & Upham . . 5.00 

Newhall, A. C. . . i.oo 



10.00 

5.00 

1.00 

50.00 

10.00 

5.00 

15.00 

2.00 

1.00 

1.00 

3.00 

10.00 

25.00 

1.00 

1.00 

5.00 

15.00 

25.00 

5.00 

15.00 

1.00 

5,00 

3.00 

10.00 

3.00 

1.00 

1.00 

15.00 

25.00 

15.00 

5.00 

15.00 

1.00 



5.00 
50.00 

15.00 

10.00 

10.00 

5.00 

1.00 



Newhall, Charles H. 
Newhall, Dr. Edward H. 
Newhall, Edward S. 
Newhall, Howard Mudge, 
Newhall, Israel Augustus, 
Newhall, John B., Esq. 
Newhall, Joseph W. 
Newhall, Philip A. 
Newhall, W. F. 
Nickerson, W. 
Nichols, G. H. & A. L. 
Nichols, Thomas P. 
Nicholson (George) Co. 
Nicholson, James . 
Niles & Carr . 
Nourse, P. H. 
Nutter, George H. . 

Odlin, James E., Esq. 
O'Hara, Charles 
O'Keefe, John A., Esq. 
Osborne, Wellman . 
Oxford Club . 

Palmer, Capt. Henry E. 
Palmer, Henry E., Jr. 
Para Rubber Cement Co 
Parker & Blakeley . 
Parker, J. Alyah h Co. 
Parson Grocery Co. 
Patterson, S. T. 
Payi-ow, Frank L. . 
Pearce, Harry J. 
Perkins, W. B. 
Peyear & Co. . 
Phelan, James & Sons 
Phelan, J. E. . 
Phelps, James T. 
Phinney, J. C. F. . 
Phinney, W. B. 
Pierce & Sibley 
Pierce, W. H. 
Pierson, John 
Pike, James N. 
Pinkham, Charles H. 
Pinkham, Edward W. 
Pinkham (H.E.) Shoe Co 



50.00 

5.00 

5.00 

5.00 

2.00 

5.00 

1.00 

5.00 

5.00 

15.00 

3.00 

10.00 

10.00 

10.00 

25.00 

5.00 

15.00 

5.00 
15.00 

5.00 
15.00 
50.00 

5.00 
1.00 
10.00 
25.00 
1.00 
2.00 



15 

5 
I 

15 
25 



,00 
.00 
,00 
,00 
.00 
.00 



10.00 

5.00 

10.00 

10.00 

2.00 

2.00 

3.00 

5.00 

50.00 

^5.00 

3.00 



THE PRE PARA TIOXS. 



Pitman, A. A. & Co. 
Poltrini, V. . 
Pratt & Babb Express Co 
Preble, George L. 
Prichard, Charles F 
Prospect Club 
Pool H. F. . 
Pool, James F. 
Porter & Hanson 
Porter, Thomas F. 
Pote, H. J. . 
Potter, J. W. . 
Purbeck, D. B. & C 
Pyne, A. W. . 

Qiiinn, Benjamin 
Qi-iinn, John . 
Qiiirk, John . 

Ramsdell, Charles H. 
Randall, Edward . 
Ready, Thomas J. . 
Reardon, T. A. 
Reed & Costolo 
Reece Button Hole Ma 

chine Co. 
Reilly, P. & Sons . 
Renton (J. B.) Co. 
Riley, N. A. & Co. 
Roberts, W. H. & Co. 
Robidou, B. H. 
Rogers, Henry W. . 
Rogers, Thomas W. 
Rollins, L. M. 
Rosenberg, Happ & Siegel 
Rowell, Benjamin W. 
Rowell, Win slow J. 
Rowe, Capt. William 
Rowe, W. A. 
Rousmaniere, Williams & 

Co. . 
Rumpf, W. A. 
Russell & Co. 
Russell, Joseph M. 

Sampson & Allen . 
Saugus Mutual Fire In 
surance Co. 



2 


.00 


2 


.00 


lO 


.00 


2 


.00 


5 


.00 


25 


.00 


2 


.00 


I 


.00 


ro 


.00 


10 


.00 


I 


.00 


5 


.00 


10 


.00 


2 


00 


10 


00 


15 


00 


I 


00 


5 


00 


10 


00 


5 


00 


I 


00 


10 


00 


10. 


00 


25 


00 


15 


00 


25 


00 


2. 


00 


"> 


00 


10. 


00 


25- 


00 


25- 


00 


10. 


00 


10. 


00 


I. 


00 


I. 


00 


5- 


00 



15.00 
15.00 

10.00 
1. 00 



Scherer, Gaston A. 
Schlehuber, Andrew 
Schmidt, H.J. 
Security Safe Deposit an( 

Trust Company . 
Senter, C. M. 
Seymour & Jackson 
Shaffner, M. A. 
Sheehan, John J. 
Shepherd, Allen G. 
Shepherd, Hon. William 
Sherry, F. E. & Co. 
Sherry, Patrick P. . 
Sibley, C. R. 
Silsbee, Baker & Geer 
Silver, Martin 
Singer Manufacturing Co 
Sisk, James H., Esq. 
Sisson, Robert S. 
Slayton (E. M.) Co. 
Small, James B. 
Smith (A. F.) Co 
Smith, Dr. M. C, an( 

Crane, Dr. C. W. 
Smith & Dove Manufac 

turing Co. . 
Smith, Edward E. . 
Smith, Capt. Edward H 
Smith, Joseph N. . 
Snell, William 
Soley, John & Sons 
Souther, Elbridge G. 
South wick & Parsons 
South wick, Harry E. 
Spalding, F. R. & Co. 
Spalding, R. A. & Co. 
Spear, Charles H. . 
Sprague & Breed Coal Co 
Sprague (C. E.) Box Co 
Spurr, Wake B. 
Stackpole, George H. 
Stanbon, C. & Co. . 
Stanwood, C. E. 
Steingardt, Daniel N. 
Stetson, W. A. & Co. 
Stevens & Newhall . 
Stevens, W. A. 



10.00 



50.00 
1. 00 

15.00 
1. 00 
1. 00 
5.00 

25.00 

25.00 
5.00 
1. 00 

25.00 
1. 00 

10.00 
5.00 
2.00 

10.00 
5.00 

35.00 

5.00 

15.00 

1. 00 

25.00 

50.00 

1. 00 

5.00 

15.00 

10.00 

1. 00 

10.00 

2p.OO 

5.00 

25.00 

10.00 

10.00 

5.00 

10.00 

2.00 

1.00 

15.00 

25.00 

2.00 



i6 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



Stone, Dr. Frank E. 
Strickland, CM. . 
Sullivan, Rev. D. S, 
Sullivan, James H. 
Sutherland, J. T. & Son 
Squire, Nelson C. . 
Swain, George D. . 
Swain, Frank 

Talamini, V. . 
Tapley, Henry F. . 
Tapper Bros. . 
Tarbox, James M. . 
Tarr, F.L. . 
Taylor & Emerson . 
Tebbetts, J. C. 
Teeling, Rev. Arthur J. 
Terretti, Charles 
Terry, S. E. . 
Thomas, F. & Co. . 
Thomas, T. & Co. . 
Thompson, J. E. 
Thompson, John A. 
Thorne, W. H. 
Thrasher, H. S. 
Thurston, John A. . 
Titus & Buckley Co. 
Torrence, Vary & Co. 
Towne, Joseph L. . 
Towns (Q. A.) Co. 
Tozzer, S. Clarence 
Tracy Bros. 
Treen, William H. 
Tripp Giant Leveller Co 
Tripp, Thaxter N. . 
Tucker, G. M. & Co. 
Tufts & Cahill 
Tufts & Friedman . 
Tuttle, Calvin B., Esq. 
Tuttle, W. H. 
Twisden, Thomas . 
Tyler, John H. 

Ulman, S. A. 
Upton, DeWitt C. . 
Upton, Derby L. 



2.00 

i.oo 

15.00 

15.00 

10.00 

3.00 

5.00 

1.00 

3.00 

50.00 

2.00 

5.00 

5.00 

10.00 

3.00 

25.00 

1.00 

5.00 

5.00 

5.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 

15.00 

10.00 

3.00 

10.00 

5.00 

10.00 

15.00 

10.00 

5.00 

5.00 

15.00 

5.00 

5.00 

5.00 

1.00 

1.00 

1.00 
15.00 
15.00 



Valentine, C. W. . 
Vandenberg, J. A. . 
Vennard, John M. . 
Vinal, Charles A. & Co. 
Vincent, Frank 

Waitt, Freeman 
Walker, W. P. & Co. 
Walton & Holyoke . 
Walton & Logan Co. 
Ward, H. A. & Co. 
Warner, Capt. John G. 
Warren, Mary A. . 
Watson, W. B. 
Webber, Parker J. . 
Wegardh, W. 
Weinberg, S. J. 
Welch & Landregan 
Weston, D. E. 
Wheeler & Wilson Co. 
White Bros. . 
White, Richard J. . 
Whitten & Cass 
Willey, I. Otis 
Williams Bros. 
Williams, Clark & Co. 
Wilkins, Charles E. 
Wilkinson & Perry 
Wilson, Charles H. 
Wilson, E. A. 
Wilson, J. T. 
Wilson, J. W. 
Woodbury, J. G. . 
Woodill, Dr. George F. 
Woodward & Cochey 
Woolworth, F. W. & Co 
Wormstead, Charles W. 
W^yman, Mrs. A. S. 

Youland & McManus 

Young, F. L. . 

Young, John D. & Sons 

Young, Julius 

Young Men's Republican 

Club, Ward 3 . 
Young, Sampson & Hollis, 
Young, W. J. & Co. 



1.00 
1.00 
3.00 
15.00 
5.00 

1.00 

5.00 

3.00 

35.00 

3. 00 

5.00 

3.00 

10.00 

15.00 

5.00 

5.00 

35.00 

I.OO 

10.00 

5.00 

5.00 
10.00 

1.00 
10.00 

35.00 
5.00 

2.00 
1.00 
2.00 
20.00 
5.00 
2.00 

3.00 

10.00 

10.00 

1.00 

10.00 

50.00 

35.00 
5.00 

1.00 

5.00 
10.00 
10.00 



THE PREPARATIONS. 17 



APPOINTMENTS AND INVITATIONS. 

Meanwhile the City Government Committee was not inactive. 
While some of the arrangements were held in abeyance pending 
an assurance of a sufficient suppl}' of funds, the details of others 
were concluded as expeditiously as possible. Only by a division 
of labor could the work be successfully performed, and Sub- 
Committees were accordingly designated as follows : 

Historical Address and Exercises in Lynn Theatre. — Mayor Shep- 
herd, President Eastham and Councilman Barney. 

Hospitality, — Mayor Shepherd, Alderman Fry, Councilmen Barney 
and Marlor. 

Invitations. — Alderman Fry. 

Sports and Children's Entertainments. — Alderman Houghton, Pres- 
ident Eastham and Councilman Woodman. 

School Regalias and Flags. — Alderman Houghton, President East- 
ham, Councilmen Woodman and Marlor, City Messenger Allen. 

Music. — Alderman Fry, President Eastham and Councilman Wood- 
man. 

Press. — Alderman Houghton and Councilman Barney. 

Carriages. — Alderman Houghton, Councilman Marlor and City 
Messenger Allen. 

Decorations. — Alderman Houghton, Councilman Marlor and City 
Messenger Allen. 

Printing. — President Eastham, Councilman Woodman and City 
Messenger Allen. 

Fireworks. — Alderman Houghton, President Easth .m and City 
Messenger Allen. 

Badges. — City Messenger Allen. 

Reception. — The whole Committee, together with all the gentle- 
men who served on the Finance and Collection Committees. 

A selection for the important post of Chief Marshal of the 
great procession designated for the crowning feature of the cel- 
ebration was made by the whole Committee, and fell upon Gen. 
Charles C. Fry, who cheerfully agreed to combine the onerous 
duties of the position with those he was required to perform as 



1 8 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Treasurer of the Committee on Finance and a member of several 
Sub-Committees. As Orator of the occasion the name of 
Benjamin N. Johnson, Esq., was submitted and it was agreed 
that no better choice could be made. To write the Anniversary 
poem, deemed a very necessary addition to the literary exercises, 
Miss Mabel Ward was invited, and her worthy contribution 
proved that this selection was a wise one also. A suggestion to 
the effect that an Anniversary ode should be a product of the 
schools having been adopted, a competition was set on foot 
among pupils of the High Schools, resulting in the discovery of 
a talented odist in the person of Miss Isabelle Dorothea O'Brien, 
whose verses had the true spirit of the occasion. It was the most 
graceful act of the Committee, this recognition of the claims of 
womanhood to representation among those who were to make 
the celebration memorable, and it was generally applauded. 

The fact of the celebration being in part a memorial to the 
citizens of 1850 who set up the institutions authorized b}' the 
Cit}^ Charter led to a recognition of the surviving individuals 
who filled official stations in the first City Government. These 
venerable men, whose lives had been prolonged through the 
half-century, were Joseph M. Rowell, who sat in the first 
Common Council as a representative of Ward 6 ; Albert Need- 
ham, a member of the School Committee as organized under 
the Charter; Harrison Newhall, an Assessor; William H. 
Lewis, the City Messenger of 1850; John A. Thurston, a 
Constable; S. Oliver Breed, a Surveyor of Lumber, and 
Warwick Palfrey, a Field Driver ; and it became the pleasant 
duty of the Committee to assign places for them in the exercises 
where they could be duly honored as well as share in the enjoy- 
ment of the occasion. Invitations were issued to the seven, 
which each was happily able to accept, and they figured as 
notable guests of the City which they had served in its infancy. 

That the members of the Committee were filled with an 
exalted sense of the importance of the coming event, as a 
demonstration of the greatness of Lynn compared with the cities 
of the whole country, is evidenced by the fact of an invitation 



EXECUTIVE MANSION. 

WASH I NGTON 



^LT^^i*-- 



'S-^ 

^ 



THE PRESIDENT'S LETTER. 



THE PREPARATIONS. 19 

being sent to the President of the United States, His Excellency 
William jNIcKinley, which, while it was not productive of the 
presence of that great American in the City during the cele- 
bration, was nevertheless received and acknowledged in a repl}- 
which forms one of the treasured mementoes of the occasion. 

His Excellency Winthrop Murray Crane, Governor of the 
Commonwealth, the members of his military staff, and His 
Honor John L. Bates, Lieutenant-Governor, were likewise re- 
cipients of invitations ; and, recognizing the claim of a chief cit}'" 
of Massachusetts upon their distinguished presence at such a 
time, these dignitaries readilv consented to come and be the 
City's honored guests. The President of the Massachusetts 
Senate, Hon. George E. Smith, and the Speaker of the Mass- 
achusetts House of Representatives, Hon. James J. Myers, were 
also included in the list of invitations, as were Hon. Henr}' 
Cabot Lodge, junior member of the Senate of the United States 
from Massachusetts, and Hon, Ernest W. Roberts, member of 
Congress from the Seventh Massachusetts District. The list was 
lengthened to include the Mayors of all the cities in the Com- 
monwealth ; the former Mayors of Lynn ; the members of the 
Cit}- Council ; the Judge of the Lynn Police Court, Hon. John 
W. Berry ; and the members of the Massachusetts Senate and 
House of Representatives chosen from districts embracing wards 
of Lynn. Nahant and Swampscott having been parts of the 
City as it was incorporated, the Selectmen of these towns were 
invited.^ 

Prompted by a sentiment of filial regard and following a 
custom inaugurated when the 250 Anniversary of the settlement 
of Lynn was observed, a letter of invitation, which was also a 

1 See the roster of the procession for list of the Special invitations were issued to the Asso- 

disting-uished persons who attended. President elation of Master King's Schoolboys, to take 

Smith, Senator Lodge and Congressman Rob- part in the school division of the procession 

arts were unable to be present. Hon. George (see account of procession), and to Miss 

P. Sanderson, who filled the office of Mayor in Emeline Mansfield, who was a school teachei 

the years 1S79-S0, was a resident of California in Lynn when the city was incorporated. Miss 

and could not attend. Hon. E. Knowlton Fogg, Mansfield was unable to participate in any of 

Mayor in 1S91, and Postmaster since July i, the exercises, but she was entertained with 

1S9S, died suddenly April 21, his death casting a views of the procession and scenes about the 

gloom upon the celebration. City from a carriage placed at her disposal. 



20 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

tender of greetings, was sent across the ocean to the ancient 
borough of Lynn Regis, or King's Lynn, in the County of 
Norfolk, England, Mayor Shepherd writing as follows : 

City of Lynn, State of Massachusetts, 
United States of America. 

Mayor's Office, April 2, 1900. 

To His WorsJiip the Mayor of Lytzn Regis., 

Norfolk County .^ England: 

This City will celebrate the 50th Anniversary of its incorporation on 
Monday and Tuesday, May 14th and 15th, 1900. 

On behalf of our government and people, I invite you to be present 
and participate in the ceremonies and festivities. 

The reply from a former Mayor of Lynn Regis, in response to an 
invitation from the Mayor of this City, to be present at the celebration 
of the 350th Anniversary of the settlement of Lynn, in 1879,' is remem- 
bered with much pleasure. The feelings of mutual interest and regard 
then expressed have been by the lapse of time in no degree diminished, 
and the citizens of Lynn, Massachusetts, still remember with pride 
that the first settlers of this immediate territory came from your neigh- 
boring county, and that the name our City bears was given to it by one 
whose former home was Lynn Regis, England. 

We earnestly hope to be honored by your presence. Accept for 
yourself and the government and people of your city the best wishes of 
our citizens for continued health and prosperity. 

I have the honor to remain 

[city seal] William Shepherd, Mayor. 

The reply, which arrived in due time, and of which a fac 
simile is herewith presented, was given immediate publication, 
and though causing regrets because the Worshipful Mayor of 
King's Lynn was not to visit the City, its kindly greeting and 
congratulations were much appreciated.'^ 

iThe correspondence in full is printed in the programme. To this the English executive re- 

volume issued as a memorial of the 250th Anni- sponded, again expressing his regret that he 

versary, Proceedings at Lynn, Massachusetts, could not be present at the " rejoicings, which," 

yune J7, iSyq, Etc., Lynn, iSSo. he wrote, " from the thoroughness of the prep- 

2 Mayor Shepherd returned an answer to the arations must have been of a most enjoyable 

letter of Mayor Bristow, accompanying the same character." Both the letters received, together 

with one of the official celebration badges, hand- with a celebration badge, are in the collection of 

somely encased, and a copy of the souvenir the Lynn Historical Society. 





<INGS LYNN. 



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II . , A 







LETTER FROM THE MAYOR OF KING'S LYNN. 
Reduced one-half. The seal (see illustrations) was attaclied hy its ribbon at the left 

of the signature. 



THE PREPARATIONS. 31 

THE SCHOOLS AND CHURCHES. 
In pursuance of the purpose to engage the children of the 
schools in the celebration the Committee sought the aid of the 
School Committee, and that body complied by instructing the 
Chairmen of the several District Committees, together with the 
Superintendent, Orsamus B. Bruce, to take charge of the 
arrangements desired. The gentlemen who thus rendered 
substantial service were Louis A. Wyman, Chairman of the 
School Committee and of the High School Committee ; John H. 
Nelson, Chairman of the First District, comprising Wards 2 and 
3 ; Henry W. Breed, Chairman of the Second District, Ward 4 ; 
Charles H. Chase, Chairman of the Third District, Wards i 
and 5, and Dr. Edwin H. Brock, Chairman of the Fourth 
District, Wards 6 and 7. Under their direction and the general 
supervision of the Superintendent, the principals and teachers 
throughout the city prepared programmes for the exercises of 
Monday morning, and arranged for the attendance of pupils at 
the afternoon entertainments and for their appearance in the 
procession and on the stands of observation. There were many 
details to attend to, much ingenuity to be exercised in the 
selection of programmes and the designing and dressing of 
floats, a deal of labor to be performed marshaling thousands of 
impatient little ones for their orderly appearance in the events, 
and the work, coming as it did in the midst of the activities 
incidental to the close of a school year, was by no means light. 
It was well performed, however, as the results proved. There 
was equal effort expended by the instructors in the schools of 
St. Mary's and St. Joseph's Roman Catholic- parishes, the 
Pastors in charge of which. Rev. Arthur J. Teeling of St. 
Mary's, and Rev. John C. Harrington of St. Joseph's, having 
been notified of the desire of the Committee that all the school 
children of the City, without distinction, participate in the 
exercises. 

Manifestly a great many children, those of tender years, 
would have little chance to take part in the procession, unless 



22* CIT2^ OF L^NN SEMI-CEXTENXIAL. 

special provision was made for them. It was at first thought to 
place them in barges for transportation with the column, but the 
idea was abandoned as impracticable. Instead, it was decided 
to erect observation stands exclusively for the little ones, and 
four were accordingly ordered constructed, one in Market 
Square, another on the City Hall grounds, facing Johnson 
Street, another in Highland Square, and the last at Goldfish 
Pond.^ The grouping of the children upon them was placed 
under the charge of teachers, who were privileged to procure 
bright-colored dress for the boys and girls and arrange them 
according to certain designs of their own adoption. 

Knowing the delight which children take in "shows" of any 
kind, entertainments by variety actors were planned to be given 
in public halls, Monday afternoon. With four large auditoriums 
placed at its disposal,'^ the Committee, by a judicious duplication 
of the bills at different hours in each, was able to give upwards 
of 8,000 children the privilege of enjoying the songs and 
sayings, the dances and acrobatic feats of talented performers,, 
and there were no more lively scenes presented in the entire 
round of events than those in which the happy, laughing 
children, thoroughly delighted with everything that was said 
and done upon the several stages, were the abundant figures. 

Each of the Pastors of the Lynn churches received from 
Mayor Shepherd a communication as follows : 

Mayor's Office, 

Lynn, Mass., March 30, 1900. 
Dear Sir: — The Committee of the City Council having in charge 
the celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the incorporation of the City 

1 Tliese stands had eacli 15 rows of seats, rising Eastern Amusement Co.; the Odd Fellows' 

in tiers; those at Market Square and Johnson Hall, at the corner of Market and Summer 

Street were each 190 feet long, the one at High- Streets, was tendered gratuitously by the Lynn 

land Square was 140 feet, and the Goldfish Pond Odd Fellows' Hall Association, and the Odd 

stand was go feet in length. They were care- Fellows' Halls at the corner of Essex and 

fully examined and their construction approved Chestnut Streets, East Lynn, and on North 

by the State and City Building Inspeciors. For Common Street, West Lynn, were made avail- 

the use of the children on the stands S.ooo small able by reason of the generosity of the East 

fiags were provided by the Committee. Lynn and West Lynn Odd Fellows' Building 

- The Lynn Theatre was tendered to the Com- Associations, respectively, 
mittee for this purpose, free of charge, by the 



THE PREPARATIONS. 



23 



of Lynn, at a meeting held on the evening of March 37, passed the 
following vote, which I respectfully transmit : 

"Voted, That the Pastors of the churches in Lynn be and hereby 
are invited to observe the occurrence of the 50th iVnniversary of the 
incorporation of the City by such services in their several places of 
worship, on Sunday, the 13th day of ALay, 1900, as they may deem 
proper for the occasion." 

Hoping that the action of the Committee will meet with your favor- 
able consideration and approval, I am, 3-ours truly, 

William Shepherd, jMayor. 

There was an immediate and gratifying response. March 
31, Rev. Tillman B. Johnson, Pastor of the First Baptist 
Church, North Common Street, wrote to the jNIayor, extending 
an invitation to the entire City Government to attend a public 
service in that church on the Sunday set apart for the observance 
of the Anniversaiy. On the same day the Unitarian Church, 
South Common Street, by its Trustees, gave a similar invitation, 
which was transmitted by William H. Frazier, Secretary. 
April 2, the Rector, Wardens and Vestrymen of St. Stephen's 
Episcopal Church, South Common Street, met and voted '' that 
the hospitality of the parish be extended to the Mayor and City 
Government, and that they be invited to attend the special 
service at St. Stephen's Church on the morning of May 13, at 
10.30 o'clock, at which service the 50th x\nniversary of the incor- 
poration of the City will be commemorated, in accordance with 
the vote of the Committee of the City Council in charge of the 
celebration of that Anniversary." The Rector, Rev. James H. 
Van Buren, in sending the vote, added his personal request that 
the Chief Executive and his associates in the City Government 
attend the service. Aiming to impart to the service greater 
dignity in honor of the occasion the church body of St. 
Stephen's invited, at a later date, the Bishop of the Diocese of 
Massachusetts, Rt. Rev. William Lawrence, D. D., to preach 
the sermon, and the eminent divine accepted the call. 

Rivalry between the churches for the honor of the attendance 
of the City Government was more apparent than real, and no 



24 CITY OF LTNN SEMI- CENTENNIAL. 

thought of jealousy arose when the Committee, after due 
dehberation, accepted in behalf of the City Council the invi- 
tation from St. Stephen's. Certain claims were considered, as, 
for example, that of the First Congregational Church, ^ Vine 
and South Common Streets, which dated its foundation back to 
the period of the settlement and had maintained unbroken 
ministration since its first Pastor, Rev. Stephen Bachiler, came 
to Lynn in 1632 ; or that of the Central Congregational Church, 
which was organized in the same year that the Citv was incor- 
porated, or that of the Unitarian Church, whose Pastor, Rev. 
Samuel B. Stewart, had the record of longest service in the 
Lynn ministrj-. It was a time for comparing records, and the 
churches whose histories were linked with that of the Cit}', in 
ways to commend them to special notice, were not lacking 
adherents to assert their claims to recognition. Once decided, 
however, the question of the City Government's church attend- 
ance ceased to disturb anybody's mind, and thereafter Pastors 
and parishioners considered only what to do to recognize the 
great event in the life of the City and contribute to it from their 
thought and feeling as Christian believers. 

THE PROCESSION AND OTHER FEATURES. 

Chief Marshal Fry began immediately after his appointment 
the organization of the great pageant which he afterward 
conducted through the City streets, the first step being the 
issuance of a call for volunteers to join his forces, and the 
selection of staff and division commanders. The following 
notice was his fii^st official communication on the subject : 

HEADqt'ARTERS ChiEF ISIaRSHAI., 

Lynx, Mass., March 30, 1900. 
Having accepted the position of Chief Marshal of the procession on 
the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the incorporation of Lynn as 
a Cit}', to take place on Tuesday, May 15th, I have the honor to extend 

' Rev, William C. Merrill, Pastor, wrote the occasion. . . It would seem eminently 

April 14, inviting the Committee to "conduct fitting tliat the old Colonial church should take 

such service or attend such service with the some prominent place in the religious part of 

' Old First Church' as may seem appropriate to the observance." 



THE PREPARATIONS. 25 

an invitation to the military, fraternal, social and business organizations 
of the City, and to the citizens in general, to unite in making this 
feature of the celebration not only worthy of our City but also demon- 
strating the great progress made in half a century. 

It is intended that the procession shall consist of not less than four 
divisions; the First comprising the Military and semi-Military bodies, 
the Second the Fraternal and Social Organizations, the Third the Trades 
and Business Representatives, the Fourth the City Depaitments.' 

Organizations desiring or willing to take part in the procession will 
please notify the Chief Marshal at No. 90 Exchange Street, as soon as 
possible. 

The Governor and Lieutenant-Governor of this Commonwealth 
have accepted invitations to be present. 

The appointment of Capt. John G. Warner as Chief of .Staff is 
hereby announced. 

CiiAS. C. Fry, Chief JMars/ial. 

Appointments of Division Marshals followed, Capt. George 
C. Houghton being assigned to the First Division, Henry W. 
Eastham to the Second Division, Capt. Edward H. Smith to the 
Third Division and J. Clarence Wilson to the Fourth Division. 
These officers forthwith began recruiting for their staffs, drafting 
a large number of the active and venturesome young men of 
the Cit}^, together with not a few older ones, and the demand for 
saddle horses instantl}- became great. The responses from 
military bodies, fraternal societies and other organizations, 
accepting the invitation to parade, followed each other in rapid 
succession, until a larger number had been enrolled than was ever 
before known to appear in procession. The appearance in the 
militar}' division of such crack organizations as Battery C, First 
Battalion Light Artillery, M. V. M., stationed in Lawrence, and 
the Second Corps of Cadets, the pride and joy of Salem, was 
assured by the acceptance on the part of both organizations of 
invitations to become the guests of the City. A spirit of rivahy 
and emulation among the civic bodies prompted them to make 
extensive preparations, and a great deal of expense was incurred 

iThis order was subsequently changed, the City Departments being assigned to the Third, and 
the Trades to the Fourth Divisions, respectivelj-. 



26 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CEXTEXXIAL. 

procuring uniforms and equipment, constructing floats and 
engaging bands of music. From some of the fraternities 
invitations went forth to out-of-town brethren to join in the pro- 
cession and partake of their hospitality. Arrangements were 
made for a large representation of the public and parochial 
schools in the line, the boys as paraders, and the girls on floats,^ 
and the departments of the City, under instructions from the 
Chief Executive, made ready to show their full strength and the 
variety of their equipment. The division of the procession of 
which some doubts were entertained was that to which the trades 
displays were assigned, but activity on the part of interested 
citizens, including officials of the Board of Trade, created 
energy among manufacturers, merchants and proprietors, and 
the division soon gave promise of being the strongest in the 
column. 

One form of expression of sentiment on occasions of public 
rejoicing is the decoration of buildings, and such was the extent 
and variety of the preparations made in this direction that Lynn 
may be said to have been getting ready to utter her patriotic 
feeling in most eloquent language. Decorators swarmed every- 
where, on the dizz}^ heights of many-storied blocks, clinging to 
perpendicular walls, and perching on the eaves and porticoes of 
private residences. They left behind them in every instance 
festoons and streamers of bunting, flags in every imaginable 
grouping, shields and escutcheons, all combined in tasteful and 
handsome designs and clothing the structures with a brilliancy 
of color. Electricians were equally active in placing incandes- 
cent lamps, the modern substitute for the ancestral window 
candles, where they would shed illumination, and the manner 
in which the lights were arranged and the diversity of their 
colors made possible some strikingly beautiful displays as the 
shades of evening fell. 

1 Among the celebration supplies purchased Each grammar and parochial school, and the 

by the Committee were 1,400 sashes, in separate Manual Training School, was allotted an ample 

colors of red, white and blue, and 1,400 flags, sum of money to expend in preparing a float. 
these being the boys' equipment for the march. 



THE PREPARATIONS. 27 

The Committee turned its attention to the City Hall, and gave 
it a dress of flags and bunting and a trimming of lights that 
transformed its stately facade and imposing outlines into a 
temple of beauty by day and a refulgent palace by night. ^ The 
illustrations give but a slender idea of the effect produced by the 
decorations and illumination. An electricallj'-lighted arch over 
the main gateway, and half-circles spanning the walk leading 
to the entrance staircase, were added in the design, the arch 
displaying portraits of Mayors Hood and Shepherd on its 
supports, and the words "City of Lynn, 1850-1900," across its 
face, the latter being outlined in incandescents. The interior, 
including not only the spacious rotunda and gallery but all the 
offices, was transformed into a series of red, white and blue 
grottoes, presenting beautiful pictures on every hand. Over the 
tablet in the wall at the head of the grand staircase was placed 
a large City Seal, painted on canvas,^ and a profusion of potted 
plants was so distributed as to add the charm of verdure to the 
scene. 

A series of athletic contests, to interest and amuse lovers of 
sports, was arranged to take place on the Common, Monday 
afternoon. By agreement with the Young Men's Christian 
Association, the Pentathlon, or annual championship field and 
track games of the New England Y. M. C. A., was included in 
the list of sports ; the 3^ouths of the Lynn High Schools were given 
an opportunity to show their skill and strength in competition 

'The decorations were put up under the in the design of the City Seal were thus coin- 
direction of City Messenger Allen, who also mented on, jocosely, by a newspaper writer: 
designed the arch. City Electrician Edward L. "The City Seal is added, as a feature of the 
Hiller and assistants put up the electric lamps, decoration, with its old-fashioned shoe, its 
using 1,100 incandescents in the display. City hammer and anchor, its picture of the City with 
Forester William Miller furnished and arranged Nahant stretching serpentwise to seaward, and 
the decorative plants. its sun rising apparently in the north-west. 

The total number of incandescent lamps used Designed by Alonzo Lewis, a half-century ago, 

on the occasion througliout the City was not far no one to-day thinks the Seal of Lynn inappro- 

from 4,000, the Lynn Gas and Electric Company priate or out of date, though Nahant has no 

drawing heavily upon its resources to furnish connection with Lynn politically at the present 

the additional current. lime, the general aspect of the City as depicted 

2 Though prepared merely for temporary use, by the designer has changed wonderfully, and 

this canvas was deemed worthy of preservation, the sun has developed the habit of coming up in 

and It was subsequently framed and replaced ^^e &A%\.r— {Boston Sunday Globe, March 31.] 
upon the wall of the rotunda. Certain features 



28 



CIT2- OF Ll'NN SEMI-CEXrENNIAL. 



with each other, and minor games, for the participation of boys 
of the Grammar schools, were arranged, prizes of silver being 
procured to award to the winners. 

^ What was deemed an indispensable feature was a pyrotechnic 
display, and quantities of fireworks, to be discharged on the 
Common and at Goldfish Pond on the last evening of all, were 
ordered. The enterprise of citizens of the High Rock neighbor- 
hood, which culminated in a stupendous bonfire on the Rock, 
Monday evening, was recognized and supported by the Com- 
mittee. The electric fountain on the Common, the gift of 
William Shute, was put in readiness to contribute its beautiful 
radiance to the evening illuminations. Provision was made for 
the ringing of bells and firing of salutes, a time-honored custom 
not to be discarded.^ 

The duties of hospitality were not overlooked in the prepara- 
tions. At the outset the social clubs of the city testified their 
interest in the celebration by tendering the use of their rooms 
for reception purposes,^ thus affording abundant opportunities 
for the sheltering and entertainment of guests. The City Hall, 
however, was made the headquarters for receiving guests, the 
Mayor's and other offices being devoted to that purpose and 
the deserted library reading-room in the west wing being fitted 
and decorated for their entertainment at luncheon. The Oxford 
Clubhouse was selected as a place tbr a spread following the 

lit was not rigidly adhered to, however. In has numbered among its members manv who 

all former celebrations, particularly those which distinguished themselves in the service of Lvnn. 

came on the Fourth of July, the bells and guns so that it is specially fitting that the coniem- 

awoke the inhabitants at sunrise, but out of plated celebration should appeal stronglv to our 

consideration for the sleepy-headed the Com- members. The names of Buffum, Usher and 

mittee set the hour for the morning salutes at Waldenareof those enrolled on the membership 

' ^* ^' 'ists of the Park Club, and thev are names that 

- The Oxford Club, Lynn Press Club, Park hold a position second to none on the records of 

Club, Prospect Club, Lincoln Club, Unicorn our City." 

Athletic Club and West Lynn Republican Club In connection with the arrangements for the 

were thus hospitable. Gen. Lander Post, Grand care of guests, it may be interesting to know 

Army of the Republic, also tendered the use of that many surrounding cities and towns were 

rooms in the Grand Army building, Andrew drawn upon to help supply the carriages 

Street. John F. Hay, Secretary of the Park required for their use in the procession. Salem, 

Club, wrote as.foUows : "It [the Park Club] Beverly, Stoneham, Peabodv, Wakefield, Med- 

is the oldest social organization in the City, and ford, Chelsea and Boston were in the list. 




THE OFFICIAL BADGE. 



Dcslgiicil I'y Hon. VV.ilKr L. UainsdfU; dies cut and badijes made by t'le Wliitchcad 

& Iloag Co., Newark, N. J. ; east in composition metal, the lop being 

of the color of gold; the bar, steel, and the hanger, bronze. 



THE PREPARATIONS. 



29 



procession : and for the special care and convenience of news- 
paper representatives, a large number of whom attended the 
celebration, the Press Club rooms were accepted and put in 
readiness. 

An official badge, with which to designate persons in author- 
ity and decorate invited guests, was prepared, special pains 
being taken to provide one of appropriate character. Local 
draughtsmen were invited to make designs, the stipulations being 
that the City Seal should be displayed and the principal 
industries of the City, shoe manufacturing and the production of 
electric apparatus, be depicted. Several excellent ideas were 
presented in the drawings submitted, and the one surviving the 
test of judgment was placed in the hands of a manufacturer. 
The badges arrived in due season and were distributed to those 
entitled to receive them on the day of the procession. They 
excited much admiration, and were eagerly sought for by many 
who were not so fortunate as to be numbered among the 
celebration officials or the invited guests. 

Several requests were made to the Committee for the right to 
publish an official programme, but it was deemed inadvisable to 
grant the privilege for the reason that it would give the counte- 
nance of public authority to private speculation. By direction 
of the Committee, a programme was prepared by the Editor of 
this volume, who endeavored to produce something which would 
be acceptable as a souvenir of the occasion. For its embellish- 
ment the services of artists in pencil and pen-and-ink were 
invoked, and by their aid the brochure of twelve pages and 
cover was adorned with appropriate sketches and designs, all of 
which are reproduced as illustrations to this volume. It was 
enriched by photographic half-tone engravings of the members 
of the Committee, several distinguished guests, including the 
Governor, Orator and the seven surviving officials of the 1850 
Government, and all of the former Mayors of Lynn. In pre- 
paring the engravings use was made of the lithographed portraits 
of the first fourteen Mayors struck off for the Centennial 



30 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENXIAL. 

Memorial/ published in 1876, and the cuts of the remaining 
Mayors were made from photographs. 

Thus was the 50th Anniversary celebration conducted through 
the preparatory stage. The pages which follow will afford an 
ample view of the celebration itself. Before entering upon 
them it will be well to summarize the foregoing account, which 
is easily done by a glance over the programme which the Com- 
mittee labored zealously to complete. It contains features which 
ma}^ have escaped attention above, and it sets forth the orderly 
arrangement of events in accordance with the clock, a system 
as desirable in celebrations as in other earthl}- affairs. 

GENERAL PROGRAMME OF CELEBRATION. 

Sunday, May 13. 

Anniversary Services in the Churches of Lynn. 

Lynn City Council in attendance at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church, 
morning service, Rt. Rev. Bishop William Lawrence, D. D., offici- 
ating. 

Monday, [May 14. 

7 A. M. — Morning Salute of Bells and Artillery (Co. E, Naval 
Brigade). 

9 A. M. — Band Concert on City Hall Grounds. 

9 A. M. — Exercises in the Schools of the City. 

12 M. — Noon Salute of Bells and Artillery (Co. E, Naval Brigade). 

1.30 P.M. — First Series Entertainments for School Children, in 
Lynn Theatre, Summer Street ; Odd Fellows' Hall, Market Street ; 
Odd Fellows' Hall, West Lynn ; Odd Fellows' Hall, East Lynn. 

2 P. M. — Athletic Sports on the Common — Dual Meet, English and 
Classical High Schools ; Y. M. C. A. Pentathlon (Championship 
Meet) ; Grammar Schoolboys' Contests. 

3.30 P. M. — Second Series Entertainments for School Children in 
Halls as above. 

Sunset. — Salute of bells and Artillery (Co. E, Naval Brigade). 

7.30 P. M. — Band Concert on City Hall Grounds. 

7.45 P. M. — Historical Address and Exercises in Lynn Theatre. 

1 Centennial Memorial of Lynn, Essex County, Mass., embracing an Historical Sketch ; 
1629-1876; By James R. Newhall. 



THE PREPARATIONS. 31 

8 P. M. — Bonfire and Band Concert on High Rock. 
8 P. M. — Electrical Fountain on the Common. 

Tuesday, May 15. 

7 A. M. — Morning Salute of Bells and Artillery (Battery C, First 
Battalion Light Artillery). 

7.30 A. M. — Band Concert on City Hall Grounds. 

10 A. M. — Reception at City Hall to His Excellency the Governor 
and other Distinguished Guests. 

11 A. M. — Grand Procession, consisting of Military, Civic Societies, 
Municipal Departments, Trades and Industries, parading from City 
Hall Square over the following route : 

North Common Street, Centre Street, Western Avenue, Market 
Square, South Common Street, Commercial Street, Summer Street, 
Market Street, Munroe Street, Central Square, Union Street, Silsbee 
Street, Mount Vernon Street, Exchange Street, Broad Street, Nahant 
Street, Ocean Street, Atlantic Street, Broad Sti-eet, Breed Street, 
Ocean Street, Cherry Street, Fayette Street, Essex Street, Chestnut 
Street, Union Street, Ireson Street, Essex Street, Washington Street, 
Laighton Street, Johnson Street, Sutton Street, Liberty Street, Market 
Street, to City Hall Square, where the Review and Dismissal takes 
place. 

7 P. M. — Band Concert on the Common. 

7 P. M. — Reception at City Hall by His Honor the Mayor, Sur- 
vivors of 1S50 Government and the Departments. 

7 P. M. — Electrical Fountain on the Common. 

8 P. M. — Band Concert and Fireworks at Goldfish Pond. 

8 P. M. — Illumination and Fireworks on the Common, depicting 
Historical Incidents. 



"As ancient cities zvrote their undying records 
for us, so Z,ynn is -vriting her record for future 
Y ) generations, and this Anniversary but closes one 
chapter to-day that another may begin to-mor- 
row." — Rev. Tillman B. Johnson. 




The First Day. 



Church Services of Sunday. — City Government at 
St. Stephen's. — Sermons by Bishop Lawrence and 
Other Divines. 

Sunday, May 13, dawned with a pleasant sky and a balmy 
atmosphere, and the morning hours saw the streets of the City 
thronged with church-goers. Large congregations gathered in 
the numerous houses of worship, where, with few exceptions, the 
services were devoted to praise and thanksgiving in behalf of 
Lynn. In every instance the invocations otfered up included 
pleas for continued peace, happiness and prosperity for the 
beloved City. From many pulpits came earnest and eloquent 
tributes to the industry, the progressiveness and the high 
character of the municipality, and exhortations to greater effort 
and nobler aims. The spirit of the occasion had possession of 
the choirs and their singing was enlivened accordingly. There 
were not wanting signs of rejoicing in the shape of decorations, 
the interiors displaying not only floral adornments but the 
national colors in banners and bunting. No feature of the 
celebration exceeded in fervor the religious exercises with which 
it was begun. 

At 10 o'clock a procession of City Government officials, led 
by His Honor Mayor Shepherd and President Eastham of the 
Common Council, moved from the City Hall to St. Stephen's 
Church, taking seats in the edifice which had been set apart for 
them. The usual worshippers and others in attendance filled the 
remaining space to the doors. Bishop William Lawrence of the 
Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts, conducted the service, 



34 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

assisted by Rev. James N. Van Buren, Rector of St. Stephen's, 
and the surpliced choir, the latter rendering a specially prepared 
programme of sacred music, with impressive effect. 

The sermon by Bishop Lawrence, and those b}' Rev. Arthur 
J. Teehng of St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church, Rev. Arthur 
J. Covell of the North Congregational Church, Rev. Samuel B. 
Stewart of the Unitarian Church, Rev. Edward T. Curnick of 
St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church, Rev. Neil Andrews, Jr., 
of the East Baptist Church, Rev. Clayton S. Cooper of the 
Washington Street Baptist Church, Rev. A. N. Foster of the 
Second Universalist Church and Rev. William Full of the 
Trinity Methodist Episcopal Church are given in whole or in 
part in the following pages. In each of these churches the 
services were of a character in keeping with the event in 
progress. 

At the First Universalist Church, the Pastor, Rev. James M. 
Pullman, D. D., took for his subject, "The Moral Significance 
of the City," the text being Acts 21:29, " A citizen of no 
mean city." He said in part : 

Civic pride is useful, because it stimulates public spirit, without a 
strong leaven of which every community is sure to degenerate and 
decay. The adoption of a city charter fifty years ago did not constitute 
any break in the continuity of our long communal life, but simply 
marked a stage in its oi'ganic development. The City is a good deal 
more than fifty years old. But the observance of this Anniversary will 
have a value if it awakens into new life our civic consciousness, and 
helps us to see cleai"ly what things we have to be proud of, and also 
what things we have to be ashamed of. 

The real question about a city is : What kind of an environment 
does it offer for the development of humanity, and what kind of men 
and women grow up vmder its influences? It will be quite in vain 
that you show a gi*eat Increase in population unless you can also show 
a development in the capacity for sound and energetic self-government. 
Or that you show a vast increase in wealth, unless you can show that 
that wealth is being well used — is being spent upward and not 
downward. For the only real test of the prosperity of a city is the 
degree of the moralization of its citizens. The exercise of the powers 



THE FIRST DAT— THE CHURCHES. 35 

of self-government is so important that I hope Lynn will never become 
a part of " Greater Boston," but will forever preserve its autonomy as 
an independent city. You cannot get good government by throwing 
a lot of badly governed cities together.^ 

At the Church of the Incarnation Rev. Albion H. Ross took 
for his subject, "The True Basis for Civic Rejoicing." His 
text was from Acts 8:8. He said in part : 

The secret of all true civic prosperity is the triumph of righteousness 
and the uplifting of the weak. In the midst of our joy we must ever 
ask : Are the devils cast out and are the sick made whole? The things 
which should be cast out are public stupidity and sloth, the spirit of 
petty jealousy and strife, the large majority of our professional 
politicians. All these are evil spirits and curse and retard our City's 
progress. The things which are diseased and must be made whole 
are : The self-disfranchised majority, the sin-smitten class whose 
moral leprosy is a constant menace, the innocent victims who suffer 
for the misdeeds of others. It is the forces of righteousness to which 
we must look to bring about reformation of existing evils and per- 
manent prosperity. These may be best stated as an awakened public 
conscience, union in work of all institutions which labor for good 
ends, but above all leaders worthy the name. 

Rev. Edwin J. Dolan, Assistant Pastor, celebrated the 10.30 
A. M. High Mass in St. Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, in 
which the sermon was given by Rev. Patrick Colman on the 
gospel of the day. Aside from the regular sermon Father 
Colman made fitting reference to the 50th Anniversary celebra- 
tion of Lynn as a City and of the wonderful progress made in 
the past fifty years. He traced the growth of the Catholic 
population of Lynn during that period, and stated that from a 

• At the close of the service Dr. Pullman something with which to make needed repairs, 

suggested that it would be a good plan to start Those who gave $i,ooo were Augustus B. 

the new civic half-centurj' with a clean balance Martin, Luther S.Johnson, Benjamin F. Spin- 

sheet. The church needed about $10,000, he ney, Charles H. Pinkham and Walter E. 

said, to pay off its outstanding indebtedness. Symonds. The names of John S. Bartlett, 

The appeal met with a ready response, $5,000 Benjamin W. Currier, Benjamin N. Johnson 

being quickly subscribed by five members of the and the Chapin Club were handed in for $500 

congregation, who gave $1,000 each. The sum each. F. E. Abbot gavs $300, and a sum suffi- 

total of the subscriptions finallv amounted to cient to make up $12,076 was then contributed 

$12,076, which will pay all debts and leave in amounts from $250 downward. 



36 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

population of a few hundred Catholics in 1850, with only a small 
wooden church, so great had been the increase that in 1900 
there was a population of 20,000 Catholics, owning ecclesiastical 
property worth half a million dollars. Most of the Catholics 
came here in poor circumstances, among strangers, yet they be- 
came an important factor in the community, and were to-day 
prominent in trade, in business and in the professions. If they 
continued to increase and do as well in the coming fifty years as 
in the past, the City will have every reason to be proud of 
them at the time of the centennial celebration. 

At the Highland Methodist Episcopal Church, Rev. Joseph 
Jackson, the Pastor, gave an address upon " The Future of the 
City," taking for his text I. Samuel 10:26, "'And Saul went 
home to Gibeah ; and there went with him a band of men 
whose hearts God had touched.'' In brief the sermon was as 
follows : 

A glance at Bible history will show us that the children of Israel 
had been ruled by judges or deliverers, who were the instruments of 
saving them from their enemies for about three hundred and fifty years, 
but they had grown restless and dissatisfied and began to clamor for 
a king who would be their leader, that they might be like other 
nations. God granted their request and gave them a king and, the text 
says, " he went home to Gibeah ; and there went with him a band of 
men whose hearts God had touched." 

This brings us to the fii^st thought in our text, which is leadership. 
Every man is not capable of being a leader. The young man who is 
successful at the counter may be an absolute failure at the head of the 
firm. The operator in the factory may be a master mechanic and 
demand the highest wages, but would not at all be fitted for, nor 
capable of engineering, the business. There are natural-born leaders, 
as there are natural-born orators. The man who is to be a successful 
leader must of necessity be broad-minded, and not only conversant with 
that which has to do directly with, and comes under the supervision of, 
his office ; but ought and must be acquainted with all the streams of 
industry which run into and contribute to the great river of national 
prosperity. This will not only demand a broad mind, but a man of 



THE FIRST DAT— THE CHURCHES. 37 

great intellectual ability ; one capable of weighing the great problems 
confronting our city and national life. 

In the second place I find there was a union of effort — " there went 
with him a band of men." A united effort is greater than individual 
effort. The wise man said : " Where no counsel is the people fall ; 
but in the multitude of counselors there is safety." 

One other thing I want you to notice : that King Saul's cabinet 
was composed of Christian men, men "whose hearts God had touched." 
It makes considerable difference with a leader what kind of counselors 
he has. Rehoboam found this true : instead of listening to the wise 
old men of his kingdom, he sought the advice of a company of wild, 
reckless young men, and the result was the division of the nation. 

We ought to insist on keeping every office in our City affairs filled 
with honest, capable men, men whose hearts God has touched. The 
City will be what the people make it. More depends upon the people 
than the leader. Every man who has the right, should not only vote, 
but attend the caucus, for it is there where the important work is done. 
I am proud to say, though a stranger among you, that the past fifty 
years of your history w-arrants great things for the City's future. And 
if we can have as good men to look after our interests during the next 
half-century as we have had during the fifty years just closing, we 
ought to thank God and take courage. 

At the High Street Free Baptist Church a sermon was 
preached by the Pastor, Rev. Abbott P. Davis, from the subject, 
" Intelligence and Religion Fundamental in the Life of a 
Republic." The pastor referred in his address to the Semi- 
centennial celebration, touching upon the great underlying 
principles of the republic, founded in intelligence and religion. 

At the Essex Street Baptist Church Rev. Frank M. Holt, 
Pastor, spoke of the 50th Anniversary of the City, sa^-ing : 

I shall not attempt to speak of the virtues or the vices of our Cit}' ; 
I shall not attempt to describe its advantages, but this I will say : cities 
are made up of individuals, rather than houses, institutions or indus- 
tries. Whatever we are as a Citv to-day we are what our men and 
women have made us. Nay, rather, we are what our men and women 
are. We may be proud of our churches and library and our High 



38 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTEXNIAL. 

school, but our greatness is to be measured not by these, but by the 
character of our citizens. 

The services in St. Jean Baptiste Roman Catholic Church 
inckided a special programme of music, arranged by the 
organist and director of the choir. Prof. J. O. D. de Bondy, and 
performed in the 10.30 A. jNI. High Mass. The choir was 
strengthened for the occasion by Lurvey's Orchestra. The 
Mass was celebrated by Rev. Jean B. Parent, who, in making 
the announcement for the coming week, referred to the 50th 
Anniversary of Lynn as a City, and asked his parishioners to 
take an active part in the celebration and aid in making the 
event as great a success as possible. The regular sermon was 
preached by Rev. Father Holland, Redemptorist, of Montreal, 
who also briefly referred to the celebration and the fact that 
Lynn had reached the half-century milestone. He dwelt at 
some length on the importance of giving the children proper 
education in the schools, in order that they might be better 
citizens, ^s it was good citizens that made a good, thriving and 
prosperous city. 

Rev. Charles W. Blackett, at the South Street Methodist 
Episcopal Church, took for his text, Heb. 11:10, "For he 
looked for a city which hath foundations." After a brief refer- 
ence to the Anniversary of the Cit}^ Mr. Blackett said : 

Your preacher's purpose this morning is not to speak especially of 
Lynn, to eulogize her citizens, commend her commercial spirit, note 
her philanthropies or institutions. His purpose is rather to speak of 
that alluring ideal of righteousness and brotherhood in this earth which 
has been the pursuit of godly men for thousands of years. Abraham 
looked for a city. He was a pilgrim following a divinely revealed 
ideal. That ideal has found its best expression in the Church of God. 
A city is not territory, streets or buildings, but the organization of 
men for government, and the sharing of common burdens. Streets 
and buildings are but the expression of the controlling principles. So 
the city of God is spiritual and invisible ; its expression only is 
outward in organization. 



THE FIRST DAT— THE CHURCHES. 39 

At the Chestnut Street Congregational Church, the Pastor, 
Rev. George W. Osgood, spoke from Acts 29 : 39. He said : 

Paul gloried in Tarsus, a free and marked city. We glory in Lynn 
as marked, first, in situation, as can be seen from High Rock ; second, 
in inheritance, and third, in civic robustness. The second point is 
showed by stating facts indicating the heritage of our citizens of 1S50, 
and the third by showing that the City, having had a poor harbor for 
commerce, had proved its robustness by having developed varied 
industries that explain its present advanced position. That its citizens 
have been patriotic is clearly shown by its liistory in the civil, and also 
in the recent, war, and also by its public institutions. Finally our 
churches owe it to our City to prove headsprings of power, to deiuand 
rightness of character, to hold catholic views of truth and to cultivate 
sympathy with life. Thus can we mould the twentieth century now 
at our doors. 

Rev. William C. Merrill, at the First Congregational Church, 
preached on "The Christian Citizenship," from the text " Our 
citizenship is in heaven." The thought of the discourse was 
the view of St. Paul. If we are citizens of heaven we are fitted 
to be citizens of earth. 

Interesting services were held in the Scandinavian Evangel- 
ical Church, Pleasant Street, in which appropriate reference 
was made to the 50th Anniversary of Lynn as a City. In the 
absence of the Pastor from the morning service, the meeting 
was led by Deacon A. L. Nyquist, who made fitting reference 
to the celebration. The service in the evening was the most 
important of the day and was presided over by the Pastor, 
Rev. J. A. Johnson, who preached an appropriate sermon and 
made brief reference to the celebration. The service was in 
the Swedish language, and a special programme of sacred 
music was given by the choir, led by Emil S. Erickson. 

A union service celebrating the Golden Anniversary was held 
in the First Baptist Church, Sunday afternoon at 3 o'clock. 
The ser\-ices opened with singing " Praise God From Whom All 



40 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Blessings Flow," followed by the Lord's Prayer and a selection 
by the choir. The invocation was by Rev. F. C • Haddock, Pastor 
of the Boston Street Methodist Episcopal Church. The choir 
sang " Praise Him, Praise Him." Rev. William C. Merrill, Pas- 
tor of the First Congregational Church, read the 8th chapter of 
Deuteronom}' ; Rev. Tillman B. Johnson, Pastor of the First 
Baptist Church, offered the prayer ; Rev. Charles W. Blackett, 
Pastor of the South Street Church, read the hj-mn, " There Shall 
be Showers of Blessing." Rev. Mr. Johnson then delivered an 
address on the subject, " Fifty Years a Cit}'," of which the 
following is an abstract : 

Man's thought never dies, His work, the medium of thought, lives, 
and in unmistakable language speaks boldly and candidly of its 
author. Whether told by the historian, sung by the poet, portrayed 
by the painter or wrought by the sculptor, the story is ever the same. 
Under the steadfast gaze of modern archreological research, cities, 
buried through long centuries, are being exhumed, made to tell their 
names and rehearse the story of their lives. Hoary Egypt, Babylonia 
and Assyria, Media and Persia, Greece and Rome, are thus revealed to 
us through their buried cities, and the product of man's hand and head 
and heart leads us back into the shadow of oblivion. 

As ancient cities wrote their undying records for us, so Lynn is 
writing her record for future generations, and this Anniversary but 
closes one chapter to-day that another may begin to-morrow. Coming 
years cannot look back upon Lynn as the largest city in the world, nor 
as the most beautiful city in the world, but while she covets not the 
fame of London or Paris she will be to many hearts the best beloved 
city in the world. A visible city is the incarnation of invisible life. 
Thus in the streets, homes, public buildings, and parks of our City 
luay be seen the nature and spirit of its people. Anyone who can look 
back as I can over the last decade of Lynn's progress will feel just 
pride in her upward and onward march. 

Would you know Lynn, go to High Rock and watch the sun rise 
over the City and over the sea. See her homes, schools, churches, 
factories, and other public buildings, her splendid Common, her 
magnificent Lynn Woods, and beautiful Pine Grove cemetery. These 
all dechn-e the noble spirit of our people. Home, school, press and 



THE FIRST DAT— THE CHURCHES. 41 

pulpit have been the chief factors in Lynn's development. Of these 
the local press claims our special recognition ; not that it is first, but 
because of its free and generous service for the public good. As was 
Venice in her glory to all her children, so may Lynn be to all within 
her borders. God bring us all into the eternal city at last. 

The Pastor was followed by Rev. Arthur J. Covell, Pastor of 
the North Congregational Church, who commenced his remarks 
with the words of Paul, " I am a citizen of no mean city." Rev. 
A. N. Foster, Pastor of the Second Universalist Church, was 
the next speaker. The choir and audience sang '' Sunshine in 
the Soul." Rev. William Full, Pastor of Trinity Church, then 
spoke. The last speaker was Rev. D. B. McMurdy, Pastor of 
the Presbyterian Church. After another selection by the choir, 
the benediction was pronounced b}' Rev. C. W. Blackett. 

Rev. Amos A. Williams, Pastor of the People's Church, 
Eastern Avenue, took for the subject of his morning sermon, 
"The Home Life of Lynn," the text being Psalm 16:6, "The 
lines are fallen unto me in pleasant places ; yea, I have a goodly 
heritage." John W. Hutchinson was present and sang during 
the service. In the evening the Sunday School participated in 
exercises fitting to the occasion. 

Rev. Edward E. Small, Pastor of the Maple Street (Glen- 
mere) Methodist Episcopal Church, preached an Anniversary 
sermon in the course of the evening service in that church. 

Rev. M. E. Wright preached on the same topic in the morning 
service in the Broadway (Wyoma) Methodist Episcopal Church, 
of which he had recently been installed Pastor. 

The event was recognized in the First Methodist (Old Lynn 
Common) Church in the morning service, the sermon by the Pas- 
tor, Rev. Roscoe L. Greene, D. D., touching on the Anniversary, 
and by an evening service in which veteran soldiers, members of 
Gen. Lander Post 5, Grand Army of the Republic, participated, 
the speaking and singing being of the patriotic order. Similarly, 



42 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

the First Presbyterian Church combined the Anniversary duty 
with that of receiving a body of Odd Fellows, members of 
Palestine Encampment, who heard a sermon on the tenets of 
their craft. In the Central Congregational Church a special 
address on the work of the Young Men's Christian Associations 
was delivered in the morning service. 

Solemn High Mass was celebrated in the Church of the 
Sacred Heart (Roman Catholic) at 10.30 A. M., Rev. Denis 
F. Sullivan, Celebrant; Rev. W.J. McCarthy, Deacon; Rev. 
Louis S. Walsh, of Salem (Superintendent of parochial schools, 
Boston), Sub-Deacon. The Pastor, Rev. Father Sullivan, 
delivered a sermon under the title of *' Growth Toward God," 
from the text Exodus 12:14, "And this day shall be for a 
memorial to you, and you shall keep it a feast to the Lord in 
your generations with an everlasting observance." The dis- 
course treated of the nature and history of jubilees and of the 
well-won pride with which the City's jubilation is entered upon ; 
of the City's histor}^ the struggles of her fathers and the might- 
iness of her growth toward God ; in the world of industry, 
education, patriotism, religion — the greater the difficulties the 
greater and higher Lynn's achievements : witness her quota of 
tribute to the nation's glory in peace as alike in war. Catho- 
licity's local endeavor was reviewed in the address, and a high 
tribute of praise paid to the memory of Monsignor Strain. The 
concluding thought was gratitude to God and due appreciation 
of His mercies, — 

Lest we forget, lest we forget, — 

based on the principle, "Unless the Lord build the city, they 
labor in vain who build it." 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 43 



ANNIVERSARY SERMONS. 



Rt. Rev. WILLIAM LAWRENXE, D. D.» 
Bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Massachusetts. 



Psalm 122 : 3. — " A city that is at unity in itself." 

There is something suggestive in the fact that throughout the ages 
the title "city" has signified more than the buildings, the institutions, 
and the people. Behind the word there has lain the thought of an 
organism, a life, a character. 

The city of Rome, for instance, means to us more than noble ruins. 
She breathes with the spirit of a noble past ; she stands for what was 
great in power, administration, and architectural beauty before the day 
of Christ. How the name, London, conjures up not only buildings, 
but life, not so much streets as history, not shops, but a character ! 
Before the days of tall ouildings we used to sail from Lynn up Boston 
harbor; and, as we caught sight of the city, we saw in that symmet- 
rical pile reaching from the water to the State House dome a panorama 
representing the history, government, religion and life of the people. 
Boston at unity in itself was an organic life. 

The Psalmist was singing of Jerusalem — "Jerusalem is a city that 
is at unity in itself." The thought is not less true of every well- 
developed, happy city. 

We should not select this City of Lynn as one that would be most 
likely to arouse the poetic sentiment and kindle in us that feeling of 
personality and character. I am sure, however, that for those of you 
who have passed your lives here, Lynn is more than the shops and 
houses. Casting your thoughts over the fifty years of municipal life 
and then over the long and interesting experiences until you reach 
back to the little company of five men in 1629, you will conjure up in 

1 William Lawrence, D. D. (Harvard), son of 1S76 to 1SS4; Professor and then Dean of the 

Amos Adams and Sarah E. Lawrence, born in Episcopal Theological School, Cambridge, from 

Boston i?50, graduated at Harvard College 1SS4 to 1S93; consecrated Bishop of Massa" 

1S71 ; rector of Grace Church, Lawrence, from chusetts 1S93. 



44 CIT2' OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

the history of Lynn the figure of a personality, developing from 
infancy, througli the struggles of youth and early manhood, into its 
present maturity of character. With all the changes of interests, 
industries and population, there has always run the consistent thread 
of consecutive life and character. Lynn, like any other city, must, if 
she fulfill her destiny and duty, be at unity in herself. There must be 
the informing spiritual life, the symmetrical development of character, 
and the harmonious interplay of all the relations of industry, adminis- 
tration, and daily duty. 

It is of this, then, that I should like to speak this morning — the city 
in its vital development. 

When in these days we undertake the study of the character of any 
persons, we first consider the physical conditions under which their 
youth is passed, as well as their inherited traditions and the character 
of their early childhood. Can one conjure up a city more happy in 
all its physical conditions than Lynn? 

The " fayre playne" whereon the first settlers dwelt and on which 
the greater part of this city is built is bounded by features of rare 
variety and beauty. On the east, the ocean with its sweep of blue» 
reaching to the horizon ; a great beach of graceful curve, rocks, 
cliffs and headlands; on the west and north, forests, streams, ponds. 
High Rock, and glades of green; to the south, the ever-changing 
beauties of the Saugus meadows and hills, charged with the saltry 
savor of the marshes. Whichever way the ancient dweller lifted his 
eyes, they rested upon a fair expanse. Wearied as the workers in 
foundry or shop may be to-day, they are sure of a breath from the 
ocean as pure and invigorating as that which sweeps through the 
rigging of yonder ships. 

If, as some people think, peoples are made or unmade by their 
physical surroundings, if characters are built or weakened by landscape 
or air, then Lynn were made and her character established. While 
we do not rest too much upon the value of these advantages, they 
certainly are of influence in connection with other conditions. 

Ancestry and history, too, have been in her favor. The first five men 
who settled here, two farmers, one tradesman (a tanner, by the way), 
one laborer and one man of some literary tastes suggest the character- 
istics of our forefathers, men of the middle class, the class that has 
formed the backbone of English character, self-reliant, religious, 
varied in their pursuits, with a leaning to the farm. They were 



THE FIRST DAY— THE SERMONS. 45 

followed by others of like character. The larger part of the ploughs 
of the colony were to be found in Lynn. The great iron industry of 
this nation was born in this village. jSIechanical pursuits have taken 
the place of farming and fishing. The people have passed through 
the religious experiences common to this North Shore, antinomianism, 
witchcraft and Qiiakerism, each of them giving some peculiar shade to 
the coloring of the common faith and character of the community. 

Fifty years ago the question was rife as to whether the city govern- 
ment would take the place of the town meeting. Partisanship ran 
high. Those who upheld the ancient ways felt that they represented 
the true democracy of this country, all men free and equal ; they 
wanted no superiority of civil rank. The next generation discovered 
that it was not a question of democracy at all, but simply the move- 
ment of a developing body into a higher organization, which included 
stronger headship, more intricate mechanism, and a firmer unity of all 
the parts. 

xvlay it not be time now for some of you to ask whether I am giving 
a historic survey of Lynn, instead of doing what I set out to do, preach 
a sermon? All that I have said, my friends, is in the line of my 
thought. 

The City, with its thousands of people, its civil government, its 
industries, schools, homes and churches, has covered the " f ayre 
playne," and has reached into the forests and back to the hills and 
high rocks. It has become a highly developed organism, intricate in 
its mechanism, sensitive as the human nerves to the slightest disorder; 
if one of the members suffer, the whole body politic suffers with it. 
There is more than ever the need for that informing spirit, through 
deep motives and far-reaching springs of chai'acter, which hold all the 
parts together, and make the body a living, throbbing unit. 

We are now ready, I trust, to move onward with our thought, and 
reach more deeply into the recesses of the character of the community 
and the motive power of its development. 

I want to speak first of three foundation stones, lying at the base of 
every modern city ; then of the two great expressions of city life, 
resting upon these foundations and sending the weight of their influence 
down into the deepest recesses of the character of the community. I 
wish to show how these five elements are mutually dependent and how 
the development of each and all make a city at unity with itself. 



46 CITT OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

The church, the family and the school are the three foundation 
stones of civic unity and the people's happiness. 

Spiritual forces are at the basis of our cities. The weight of falling 
water beside one of our great dams may drive the looms, the power let 
free from burning coal may thrust the needle in yonder shops, but the 
power behind these physical forces is the will, the genius, the skill, the 
character of the man ; and these are not physical, but spiritual forces. 
Again, the power which creates, moulds and guides these spiritual 
forces, which kindles the heat of devotion and curbs the passions of 
men, which rouses the highest ambitions and leads to the finest action, 
is the basal power. History and experience have shown us that this 
power which is the very spring of all is the religion of Jesus Christ. 

Look where you will, into science, industry, and theories of ethical 
culture, into philosophies, education, and knowledge of all kinds, and 
though you will find much to admire and follow, much that has truth 
and force, you will find no force like the gospel of Jesus Christ to 
arouse in men the highest ambitions and highest traits of character. 

When the apostles entered the city of Samaria with the preaching of 
Christ, the record runs, — "And there was great joy in that city." 
And when the living Christ is preached in any city, there is cause for 
joy. When, however, through bigotry, formalism, or hypocrisy, a 
dead Christ is preached, there is cause for sorrow. When citizens 
turn from the gospel, when religion is neglected, the voice of prayer 
silent, and the indifference of materialism and the race for wealth or 
social position assume supremacy, then the city may mourn, for her 
days are doomed. Without the ever freshening of the springs of 
character through communion with God, men will in time weaken in 
their moral fibre, their high ambitions, and so drop as to lose even 
their power of making money. 

The churches stand in the community in the name of Christ. The 
forces which come through them reach into the inmost recesses of life ; 
the gospel of Christ touches the sense of love, honor, justice and truth ; 
it hallows the home, comforts the sorrowing, and sends forth the happy 
with a glow of gratitude and the desire for social service ; it stands for 
the love of God and the brotherhood of man. No men in the 
community realize how imperfectly that work is done more than the 
ministers. They recognize that there ai"e citizens of the highest 
character outside the churches. What they desire is that these men, 
instead of standing outside, should come in and help the churches 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 47 

reflect their character. The finest character in the community, though 
it may be outside the church to-day, came from the church, from a 
God-fearing, praying, and church-going ancestry. Why not go back 
to the source of that character and rekindle it for the next generation 
with the touch of a coal from off the altar? 

Again, it is true that there are many churches, and that in many 
respects they are not at unity with themselves. We have inherited 
division, and we are too ready to nurse the form of inheritance. With 
all said, however, the churches are in their deeper relations at unity 
with themselves. I claim that there is no difference between myself 
and my Roman Catholic or my Baptist brother that can compare for 
one moment with our fundamental points of unity, a faith in God, our 
Heavenly Father, a perfect confidence in his Son, Jesus Christ, and 
an abiding in the Holy Spirit. We all believe in the love of God 
and the brotherhood of man. And as our Lord Jesus Christ said 
that these were the two great commandments in the law, we can rest 
assured that we are agreed upon the fundamental truths of the gospel. 
We know also that we are at one in many other truths, and we can 
patiently work and pray that we may be led to further unity. It is 
surely time that we recognize more fully that in these things the 
church is at unity in itself. 

I wonder if it has occured to you that in the development of modern 
cities we are on the verge of a great experiment in life as it relates to 
the family. 

For centuries the family on the whole remained a unit ; the children 
have been nurtured by their parents ; each man's home, whether a 
castle or a cabin, was the family fortress against outside and foreign 
influences. Until a generation or so ago we lived in villages and towns. 

The city, the tenement, the mill, and even the school, have drawn 
the children out of their homes. The healthy bodies and souls of the 
country have poured into the city and built it up. The serious question 
of the next generation of city life is, whether its conditions as to the 
family and social relations are such as to sustain the character of the 
present. 

It is useless to bemoan the past, and worse than useless to say that 
under the present conditions, with the family circle broken and family 
prayer abandoned, we cannot hope much for the future. Our duty is 
to make the best of conditions and work with hope for the future. 
And there are more favorable conditions in many ways. The tenement 



48 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

of the average man to-day is, from a sanitary point of view, more 
healthy than the house of his father ; the hours of labor to-day, being 
shorter, allow the laborer to give more time to his home and his 
children ; for the father's influence on the boy as he gets older is as 
important as is the mother's on the child. The opportunities for 
education and reading are immeasurably superior to those of early 
days. The whole conception of child life has changed, and the 
happiness of children receives greater consideration. The standards of 
temperance, purity, and honor are, on the whole, higher. Children 
have a more integral place in the church than they used to, and the 
theology of to-day is more in harmony with the temperament of 
children. 

While it may be true that the conditions of to-day may not develop 
the exceptionally great characters and marked personalities that stand 
out in our memories and in the history of New England, the present 
conditions do, I believe, offer opportunity for a higher average of 
character, intelligence and power in the next generation. 

This, however, must be remembered, that the creators of character 
are not conditions, but persons, and that whether the family life be in 
the tenement or in the suburban cottage, the parents strike the note of 
home ; the children's characters are not liable to rise higher than the 
parents' ; and, even though the son be hundreds of miles away, the 
influence of parent will follow him in memory and may follow him 
efficiently through prayer and by the letter post. 

A young couple who solemnly pledge their troth each to the other in 
some church in this City, who have behind them the inheritance of 
religious and industrious parents, who have also the consciousness of 
pure lives and loving hearts, may, even though they be very poor in 
this world's goods, have before them in their mutual loyalty the 
expectation of as happy a home as has been given to the working 
people throughout the history of Christendom. 

The school now fulfils many of the functions that used to belong to 
the home. The development of the kindergarten, as well as the 
increase of industrial education and training in domestic arts, during the 
past few years, has emphasized this thought. 

We believe tliat religion is essential to the right and full development 
of childhood ; we believe that religion must go hand in hand and step 
by step with the intellectual life of the child. I believe that the ideal 
school is that in which the essentials of religion are interwoven with 





GEORGE HOOD, ly5U-Dl 



BENJ. F. MUDGE, '52 




DANIEL C. BAKER, '53 



^,«=!^»^~^ 







^W 




THOS. P. RICHARDSON, '54 



ANDREWS BREED, '55 





WILLIAM F. JOHNSON, '5S 




EDWARD S. DAVIS, '59-'60 
MAYORS OF LYNN. 



' ^^m 







HIRAM N. BREED, '61 



THE FIRST DA 7— THE SERMONS. 



49 



the teachings of history and science. We have a sympathetic feeling 
with those of our Roman Catholic brethren, who, so thinking, build up 
a voluntary school system wherein the child may be educated under a 
consistent system of religion and intellectual life. 

With all this said, we must remember that we are to-day living under 
certain conditions of life, thought, and practice, and it is the part of 
the Christian as well as the citizen to make the best use of the situation. 

Under present conditions it is impossible, unwise, and, to my mind, 
undesirable that religion in its more dogmatic and ecclesiastical form 
should be taught in our schools. The church and the home should 
bring all the influences in their power to bear upon the child when he 
is out of school. They may, if they will do their duty by Sunday 
School, worship, pastoral care, parents' example and counsel, inter- 
weave the truths of religion with the truths of science and language. 
The child need be no less religious if he goes to what is improperly 
called a secular school. 

But more than this, I believe that there is no public school in this 
City of Lynn, no public school in this whole Christian land, where 
some of the essentials of religion are not inculcated in the child's mind 
and life. W^hile you have a religious community and a body of 
teachers of whom the very great proportion are religious, you can no 
more keep religious influence out of the school than you can keep the 
atmosphere of the city out of the schoolhouse. Though it be not 
found in textbook or on the blackboard, teacher and children will 
bring it in, it comes through the doors with them. Love of God, love 
of other children, humility, truthfulness, self-denial, peace on earth, 
good will towards men, kindness to God's dumb creatures, a sense of 
duty, faithfulness, self-sacrifice for others, what are these and a 
hundred other teachings which are the commonplace of school life but 
expressions of the essentials of Christ's religion.^ Who would have 
these thrown out of the schoolhouse ? What infidel would rather 
have his child educated in the teachings of hard fatalism or materialism 
than under the benign influence of these Christian graces .'' 

Whatever may be our theory, our public school system in its practice 
is not in-eligious, not non-religious, not secular ; it is a system of 
intellectual and practical education in the midst of a Christian com- 
munity and under the leadership of men and women, teachers and 
oflicers, who are most of them religious ; and the system must and 
does feel their influence. 



50 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

You can no more separate the playing of yonder organ from the 
hands, heart, and emotions of the organist than you can separate the 
system of our schools from the men and women who conduct them. 

In these three elements at the foundation of our civilization the city 
is at unity with itself. The school is not hostile to the church ; it is 
supplementary to the church's work. The home is not disintegrated 
by the school ; each has its sphere of action, each depends upon the 
other. Because the community knows that the church, like the school, 
is simply a servant of the people, building up its higher life ; because 
the community knows that every dollar that goes into the cliurch's 
treasury is for no other purpose, and can be saved or spent for no other 
purpose, than the development of the character of the people, and, 
thus safeguarding the State, the State leaves untaxed the church, as it 
does the school. To encourage the servant of the community, the up- 
builder of the character of the people, is good statesmanship. 

Thus bound together by bonds of mutual service, these three foun- 
dation stones uphold the structure of the community. 

We come now to the two great expressions of city life. 

The first is the civic administration, as represented in the city gov- 
ernment. 

I have already spoken of the fear on the part of many citizens of 
Lynn at the inauguration of the city that the pure democratic spirit of 
the town would be lost. We well know that the spirit of pure democ- 
racy may dwell in a city as well as in a village. There are, however, 
two points which we v/ant to keep in mind. 

If the city is to be at unity in itself thei"e must be unity between the 
citizens and the city government ; the one must represent the other. It 
is just at this point that we touch the sensitive nerve of modern city 
government. If year in and year out city government really represents 
the sentiments and characters of the majority of the people, we can be 
sure that, while there may be occasional friction and differences, there 
will be substantial unity. 

If, however, the government represents the power of a ring or boss, 
I care not how virtuous that ring or boss may be, if it represents only 
the capitalist or only the laborer, or only the temperance interest or 
only the liquor interest, there will not and there can not be unity or 
safety or true development. 

There is no man so simple as not to believe in political organization, 
but when the political organization, controlled by hidden leaders and 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 



51 



secret influences, takes the government out of the hands of the people, 
you have reached the danger point and are laying a train for an explo- 
sion, when the sense of injustice or heat of anger fires the mine. 

Again, we have become accustomed to consider our civic officers as 
men who simply conduct the city's business for us, and it is well in 
these days that that should be emphasized. At the same time we do 
not want to lose sight of the fact that they are also representative men 
and that their public actions and even their personal examples are rep- 
resentative. 

For instance, when a city government is extravagant and piles up 
debt, no one can measure the influence of that public act upon the 
private finances of the citizens. I think you will find it the rule — 
certainly there are illustrations in this State — that where the cities are 
heavily in debt the citizens run easily into debt. Economy at the city 
hall prompts economy in the tenement. 

I say that the officer is representative in his personal character. How 
much poorer would Massachusetts be if she had not her line of noble 
Governors ! Other men might have done the State's business as well, 
but other men might not have represented so worthily the character 
of the old Bay State. A city officer who is vulgar, contentious or 
selfish, and partisan, is leading the boys and young men of the city 
into vulgarity and selfishness. A high-minded public 'officer does as 
much to serve the community by his character as by his public acts. 

The second expression of city life, on which I will simply touch, is 
the industries and business of the community. 

There is an impression in some men's minds that the business of a 
city is to a good degree detached from the religious, educational or 
civic life of the people ; that the shop running its machinery through 
the day stands by itself ; that its concern is the concern only of the 
owner and the employees. As a matter of fact, the shop and business 
interests of a city are inextricably interwoven with all the interests of 
the community, and with the character of the people. 

The owner of a shop, who, without public spiint, selfish and hard, 
conducts his business without regard to the higher interests of the 
community, sends his malign influence down through his help into the 
homes of the people ; through his mean financial methods he affects 
the financial methods of the banks, and through his avoidance, when 
he can, of city ordinances, taxes, and the common duties of a citizen, 
he hurts the whole administration of the Sfovernment. 



52 crrr of ltnn semi-centennial. 

Those working people, too, who take advantage of every chance to 
promote their own interests regardless of the interests or the w^elfare of 
the whole community poison the atmosphere of social life, creating 
distrust and hostile feeling, clogging the wheels of industry and good 
government. 

In the shop and business of the community there is, however, untold 
opportunity for the development of high character. It is a mistake to 
suppose that character is developed exclusively in the church, the 
home, and the school. The discipline of work, the training which 
comes from dealing with men, upbuilds character. The lazy boy is 
keyed up with ambition ; the light-headed youth is sobered with 
responsibility. Honesty, truthfulness, industry, the sense of honor, 
the spirit of fair dealing, mutual forbearance, self-sacrifice, are all 
cultivated in the walks of business and industrial life. 

The men and women of the shop bring back to their homes the 
elements of character gained through the day, and thus give tone to the 
family life ; and in the morning they carry from their homes, from 
the church and the school as well, the virtues and graces wdiich upbuild 
the characters of the shop. 

Weakness at any point, injustice at the shop, dishonesty or moral 
cowardice in the city hall, lethargy in the school, unfaithfulness in the 
home, bigotry or selfishness in the church, weakness anywhere, is felt 
through the whole system. 

Virtue, purity, honor, the graces of Christian character, expressed in 
any department touch all departments and upbuild the city. 

Men and brethren, citizens of Lynn, you live in a community which 
through its history has been typical of Massachusetts. From a " fayre 
playne" whereon dwelt five men, it has grown to be a large city with 
varied enterprises. Its citizens gathered from many nations and 
inheriting different religions and political traditions are being welded 
into one people. 

To you is entrusted a large responsibility. A half century hence a 
great city will stand here to judge you. Through religion, the home, 
and the school, by civic administration and industrial enterprise, you 
may build up a people happy, free and united. Then may your 
children be able to sing of Lynn the words of the Psalmist, "A city 
at uni ty in itself !" 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 53 

Rev. ARTHUR J. TEELIXG. 
Pastor St. Mary's (Roman Catholic) Church.' 



This, beloved brethren, is the 50th year in the municipal life of our 
City; to-day is the 50th Anniversary of the incorporation of the 220- 
year-old town of Lynn, as a city of the grand old Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts. During that period of time, that half-century of exis- 
tence, our City has evidently enjoyed the blessing of God, Who, in His 
providence, has guided the legislative councils and directed the govern- 
ing hand of our municipality, so that, from a comparatively insignifi- 
cant position, we have advanced until we stand to-day in numbers, 
wealth and prosperity at the head of all the cities in the important 
County of Essex and have increased from a small community to one 
of the largest and most flourishing in our revered State. Altogether 
right and proper is it then that we — as citizens and as Catholics — 
should sanctify this 50th year, and, making of it a year of jubilee, 
should return thanks to God for His many and signal favors during 
these fifty past years. 

We deem it proper to celebrate the jubilee in our church, because 
we realize that, in the present case, the highest good we have enjoyed 
has been from God, consequently we should — in our own way — give 
God the thanks and the glory. 

To Catholic consciousness, the "highest good" is the soul's good; 
the most highly appreciated and prized advancement is not the 
material, but the spiritual adv'ancement. The soul is the superior, the 
essential part of man : — " For what doth it profit a man if he gain the 
whole world and suffer the loss of his soul?" For this reason it is, 
then, that while we rejoice in the material advancement of our City, 
in this her year of jubilee, with far more reason we rejoice in her 
spiritual advancement, the advancement of God's kingdom in our 
midst. This is the special advancement we commemorate to-day ; this 
is the advancement, by excellence, we will now consider, rejoice over, 
and humbly, though most heartily, thank God for. 

If there were Catholics in Lynn during the first two centuries of her 
history, they have left no trace of their presence ; nor, indeed, do we 

1 Rev. John J. McCafferty celebrated High Mass at 10.30 A. M., during which the sermon was 
delivered. 



54 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

hear much about them until a few years prior to the event whose 50th 
Anniversary we are now celebrating. Just after the close of the first 
quarter of the century, we find a few who, doubtless, were of the 
ancient faith, the faith pure and sublime, which so many exiles have 
brought from the old land of saints, of martyrs, of disseminators of 
religious truth to the four quarters of the globe. But it was not until 
1S32 that the first divine sacrifice, the sacrifice of the^Mass, was offered 
within the confines of what has been now, for fifty years, the City of 
Lynn. From that time on, until 1849, Mass was celebrated, with more 
or less regularity, at first in private houses, afterwards in the old Town 
Hall, by several successive clergymen, among them Rev. Fathers 
Mahoney, Wiley, Conway, Brady, James Strain, O'Flaherty, O'Brien 
and Smith. The last named was placed in charge of the Catholics of 
Lynn one year before the incorporation of the City, and, purchasing the 
old schoolhouse on Ash street, converted it into a church, which at 
that time was large enough to accommodate all the Catholics in the 
place. Father Smith, then residing in Chelsea, was pastor of the 
Catholics of Lynn, numbering at that time a few hundred souls. 

Thus the City, which has now within its borders eleven priests, five 
churches, four parochial schools, four brothers of the Christian schools 
and forty sisters — all of these brothers and sisters engaged in the 
religious education and training of the youth — scores of Catholic 
societies and 20,000 Catholics, including some of the wealthiest and 
most influential in the community, had, at that time, no resident priest, 
— being only a mission of Chelsea, — one little church, no Catholic 
school, no Catholic society, and only a very few Catholics, and 
those, with rare, if any, exceptions, the poorest and humblest in the 
place. 

But here, as elsewhere, they were the sowers of the seed that has 
secured this God-given increase. They were poor in this world's 
goods ; but they were rich in health, in strength, in morality and in 
religion. They dug and they delved; they were truly the hewers of 
wood and the carriers of water ; but while they dug and delved for 
material objects, they were laying the foundations of those churches 
and those schools ; they were hewing down the walls of prejudice that 
ignorance and bigotry had raised against them ; they were ministering 
to all in kindliness and honesty ; they were, as I have said, sowing the 
grain of mustard-seed destined for this field, and which has since 
developed into the noble tree of half a century's growth of which our 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. ^s, 

own church, St. Mary's, is the trunk, and all the other Catholic 
churches in our city strong and luxuriant branches. 

And now much of what I have to say is as well, perhaps better, 
known to many of my hearers than to me. Still, as there must be a 
large number here of whom this is not true, I will venture on a few 
words of retrospect, that all may have a certain knowledge of the 
worthy deeds of our predecessors here in the faith. 

The successor of Father Smith, who passed to his reward in 1S51, 
was the late lamented Father Strain, whose memory is still and ever 
will be revered among us. The little church purchased by Father 
Smith, and enlarged in 1S55, so that it could accommodate 1,000 wor- 
shippers, was used for divine sei'vice until 1S59, when it was burned 
down ; soon after, the church in which we are to-day assembled was 
commenced, services being held during its erection at Lyceum Hall, 
on the corner of Market and Summer streets, where stands at present 
the Odd Fellows' building. In 1S63 this fine temple* was dedicated 
to the service of the living God, with the title of St. Clary's under the 
patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the ^lother of God. 

During Father Strain's administration of St. Mary's parish many and 
varied were the vicissitudes. Ignorance and bigotry played their part 
at different times, to the detriment of the general community and the 
disgrace of the instigators, many of whom lived to be honestly 
ashamed of their record. Portions of the community, recreant to 
honest manliness, false to true Americanism, traitors to the Constitution 
of the United States, which guarantees religious, no less than civic, 
liberty, seemed strong against us ; but throughout the most threatening 
of those ebullitions of race prejudices and religious rancor. Father 
Strain kept to a conservative and prudent course, leaving, to this day, 
treasured memories of his prudence and wisdom. He foresaw that 
those men, whether in open epidemics of bigotry, or in sporadic, 
subterranean cases; whether in high places or in low — the degraded 
and ignorant — he foresaw that each and every one would, one day, 
see and deeply regret their despicable folly. 

Calm and unmoved, knowing he had all fair-minded people of 
every denomination with him, he simply waved his hand in warning 
to the discordant elements, and in encouragement to his people, thereby 
proclaiming: — " This spirit of prejudice and intolerance is contrary 
to the Constitution of our country, and foreign to our institutions. It 

1 St. Mary's Churcli edifice, City Hall Square. 



56 CITY OF LYNX SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

cannot prevail. It cannot triumph. Good men, fair-minded men, 
with whom our City is blessed, will rise in their might, and, with 
equal rights for all as their object, will overcome this monster of 
religious intolerance that would eat out the very vitals of our fair 
country and destroy her existence." And thus it was. Thus it will 
ever be. Under the flag of our country there is room for and encour- 
agement for every honest, patriotic, humane endeavor, but there is no 
room for the Knovv-Nothingism of half a century ago, the A. P. 
A. -ism of more recent times, or any other ism, past, present or future, 
that is calculated to sajD the foundations of true liberty and God-given 
rights. 

I have gratefully contrasted the number of Catholics in Lynn fifty 
years ago with the number here to-day. And yet, my brethren, let 
us not boast too much. Our proportional increase here has not kept 
pace with that of other manufacturing towns of the State. A quarter 
of a century ago we were about 1 3,000; to-day we ai-e only 20,000. 
Not so much of an increase after all. No, we have proportionally lost ; 
and no one realized it more than your late lamented Pastor. With 
grief had he seen many straying from the fold, and rightly did he 
attribute it to a lack of the religious training necessary to enlighten the 
minds and strengthen the faith particularly of the young, so that they 
might live uncontaminated and uninfluenced by the irreligion, the lack 
of reverence for God and for the sacred truths that He has taught, 
which surround us on all sides. Realizing this. Father Strain, in 
iSSo, set about procuring a remedy, and for the proper instruction of 
the young of the parish, built the parochial school, which stands 
beside our church to-day, her child and her defender. Since that time, 
three other parochial schools have been built : one on Light Street, 
the School of the Angel Guardian, in the western section of our parish ; 
another on Green Street, in St. Joseph's parish ; and still another on 
Endicott Street, in the French Canadian Parish. 

We look forward to great and grand results from these religious 
institutions of learning, results that will tend to a still more admirable 
development of God's kingdom in our City ; results that will make our 
men and women more religious, more God-fearing, and, as a conse- 
quence, more pure, more honest, more truthful, more charitable, more 
regardful of proper authorit)-, and, in every way more conscientious 
citizens. The more religious the citizen, the better the citizen ; the 
better the Catholic, the better the citizen, and the more faithfully and 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 57 

conscientiously will he perform the duties incumbent on his citizen- 
ship. 

Such citizens as these it is that we need to-day, and that, not in 
small numbers, nor in isolated cases, but throughout the length and 
breadth of the land, in the rank and file of the great masses, no less 
than in the leaders. We need good men and good women in every 
position and calling in life ; we need their faithfulness and honesty in 
our shops, our factories, our mercantile establishments, our homes ; we 
need their integrity and morality in the schools, in our different public 
institutions, in the various professions ; and most of all — because the 
whole future is so largely influenced by them — we need good fathers 
and good mothers, fathers and mothers who look upon their children 
as a trust from God for which they must render the strictest account. 
We need good men, true men, in our legislative chambers, and in our 
executive departments; good men, brave men, at the helm, who, 
with eyes fixed on the polar star of sound, moral principle, will steer 
our ship of State through the rocks and shoals that beset her way, the 
while she sails on towards wdiat God designed should be a glorious 
destiny. 

If the rank and file have been properly educated, they will be 
enlightened enough and conscientious enough to put only such men in 
office ; they will not be deceived by cunning political tricksters ; they 
will vote for a man not because he is a Catholic, not because he is a 
Protestant, but because he is an honest, capable, American citizen 
who knows what an oath of office means and will act accordingly. 

These are the results we look for, as the years roll by, from the 
parochial schools of Lynn. God grant that we look not in vain. 
God grant that they serve as the great bulwark and defence of our 
religion and our country, of our church and of our City, so that at the 
close of another half-century the one and the other may have increased 
and prospered materially and spiritually to a degree that will gladden 
the hearts and inspire the souls of those coming after us, the while we, 
who will have passed to, I trust, the reward of good Christian lives, 
may pray God and His Blessed Mother, the patroness of the mother 
church of Lynn, to ever bless and prosper our beloved City, her 
churches, her schools and her people. 



58 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

^'^ Ly nil's Wonderful Half-Ccntury .^'' 

Rev. ARTHUR J. COVELL. 
Pastor North Congregational Church.' 



Acts 21:39. — "lam . . a citizen of no mean city." 

As we come to our City's 50th Anniversary, with the evidence on 
every hand of extensive preparation for its celebration, witli local 
history and reminiscence of bygone days freshly brought to mind, with 
the manifold evidences of Lynn's development, the sense of civic pride 
is strong within us, and whether we can trace our ancestry back to 
Lynn's first settlers, or are of recent adoption into this municipality, 
each one of us says with pride this day, " I am ... a citizen of 
no mean city." 

We look to the varied and picturesque North Shore, the pride of 
Massachusetts and the delight of New England, and consider the 
unrivaled attractiveness of that portion near to Lynn ; we think of our 
closeness of touch with the life of New England's metropolis and 
believe that Boston still retains her oldtime supremacy in intellectual and 
spiritual ways ; we observe our numerous and increasing population, 
we realize the industry and thrift of our people, and behold the noble 
institutions of our City, and feel a pardonable pride that this is our City. 

As we go back to the humble beginnings in 1S50, which some 
among us still remember, and compare the weakness and limitations 
of that time with the strength and opportunity of to-day, we realize 
somewhat the meaning of my theme, "Lynn's Wonderful Half- 
Century." 

Our thought this morning will naturally go beyond the limits of 
Lynn, and we shall better appreciate the development that has gone 
on within our own City, if we bring to our thought some of the 
changes that have taken place in America and in the world during this 
time. We are in the closing year of a wonderful half-century. We 
know not what will be history's final word about it, but we know that 

• Draped about the pulpit in the North Church tlie pulpit were a number of sprigs of hemlock 
was an American flag distinguished by the fact plucked in Tomlin's swamp, where Thomas 
that it had floated over the City Hall during the Laighton took refuge from the Indians in Colo- 
war of the rebellion. In a vase at the right of nial days. 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 59 

it has been a time of marvelous development along some lines, and of 
change and adaptation along all lines. The world of 1S50 is not the 
world of 1900. It is doubtful if any half-century in all history has 
seen so much of change in the outward life of the people, as has this 
fifty years which we are just completing. 

In the last half-century we have had a wonderful expansion of 
American territory, and a striking increase in population. Not count- 
ing our new possessions, Cuba, Porto Rico, Hawaii and the Philippines, 
the United States is larger than all Europe. It has 3,600,000 square 
miles, one-fourteenth the land surface of the globe. In 1S47 ^^^ 
territory was a little more than two-thirds of this. So that American 
expansion is not a new thing, reserved for the closing years of our 
century. Since 1S50 fourteen new States have been admitted to the 
Union. Some of these are populous, and we look upon them as 
among our older States, as for example, California, Minnesota, Kansas 
and Nebraska. The area of these fourteen States received since iS^o 
is very nearly equal to the total area of the States admitted prior to 
that time. So that we have practically doubled the area of our States. 

The population of the United States in 1S50 was 23,000,000. To- 
da}' it is more than three times that number. We now have as many 
people as live in Great Britain and France combined. We have one- 
half more than Germany. There are 75,000,000 people in the United 
States, and 10,000,000 more in our new possessions. Our increase in 
population has not by any means been confined to the West. Massa- 
chusetts has kept pace wtth her sister States in numerical increase. In 
1850 she had 994,000 people. In 1S95 she had 3,500,000. To-day 
she has many more. 

Massachusetts' development has been due to one of the most striking 
features of our generation, the rapid growth of cities. The country 
parts of New England have been declining for years, but her cities 
show a marvelous power for increase. In 1S50 the per cent, of our 
population living in cities of over S, 000 was only 12, In 1S90 the per 
cent, had gone up to 29, and is now from 33 to 35 per cent. So that 
to-day, the cities of our land, as compared with the country districts, 
have three times the importance which was theirs in 1S50. 

Let us see what has been the rate of growth of some of our cities. 
In the last fifty years Baltimore and Cincinnati have increased two and 
one-half fold, old New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Richmond 
three fold, Providence three and one-half, Rochester four, Pittsburg 



6o CIT2' OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

five, St. Louis, Buffalo and Washington six, Brooklyn and San Fran- 
cisco nine, Detroit and Milwaukee ten, Cleveland sixteen, Jersey City 
twenty-three. Grand Rapids thirty, Chicago forty, St. Paul two 
hundred and fourteen fold. Minneapolis was settled in 1S4S, and 
had 164,000 people in 1S90. Denver was not settled until 18^9, but 
she had 106,000 inhabitants in 1S90. These illustrations suffice to 
show the phenomenal increase of city dwellers, and the marvelous 
development of certain cities during our last half-century. We are 
fast becoming a city people, and changing from rural simplicity and 
independence to the complicated social and political life that goes with 
a people dwelling in cities. 

But our territorial and numerical increase is hardly to be compared 
with our development in wealth and mastery of the forces of nature. 
We have for years been the richest nation in the world. Great Britain 
is by far the wealthiest nation in the old world, and more than twenty 
years ago we exceeded her in wealth and have been increasing our 
lead every year since. We have wealth enough to buy out entire 
most of the kingdoms of Europe, " lands, mines, cities, palaces, 
factories, ships, flocks, herds, jewels, moneys, thrones, scepters, 
diadems and all." And Europe has been accumulating for centuries, 
while we have been doing most of our ingathering for a few decades. 
Doubtless the time will come when America will have more wealth 
than the combined riches of all Europe. 

In 1S50 we were worth about seven billion dollars. Now our 
wealth is established at a hundred billions, an increase of more than 
fourteen fold. During the years from 1S70 to 1S90 our increase in 
wealth was without a parallel in the history of the world. After 
providing for our own wants during that twenty years we increased 
our wealth by an amount double the entire wealth of Russia. And 
this increase in wealth is in all classes of society. The cry of labor is 
not because the rich are growing richer and the poor poorer, but 
because the increase in the means of the poor is not proportionate to 
that of the rich. 

There has been a revolution in the outward lives of our people. 
Comforts and conveniences have multiplied amazingly. In 1S50 
carpets (except rag carpets) were a I'arity. A few were imported for 
the homes of the rich, but the common people did not possess them. 
Petroleum was not discovered until eight years after our City was 
organized. We have attained a degree of comfort in heating our 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 6i 

houses unknown to the fathers. In innumerable ways modern inven- 
tion has added comfort to life. 

The use of the steam engine had passed the experimental stage in 
1S50, but the first railroad was then only seventeen years old. The 
fourteen-mile line of the Baltimore and Ohio, built in 1S33, had been 
followed by many other lines, and in 1850 there was a railroad mileage 
of 9,021 miles in the United States. But when we think that to-day 
we have 185,000 miles, we realize that the easy transportation of" 
goods, and the free communication of the people of one section v,?ith 
those of another, has come about only in our half-century. The 
meaning of this will become clearer if we recall those words of 
Macaulay, placed as a motto over the golden entrance to the transpor- 
tation building at the World's Fair : " Of all inventions, the alphabet 
and the printing press alone excepted, those that abridge distance have 
done most for civilization." 

And what shall we say of that other marvel, electricity! It has 
been taking an even larger place in the Industrial world. The first 
telegram was sent only six years before Lynn became a city. To-day 
the telegraph and its sister invention, the telephone, seem indispensable 
to the business world. We now have in America 1,000,000 miles of 
telegraph wire, and 70,000,000 messages are sent every year. There 
was no permanent ocean cable laid until 1S66, when the City of Lynn 
was sixteen years old. Now, we have 150,000 miles of such cable, and 
the whole world is bound together by electric bonds. In 1S77 there 
was no electric lighting for Industrial purposes outside of London and 
Paris. Now, electricity is well-nigh everywhere. It was only twelve 
years ago that the trolley car came into use. Now, we have 19,000 
miles of trolley lines in America, and 60,000 cars. And now we are 
in connection by trolley with all our neighboring towns, with the chief 
cities of Massachusetts, with Maine and New Hampshire, and with but 
few breaks one can go by trolley to the city of New York. 

The bicycle, which has had as much of an effect upon the outward 
life of the people as the trolley car, is also the creation of this last part 
of our wonderful half-century. It staggers the Imagination to try to 
conceive that another half-century may bring equally great adjustments 
of the habits of our people, and equally great improvements over our 
present ways of living. 

Of the moral and intellectual transitions of our half-century, it is not 
so easy to speak. Great changes have come, some of them good, some 



62 CITT OF LVXN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

of them of uncertain value. But on the whole we have made genuine 
progress. 

We have turned back from opinions about facts to Xh^. facts them- 
selves. The scientific spirit when awakened must lead to fullest 
investigation, and so we have been seeking for the facts in nature, and 
in society, and in religion. And if this has made us over-critical, 
yet the constructive period has come alread}', and with a new and 
firmer grasp on facts than ever before, we shall build up a more stable 
social edifice, shall establish a truer religious life in the world. Steam, 
electricity, and the other accompaniments of modern life have changed 
the form of life, but life itself remains as vigorous as ever. The spirit 
of enquiry has changed somewhat the old-time views of God and man, 
but God remains unshaken, and man is revealed as never before, and 
Christ stands yesterday, to-day and forever the one who reveals God to 
man, and binds man to God. And so out of all the perplexing 
changes of modern thought, we may expect pure and undefiled religion 
to emerge stronger than ever. 

It was one year after Lynn became a city that the first world's fair 
was held. Then the different parts of the world had an introduction 
to one another. And throughout these fifty years man's acquaintance 
with his brother man has been growing. All parts of the world are 
open to the tourist and the trader. The great wall of China serves its 
ancient purpose no longer. And with this closer acquaintance with 
men, ancient misunderstandings disappear, and we are the better fitted 
to catch the spirit of Christ's great command, "Thou shalt love thy 
neighbor as thyself." Isolation is a sin. To-day we are bridging over 
the chasm between the rich and the poor by sympathetic knowledge of 
conditions, binding neighboring communities together by electricity, 
uniting the remote sections of a nation by steam, joining together 
nations and continents by swift ships and ocean cables, and thus mak- 
ing real the possibility of brotherhood with the whole world. To-day 
from every side there are voices taking up the Scripture truth, "No 
man liveth to himself alone," and echoing it with unmistakable 
emphasis. 

But let us return to Lynn's special part in this wonderful half- 
century. As you enter this church from Sabbath to Sabbath, two 
things suggest the olden time. One is the name of our street, a 
memorial of Thomas Laighton, that public-spirited man, who settled 
in Lynn in 163S, and whose name is of frequent recurrence in the 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 63 

early annals. The other memorial of the clays before Lynn became a 
city is the oak tree at the entrance, which grew on this thickly wooded 
strip that formed the edge of Johnson's Swamp. 

As we turn to the annals of Lynn for the year 1S50, we read an 
item of passing interest which tends to show that there is nothing new 
under the sun. Thus reads the record : "A curious discussion, 
which in some instances waxed quite warm, arose at the beginning of 
this year. It was on the question whether 1S50 was the last year of 
the first half of the century, or the first year of the last half." 

It was on May 14 that a city government was inaugurated in Lynn. 
At that time Swampscott and Xahant were parts of the City, the 
former being set off by itself in 1S53, the latter in 1S53. Back in the 
early part of the century two other towns were part of Lynn, but 
Lynnfield became a separate town in 1S14 and Saugus in 1S15. 

Lynn has always had a steady growth. She has more than kept 
her relative place with her sister cities. In 1S30 there were six cities 
and towns in Massachusetts that exceeded Lynn in population. It is 
suggestive to name them. They were Boston, Salem, New Bedford, 
Nantucket, Lowell and Worcester. To-day there are but five cities 
in the State larger than Lynn and but seven in New England. From 
1820 to 1S90 Lynn's population doubled each twenty years. In the 
last fifty years, while Massachusetts' population has increased two and 
one-half fold and more, and Boston has increased three fold, Lynn has 
increased about five and one-half fold. In 1S50 her population was 
14,000, but from this we must deduct the population of Swampscott 
and Nahant. How near her present population is to 70,000 we shall 
know in a few months. 

Just fifty years ago to-day the Central Congregational Society was 
organized. The old first church had thus stood for 21S years before 
another church of the Congregational order was organized in the limits 
of the present City of Lynn. The second and third parishes had been 
set off in the preceding century, but one of these was in Saugus and 
the other in Lynnfield. In 1S50 eight Protestant denominations were 
already established in Lynn. Of these the Methodists had three 
churches and the Universalists two. The other denominations repre- 
sented had one church each. In 1S57 the Chestnut Street Church was 
formed, in 1S69 the North Church, and in iSSS the Scandinavian 
Church. So that to-day we have five churches of our order, and the 
call is less for establishing new enterprises than for strengthening the 
churches already founded. 



64 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTEXNIAL. 

Lynn has always been a patriotic city. Within five hours after 
Lincoln's proclamation calling for troops to put down the rebellion had 
been received in Lynn, two companies had started for the front, and 
the following dispatch had been sent to headquarters : "We have 
more men than guns — what shall we do?" Lynn sent more than her 
quota by several hundreds to the civil war. From the day when the 
news of the battle of Lexington had been heard in Lynn until the last 
call for the Spanish war, and the close of the recruiting for the 
Philippines, it has been the same. Lynn is intensely patriotic. 

There are New England towns and cities to which one could- return 
after fifty years and easily recognize the place. In fact the changes 
would be comparatively slight. But not so with Lynn. Lynn is old. 
She is only three years younger than Salem, and is a year older than 
Boston. There are old landmarks here and there, enough to keep us 
in mind of our kinship with the past. But Lynn is essentially a 
modern city. The public buildings of 1S50 have mostly passed away. 
The " Old Tunnel Meetinghouse " of the first church, built in 1632, 
remodeled in 16S2, and rebuilt early in the present century, still stands 
on South Common and Commercial Streets, and is the place of 
worship of the Second Universalists. The Friends' Meetinghouse is 
also old. The Unitarian Church was built in 1S23 and remodeled in 
1 85 3. Little else would the v^anderer who should return home to 
Lynn to-day after a fifty years' absence find in public buildings to 
suggest the past. Lynn's City Hall was dedicated in 1S67. Her 
post-office, unique and pleasing in architecture, in 1898. Her library 
building, her joy and her crown, in 1900. Her church buildings are 
modern structures. 

Let us recount for a moment some of the interesting events in Lynn's 
development in these years. In 1850 Fine Grove Cemetery was 
consecrated; the ten-hour system for workmen was adopted. In 1853 
illuminating gas was first used in Lynn. Cars began to run this year 
over the Saugus branch. In 1856 Egg Rock Lighthouse was first 
lighted. In 1858 telegraphic communication was established between 
Lynn and other places. Two years later the first horse cars were run. 
In 1S69 the Shepard Schoolhouse was built and the North Church 
organized. Two years later the Y. M. C. A. was incorporated. In 
1872 the Cobbet and Ingalls Schoolhouses were dedicated. In 1879 
came the 250th Anniversary of the settlement of the town. In 1S83 
Lynn hospital was opened for patients, the electric works were 






PETER M. NEAL, '62-'63-'64-'65 ROLAND G. USHER, '66-'67-'68 JAMES N. BUFFUM, '69-'72 





^' 




EDWIN WALDEN, '70-'71 JACOB M. LEWIS, '73-'74-'75-'76 SAMUEL M. BUSIER, '77-'78 








GEO. P. "SANDERSON, '79-'80 HENRY B. LOVERING, '81-'82 WILLIAM. L. BAIRD, '83- 

MAYORS OF LYNN 

CONTINUED. 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 65 

established, and a street railway to Peabody was opened. In the 
following year the Tolman fund of $30,000 was given in trust for the 
suppression of the sale of intoxicating liquors, and a street I'ailway to 
Marblehead was opened. In 1SS6 the French Catholic Church was 
organized. In 1SS9 came Lynn's great fire, destroying $5,000,000 
worth of property. In this year Lynn Woods was taken as a public 
park reservation. In 1892 the High School building was dedicated, 
and William Shute gave $3,500 for a public fountain. In 1S93 was 
taken the first trip on the electrics from Lynn to Salem, aud Mrs. 
Shute's will, in which she gave $100,000 for a public library, was 
opened. In 1895 Lynn's population was announced as 63,335. In 1S97 
the Lynn Historical Society was formed. In 1S99 the Tracy School- 
house was dedicated. In 1900 Lynn's magnificent public library was 
opened, and the 50th Anniversary of her life as a City was celebrated. 

But we turn to the question : What is the secret of Lynn's standing 
to-day? Why has she changed from a quiet country village to a 
thriving city? Located near the center of Puritan settlement why does 
she to-day suggest the present rather than the past ; why is she respon- 
sive to the thrill of the incoming twentieth century, rather than to the 
departed nineteenth? Why is she constantly growing in numbers and 
resources? She has a healthful location and wonderful natural at- 
tractions. But these would make her a quiet place of suburban 
residence, and she has not developed along this line. Has she received 
any special governmental favors so as to serve as a center for govern- 
ment officials and employees of State institutions? We look in vain 
for evidence that she has been thus favored. We look in vain for 
State and County buildings within her limits. Have transportation 
lines helped her? Yes, but she is not a great railroad center. She is 
too near to Boston to be the center of a large outlying countiy trade. 
Her harbor is shallow and her water power inconsiderable. No 
special privileges, political, commercial, or natural, can explain her 
greatness. 

But her growth has been by self -development . Thrown back upon 
her own energy and perseverance she has outstripped in the race sister 
cities that possessed more marked advantages. She has not had 
outside capital, nor did she have the initial advantage of wealthy men. 
But her people were working people and out of their industry has 
come the Lynn of to-day. The word industrial.^ rather than com- 
mercial or sviburban, defines the Lynn of 1900. 



66 C/T2' OF Ll'NN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

It was in 1643 '^'^'^'^ the iron works, which were either the first or 
second established in America, were begun in that part of Lynn which 
is now Saugus. But this was not destined to be the line of her 
industrial development. One of the first five settlers in Lynn, Francis 
Ingalls, established a tannery, and from that day to this Lynn's chief 
work has centered upon shoemaking. It was in 1633 that shoes in 
their present form began to be used, and two years later, in 1635, 
Phillip Kertland, shoemaker, was plying his trade in Lynn, His 
name is perpetuated in Kirtland Street. As early as 165 1 there was a 
shoemakers' association in Lynn. But it was not until 1750 that the 
business of shoemaking in Lynn attracted any special attention. At 
that date, John Adam Dag3T, a Welshman, came to Lynn, and is said 
to have raised the occupation of shoemaking to a fine art. In 1764 he 
is spoken of in the Boston Gazette as "the celebrated shoemaker of 
Essex." Since that time L3-nn has continued to be the Shoe City, not 
only of Essex and of Massachusetts, but of America, and of the world. 
To-day she has more than 300 shoe factories, with 13,000 employees, 
and an annual output of more than $35,000,000 worth of shoes. 

Of late years another industry has given employment to Lynn 
citizens. It was in 18S3 that the electric woi'ks were established, 
coming only a few years after electric lighting had begun to be used 
in our cities, and being established five years before the trolley car 
was introduced they have had a rapid development. Employing 
many skilled workmen, the electric works have distinctly raised the 
quality of Lynn's industrial life. 

While Lynn's neighbors in early days, with more favorable locations 
for commerce, were devoting themselves to a life of trade, with all its 
vicissitudes, Lynn's inhabitants kept steadily at work at their shoe- 
making and farming. And when the commercial decline came, shoe- 
making still throve. Lynn was but an infant once, as compared with 
her neighbors of larger growth. As late as 1S30 she was the fifth in 
size of the towns of Essex County. Salem and Marblehead esteemed 
her as little among the peoples of Essex. To-day Lynn is the 
metropolis of Essex Cov;nty, has twice the population of Salem, and 
is more than 10,000 people ahead of her nearest rival, Lawrence. 

And so we are citizens of a City of no mean industrial repute. The 
trade of shoemaker has always been an honorable one, and shoemakers 
have from the first been noted for enterprise and intelligence. The 
geographies of twenty years ago used to say that there were more 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 67 

people engaged in the manufacture of boots and shoes than in any 
other business in our country except agriculture. If that is not quite 
true to-day, yet shoemaking is the leading industry in Massachusetts, 
and there are but few businesses in the country that compare in mag- 
nitude with it. Lynn continues to be the queen of shoe cities. In 
early times her people devoted themselves industriously to the one 
thing they could do well, and all things pertaining to the shoe business 
and to a great industrial center were added unto her. Lynn is fortunate 
in her second great industry, the making of electrical apparatus, for an 
enlarging opportunity is opening before the electrician. 

But Lynn offers more than an opportunity for money making. If 
this were all she could give her citizens we would look with appi^ehen- 
sion toward the future, and have no hopeful anticipation for the time 
when she celebrates her looth year as a City. Larger Lynn is unsur- 
passed for scenery, and nature soothes and reinvigorates the toil-worn 
as she did when Longfellow wrote "The Bells of Lynn." The 
intellectual life is enlarged and deepened by the best school training. 
Our magnificent City library with its exceptional opportunities for 
reading and study is developing a more cultured life. Lynn's churches 
are striving to meet the moral and spiritual problems which confront 
them. Upon the intensity and sincerity and adaptability of the 
religious life of Lynn depends Lynn's future. Is the leaven vital 
enough to leaven this mass of industrial life? That depends upon the 
loyalty of the Christian life of this City to the great Head of the 
Churcli. In faith we can look out toward the future and say with the 
apostle, " Thanks be to God who giveth us the victory through our 
Lord Jesus Christ." 



Rev. SAMUEL B. STEWART. 
Pastor Unitarian Church. 



" I will set thy stones on fair colors, and lay thy foundations with sapphires." 

The history of cities is the history of civilization. Cities represent 
the best there is in the trade, commerce, wealth, fine arts, literature, 
society and religion of a people. The city is the heart and lungs of 
the State, draining its blood and produce and returning them in new 



6S CITY OF L7NN SEMI-CENTENNIAL, 

forms of power, manufactured goods, books, culture and whatever 
comes from the highly disciplined and competing forces of society. 

It is a privilege to be born in or to come early to live in a good 
city. It means growing vip under superior environments, in touch 
with the best developed life, the best schools, the best chances for 
business ; in fact, the best of everything requisite to the pursuit of life 
and happiness. Our City represents but partially the most satisfying 
ideal. But every year witnesses an expansion of the properties and 
functions that pertain to the ideal, an increase of popvilation and 
wealth, and of the means of education, health, charity and culture. 
The citizens of Lynn are already giving evidence of their appreciation 
of the obligations of good citizenship by laying the foundations of 
institutions of learning and charity on a large and generous scale. 
Libraries, churches and incorporated societies for benevolent and 
educational purposes are a community's protection under the changing 
conditions of its industries and public affairs. 

Good municipal government depends upon the intelligence, the 
capacity and moral character of the people, especially upon their 
sympathy with good order, sobriety and justice. Get these qualities 
to the front and we cannot fail of having good government. The 
first efforts of citizens must be to promote good manners and morals 
in their homes and their schools. These are infinitely more important 
towards securing good government than primary elections. Establish 
the young men in honest employment, fortify them in temperance, 
instill their minds with admiration of noble character and the great 
ideas that prosper a people and there is nothing to fear for the future : 
good government is assured. To those who are building homes and 
rearing families and who are engaged in great industries, Lynn 
presents every pleasant inducement, every reasonable thing to content 
them, everything to foster domestic and social aspiration, everything 
to work for in self-development and in view of the public good. No 
city of the North Shore has a fairer foundation in natural beauty, 
none a more picturesque outline of sea and hills. Its industries are 
established ; we are in proximity to the best there is in American life 
and society, the best university, the best art and the best minds. 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 69 

Rev. EDWARD T. CURXICK, D. D. 
Pastor St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church. 



Isaiah 26:1. — "We have a strong city; salvation will God appoint for walls 
and bulwarks." 

It can be said of Lynn what was said of a celebrated ancient city, 
that it is "beautiful for situation." God has been lavish in His natural 
gifts to this locality. Upon a lovely morning the past week I stood 
upon High Rock, and viewed the landscape o'er. INIy vision was 
charmed with the beautiful picture which was spread out below 
me. Gazing in one direction I saw the mighty ocean, calm and tran- 
quil under the morning sun. Looking nearer I beheld Nahant and 
the Point of Pines stretching out into the blue waters, like two loving 
arms that would embrace the ocean. Off to the right lay the great 
city of Boston, with its Statehouse dome shining like a golden star, 
and to the left reposed Swampscott and the villages beyond. Opposite 
to old ocean was a mighty sweep of hills and forests, which afforded a 
strong contrast to the prospect of bay and sea. 

All around me lay the substantial and imposing City of Lynn. Its 
tall chimneys and great factories told of a vast accumulation of capital 
and employment for thousands of industrious and contented workmen, 
whose homes could be seen in every direction. A large number of 
churches with their spires pointing heavenward told that religion and 
piety are fostered in our midst. I came down from the Rock 
impressed with the fact that God and man had wrought to make this 
one of the most favored places on the Atlantic coast. 

The first settlement was made upon this spot in 1629, only nine 
years after the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock. It is supposed 
that Lynn was the eighth settlement made by Europeans on these 
shores in the seventeenth century. The place was first called Saugust, 
wdiich perhaps was a corruption of St. Augustine, but in 1637 it was 
changed to Lynn. This was done through the request of Rev. Mr. 
Whiting, who came over to the new world from King's Lynn, in 
England. King's Lynn is located near to the Ouse River. He 
wanted the town to be named Lynn for his former home. King's Lynn, 
and this was done. Whiting Street in Lynn perpetuates the name and 



70 Cirr OF LYNN SEMI-CENTEXNIAL. 

memory of this Mr. Whiting. Afterward a portion of Lynn was set 
apart and called Saugus, another part was called Swampscott, another 
Lynnfield, and still another another Nahant. These are the lovely 
daughters of our fair City. 

Almost from its beginning has Lynn been a maker of shoes. The 
first shoemakers were Philip Kertland and Edmund Bridges, who 
came in 1635, six years after the town was settled. The making of 
shoes gradually increased until it became the principal industry of the 
town. A great impulse was given to the business by the arrival in 
1750 of John Adam Dagyr, a skilled workman from Wales. He 
taught the workmen here how to improve in making ladies' shoes, and 
helped to give Lynn that preeminence in making shoes which she has 
enjoyed so many years. 

Like so many industries shoemaking in* Lynn has been an evolution. 
In the beginning shoes were made entirely by hand. Gradually little 
shops sprang up in various parts of the town, and there a boss and a 
few workmen would bore with the awl and ply the needle. The 
shoe business has always been conducive to mental reflection and 
improvement. It is a clean business, and even this fact tends to con- 
serve the morals of those engaging in it. In old times the nature of 
the work was such as to afford time for thought, argument and reading, 
while the disciple of St. Crispin was pounding a sole or stitching a 
vamp. Many have been the arguments on political and religious 
subjects which took place in the little shoemakers' shops of Lynn. 
Housewives and daughters were often wont to add to their stock of 
money by taking parts of the shoe home, and sewing them together. 
While hands were thus busy the heart perchance was hot with the fire 
of love or chilled with hope deferred. This thought is beautifully 
expressed by Lucy Larcom in her poem, " Hannah at the Window, 
Binding Shoes." 

Gradually the factory took the place of the shop, and the sewing- 
machine, which was introduced in 1S4S, took away the occupation of 
Hannah and her kind. In 1S50 Lynn, mostly through her shoe 
industry, had arisen to sufficient size and prominence to pass from the 
honor of a town to the dignity of a city. When Lynn was incorpo- 
rated as a City she had a population of 14,357. Now she has a 
population of about 65,000. This is over 400 per cent, of increase in 
fifty years. 

What has been the history of these fifty years.'* It has been a 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 71 

history of progress and development. xA.long material lines everything 
has advanced. The middle of the century found our City small in the 
number of its houses and in the extent of territory occupied. Now, 
the City covers miles of territory, and contains thousands of comfort- 
able homes. Then, there was little communication with surrounding 
towns, except by foot or horse locomotion. Now, Lynn is one of the 
greatest centers of electric car travel in the whole country. Starting 
from this point one can go almost in any direction on electric cars. 
Then, the electric telegraph was just coming into vogue. Now, one 
can send messages under the sea, to Europe or South Africa, and by 
means of the telephone can speak with a friend who is 1,000 miles 
away. 

It is one of the glories of Lynn that she has been favorable to 
religion. In nothing is her tolerant spirit better shown than by her 
treatment of Methodism in the early years. When Boston shut her 
churches to Jesse Lee, and closed her heart against his appeals, Lynn 
welcomed him to her borders, and here Methodism became planted 
and grounded as in no other city in New England. As Methodists we 
should be proud of the history of our church in this favored City. 

Jesse Lee came to Lynn in February, 1791. He was entertained 
by Benjamin Johnson, a man of influence, whose house stood on 
Market Street, where the Exchange building is now seen. Jesse Lee 
organized a class of eight members, but hundreds flocked to hear him 
preach. Soon the house of Mr. Johnson proved too small to hold the 
people, and services were moved to his barn. This also was out- 
grown, and the first Methodist church was built on the site of Lee 
Hall. In twelve days the house was in a state to be used for worship. 
It was used till 181 3, when the Old Bowery was built, and this 
building sheltered the congi'egation till 1S79, when the present fine 
building was ei'ected. Lynn Common, or First Church, has had a 
prosperous career, and in the past fifty years has given a good account 
of itself. 

Great honor also belongs to our beloved St. Paul's Church. It was 
organized in iSii, and was the first Methodist church in the State that 
could boast a steeple. Thus early this society was determined to get 
up in the world. It is said that the first person converted by Methodist 
influence in Lynn lived within St. Paul's parish. It is an historic 
fact that the first Methodist Sunday School existing in New England 
was the one organized in this parish. 



72 CITT OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

For the past fifty years St. Paul's, like other churches, has had its 
ups and downs ; but it has ever stood for purity, righteousness and 
truth, and is a felt influence in the religious life and character of our 
City to-day. 

From all I have said, we must conclude, as our text says, "we have a 
strong City." It is an interesting coincidence that this Semi-Centennial 
celebration comes near the very close of the nineteenth century. As 
we enter upon another fifty years in the life of our City, and another 
century in the history of the w^orld, what is the outlook for Lynn? 

We have many things to encourage us. Lynn has never been 
handicapped with a titled aristocracy. From the beginning our 
aristocracy has been that of honest toil and endeavor. We have been 
saved from the burdens of the excessively rich and the desperately 
poor. In our midst " the rich and the poor meet together, for the 
Lord is the maker of them all." This has been one of the results of 
our chief industry : it has given the laborer fair compensation and has 
insured his self-respect. On the other hand it has not produced for 
the employer a fortune like that of a Croesus or a Vanderbilt. I think 
that this is cause for congratulation. The sons of our rich men, as a 
rule, have followed their fathers in honest toil. So goodly names 
have come down to us from the generations of the past. We think 
with pride of such fanfily names as the Attwills, the Newhalls, the 
Breeds, the Mudges, and others. 

The shoe business of Lynn is apt to be permanent. Not until men 
become angels can they do without shoes — especially in this climate. 
As long as the United States contain 78,000,000 people there will be a 
demand for boots and shoes. I am sure that Lynn will be called upon 
to supply a great part of this demand. So if we are industrious and 
progressive the future is assured. 

But there are some duties we need to perform at which I will briefly 
glance. We need to conserve the religious life of our City. My text 
says, " salvation will God appoint for walls and bulwarks." That is 
our best defense. That is better than a Chinese wall extending from 
the defending ocean on one side, and encircling our valleys and crown- 
ing our hills until it meets the ocean again. Would to God that with 
the other features of our celebration our churches might take on a new 
consecration, a new faith, and a new endeavor! If we can leaven the 
whole mass of our citizens with pure religion, most of our problems 
will be solved. Shall we not this morning dedicate ourselves anew to 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 73 

the unfinished work of inducing every citizen of Lynn to be a humble, 
earnest, consistent Christian? That would be an ambition worth 
realizing in these happy days. Let the bonfire blaze on High Rock 
until its glow shall light up every house in Lynn ; until it shall be seen 
by all Lynn's daughters — Swampscott, Lynnfield, Saugus and Nahant ; 
until Boston shall behold its light ; until the cottager on our distant 
hills and the mariner far out at sea shall hail its beacon fire. I will 
rejoice in its brightness, and thank God for what it represents. But 
let us build a higher torch and light a mightier blaze, — even the sweet 
charity of love to God and to our fellow-man, that they shall glow and 
burn, not to be extinguished in an hour, vmtil all hate and malice and 
everything unbrotherly and unchristianlike, shall be consumed, and 
everything which is noble and of good report shall shine like a star of 
night upon our fair City's brow. 

We greet the fair City of Lynn upon this her first jubilee. May she 
ever continue to shine in beauty and blessing to the children of men. 
May she be lulled to sleep by the murmuring weaves which gently beat 
upon her extended shore ; or be aroused to admiration as Atlantic's 
storm king sends his mighty breakers upon her rocks and sands. May 
she be forever safe from tumults and alarms. May she ever extend a 
welcoming hand to all classes of people who wall come to abide here, 
being sober, industrious, liberty-loving and kind. May her borders be 
enlarged until she shall count her sons and daughters by the scores of 
thousands. Alay she be like that other city of prophecy, having the 
children playing in her streets, and may she live to celebrate her 
centennial and millenial jubilee. Even then may the small boy be 
found in her streets tooting his horn and throwing his hat in air. ISIay 
she ever remember that great factories and stores and residences and 
public buildings and parks and commercial wealth do not constitute a 
city's greatness, but men — big-hearted, intelligent, loving men. ]\Ien 
who will spurn to cheat and lie and steal. Men who will be kind and 
gentle and strong. Men who will stand four-square to all the winds 
of temptation which blow upon them. Men who will take pride in 
their City's welfare, who will confederate themselves together to put 
away the evil in politics and government, and to exalt the good both as 
to principles and practice. 

Many have been the cities of renown in the world. Rome was 
famous as a seat of law, Athens for its love of the beautiful, Sparta for 
its patriotism, Jerusalem for the presence and teaching of the Son of 



74 Cirr OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

man. In modern times we associate Paris with art, London with a 
stui'dy independence and devotion to trade, Chicago with enterprise 
and Boston with culture. What is to hinder Lynn in the oncoming 
years from combining in herself most of the noble principles ? So we 
pray that within her bounds may the supremacy of law ever be 
recognized, may she love the beautiful and true, may she be diligent 
in business, may she have the widest culture that the advancing 
centuries demand, and may she receive into her very heart of hearts 
the blessed gospel of the Son of God. Then shall she sit in her civic 
beauty for a thousand years, and adorn the mighty republic of which 
she forms a part. 



" The Progressive City of Shoes." 

Rev. CLAYTON S. COOPER. 
Pastor Washixgton Street Baptist Church. ^ 



As a good ship's captain takes by the sun each noonday his whei'e- 
abouts in relation to a destined port, so the ofHcers of the City of Lynn 
are about to call all hands on deck to look out for the seamark which 
shall gauge our City's location in her fifty years' civic voyage. The 
observations taken from the view-points of the oldest inhabitants to 
those of the men who arrived in town but yesterday will be many and 
the results will be naturally diverse. No two sets of eyes will agree 
precisely upon the City's present latitude and longitude. However, 
there is one fact which all will doubtless concede, namely : that however 
far our City has deviated at times, through vicissitudes of calamity, 
misfortune, or mistake, from her right course, she has, nevertheless, 
been a City of progi'ess, and this fact will be so pronounced that it will 
gather all of her loyal citizens beneath a common banner in the 
congratulation of these Anniversary days. 

Robert Browning said : "Man was made to grow, not stop." 
And a city is but a collective man. We may divide cities into two 

1 The Cooper Class of the Washington Street o'clock. An invitation to attend this service 

Church, a prominent and active body of young was early sent to the Mayor and City Govern- 

men, conducted a service appropriate to the ment by Harry Ashton Nye, Secretary. How- 

50th Anniversary in the church from 12 to i ard Mudge Newhall spoke in this service. 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 75 

classes. There are cities of the living and cities of the dead ; cities of 
growth and cities of graveyards. Towns are like individuals, they stop 
growing. Both need monuments to mark their burial places. Progress 
is the liveliest jewel in the crown of mimicipal or private life. It is the 
condition of all being. It is the diviner air of all success. The body, 
the mind, the spirit, — all are built upon the eternal law of advance and 
change. He who deflects his steps from their path into ways of quiet 
ease loses the world's great living trail and is left in the rear of her 
marching hosts. 

But, although man is a climbing plant and must usually be heaven- 
faced on the ladder of life, it is for his own benefit that at times he 
should cast a look downward ; yes, that he descend a bit on that ladder 
whose rounds are almost hidden in the distance below, and by memory 
and history mark his upward flight. So t;o-day, we stand, in relation 
to our City, at a vantage point. Everything is in perspective. As a 
distant beholder of our earth would be conscious not so much of the 
nearest object, the swelling mountain, or the level plain, but a picture 
with its boundaries clear aiid its lines plain, — so by holding our City's 
life at arm's length for a moment, we may note the true features of her 
advancement. 

Lynn has been a progressive city in civic affairs. Her citizenship 
has been increasingly worthy of attention. Her institutions of justice, 
education and charity, rank well with those of any city in our 
Commonwealth. Lynn affords a fine example of the evolution of a 
primitive and unique town life into a modern municipality, rich in 
genius and broad in up-to-date activity. Her civil progress lies in the 
fact that she did not, like some of her sister New England cities, 
refuse to be modernized in order that she might meet the changing 
conditions of her industrial life. Her conservatism, so peculiar and by 
no means a small quantity, was not so bigoted as to block the wheels 
of her advance. The sturdy Lynn fathers began and completed their 
own political and mental training in their little back-yard shoe shops, 
where in a real Socratic fashion the affairs of the day were discussed 
in extenso, or by means of the hot debates and poetical effusions in the 
old hand-engine companies. They were, however, true to the ideals 
of their Puritan sires, who, as one of our New England writers tells 
us, had two great cares : first, that there §hould be on hand an 
adequate supply of gunpowder, and second, that good learning should 
not perish from among us. 



76 Cirr OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

To-day, therefore, no citizen of Lynn need to blush for its homes of 
justice, nor for its halls of learning, while the City's new, beautiful 
library is a jewel of priceless value in our City's crown of rejoicing. 
Furthermore, in spite of the gloomy prediction of disloyal and pessi- 
mistic people, whose carping, listless spirits hardly deserve a good 
city's protection, the municipality has steadily progressed both in the 
character and administration of her civil laws. 

Lynn, however, has not seen her progress mainly because she is a 
city of civics ; but rather because she is a city of shoes, and latterly a 
city leading in the manufacture of electrical machinery. The Anni- 
versary emblem of a woman's shoe flanked by arc and incandescent 
electric lamps is indeed a fitting sign of her progress. Lynn's shoe 
industry made necessary her civil history. The City's growth began as 
far back as 1635, when Philip Kertland and the early shoemakers pegged 
shoes in the chimney-corners of farmhouses on the long winter evenings, 
then tramped to Boston to barter their treasure for household necessities. 
Out of this day of "kneeboards" and "bag bosses," when the craft 
was plied in the famous " ten-footers," Lynn has evolved into the busy, 
modern city of brick factories and intricate machinery. The shop has 
now become the manufactory. But the same dogged spirit of per- 
sistence and industry which has brought into prestige such old Lynn 
family names as that of Newhall, Breed, Pevear, and many others which 
might be given, is still the Lynn sign of victory and progress. The 
City which we honor owes her greatness to the men who were actual 
shoemakers and worked on the " seat." They are proud to-day to 
speak in reminiscence of those times when their hands were covered 
with ink and sticky with wax. Likewise, the manufacturers who are 
most successful at present have in most cases worked through the 
factory to their office. Lynn has become what she is to-day by the 
hands of the working people. This fact is one of the most impressive 
things coming with this Anniversary season. It should cause a 
reinforcement of our faith in the potentiality of plain, unvarnished 
human endeavor. Other cities have built the foundations of their 
progress upon the shifting sands of real estate, developing their prowess 
by manipulation of stocks and bonds. Lynn stands a monument to the 
untiring industry and loyal devotion of her sons of daily toil. Hers 
are practical, not theoretical, heroes. Those loyal hearts who plied 
their trade in the tallow candle days "through the summer's heat and 
winter's cold" alike, were, like Abraham, "fathers of a multitude." 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS, 77 

Their children, making machinery their servant, have accepted the 
spirit of their ancestors. Sparing themselves not at all, they have 
beaten their way steadfastly to success, making Lynn the " Shoe City" 
par excellence in all our broad land. Her progress, then, stands in 
ideas, in theories, in conduct of municipal affairs, but chiefly in the 
practical incarnation of ideas, books and other good elements in the 
working daily lives of her citizens. Individuals and institutions that 
realize most clearly this secret of our City's progress will be best 
capable of elevating and doing honor to her life in coming years. 

There is yet a third factor to be considei^ed in these festival days of 
retrospect and prospect, namely : our City's religious progress. Record 
tables tell us that there are twenty-nine more churches to-day than there 
were in the year 1S50. A brief comparison of old photographs with 
our modern church architecture will show such an advance in church 
construction that it will be impossible to find many cities in New 
England, outside of Boston, that can surpass Lynn in the beauty of her 
houses of worship. Our hospitals, our associations for young men, 
our charitable bureaus, are in practical evidence. But these cannot 
tell us the profound depth of moral improvement. Religious progress 
is not a thing for statisticians, nor for architects, not even for philan- 
thropists merely. " The words that I speak unto you they are spirit, 
and they are life," said Jesus. Our ideas of the religious advance of 
the City for the last fifty years will depend largely upon the standards 
which we take for our observation. Statistical tables may so elate us 
that we may believe we are building toward heaven as rapidly as did 
the architects of Babel. While a celestial observation — an observation 
that reckons from the Sun of Righteousness, — will cause our wordly 
bricks to fall upon one another in utter confusion, and leave heaven 
far away. 

Religious progress in Lynn has been in proportion to the way in 
which individual spirits have learned to incarnate the practical 
righteousness of the Sermon on the jSIount. If we are failing here, 
our municipality is not advancing in religion, though her schools and 
liVjraries may appear on every hand and her church spires point toward 
heaven. Let this Anniversary period be filled not only with speech- 
making and banners in the air, but also with prayers that religious 
enthusiasm may match the proud history of Lynn's civics and com- 
merce. Then it shall be truly said of us, as it was stated years ago of 
that town in Samaria, where Christ was so gladly received, "There 
was greatjjoy in that city." 



78 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Rev. NEIL ANDREWS, Jr. 
Pastor East Baptist Church. 



Rev. 21 : i6. — "And the city lieth four-square." 

Foi" the past few days our thoughts have naturally been fixed upon 
the forthcoming celebration of our 50th Anniversary as a City. 
It is testimony to the wisdom of the Committee having the Anni- 
versary in charge that they suggested that the churches make special 
reference to the occasion. It is the recognition of God in our civic life. 
Glor3'ing in our progress along all lines, it is eminently fitting that we 
give thanks to Him who has been our guide in all that is best in our 
municipal history. 

We have much to be thankful for. Few cities are so delightfully 
situated and within so small an area embrace such varied scenes. The 
lover of surf may find many corners along our beaches where he may 
view the glistening waters of the Atlantic as now in gentle rythmic 
motion they kiss our shores, and now in fury lash upon our rocks. If 
one is a lover of rural scenes he may rest beside the quiet waters of our 
lakes and revel in the soothing zephyrs of our woodlands so rich in 
historic associations. Here we have all the hum and bustle of a 
thriving City; here too we may mingle with the farmers as they till 
their lands, and enjoy all the stillness of the countryside. 

We have cause for thanksgiving in the rapid strides that have been 
made. Once a sparsely-settled colony planted in a wilderness, we 
grew into a prosperous town, thence have developed into a thriving 
City in the front rank of the sisterhood of cities in this old Bay State. 

Still further cause for gratitude is found in our educational insti- 
tutions. Our schools are sufficient for the demand of our population ; 
they are well-equipped, and the character of work done by our teaching 
force is second to none in this Commonwealth of culture, Our 
advance along this line as a municipality may be seen in the compar- 
ison of our old High School structure with the new. The old was 
built during the second year of our existence as a City and was a model 
of its kind. Compare this nearly fifty-year-old building with the 
recently erected High School, and how inferior it seems ! The new 
one with its architecture, its adaptation to its specific work and its 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 



79 



equipment as compared with the old, is testimony to the educational 
advancement of our people during the fifty years of civic history. 

Yet again vv^e have cause for thanksgiving in the public spirit and 
character of our people. Our first year as a City was characterized by 
the readjustment of the hours of labor by which ten hours became a 
day's work, and ever since the labor question has been uppermost 
among our citizens. IMuch has been done that is to be regretted ; yet, 
after all, there is evidence of an honest determination to get a right 
solution of the labor difficulties. Our soldiers' monument bears silent 
witness to the part, — the noble part, — that our citizens took in the 
preservation of the Union. The recently finished library, with its 
unsurpassed facilities and its up-to-date equipment, is a glorious 
monument to the munificence of a Lynn woman. 

But enough has been said to show cause for gratitude. While then 
we thank Him who made these blessings possible, while our Te Deums 
ascend in recognition of the Divine hand in fifty years of city life, I 
call your attention to another phase, — the dangers that to-day beset our 
development along the best and most permanent line. It is on this 
account I have chosen the text of the morning, " And the city li^th 
four-square." This is the description of the ideal city that the exile on 
Patmos saw coming down out of heaven from God. " Four-square" 
is but a figurative expression to denote perfectness, completeness. 
Nothing was lacking in the city of John's vision. " It was beautiful 
for situation, the joy of the whole earth, for its builder and maker was 
God." Jesus Christ was its ruler; to Him the inhabitants yielded 
glad obedience. The character of its citizens was above reproach. 
There were no slums, no castes, no strife ; but men dwelt in delightful 
brotherhood in the atmosphere of the Divine love, and quickened with 
the Divine life. Here indeed were liberty and fraternity, equality and 
Divinity. 

I hold this ideal city before you this morning, not simply to show 
you what Lynn is not, but what Lynn may become. Only as you have 
the ideal in mind will you strive to actualize it in life. It is the men 
of great vision who are men of great po\ver. See a Son of God in the 
despised and drunken wretch in the gutter, and you will put forth your 
hand to save him. It was Christ's vision of the worth and possibilities 
of the human race that made Him so powerful as its Saviour. It was 
Columbus' vision of a continent that enabled him to endure hardship 
and made him the renowned discoverer. So see in your City the 



So CIT7' OF LYNN SEMI-CEXTEXNIAL. 

possibilities of the New Jerusalem and you will struggle to make 
them actual. 

One great clanger in the life of American cities is the prevalent 
political corruption. Perhaps Lynn has escaped it ; yet the warning 
at this time will not be amiss. . . In a careful survey of the con- 
dition of political corruption we find that politics have become corrupt 
because so many of our best and purest men have kept out of them. 
This is wrong. It is a crime. It is one's duty as a citizen, it is one's 
duty preeminently as a Christian, to take an active interest in municipal 
politics. Loyal, upright, Christian men should enter the political 
arena and work for all they are worth. Apply this principle to our 
own City, and you will avoid disaster in days to come. Recognize 
your obligations as citizens of Lynn and take an interest in its politics. 
See to it that the brainiest, the most sagacious, most business-like and 
Christian men are put into office. 

Closely related to this is the existence of a strong public opinion. 
No city is safe, is truly progressive without it. . . I ask you then 
this morning for the sake of approaching the ideal civic life : arouse a 
public sentiment for all that is right — for law and you will have law 
enforced ; you will secure the right. 

Another requirement of the ideal city is reverence, especially in the 
home. Let irreverence characterize home life and the same spirit will 
show itself in the political and religious life. If a young man has no 
reverence for his own flesh and blood, he will have none for his 
fellow-men. If he has no reverence for the home, he will have none 
for the State. If he is wanting in reverence towards parents, he will 
have no reverence for God. No quality is so necessary in the life of 
to-day. Our age is eminently one of irreverence. Young men and 
women have hardly any home ties. Father and mother are slightingly 
spoken of. Parental authority is despised. This lack of reverence for 
home is displayed in the irreverence of pupils towards their teachers ; 
of the young towards their elders ; and in the flippancy with which 
sacred things are mentioned. It threatens municipal and national life. 
Poor indeed is the nation for whom reverence has vanished. She is 
upon a volcano that may burst at any moment and overthrow her. 
This is seen in the anarchistic movements in many of our cities. If 
America and American cities are to grow in the future as they gi*ew in 
the past, they must be reverenced, they must possess laws and be 
governed by men that command reverence. All irreverent men must 




f 



^^ 





IpfVSv 



w 



A 





JOHN R. BALDWIN, '85 GEORGE D. HART, '86-'87 GEORGE 0. HIGGINS, 




ASA T. NEWHALL, '89-'90 E. KNOWLTON FOGG, '91 ELIHU B. HAYES, '92-'93 



^- 





CHAS. E. HARWOOD, '94-'95 EUGENE A. BESSOM, '96 WALTER L. RAMSDELL, '97-'98 



MAYORS OF LYNN 

CONTINUED. 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 8i 

be shown their delusion and their crime, by force if need be. What- 
ever else we may endure as a people, we cannot afford irreverence ; 
for a strong city there must be reverence for office, reverence for law, 
reverence for citizenship. 

Another need for growth toward the ideal is a high state of public 
morals. In too many of our cities they are at an exceedingly low ebb. 
Pass amid the ruins of the ancient cities of Rome, of Athens, of 
Nineveh, of Sodom, and you are impressed with the truth that civic 
immorality is civic death. 

The same God reigns over the cities of to-day as over the cities of 
old. He has the same hatred of sin and he will visit it with the same 
punishment. The tone of public morality must be heightened. 

Another need of the city is a vigorous church life. Goldwin Smith 
once said: "Not democracy in America but free Christianity in 
America, is the real key of American glory." To the churches of our 
cities we are to look for the spread of this transforming Christianity. 
As we mourn the present corruption in political life and the low 
standard of public morals, let us bear in mind that we possess the cure 
for these conditions — that on us lies the. betterment of society. Jesus 
Christ reconstructed society by regulating men's hearts, teaching that 
the only way to secure better conditions is to get better people, since 
if the units are right, the masses cannot but be right. This brings the 
conditions of the ideal city to the personal work of Christ-inspired men 
and women. It is the God-sent man and woman, with the Divine 
message, that is the promise of civic greatness. 

Too often men think that it lieth in other things, — art, education, 
law. The history of the past rebukes the thought. Art did as much 
for Pompeii as it ever can for any city, and it lies buried beneath the 
accumulation of seventeen centuries. Education did as much for 
Athens and Florence as it ever can for any city, but they continued in 
their wantonness and their glory has departed. Law was never so 
exalted as at Rome, but law and imperial legions could not save the 
city from the results of its licentiousness. The ruins of Nineveh, of 
Tyre, of Sidon ; the prevailing conditions in Madras, Pekin and Cairo : 
all these things declare that the hope of civic life lies in gospel 
evangelization. This is our work. Right here in Lynn we are to 
bear in mind that the glory and happiness of our City consists not in 
the number but in the character of the population — that the greatest 
thing in our City is man himself. With this truth in mind, our work 
is evident : to win men to God and His Christianity. 



82 CITl" OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Rev. a. N. FOSTER. 
Pastor Second Universalist Church. ^ 



Leviticus 25 : 10. — " And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year." 

The old Jewish year of jubilee, observed every 50th year, involved 
rest for the soil, freedom for the slaves, and the reversion of landed 
property to the original owners. 

The observance was a tribute to the sovereignty of God, the absolute 
owner of all, and was also a covenant between Him and the children 
of Israel. 

We cannot afford to lose this Old Testament ideal. Are we unjust, 
the year of the Lord shall bring a rebuke to us; are we oppressed, it 
will offer relief and the chance to make a new start. 

We may hallow the year marking the closing of the first half- 
century of organized City life. Our City has a personality. It is the 
vigorous mind which supplies the needs of inechanical life. It is the 
warm, sympathetic heart which gives to the unfortunate and afflicted 
from the abundance of generosity. Industry utilizes and beautifies the 
natural surroundings. 

As old friends, on occasion, recall fond memoi'ies and re-live good 
old times, so we now draw near to our mother City to show that we 
appreciate her presence and to pledge ourselves to worthy sei-vice. 

Anniversary day is an altar to which the various classes come to renew 
the vow of consecration. The industrial toilers come and as they offer 
their devotion ask for the assurance of steady employment and the 
application of the golden rule to daily life. Local pride renews its 
devotion to the public school, the public library and the homes for the 
unfortilnate. 

This pride would study the ideals of the fathers who made possible 
the development of a large, thriving City from a small town with no 
great political or industrial advantages ; it would be true to the memory 

1 Special interest attached to the Second been familiar with the church years before, and 

Universalist Church owing to the historic char- were visiting the City on her birthday, called to 

acter of the building. The frame of the structure renew old associations. The church was quite 

was made on Lynn Common, in 16S2, and the elaborately decorated with flags and bunting, 

edifice had ever been known as "The Old with a large picture of the " meetinghouse," as 

Tunnel Meetinghouse." During the Anni- it was before remodeling, disposed over the 

versary days the church people kept " open main door, 
house," and former residents of Lynn, who had 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 83 

of the past which through the industry, enterprise and intelligence of 
the citizens made the present strength and hope. 

Religion also takes the vow of consecration. If by the " city on 
high," we mean a place where joy and happiness are known, where 
the light of high hope shines, then we may believe that the happy 
homes of our "fair City by the sea," are a reflection of the Divine. 
So, stirred by the influence of fond traditions and loving memories, 
we work year by year to make more real the " holy city." 



" The Ideal Cityr 

Rev. WILLIAM FULL. 
Pastor Trinity Methodist Episcopal Church. 



Heb. II : lo. — "For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder 
and maker is God." 

The reference in this passage is doubtless to the eternal city, beyond 
the skies, but it is equally true concerning the cities of this world. 
The only enduring foundation for any city is in its harmony with the 
will of God. Many fallacies prevail in relation to city life. First, it 
is thought by many that this is specially the age of cities, but this is 
clearly a mistake. In the very beginning of the world's history we 
are told that Cain went out and builded a city, and about the first 
record we have after the flood is of Noah's descendants saying, "Go 
to, let us build a city." A careful reading of ancient history will 
convince us that there were as many cities in those times, in proportion 
to the population, as now. Another popular fallacy is that wickedness 
prevails more extensively in cities than elsewhere. This I am satisfied 
is a mistake. Of course, there is far more wickedness in cities because 
the population is vastly larger, but I believe that on the whole city life 
is more conducive to right living than otherwise. It is a notable fact 
that a large portion of the startling crimes that have come to light have 
been committed by those living in sparsely settled communities. There 
is something conducive to the feeling of humanity and brotherly 
regard in thickly settled places. Another misconception concerning 
city life is that there is a much greater neglect of religion in cities than 



84 CITT OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

in rural communities. This also I believe to be a mistake. The 
notable fast-day proclamation of Governor Rollins, of New Hampsiiire, 
in its revelation of irreligion in country life, could hardly be duplicated 
in any of our cities. 

I visited Chicago in 1S93, during the World's Fair. On a Sunday 
evening while I was there ten theatres were open, the attendance 
aggregating probably ten thousand. This, of course, was bad enough, 
but on that very Sunday sixty thousand persons attended Mr. Moody's 
meetings, and on the same day 750 churches held service, with, as I am 
told, good audiences in each of the churches. Surely God and not 
the devil had the innings that day in Chicago. Another fallacy in 
regard to cities is that, like individuals, they have their time of birth, 
youth, prime of life, decay and death. But history, I think, gives us 
no warrant for such an idea. It will be found in every case, after 
examination, that cities have been destroyed not because their time to 
die had come, but simply from the corruption and ungodliness of their 
inhabitants. This was notably the case with Nineveh, Babylon and 
Rome, the great cities of the past. London will soon celebrate its 
1, 000th anniversary, and it was never as strong, vigorous and great as 
to-day, and there is no reason so far as we can judge why it should not 
live to celebrate another i, 000th anniversary. The life of a city 
consists not in its vast population, or great wealth, but in the character 
of its inhabitants. A monarch from a distant land once visited the 
King of Sparta. One thing that he failed to see greatly surprised him. 
In those days cities depended for their safety upon the size and 
massiveness of their walls, but around the Spartan city no walls were 
visible. "Where are your walls .^ " asked the visiting monarch, of the 
King of Sparta. The King smiled and said, " I will show you my 
walls to-morrow." When the morrow came a grand review of the 
troops was ordered, and as the host of citizen soldiers passed in all the 
glory of their noble manhood before the royal standard, and the King's 
beside it : "There," said the Spartan monarch, to his royal guest, 
"there are the walls of Sparta." 

Above all things else a city needs is men. The patriotic poet was 
tremendously right when he said : 

What constitutes a State; 
Not high-raised battlement or labored mound, 

Thick wall or moated gate ; 
Not cities proud with spires and turrets crowned ; 



THE FIRST DAT— THE SERMONS. 85 

Not bays and broad-armed ports, 
Where, laughing at the storm, rich navies ride; 

Not starred and spangled courts, 
Where low-browed baseness wafts perfume to pride : 

No! Men, hisrh-minded men, — 



Men who their duties know, 
But know their rights, and, knowing, dare maintain! 

While the people of this goodly City of Lynn do not by any means 
consider it a perfect city, there is yet much reason for them to feel a 
sensation of honest pride in this place of their adoption or birth. It is 
certainly "beautiful for situation," and one who enjoys a varied view 
of hill and dale, forest, river and ocean, could hardly find a place 
more suited to his taste. Lynn also has reason to be proud of the 
law-abiding character of its citizens. There are few cities of its size 
where less disorder and turbulence are found. There is also reason 
for pride in the quality of many of its public buildings. I think it is 
safe to say that the Public Library building, recently erected, is the 
finest in America, for a city of this size. The people of this City also 
have reason to be proud of the independent spirit of its citizens, which 
has been so from the very beginning of its history. In the line of charity 
Lynn has been distinguished. It would be hard in this cottntry to 
duplicate her most beautiful City Home, where the poor are cared for 
as tenderly as if they were possessed of means. People here certainly 
believe, with Erasmus Darwin, that 

No radiant pearl, which crested fortune wears; 
No gem, that twinkling hangs from Beauty's ears; 
Not the bright stars, which night's blue arch adorns; 
Nor rising sun, that gilds the vernal morn, 
Shine with such luster as the tear that flows 
Down Virtue's manly cheeks for others' woes. 

Lynn has also been noted for its ready response to the call of duty, 
when oppression or tyranny or distress has seemed to endanger the 
glory of the flag. The year 1S50 was a notable year in the history of 
this country. It was the year when the famous, or rather infamous, 
fugitive slave law was passed in Congress, but it was also the year 
when that grand British advocate of freedom, George Thompson, went 
flashing like a meteor through the country, arousing the people to 
a white heat of indignation against the " sum of all villainies." Mr. 
Thompson spoke in Lynn, November 28, in Lyceum Hall, James N. 



86 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Buffum presiding, A subsequent large indignation meeting was held 
Saturday evening, October 5, in Lyceum Hall, Mayor Hood, the 
first Mayor of Lynn, presiding. On the platform were Jonathan 
Buffum, Daniel C. Baker, Charles Merritt, William Bassett, George 
Foster, Benjamin Mudge. At the close of the address a set of rousing 
resolutions was unanimously adopted, denouncing the fugitive slave 
law as shameful and infamous, and closing with the following burning 
words : 

We rejoice to believe that there are not prisons enough in the North to hold 
the men and women who stand ready to succor and protect the panting fugitive 
slave, and battle and resist the slave-hunters who shall dare to pollute our soil ; 

Resolved, that every man who voted for the atrocious bill, every one who 
avows his readiness to execute it and every one who justifies it on any ground, 
is a traitor to the rights of the free States and a criminal of the deepest dye. 

That those ringing words were not words only was shown in the 
fact that when the war broke out Lynn did her full part in sending 
more than her quota of loyal men to the front to stand for the country 
and flag. 

Surely for these and many other reasons Lynn has good cause to 
celebrate the Anniversary of the birth of the City, and to pray that Lynn 
may be in its devotion to the right and in its readiness to hear and heed 
the voice of duty, the calls of distress, a city which hath foundations, 
and I am sure that there are multitudes of Lynn's faithful citizens who 
will not cease to pray with the Christian poet, — 

God give us men ! 

A time like this demands 
Strong minds, great hearts, 

True faith and ready hands : 
Men whom the lust of office does not kill, 

Men whom the spoils of office cannot buy; 
Men who possess opinions and a will. 

Men who have honor, men who will not lie, 
Men who can stand before a demagogue. 

And scorn his treacherous flatteries without winking; 
Tall men, sun-crowned, who live above the fog. 

Surely, if this prayer be answered, Lynn will live while time 
endures. 




'^^Ll<^^>^'J^-J^l^^J<-^K^A>!^\'\^'^''>^:-.--^-^^^-^--M^X.^^^^ 



E OF THE FIFTI- 
ETH ANNIVERSARY OF , 
THE INCORPORATION OF 
THE CITY OF LYNRMAS- 
SACHVSETTS-ri^ 



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p 2.X¥' 



NINETEEN HYNDRED' 



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[Cover Design (reduced one-half) of Souvenir Programme; Charles A. Lawrence, Artist.] 



Wtthtn these fifty years thine eye 
Hath seeji the youths afid maideiis fair 

Cliynb the Old Hill, xvith ma^iy a sigh, 
For learniyig' s fajie vjas there. 

And long sifice to the fathers spoke 

Old Freedom, " Here like yonder Rock, 

My buhvarks stand to ivard the stroke 
Of despot's battle shock. 

Here, like Rome's matron, I count o'er 
My je'vels, — Lynn a casket build 

Fit to enshrifie treasures far tnore 
Th a n fa bled ge n ii xv ille d." 



From " High Rock," by David N. Johnson. 




The Second Day. 



I.— EXERCISES IN THE SCHOOLS, ETC. 



Salutes and Band Concerts. — The Celebration ln the 
Schools. — Addresses and Literary Selections. — 
Entertainments and Sports. 

Promptly at 7 o'clock, A. M., Monday, May 14, the City 
bells gave tongue in jubilant peals, and cannon boomed at in- 
tervals in deep-toned staccato — saluting the Golden Anniver- 
sary, now entering on the second stage of its progress. The 
heavens presaged fair weather, a meteorological condition that 
should prove to be memorable, in respect to the power of the sun's 
rays, before the celebration was over, and all who could make the 
day a holiday prepared to do so, few among the loyal citizens 
of Lvnn being inclined otherwise. True, the morrow held forth 
the greater inducement to remain away from work and business, 
but Monda3-'s programme had attractions against which the shop 
and store and office could not prevail in many cases. So as the 
day advanced holiday-makers were much in, evidence, and there 
were enough to throng the streets, attend the school exercises 
and be spectators at the sports, to say nothing of the children to 
whose benefit the day was dedicated, to warrant the statement 
that "crowds were out." The fact that a circus was exhibiting 
its well-worn attractions in a street parade and under canvas 
durincr Mondav is adduced as further ground for the assertion, 
though it was not classed among the celebradon features, and its 
coming was looked upon as impertinent by those who wanted no 
ulterior excuse for devoting the day to pleasure. 



90 Cirr OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Beside the bellringers,^ the first on the scene of official duty 
were the officers and men of the Naval Brigade, Company E, 
to fire the morning salute, which they did from the square 
between the Park and the Common. Under Lieut. Herbert L. 
Smith, the company commander, a gun crew of eighteen men 
executed the gunnery practice in comformity with modern 
tactics, supported by an infantry detail of seventeen men, 
commanded by Lieut. (Junior Grade) Martin L. Kimball, the 
entire company being uniformed in regulation white duck 
working suits. There had been some debate on the question 
how many guns should constitute a salute equivalent to the 
dignity of a City grown fifty years of age, and the decision was 
happily in favor of an equal number of guns with that of years 
in the City's life. Fifty were therefore fired, but not all in one 
period lest nerves be over-agitated, and window panes shattered. 
The morning saluting was limited to seventeen guns, that at 
noon to seventeen, and the evening discharges to sixteen — and 
the honor and dignity of the municipality was satisfied. 

A band of music came next, stationing itself on a raised and 
decorated platform on the City Hall lawn, near the junction of 
Market and Essex Streets, where at the hour when the exercises 
in the schools began it opened a programme of martial 
cadences, dance music and popular airs,'^ under the baton of 
Leader Samuel S. Lurvey, for the entertainment of a consid- 

^J. Edgar Ames, Trinity M. E. (Tower Hill) light" two-step; popular song medleys, ar- 

Church; Lewis W. Granger, St. Paul's M. E. ranged by Dalbey, Beyer and others, including 

Church; Fred Hayward, Second Universalist such late favorites as " Hannah Lady " and sim- 

Church; A. B. House, First M. E. Church; ilar "coon " songs, besides " Yankee Doodle," 

Charles K. McLeod, St. Stephen's Church; "Dixie," "Marching Through Georgia," and 

Howard W. Newhall, First Congregational other patriotic melodies that continued in popu- 

Church; William H. Walerhouse, North Con- lar affection ; Bendix's " N'orth and South " and 

gregational Church; George A. Willard, First "Grand American" ; Clark's "Remus on 

Baptist Church. Broadway " two-step ; Pryor's " Bunker Hill" 

- Some of the pieces in the various programmes march, " Love Thoughts " waltz ; Kela-Bela's 

played during the celebration — the favorites of "Hungarian" overture; Therie's "American 

the public — were Sousa's marches, " Stars and Republic " ; Suppe's " Poet and Peasant"; Ros- 

Stripes Forever" and " Man Behind the Guns "; sini's "William Tell"; "The Star-Spangled 

Reeves' "The 2d Regiment" march; Her- Banner," " The Blue and the Gray," etc. Mu- 

bert's "The Ameer" march and waltz, "The sic arranged for the occasion was Thomas' " soth 

Serenade" waltz, "The izi. Regiment" march. Anniversary " march, played by the Sch Regi- 

" Singing Girl," "Fortune-Teller," etc.; Til- ment Band, and "The soth Anniversary Jnbi- 

zer's " A Bird in a Gilded Cage " and " Sweet lee," played by the Lynn Brass Band (see 

Magnolia " waltzes ; Meiler's "Ephraim's De- Third Day section). 



THE SECOND DAI— THE SCHOOLS. 



91 



erable and increasing audience during a period of two hours. 
This was the first of the band concerts. The others announced 
in the programme for Monday were duly performed, the L3^nn 
Cadet Band (Lurvey's) playing on the Common during the 
afternoon sports, and at the City Hall again during the evening, 
and Putnam's 8th Regiment Band,^ Herbert F. Putnam, leader, 
playing at High Rock previous to the lighting of the bonfire on 
that eminence. 

The schoolhouses of Lynn, new and old, great and small, 
were the scene of that most admirable feature of the 50th 
Anniversary celebration, the observance by the school children, 
some 12,000 in number. In the schoolhouses that afforded 
assembly halls, classes occupying rooms in the buildings came 
together therein ; a number of schools combined and held 
exercises in neighboring churches, and in many of the primary 
schoolhouses one room was utilized for the joint exercises of 
several rooms. Halls, churches and rooms were decorated for 
the occasion in a variety of ways, and with the bo3's and girls in 
holiday attire, flags in hand and animated with eager interest, 
with the audiences of pleased and attentive parents and friends 
who came in mviltitudes, and the presence of sympathetic 
teachers and persons invited to speak, the spectacle in every 
instance was a happy and inspiring one. 

■The exercises partook of a general character throughout, the 
programmes embracing patriotic songs which the school children 
of the entire City had learned ; recitations of poems and prose 
selections chosen because of their local application or author- 
ship ; pupils' compositions, possessing the same merit; novel 
features of an entertaining character, and addresses by men and 
women distinguished for their literary attainments or connection 
with the social, political or industrial affairs of the City. It 
would require a volume by itself to record all that was said and 

1 Formerly Stiles' Sth Kegiment Band, Harry return home of the regiment from Matanzas, 

E. Stiles, Leader. The band of the Sth Mass. Cuba, re-enlisted in the 26th Regiment, U. S. 

Regiment, U. S. Vols., while in service during Vols,, for service in the Philippines, being put 

the Spanish war, was organized and conducted in charge of the regimental band, 
by Bandmaster Stiles, who, afterward, on the 



92 



CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



done in the school exercises in commemoration of the birth of 
Lynn as a city, but as much of it would be mere repetition it is 
sufficient to give brief accounts of the doings of separate schools 
or groups of schools, reserving space for several of the typical 
addresses ; some of the literary selections, including the familiar 
and lovable "Bells of Lynn," and " Hannah at the Window, 
Binding Shoes," which were of universal adoption in the 
programmes ; favorite extracts from the works of Lynn authors, 
to which the teachers and children turned as with one accord, 
and the patriotic songs that were sung.^ 

HIGH SCHOOLS. 

In the hall of the Higrh School building both the Classical and 
English High Schools gathered Monda}' morning, to observe in 
unison the City's Anniversary. Present with the students were 
the staffs of instructors, as follows : Classical High School 
— Eugene D. Russell, Principal; Luther Atwood, Assistant 
Principal ; William A. Perkins, Elmer Case and George Willis 
Day, Sub-Principals ; Abby M. Burrill, Ida A. Burrill, Clara 
H. Whitmore, Susan W. Child, Mabel M. Taylor, Grace E. 
G. Ward and Sara Y. De Normandie, Assistants ; English 
High School — Charles S. Jackson, Principal; Charles E. 
Simpson, Frank M. Greenlaw and Albion H. Brainard, Sub- 
Principals ; Elton L. Blaisdell, D. Weston Elliot, Mary A. 
Todd, Marcia A. Lamphier, Susan A. Webster, Efhe M. 
Meader, Jean B. Mclver, Isabel C. R. Livingston, Isabel C. 
Dewey, Louise S. Earle, Jennie C. Houghton and Mabel P. 
Wall, Assistants; Manual Training School — William C. 
Holden, Instructor ; Philip Goodrich and Moses F. Goodrich, 
Assistants. Military Instrticior, Capt. Henry B. Goodridge. 
The following programme of exercises was carried out : 

Singing, " Cohnnbia, the Ge?n of the Ocean ^" The High Schools 
Y'l^no So\o, '-'• America Eorever.," . . Miss Sadie Wyzanski 

Song, " 07ir Cojintry,'' . . . . C. H. S. Glee Club 

' The songs will be found in the section devoted to the Theatre exercises. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 93 

Anniversary Address* .... Hon. Asa T. Newhall 

Solo and Chorus, " The Star- Spangled Banner^ "... 

. Miss Cox and the Schools 
Song, " The Old Guard,'' . . . E. H. S. Glee Club 

Singing, " ylwcr/c(2, " . . . High Schools and Audience 

GRAMMAR SCHOOLS. 

Eastern Avenue (First District). — The four grammar 
grades in this building, in charge of Mary I. Tufts, Principal ; 
Edith L. Briggs, Sarah A. Collins and Florence B. Tarbox, 
Teachers, had exercises together in the schoolhouse hall, and 
were addressed by Charles H. Atkins, Minister of Friends, 
formerly a teacher in the Lynn High School. Among other 
things he said : 

I suppose some of you children will have the privilege of seeing the 
celebration of the looth Anniversary of this City. As you go forward 
into the coming fifty years you must remember how much our City 
needs true, brave and upright citizens. When this beautiful school 
building was to be erected, foundation stones had to be laid ; your 
character is like those stones. The value of all you learn must rest on 
your character as its foundation. You may depend upon it that the 
boys and girls who will reflect the most honor on the City of Lynn 
during the next fifty years will be those who in the coming years learn 
to do what is right, because it is right. 

Ingalls Schooe (First District). — Special efforts were 
made by the Principal, teachers and pupils to impart to the 
Anniversary exercises in this school a distinctive and instructive 
character. The schoolhouse hall was ornamented with appro- 
priate decorations, including flags, bunting and plants ; the 
blackboards displayed drawings of the old Town Hall, the City 
Hall, the City and State Seals, and Colonial flags, while at the 
rear of the stage, upon the wall, appeared the inscription, 
" 1850 — Lynn — 1900," in the colors of the school, blue and 
gold. From a number of the rooms pupils were selected to 

' See Addresses in the Schools. 



94 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



appear in costume representing historic personages as follows : 



Room 7. — 

R0077l 8. — 

Room g. — 

Room 10. — 
Room II. — 



RoofH 12.- 
Room ij .- 



Room 14.- 
Room i§.- 
Room ig.- 



PriscilUi Alden 
Paul Revere 
Dorothy Ingalls 
Betty Alden 
Rose Standish 
Dolly Madison 
Dorothy Qiiincy . 
Martha Washington 
John Hancock 
Gen. Lafayette 
Samoset 

Louisa May Alcott 
Mary Li verm ore . 
Mrs. Robert Morris 
George Washington 
ISIrs. Nathaniel Greene 
Lady Endicott 
Mrs. Thomas Jefferson 
Qiieen Elizabetli . 
Deborah Reed 
Elizabeth Schuyler 
Empress Josephine 
Dolly Wood 
Madam Polk 
Mrs. John Hancock 
Moll Pitcher 
Mrs. Eli Whitney 



Rena Bergengren 
.Herbert Doyle 
Gertrude Moran 
Miss Roberts 
Miss Melcher 
Miss Cummings 
Miss Nelson 
Miss Palmer 
Master Symonds 
Harold Hyde 
Hubert Leonard 
Mildred Thoi-ndike 
. Eva Barry 
Maud Farrow 
Charles Young 
Marion Weeks 
Alice Laughlin 
Stella Flow'cr 
Helen Carroll 
Lillian Rogers 
Bertha Dearborn 
Miriam Carleton 
Blanche Batchelder 
Ethel Damon 
Emily Church 
Abbie Todd 
Mae Jackson 



The exercises of the 7th, 8th and 9th grades began at 9 
o'clock, the pupils assembling in the hall in charge of Principal 
Fred P. Batchelder and the following Teachers : Martha R. 
Orne, Elizabeth A. Cotter, Mary E. Tebbetts, Adelaide L. 
Breed, Lola A. Greene, Clara C. Farnham, Carolyn E. 
Ramsdell, Mary M. Ingalls, Arvista M. Wells, Ella F. Dow 
and Gertrude H. Tebbetts. The programme embraced singing ; 
an address by Hon. Walter L. Ramsdell, former!)- Mayor of 
Lynn, and songs by John W. Hutchinson. Mr. Ramsdell 



zz. a ~ 



0'7? 



a. i-d ' 

|f f 

O T] >^ 

? td ^ 

a XT ^ 
3 ? 




THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 



95 



referred to the surprises he encountered upon reaching the 
school, when he was escorted up the stairs by Samoset, 
passing on the way George and Martha Washington and other 
celebrities of former days, all of whom looked extremely young, 
as if they had found the fountain of 3'outh that Ponce de Leon 
sought in vain. He spoke of the achievements of the children 
of 1850, to whom the City of to-day is due, and told the young 
people that upon them rested the responsibility for the City's 
progress in the next fifty years. He outlined the changes of the 
half-century, and the many improvements for which the people 
who builded upon the foundations of fifty j^ears ago were to be 
thanked. Mr. Hutchinson sang " Old High Rock," and other 
melodies, interspersing his singing with felicitous remarks. 

At 10.30 the 5th and 6th grades occupied the hall, with their 
Teachers, Annie M. Johnson, Cora A. McKenzie, Clara L. 
Bancroft, Mabel F. Hussey, Georgietta M. Thornton and Carrie 
M. Corson. Their exercises included a representation of old- 
time characters in an " Album of Fifty Years Ago," and the 
minuet, danced by twelve young people in costumes. The 
speakers were John H. Nelson, Chairman of the First District 
(School) Committee, and David N. Johnson, poet and historian. 

Lewis School (First District). — The pupils of this school 
assembled in the decorated school hall at 9 o'clock, under the 
direction of the Principal, Anna M. Hunt, aided b}- L. Mabel 
Allen, Flora G. Staples, Lucy E. Hilliker, Sarah T. Hilliker, 
Margaret V. Ahern, Sarah M. Pierce, Jessie C. Rhodes and 
Ella M. Santry, Teachers. The exercises commenced with a 
chorus, "Native Land, United Land," and Charles S. Grover, 
former President of the Common Council, delivered an address 
replete with historical reminiscences. He had been a pupil in 
the Glenmere schools and spoke of the difference between the 
schools of to-day and those of fifty years ago. He referred to 
the former teachers in words of deepest affection and paid a 
high tribute to their application and earnest work. Most of the 
schools of to-day are on or near the locations originally occupied, 
and the comparison of the buildings of to-day with those of fifty 



96 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

years ago is in keeping with the advance made by the City in 
all of its departments. He urged the pupils of to-day to apply 
themselves diligently to their tasks that Glenmere may always 
occupy the proud position it has held in the half-century just 
past, and thus show full appreciation for the advantages 
afforded by the City. 

Training School (First District). — The pupils and pupil- 
teachers of the Training School, in charge of Maria F. Kimball, 
Principal, and Mary W. Wood, Cora M. Foster and Kate F. S. 
Smith, Teachers, including the primary schools under Misses 
Donovan and Hewes, assembled in one of the rooms and in the 
course of appropriate exercises listened to an address^ by Howard 
Mudge Newhall on Lynn in former days. 

Whiting School (Second District). — Francis Haseltine, 
Principal ; Alice C. Chase, Martha M. Larkin, Elizabeth W. 
Breed, Mary A. Dougherty, Annie E. Plummer, Etlie M. Foss, 
Martha A. Rogers, Elizabeth A. O'Keefe, Elizabeth C. Spinney, 
Madeleine Wiggin and Bertha B. Bartlett, Teachers ; the several 
grades participated in exercises held in the hall, during w^hich 
William Stone addressed the pupils. His effort was devoted to 
reminiscences of the schools he attended when a boy. He told 
the children something about the method of taking care of the 
schools just before the town became a city, when the kindling- 
wood was stored in the upper rooms of the school buildings. Col- 
ored men used to bring the wood to the building and the boys 
would carry it in. A boy would be detailed each week to take 
care of the fire. The custom of storing the wood overhead came 
to an end abruptly in 1846, when during a recess at Master Batch- 
elder's school, on Franklin Street, the floor gave way beneath 
the weight and the schoolrooms were wrecked. Fortunately the 
children were out at play, otherwise there would have been many 
killed ; as it was, two or three were injured. He also told them 
how Central Square used to look, and gave some interesting de- 
tails about Master King's school, which he regularly attended. 
The presence of a former teacher in Master King's school at the 

' See Addresses in the Schools. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 97 

Whiting School celebration was one of the noteworthy incidents 
of the Anniversary. She was Cornelia Newhall when she taught, 
but she renewed school associations on this occasion as Mrs. C. 
A. Collins and as a visitor to the City. She spoke interestingly 
of the old times, remarking upon the changes that had taken 
place in the fifty years, and said encouraging things to her 
youthful hearers. 

CoBBET School (Third District). — The hall of the Cobbet 
main building was compactly filled by the audience of children 
assembled for the Anniversary exercises, their parents and 
friends. The corps of Teachers in charge consisted of Philip 
Emerson, Principal ; Julia M. Benner, Agnes T. Maroney, 
Caroline E. Batchelder, Grace P. Delnow, Anna M. Dame, 
Lillie B. Allen, Ina E. Tripp, Mary H. Kimball, Sarah H. 
Moulton, Clara J. Frazier, Helen A. Boyce, Anna L. Moore, 
Bessie M. Pinkham and S. Ellen Blaney. The speaker of the 
occasion was Hon. John W. Berry, Judge of the Lynn Police 
Court, and his address was upon a subject which he was 
exceedingly well fitted to discuss. He was for many years 
a member of the School Committee and took at all times a deep 
interest in the public schools. The address embraced a brief 
sketch of the L3mn schools as they were fifty years ago, when 
there were but forty teachers and about 3,400 pupils, and dwelt 
at some length on the increase of educational facilities not only 
in the City of Lynn, but throughout the country, and of the 
increase in all that goes to make the republic j great and pros- 
perous. He congratulated the children on the opportunities 
afforded them for securing an education, speaking also of the 
wide dissemination of general knowledge afforded by the medium 
of the newspapers and magazines. In concluding, Judge Berry 
exhorted the children to be proud not only of their City, but of 
their country, and to respect and honor and love the flag which 
was their country's emblem. 

Pickering School (Third District). — The Anniversary 
exercises of this school took place in the Broadway Methodist 
Episcopal Church, where the pupils assembled under the care of 



98 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

the Principal, Maria E. Paul, assisted b}' Sarah B. Didham, 
Marion E. Andrews, Lucy A. Chamberlain, Ida Gray Bagley 
and Hattie C. Bean, Teachers. Taking part with the older pu- 
pils were the children of the primary school in the' Pickering, 
Miss Galeucia, Teacher. Among those who had a place in the 
list of exercises was Mrs. Ella F. Maynard, a former teacher, 
who spoke on the topic ''First Things and Last Things." John 
L. Shore}', a teacher in Wyoma fifty years ago, delivered an 
address, in which he told of the conditions in the Wyoma or 
" Dyehouse Village " of his time. Then there were forty pupils 
where now there are 400, and one teacher sufficed where now 
ten are engaged. From Wyoma Square to the Peabody line 
there were but five houses, and where now Euclid Avenue 
breaks into Broadway there was the large Seldomgood pasture, 
stretching to the pond. The little d3'ehouse from which the 
village took its name was then situated just back of a building 
that stood where now stands the building occupied by the 
Illinois Leather Co., and the little one-story schoolhouse was on 
the spot now occupied by the Pickering School building. He 
told of the customs of that day and dwelt particularly upon the 
great advantages which the girls of to-day have over those of 
fifty years ago. With the improvements in facilities and 
accommodations the children of to-day should see to it that 
Wyoma shall occupy a high place among the City wards as 
far as its scholars are concerned, and he was glad to know that 
such was the case, owing to the application and hard work of 
the splendid corps of teachers. 

BuRRiLL School (Fourth District). — The Principal, Frances 
H. Newhall, assisted by Teachers Marianna Nicholson, Bertha 
M. Weeks, Mabel R. Frizzell, Jennie E. Stearns, Alice W. Fol- 
lett, M. Florence Moran, Elizabeth M. Burnham and Carolyn 
G. Weeks, and the pupils of the Burrill School, prepared and 
carried out an interesting programme, the main features of which 
were addresses by Hon. Nathan Mortimer Hawkes^ and John C. 
Houghton, Librarian of the Public Library and a former Lynn 

1 See Addresses in the Schools. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 99 

schoolmaster. A pleasant incident in connection with this school 
was the recoofnition of its exercises in a complimentarv note from 
Mayor Shepherd, who, being a resident of the ward, deigned to 
accept the colors of the school for his own during the celebration. 
Shepard School (Fourth District). — J. D. Montgomery, 
Principal ; Hattie A. Raymond, Grace L. Russell, Sarah A. 
Newhall, Emma L. Crabtree, Elizabeth M. Crosby, Alice But- 
man, Fannie M. Chadwell, Zilpha J. Williams, Corinne H. Nut- 
ter, Priscilla L. Cutts, Mary A. Treen, M. Elizabeth West and 
Bertha W. Reynolds, Teachers; in the exercises, which were 
given in the schoolhouse hall, Walter B. Allen, President of the 
Houghton Horticultural Society, and a former member of the 
City Council, delivered an address. He reviewed the history of 
the City, referring particularly to the schools of the Fourth Dis- 
trict, Wards 6 and 7, indicating the wonderful growth of schools 
in these wards as an example of the increase in every depart- 
ment of the City. In conclusion, Mr. Allen said : 

Now, here is a rare opportvuiity presented to each one of you to 
store your mind with what you see and hear during these days of cele- 
bration, that at the next Anniversary, fifty years hence, some one or 
more of you may stand before a school of 1950, as I stand before you 
to-day, and tell of the events and conditions of the past. 

Tracy School (Fourth District). — In this the newest school- 
house of the City, the exercises were conducted under the 
supervision of Bernard W. Owen, Principal, assisted by Minnie 
G. Rourke, Ethel Norman, Caroline Swift, Julia L. Costello, 
Annie F. Rourke, Laura M. Langworthy and Adelaide S. 
Tufts, Teachers. There was speaking by Israel Augustus 
Newhall ; Charles F. Penney, member of the Common Council ; 
Joseph W. Colcord, member of the School Committee, and C. 
Neal Barney, Councilman, and member of the Celebration Com- 
mittee. 

St. Mary's School (Parochial). — The exercises of all the 
grades were held in the large hall of St. Mary's parochial school- 
house, a programme having been prepared by the Brothers of 



loo CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

the Christian Schools and the Sisters of Notre Dame. An orig- 
inal poem entitled "Our City's Golden Jubilee," by Miss Gertrude 
Lynch, was recited by the author. " Lynn's Schools " were the 
subject of a reading by Miss Bridget McHugh, and " Lynn's 
Charms " by Miss Etta McCaffert}^ Other pupils to take part 
were Misses Jennie Cunningham, Rhoda Ward and Gertrude 
Griffin, Masters Richard Crowley and Charles Doran. "The Star- 
Spangled Banner" was sung at the close by the entire school. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS— FIRST DISTRICT. 

Chatham Street. — No. 2,^ Nellie E. Pierce, and No. 107, 
Mary L. Courtney, united in exercises consisting of patriotic 
songs and recitations. 

CoBURN Street. — Nos. 76, Ada S. Covell, and 90, Flora 
B. Lydon, united in singing and speaking exercises. 

Eastern Avenue. — Nos. 100, Ethel L. Fogg; no, Grace 
E. Wilder; 116, Fannie M. Maxwell and Caroline B. Green 
(Assistant), and 118, Lucy M. Powers, assembled for union 
exercises, which included an address by Charles H. Atkins, 
Minister of Friends. 

Fayette Street. — Nos. 4, Catherine M. Lynch; 5, Mary 
J. Maroney ; 83, Mary E. Thyng ; 86, Bertha A. Fellows, and 
106, Nellie S. Tarbox, united, and were addressed by Henry T. 
Lummus, member of the School Committee. 

Ingalls Avenue. — Nos. 78, Teresa F. Donovan, and 95, 
Rosamond Hewes, joined in the exercises of the Teachers' Train- 
ino; School. 

Jackson Street. — Nos. 6, Sarah F. Clark, and 7, Bertha 
B. Chesley, united, and were addressed by Mrs. Annie P. New- 
hall and Miss Annie Trufant, the latter having taught in the 
Jackson Street building an extended period in the past, and had 
come from a distance to be present at the exercises. 

Oakwood Avenue (Hood Schoolhouse). — Nos. 66^ Bertha 
G. Fogg; 71, Clara L. Cutcheon ; 72, Lena M. Pomero^s and 

' As arranged in the public school system, the class in each primary schoolroom is designated by 
a number; the names fallowing the numbers are of the Teachers in charge. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. loi 

74, Mabel R. Brown, held union exercises in St. Luke's M. E. 
Church, Oak wood Avenue, and were addressed by George H. 
Newhall. 

Parrott Street. — Nos. 8, Mary I. Morse ; 24, E. Frances 
Abbott; 50, Mabel F. Covell ; 56, Mary E. Green, and 64, 
Elizabeth S. Leek, combined and listened to an address by Mrs. 
Mary J. Bryant, a former member of the School Committee. 

Red Rock Street. — Nos. 10, Laura A. Ellison, and 11, 
Mary A. Ryan, joined together in general exercises. 

Sanborn School (Maple Street). — Nos. 3, J. Florence 
Holden ; 44, Mary E. Hartnett ; 55, Annie V. Downing; 61, 
Bertha F. Haskell ; 68, C. Bernice Townsend, and 94, Hattie F. 
Johnson, came together in the Maple Street M. E. Church. Rev. 
Edward E. Small, the Pastor, delivered an address, comparing the 
schools of to-day with those of fifty years ago, taking for his 
text the quotation from Shakespeare, "What is the city but the 
people? True, the people are the city." Oliver Goldsmith was 
quoted to illustrate the charms of village life, the speaker showing 
that with her splendid w'oods and lakes Lynn was favored above 
other communities. He referred to the schools of fifty years ago 
when it would have taken every child between five and fifteen 
years of age to represent what one school does now, and twenty- 
five would have' to be borrowed from down town to do that. 
The dress of the children of those days was far different from 
that of to-day, and there were no music, drawing or physical 
exercise teachers then. Connection with the City proper was 
by barges, and the schoolhouses had none of the comforts or 
attractions of to-day. But one thing they did have, and that was 
love for our glorious flag, and many of them showed it when 
called upon for its defense. The speaker urged every boy and 
girl to take every advantage of their educational facilities that 
they may make the Lynn of 1950 the mighty cit}- she should be. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS — SECOND DISTRICT. 

Baltimore Street. — Nos. 12, Clara M. Staton ; 13, 
Clara L. Breed, and 73, Sally Parsons, united and together 



I03 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CEXTEXNIAL. 

with the Grammar School (5th Grade), in charge of AHce E. 
Meader, conducted appropriate exercises and listened to an 
address by Philip A. Chase. 

Cook Street. — Nos. 23, Mattie F. O'Neil ; 87, Mary E. 
Doherty ; 105, K. Agnes Donovan, and iii, Anna B. Mangan, 
united. Councilman John Ingram was the speaker. 

Highland School (Hollingsworth Street). — Nos. 18, Alice 
G. Billings; 19, Alice M. Donohue ; 59, Grace R. Cutts ; 77, 
Annie L. Cutts, and 117, Katherine L. Hartnett, joined in 
exercises in the Highland M. E. Chapel, Hollingsworth Street; 
the programme included speaking by Edward B. Billings and 
Miss Edith Whitmore. 

School Street. — Nos. 14, Mary J. Callaghan ; 15, Jennie 
F. Reynolds; 16, Elsie E. Hamilton; 17, Grace L. Parrott ; 
52, A. Florence Libbey, and 63, Bessie F. Nichols, assembled 
for exercises in the schoolhouse yard ; speaking by Henry W. 
Breed, Chairman of the Second District (School) Committee, 
and Dr. Esther H. Hawks, a former member of the School 
Committee. 

Washington Street. — No. 53, Annie L. Richardson; 
exercises embracing an address by Hon. Peter M. Neal, former 
Mayor of Lynn. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS — THIRD DISTRICT. 

Blossom Street. — Nos. 9, Mary C. Brown; 25, Caroline 
F. Kimball; 26, Susan M. Cummings ; 27, Maud A, Hussey ; 
41, Annah G. Porter, and 96, Gertrude Swain, united and were 
addressed by Rev. Franklin Knight, Curate of St. Stephen's 
Church. 

CoBBET Primary (Cobbet Yard Schoolhouse). — Nos. 48, 
Sarah J. K. Southworth, and 81, Francella W. Bacheller, 
united, and were addressed by Mrs. Lucinda M. Lummus, a 
former member of the School Committtee. Nos. 49, Kate R. 
Richardson, and 62, Abbie Emerson, united, and listened to an 
address by William Stone. 

CoBBET School (Cobbet Grammar Schoolhouse). — Nos. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 103 

21, Maud G. Gammon; 22, Susanna W. Berry, and 42, Grace 

A. Gowen, united in Mrs. Berry's room for general exercises. 
Euclid Avenue. — Nos. i, Mary A. Cross; 80, Maud D. 

Chase, and 114, Effie C. Berry, united in general exercises. 

Franklin Street. — Nos. 20, Emma Parrott, and 67, Kate 
T.Curry, held union exercises ; speaker, Capt. Patrick S. Curry. 

Laighton Street. — Nos. 47, Carrie L. Gordon, and 60, 
Mary E. Breed, combined and were addressed by Howard 
Mudge Newhall.i 

Lynnfield Street. — Nos. 108, Emma G. Ferris, and 119, 
Mary E. Smith, held union exercises; Rev. J. W. Farrar spoke. 

Pickering School (Broadway) . — No. 43, Alice A. Galeucia, 
joined with the grammar grades of the Pickering School. 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS — FOURTH DISTRICT. 

Ash Street. — No. 28, Mary R. Staton, exercises in which 
Miss C. Lucille Bancroft spoke. No. 97, Harriet L. Mulryan, 
exercises with Miss Anna Breed as speaker. Nos. 98, M. 
Alice Reed, and 99, Carrie H. Smith, joined with schools from 
Elm Street and George Street in the vestry of the Second 
Universalist Church for union exercises, in which an address 
was given by Mary E. Miars, Pastor of the Friends' Church. 

Boston Street. — Nos. 40, Juliet N. Baker, and 84, Kath- 
erine F. Brogan, united, the exercises including a sketch of 
Lynn by Miss Brogan and an explanation of the national flag 
by Miss Baker. No. 45, Alice D. Walker, exercises with an 
address by William F. Brackett, City Auditor. No. 75, Nellie 

B. Hunt, general exercises. Nos. 109, Gertrude F. Byrne, 
and 112, A. ]Maude Williams, united in a programme of songs 
and recitations. 

Centre Street. — Nos. 34, Maria C. Fiske ; 35, S. Maud 
Somers ; 38, ^Martha T. Litchfield; 69, Ellen G. Farrington ; 
79, Katherine F. O'Flaherty, and 113, Agnes H. Sheehan, united 
in exercises by the children. 

Chase Avenue. — Nos. '^';i^, Mary L Baldwin; 51, Isabelle 

' See Addresses in the Schools. 



I04 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

H.Miller; 85, NoraJ. Horgan ; 93, Jennie D. West ; loi, Lizzie 
S. Lord, and 102, Alicia C. King, assembled in Elmwood Ave- 
nue Chapel, and were addressed b}' Hon. Howard K. Sanderson, 
State Senator (afterward Postmaster of Lynn). 

Cottage Street. — Nos. 29, May C. Hodge; 32, Lillian 
M. Hunt and' Mary L. Heath (Assistant), and 115, Mabelle W. 
Haskell, united in exercises in which Rev. William C. Merrill 
spoke to the children. 

Elm Street. — Nos. 30, Lucia L. Clark, and 31, Mabel L. 
Tupper, joined with schools from Ash Street in the Second Uni- 
versalist Church. 

George Street. — Nos. 54, Grace A. Allen, and 57, Eliza- 
beth W. Bond, united with Ash Street and Elm Street schools, 
as above. 

Harmon Street. — No. 82, Harriet C. Archibald, had exer- 
cises including a history of Lynn, prepared by the teacher. 

Myrtle Street. — No. 39, Juha F. Callahan; historical 
exercises. Nos. 65, Elizabeth E. Nicholson, and 103, Alice E. 
Sawtell, united, the programme including a history of Lynn by 
Miss Sawtell. No. 104, Elizabeth A. Crowley, exercises with 
a history b}- the teacher. 

Ontario Street. — Nos. 88, Annie J. Witham, and 89, Jos- 
ephine R. Hill, combined in recitative exercises. 

Robinson Street. — Nos. 91, Alice S. Whitman, and 92, 
Bertha F. White, united in historical exercises. Miss Whitman 
compiling the review. 

Tracy School (Winter Street). — Nos. 36, Helen P. Bubier ; 
37, Margaret Mclntire ; 120, Grace M. Tufts; 121, Myra C. 
Reid, and 122, Emily E. McKeen, participated with the gram- 
mar grades in the schoolhouse hall. 

PAROCHL\L PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

St. Joseph's Institute (Green Street). — Singing and re- 
citing exercises were given by the classes assembled in the hall, 
and Capt. Patrick S. Curry, together with Rev. John C. Har- 
rington, spoke on the subject of the day. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 



ADDRESSES IN THE SCHOOLS. 



Hon. ASA T. NEWHALL. 

[Address Delivered in the Exercises of the High Schools.] 



I make it a point to accept such invitations to address a word to the 
public as insure me that there is no means of escape for my hearers 
until after my conclusion. On this occasion I am forcibly reminded 
that the good fortune I have enjoyed in the past, in this respect, 
still pursues me, in having an audience compelled to retain their seats 
until I conclude my remarks. While I have sympathy for you, I can 
but rejoice that duty compels you to remain. 

I recall a circumstance of my fortunate experience in this line that 
occurred some twenty years ago. The occurrence was the annual 
address before the Essex Agricultural Society. The field exhibit of 
attractions at such a time usually predominates to the detriment of 
the orator. At the time to which I refer, and just preceding the hour 
of opening, a heavy thunder-showier came up and lasted for an hour, 
with the result that I had a "packed house." The hall where the 
exercises took place was the only shelter obtainable by the great throng 
of people who were present that day, more for the purpose of viewing 
the outdoor exhibition than the indoor show. The press comment was 
that I held them spellbound to the finish, while I viewed it that the 
elements held them stormbound. 

My task at this time is a difficult one, although especially pleasant, 
as I could ask no greater favor to gratify my pride than to be allowed 
to speak a few words before the pupils of the public schools. Yet, I 
am lacking in words appropriate to the subject to which I would 
specially call your attention, viz : The history, progress and aim of 
our High Schools. 

If called upon to deliver an agricultural address, I could tell my 
hearers what I know or ought to know about farming ; if before a 
City Council I was speaking, I might avail myself of the opportunity 
to find fault with the conduct of various municipal departments and 
perhaps endeavor to suggest a remedy ; but 1 cannot seem to find 



io6 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

reason or logical criticism to offer in support of any argument against 
the management or progress of our schools. 

Looking into your faces and considering you in the position of pupils 
of the public schools, I am reminded that it is requisite of you in the 
performance of your daily tasks to exercise most broadly your reasoning 
faculties in the solution of all problems. At all times, you are 
expected to furnish ample reasons in support of such translations as 
you may give to any subject in hand ; in fact, the why and the where- 
fore, or in other woixls, the reason for, is as necessary as a reply, if 
demanded by your instructor. 

My query, jocosely put, is : What reason would the Principals of 
your respective schools give at this time if called upon to state why 
they invited me to address a word to you on this occasion .? 

Is it because I reside in the first house in Lynn? Both from the 
standpoint of its age as well as its location this statement is substan- 
tially correct, although it has been sometimes alluded to as the " last" 
house. It is one of those cases where either translation of the subject 
may be correct, although in different words expressed. Is it because 
of the fact that my estate is the only one in Lynn assessed as a farm 
and that I am brought before you as a i-epresentative of Lynn's 
primitive, and for many years her ^^I'incipal, industry, which was 
farming? Is it because I celebrate my 50th anniversary this year, 1S50 
being the year of my birth ? Or has this fact, that my great-great- 
great-great-grandfather was the first white child born in Lynn, secured 
for me the honor of addressing you as a direct descendant of one of the 
founders of Lynn, — the while we celebrate in commemoration of one 
of the milestones of Lynn's antiquity? 

Pupils, speaking seriously, I think their reason for according me 
this pleasant privilege is because of their firm belief in my deep regard 
for the vv^elfare of your schools, and their desire to gratify me with that 
which they knew would be an agreeable duty. 

The occasion which brings us together this morning should arouse 
us to increased loyalty and allegiance to our beloved City. We should 
not fail, while considering our prosperity and business activity, to ac- 
cord just recognition to the enterprise and ability of the old town, for 
much of our success as a city must be attributed to those who gave 
Lynn impetus while under the town form of government, and who so 
well laid the foundation for its future welfare. 

Before proceeding to speak upon matters historical in connection 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 107 

with the High Schools, which subject seems the most appropriate for 
this occasion, I shall ask your indulgence while I make reference to 
the pride which I have taken in the fact that it was my privilege to aid 
in an official capacity in securing this- magnificent building for your 
occupancy as High School pupils ; and I further take the liberty of 
quoting from my address before the City Council of 1SS9, relative to 
our schools, as follows : 

It is self-evident that we look to our schools as the pillar upon which rests the 
prosperity and well-being of the republic; it behooves us to consider well the 
sources which best contribute to the enlightenment and expansion of the intel- 
lect. Education may well be termed the bulwark of civilization, on which the 
foundation of morality and good government most depends for support to resist 
the invasion of socialism, and which furnishes the sustenance which enables 
mankind to combat with the pi-oblems of life. The progressive and liberal policy 
which has prevailed in the past in reference to education demonstrates that we 
should sanction every advanced step toward the development of the mind consis- 
tent with reason and practical economy. We may well take pride in the rank and 
standing of our public schools. I am convinced, however, that necessity de- 
mands and that public opinion sustains the expenditure required for improved 
accommodations for the High School. Agitation of this question has developed 
the fact that public sentiment condemns the dilatory course that has been pur- 
sued for some time past in relation to the erection of a High School building, 
and I consider this one of the most urgent and imperative duties that is pressing 
upon you for your immediate attention, and I most earnestly recommend that 
you heed the repeated demands that have been made for proper High School 
accommodations, and take such action as will lead in the present year to the 
erection of an edifice for the occupancy of our High Schools, to be erected not 
only with reference to our present wants but for the needs of our large and grow- 
ing City. 

May you approve of the pride which I personally feel as I behold 
your enjoyment of its privileges and the pleasure which you daily de- 
rive from its occupancy. I submit for your later inspection a souvenir 
in connection with the erection of this building : it is the trowel which 
I used in the ceremony of the laying of the cornerstone. 

I am informed the present number enrolled in your schools is upward 
of Soo ; with its continued popularity and our rapidly increasing pop- 
ulation it is a safe prophecy that the cornerstone for another High 
School building will be laid in the near future. 

My invitation to come here this morning contained the following re- 
quest, viz : " Tell the pupils anything that you think will interest them 
in the occasion or make them feel glad that they live in Lynn," I do 
not know of any one thing which would more likely please you than to 



io8 CITT OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

say that I shall be brief ; and if my remarks appear more like personal 
reminiscences and a lecture than an address they shall have this redeem- 
ing feature : they shall not be inflicted on you at any great length. 

As justly proud we should be of Lynn, her enterprise, thHft, culture, 
and attractive environment, we can claim no greater supremacy or ad- 
vancement along any line of improvement or adornment, since the in- 
corporation of the Cit}', than that achieved along the line of improved 
advantages and facilities for securing an advanced education. That 
the opportunities afforded have not been neglected is demonstrated by 
the fact that many of the graduates of this school have achieved the 
highest honors obtainable in many of the colleges of this and other 
States, and many are the compliments which have been deservedly be- 
stowed by the faculties of different colleges upon our graduates for the 
thoroughness of their preparation for college. 

Our High School has been popular with all classes of the community 
since its founding. It was opened about June i, 1S49, in a building 
which stood on the present site of the Cobbet building on Franklin 
Street, with a class of forty-seven pupils of which fifteen graduated in 
1S52. 

The old High School building on yonder corner, now used in 
conjunction with this, was, fifty years ago, evidently considered quite 
a structure for Lynn in those days. It was commenced in 1849, and 
dedicated in 185 1. History says of it as follows: " On Wednesday, 
the 8th of Januar}-, the commodious structure erected on High Street 
for the use of the High School was dedicated." As commodious as it 
was then deemed, its proportions were soon overtaxed, and even after 
its enlargement it soon became apparent that it was not built with 
proper regard for the pursuance of that degree of diligent work that is 
and should be expected of pupils in the highest grade of the schools, 
inasmuch as it was insufiiciently lighted, its heating facilities were 
inadequate, and its ventilation far below the approved standard now 
deemed indispensable in schoolhouse construction. Upwards of 
twenty-five years before the erection of this building which you now 
occupy the old structure became a subject of joke and comment and 
was styled "a hindrance to all good teaching, an eyesore to all the 
citizens, and a laughing-stock and scorn to the stranger within our 
gates." 

While it continued to be occupied as the principal home of the 
school for more than twenty-five years after this comment, it annually 



THE SECOND DAY— THE SCHOOLS. 109 

met with condemnation at the hands of the School Committee, who, 
in their report oE 1SS4, criticised it as follows: "Speaking of the 
High School building, the most that can be said of it is, that it shelters 
our pupils from the rain." It became so over-crowded that it was 
necessary to establish colonies of the school at both the Cobbet and 
Ingalls buildings, where for several years the first-year pupils were 
located. This condition much interfered with the management of the 
school and of the accomplishment of ideal work, and was a poor 
incentive to interest High School pupils who hardly had an introduction 
to the High School during their first year. At the same time, the 
English High School was located in the attic of the Blossom Street 
building, in quarters not only inadequate but under conditions that 
were disgraceful. As regards the duties, trials and perplexities of the 
School Committee, as well as pupils, those were the days that tried 
their patience, if not their souls. 

The school population of the City has more than doubled since iSSo, 
at which time the whole number of pupils in the public schools was 
about 5,Soo, of which less than 150 were in the High School and the 
whole number of teachers there was six. 

For some years there had been a popular demand for a course of 
study more suited to those whose inclinations craved a thorough 
scientific and business training. This want was met by the establish- 
ment of the now popular English High, to which I have alluded, and 
so complete are your courses of study in each school that opportunity 
is now afforded to secure an education along the line to which the 
pupil's taste may most incline. 

To interject another word personal to myself I will say that, although 
from boyhood I have resided in Lynn, I was deprived of the benefits 
of our public schools owing to the distance to the nearest school, but 
during a portion of my school days I was no stranger to the delight of 
occasionally walking four miles both morning and afternoon while at- 
tending a private academy. I will refrain from giving you an account 
of my later school days at the Friends' school at Providence, Rhode 
Island, but this I there learned : the value and importance of discipline 
in school. This I deem one of the prime requisites for the highest 
success in all school work. While under strict discipline you may not 
progress, without it you can haixUy hope to succeed ; with it we are 
likely to try, and trying is seldom beaten. Let me urge upon you the 
importance of self-reliance. If any leaning is to be done by you let it 



no CITl' OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

be upon your own resources. Think for yourselves ; the time will come 
when you will be obliged to. The present is the most favorable time 
to go into training for this accomplishment. Master difficult problems 
by diligent personal application to your task ; the roadway, to success 
is full of deep ruts, to extricate yourself from which you must labor. 
Many thorny paths may have to be traveled, but a cheerful disposition 
will aid in healing your wounds as well as preventing the laceration of 
your spirit. Strive for the best. You would not be satisfied with a 
poor garment if you paid for the best ; the best that this school affords 
— and it affords the best that there is — belongs to you by simply con- 
tributing your part, and each of you owes it to 3-ourself to attain it. 
The extended opportunity for an education which is here afforded you 
I did not enjoy ; what little I received was by practice of such diligent 
application as I recommend to you. 

I warned you that I was likely to drift to a lecture to-day ; my zeal for 
your welfare is my only excuse for any pointed suggestion I may make. 

Pupils, why are we glad that we live in Lynn? There might be 
given many logical and well-grounded reasons, were I to reply to my 
own question at this time and were I able to do the subject justice, but 
I should not be adhering to my promise to be brief ; therefore I will 
not discuss the matter at any great length, but merely allude to a few 
points in the City's history. 

In a hasty review made of the happenings of fifty years ago I was 
impressed which the similarity of questions which agitated the public 
mind at that time with those under recent consideration and discussion, 
and some of these coincidences are amusing. In 1S50 a discussion, 
which " waxed quite warm," arose on the question whether iS^o was 
the last year of the first half of the century or the first year of the last 
half. You recall that quite a discussion has been going on through the 
press of the country relative to whether the present year completes the 
nineteenth centuiy or begins the twentieth. 

It was in 1S50 that the ten-hour system was generally adopted. " Our 
first Mayor [whose house was nearly opposite this building] took a 
lively interest in the movement, and the church bells were rung at six 
in the afternoon as a signal and then labor ceased for the most part in 
field and shop." The act constituting eight hours a legal day's work for 
city and town employees was so generally adopted at the last election 
and met with such unqualified approval in our City, that it is noted as 
quite a coincidence. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. iii 

Scholars, my observation of school work, with particular reference 
to the labor of preparation and recitation required of you, as well as of 
the vocation which I follow, leads me to remark that, unfortunately, 
the eight-hour day is not practical in our lines. 

In a mild form, eveii fifty years ago, our people were not exempt 
from that pernicious leech upon mankind which so confronts us to-day, 
and which constitutes such a menace upon the purse of the general 
public — I refer to the prevalence of trusts; and we find "that, by 
mutual agreement, the physicians of Lynn commenced charging 
seventy-five cents for each professional visit, June 15, 1S50; the most 
common fee previous to that had been fifty cents. It was a time of 
great prosperity, and wages in almost every craft took an upward 
course." Let us hope that this era may soon again dawn in fact, as 
well as in name. 

Do you imagine that the comment of the physician of to-da}- upon 
his brother of the profession of fifty years ago would be, if expressed 
in that slightly vulgar phrase of the boy of 1900: that they were 
"dead easy," or that they " lived hard "? History does not chronicle 
whether or not the physician of 1S50 was skilful, but does say that the 
first burial took place in Pine Grove Cemetery that year. 

It is very fitting that this period in the City's history be marked 
impressively by granting the greatest freedom and latitude to that 
element of our population whose minds will retain most vividly an 
impression and recollection of the event, and that portion of the 
community is unquestionably the pupils of our schools. In your case, 
it is specially appropriate, as our High School has rounded out fifty 
years of existence, and I congratulate you upon the holiday in store 
for you, after the conclusion of my remarks. I congratulate you also, 
that your schools are to be a feature of to-morrow's celebration. 

May you also be advocates of and participants in a celebration com- 
memorating the 1 00th Anniversary of our City's incorporation fifty 
years hence, at which time, let us hope, the era of prosperity may be 
no less bright and the public spirit of our people as ardent as on this 
50th commemoration; and that then, as now, our good City shall have 
retained its individuality, and not become absorbed by a "Greater" 
Boston ; but, rather, may she not only have the name of Lynn, but — 
shall we prophesy? — may her children, Lynnfield, Saugus, Nahant 
and Swampscott, once her territory, be then returned to the fold. May 
the sentimental pride of our people ever assert itself, and the mem- 



112 Cirr OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

ory of those who have aided and rejoiced in the prestige which we have 
so long enjoyed be so revered that no encroachment shall be suffered to 
deprive us of our distinctive name and standing. 

How nobly have we survived, considering that is has been the pride 
of all nations to kick and tread our principal product under foot ; so 
imbued have they become with the idea that it is not onl}' their pride 
but their privilege and right, that it now seems the part of wisdom — 
and business — to gracefully submit to every tendency in that direction 
and continue to furnish them shoes in which to walk, and motors to 
propel their cars. May our shoes and our electrical productions go 
hand in hand to every quarter of the globe. 

Scholars, in conclusion, allow me to ask of you that you compare 
the conditions under which you now attend school with those that 
existed less than ten years ago ; and further, may I ask that you con- 
trast your school privileges, while pupils of the grammar grades, 
with those that prevailed in the school of my younger days, where the 
boys were obliged to take their regular turn at kindling the school- 
house fire during the winter months, and aid the girls of the school in 
sweeping the schoolroom, which necessitated crawling under the 
benches and brushing the dirt into the aisles. I congratulate you upon 
the improved and enlightened conditions which now prevail. 

Let me again remind you that Lynn has much to be proud of in her 
history. To her credit, be it said, that her citizens have ever lent a 
helping hand to those in distress both at home and abroad when calam- 
ity has occasioned a need for charity. Her patriotism and loyalty to 
the nation has been displayed in our day, as well as previously in the 
generation of your parents, and the proud record of her sons in aiding 
to sustain oiu" country's honor and freedom when its flag was imperiled 
and the quick response to the call to aid in crushing the hand of tyranny 
and oppression waged against a liberty-loving people, struggling for 
independence or separation from Spain's despotic rule, well deserves 
commendation. 

The pupils of to-day will soon be shaping the affairs of City, State 
and Nation. To your generation will be soon submitted the public 
control of communities richer, stronger, and we trust more intellectual, 
and no less patriotic, than those of your ancestors. When the guid- 
ance and administration of public affairs is extended to some among 
you, let us hope that the standard of honesty and of freedom from 
scandal which has prevailed in the conduct of our municipal affairs, 




JOHN A. THURSTON 

CONSTABLE. 



ALBERT NEEDHAM 

SCHOOL COMMITTEE. 




S. OLIVER BREED 

SURVEYOR OF LUMBER. 



JOSEPH M. ROWELL 

COUNCILMAN, WARD 6. 



HARRISON NEWHALL 

ASSESSOR. 



&^ V 


>4S 


' -v^ J»5^ 1 


V M 


^ 




i M 


^- 




■ «ii«^^H 






WARWICK PALFREY 

FIELD DRIVER. 




WILLIAM M. LEWIS 
CITY MESSENGER. 



SURVIVING MUNICIPAL OFFICERS OF 1850. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 113 

since our incorporation to the present hour, may be an added incentive 
to you to speak well of our City, and make you feel glad that you live 
in Lvnn. 



Hox. NATHAN MORTIMER HAWKES. 

[Address in the Burrill School.] 



No loyal son of Lynn can refuse to respond upon such a day and for 
such a cause as this. There are many, reasons why it is agreeable to 
me that my mite should be contributed to this school. The Principal 
of the school is not only a descendant of Thomas Newhall, the first 
white child born in Lynn, but also of John Adam Dagyr, the "cele- 
brated shoemaker of Essex," who revolutionized the staple industry of 
Lynn. She was reared in that part of the old Town which has the 
strongest hold upon my affections. 

The school stands upon the breezy hill which was the fairest and 
most attractive spot in the whole Plantation in the eyes of the planters 
of Lynn. Upon and about this hill five of the leading emigrants^ from 
the old world received their grants of land : Thomas Willis, for whom 
the hill was original!}- called, received 500 acres; Edward Holyoke, 
whose name is perpetuated in a street and a spring, received 500 acres ; 
George Burrill received 200 acres ; Nicholas Brown received 200 acres ; 
Richard Sadler, the first Clerk of the Writs, received 200 acres and the 
rock by his house. 

The old Boston road, which passes the school and is not so steep as 
it formerly was, is the historic road of Lynn. Wherever the post-office 
was used to be the centre of the town: the 'first three postmasters of 
Lynn, Jaines Robinson, Ezra Hitchings and Samuel Mulliken, lived 
upon Boston Street and had their offices there. 

The early settlers of Lynn came out of the fen countr}- of England — 
a region reclaimed from the water and formerly dyked even as Holland 
is to-day. They were tired of the dull, flat expanse upon which they 
were reared. Their eyes eagerly scanned the magnificent prospect of 
sea and marsh and river and woods seen from this gracefully rounded 
hilltop. Here they found it good to live and when they died they left 
behind them the memory of right living, and descendants who have 
blessed their sires for seeking a freer life in the new world in so com- 
fortable a location. 



114 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CEiYTBA'iYIAL. 

Notable happenings has this old street seen. Samuel vSewall, the 
witchcraft judge and Puritan diarist, records that he dined at Hart's in 
Lynn — the old house behind the big buttonwood at the corner of Fed- 
eral and Boston Streets, not yet forgotten b}' the elders. John Adams 
frequently rode circuit to the East : he, too, dined at Hart's. Benedict 
Arnold passed by this spot on the nth of September, 1775, upon his 
famous and quixotic campaign against Qiiebec. President Washington 
went over this route on the 39th of October, 17S9, in his own chariot 
drawn by four horses, with Tobias Lear and Alajor Jackson as outriders 
on horseback. Of Lynn Washington wrote in his diary: "It is said 
17^,000 pair of shoes (women's chiefly) have been made in a year by 
about 400 workmen. There is only a row of houses and not very 
thick on each side of the road." 

The turnpike and the railroad drew pageant and travel away from 
the hill, and left the Burrill School free to go on its studious ways un- 
vexed by bustle and noise. 

I have had suflicient warning to refrain from talking local history 
here, for I know that the Principal of this school has a great scrapbook 
into which has been diligently pasted all that has been written of this 
locality. I may say something of the family from which the name of 
the school is derived, and then pass on to safer ground. 

The advent of the Burrill family into Lynn is coeval with its settle- 
ment. George Burrill, the pioneer, came from England and located 
on the western side of Tower Hill, upon a grant which indicates him 
as a principal planter. Of him it is sufficient commendation to say 
that he was the progenitor of a family whose several generations made 
a large part of the annals of Lynn for a hundred years. 

His son John, called in the i^ecords John senior, for many years a 
"prudential" or selectman, as such was a party in 16S6 to the famous 
Indian deed of Lynn. John senior was the colleague of fighting Par- 
son Jeremiah Shepard in the troubles which grew out of Sir Edmund 
Andros' and Edward Randolph's attempt to steal Nahant from the in- 
habitants. 

The broader political activity of the Burrill family dates from 1691, 
the last year of the inter-charter period, or the time between the Colo- 
nial and the Provincial charters. It was the last year that the people 
of Massachusetts chose their own Governor, down to the time when 
the State, under its free Constitution, elected John Hancock. 

The venerable Simon Bradstreet, styled the Nicias of New England, 



THE SECOND DA 7'— THE SCHOOLS. 115 

was Governor. John Burrill, Sr., was Representative to the Great and 
General Court. John Burrill, Jr., became Town Clerk of Lynn, which 
office he occupied until his death, thirty years later. The town elect- 
ing but one Representative at a time for several years, father and son 
alternated in representing it. John Burrill, Jr., was a Representative 
twenty-four years, ten of which he served as Speaker. From the 
Speakership he went into the Council of the royal Governor. 

The year 1731 was an exciting one. Very little legislation was ef- 
fected. Governor Samuel Shute and the General Court were fighting 
one of the hottest of the forensic battles which for many years the peo- 
ple waged with the royal prerogative. Worse than that, small-pox 
raged in Boston through the year. The Court was adjourned to the 
George Tavern on Boston Neck, then to Harvard College, then to the 
" Swan Tavern, because of the small-pox near the College." All was 
in vain, so far as the Honorable John Burrill was concerned. 

The Boston News- Letter of Monday, December 18, 1 73 1 , contained 
the following notice under date Lynn, December 11 : 

The last night the Honorable John Burrill, Esq , one of His Majesty's Coun- 
cil, and one of the Judges of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for the County 
of Essex, died of small-pox, in the sixty-second year of his age He had been 
for many years Speaker of the House of Representatives, and behaved himself in 
that chair with great integrity, modesty and skill ; having a just and equal regard 
to the honor of the government and the liberty of the people; so that he was 
highly esteemed and beloved by both. He was a man of true and exemplary 
piety and virtue, endowed with a very clear understanding, solid judgment, and 
sound discretion. And God made him a great blessing, not only to his town 
and county, but to the whole province, haiah '\\\. i: " For behold, the Lord 
God of hosts doth take away from Judah the stay and staff" — the Judge — and the 
prudent — the honorable — and the counsellor." 

Governor Thomas Hutchinson, the historian of the period, likens 
Mr. Burrill to "the right honourable person, who for so many years 
filled the chair of the House of Commons with such applause." The 
Speaker of the Commons referred to was Sir Arthur Onslow, reputed 
the most accomplished parliamentarian wdio ever presided in the En- 
glish House. The Governor says that the House "were as fond of 
Mr. Burrill as of their eyes"; and he further records, "I have often 
heard his contemporaries applaud him for his great integrity, his ac- 
quaintance with parliamentary forms, the dignity and authority with 
which he filled the chair, the order and decorum he maintained in the 
debates of the House, his self-denial in remaining in the House, from 



ii6 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

year to year, when he might have been chosen into the Council, and 
saw others, who called him their father, sent there before him." 

Alonzo Lewis writes : " He gained a reputation which few men who 
have since filled his stations have surpassed. The purity of his char- 
acter. and the integrity of his life secured to him the warmest friendship 
of his acquaintance and the unlimited confidence of his native town. 
He was affable in his manners and uniformly prudent in his conduct. 
His disposition was of the most charitable kind, and his spirit regula- 
ted by the most guarded temperance. He willingly continued in the 
House many years, when he might have been raised to a more elevated 
office, and his thorough acquaintance with the forms of legislation, the 
dignity of his deportment, and the order which he maintained in de- 
bate, gave to him a respect and an influence which probably no other 
Speaker of the House ever obtained." 

Ebenezer Burrill, the younger brother of "the beloved Speaker," 
was also a man of mark in town and colony. He was a Representa- 
tive six times, and a member of the royal Governor's Council from 
1 73 1 to 1746. 

These brothers were the only Lynn men who ever served at the 
Council board of the royal Governor. From this fact, probably, came 
the designation which long attached to the Burrills as " the royal fam- 
ily of Lynn." The brothers were astute politicians, for they had long 
public careers in conspicuous station, and pleased both crown and peo- 
ple. 

After them came two other Burrills, sons of Ebenezer. Their names 
were Ebenezer and Samuel. Ebenezer was Town Clerk seventeen 
years and Representative twelve. He was one of " Sam Adams' reb- 
els." His services in the General Court were during the momentous 
years from 1764 to 177^, to the very time that saw the first armed re- 
sistance to the royal authority. Samuel Burrill had the felicit}- to be 
the Lynn member of the venerated convention of 1779, which framed 
the State Constitution, under which we live to-day. He served as Rep- 
resentative down to 17S3, and thus rounded out a full century of emi- 
nent public service by one family. 

The perspective of fifty years is not long enough to treat of local 
history. The actors upon the stage are too near for us to critically 
compare the then and now. For example, the two opposing foices in 
the year 1S50 were perhaps George Hood and Daniel C. Baker. They 
have passed on but their children arc our associates of to-day. One 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 117 

member of the first City Council is still a vigorous writer for the press.' 
John L. Shorey, then a teacher, is to address one of the schools to-day. 
Master King died long ago but he left a very active set of schoolboys 
behind him. The Principal of this school fifty years ago, now the ac- 
complished Librarian of our noble Public Library, John C. Houghton, 
sits beside me to-day. 

I cannot comment upon 1850, so I have deemed it wiser to devote my 
time mainly to a study of some curious figures in New England history. 

We do not study the stars from the housetops as did the wise men of 
the East, nor do events out of the common seem to us as special prov- 
idences given for our reproof or guidance, as they appeared to our an- 
cestors of Governor Winthrop's time. 

The 19th da}' of April, which Massachusetts has decreed a public 
holiday, is, beyond all other days in the calendar, the anniversar}- of 
the mysterious cycle days of New England. It is the day upon which 
at periods eighty-six years apart have happened momentous and por- 
tending events relating to our history. Whether mathematics have 
anything to do with the sequence of human events, Omnipotence only 
knows, but figures shovs' a remarkable coincidence at least. To April 
19, 1603, add 86 years. The result is April 19, 1689. Add another 
86 years. The result is April 19, 177=5. Add yet another '^i^ years, 
and we have April 19, 1S61. 

I cannot claim any patent upon this cycle day of New England. 
John Gorham Palfrey, in his erudite and — from the Puritan standpoint 
— most satisfactory history of New England, brought out its peculiar 
recurrence. The volume in which it was mentioned was published in 
1864, shortly after the latest repetition of the day. 

From time to time since then I have thought that the theme might 
be amplified. The invitation for to-day gave me the opportunity to 
indulge in some thoughts upon the matter. Dr. Palfrey is an eminent 
witness to call — he is an authority upon our history — and after I had 
prepared the substance of what I am to say to you I hunted up his book, 
which I had not seen since my first reading at the time of its publica- 
tion. I was curious to know how closely I had carried his theory in 
my mind in the Intervening years. Let me give Dr. Palfi^ey's own 
words, onl}' prefacing by saying that I did not remember that he ex- 
tended the parallel across the water. It seems that he did carry it back 
to 1603, but did not fix the exact month and dav. 

^ Joseph M. Rowell. 



ii8 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

In the history of New England there are chronological parallelisms not un- 
worthy of remark. Some critical events in it were just a century apart. In 1665 
the courtiers tried her temper with Lord Clarendon's Commission; in 1765 they 
tried it with Lord George Grenville's Stamp Act. In 1675 began the attack on 
her freedom which I have i-ecorded in this volume ; in 1775 begau'the invasion 
which led to her independence of Great Britain. But the cjxle of New England 
is eighty-six years. In the spring of 1603 the family of Stuart ascended the throne 
of England. At the end of eighty-six years, Massachusetts having been betrayed 
to her enemies by her most eminent and trusted citizen, Joseph Dudley, the peo- 
ple, on the 19th day of April, 1689, committed their prisoner, the deputy of the 
Stuart King, to the fort in Boston which he had built to overawe them. Another 
eighty-six years passed, and Massachusetts had been betrayed to her enemies by 
her most eminent and trusted citizen, Thomas Hutchinson, when, at Lexington 
and Concord, on the 19th of April, 1775, her farmers struck the first blow in the 
war of American independence. Another eighty-six years ensued, and a domina- 
tion of slaveholders, more odious than that of Stuarts or of Guelphs, had been 
fastened upon her, when, on the 19th of April, 1861, the streets of Baltimore were 
stained by the blood of her soldiers on their way to uphold liberty and law by the 
rescue of the national Capital. 

We may add another and an earlier cycle day to those named by Dr. 
Palfrey. It occurred while our fathers were yet in the old home. We 
go back to old England eighty-six years, to dwell for a moment upon 
the cause of our being here to-day in this fair New England city in- 
stead of in an obscure old England parish. 

The year 1603 was pregnant with happenings which influenced the 
planting of New England. On the 24th of March of that year died 
Elizabeth, the great Queen of England. On the 3d of April, James, 
her successor, the son of Mary, Queen of Scots, — martyr or monster 
as you read partisan history, — attended service at the High Church of 
St. Giles at Edinburgh, and delivered a farewell harangue to the con- 
gregation. His journey to London took thirty-two days. So that, 
upon our fateful day, the 19th of April, 1603, this man, whose mental 
makeup had so much to do v^dth the growth of the Puritan idea, was 
just half way from the old to the new — from Edinburgh to London. 

Of the King's first meeting with the Puritan ministers Charles Knight 
writes : " When the Puritan ministers presented their petition to James 
on his journey to London they asked for a conference. On the 14th, 
15th and i6th of January, 1604, the King summoned to Hampton 
Court the Archbishop of Canterbury, eight bishops, five deans, and two 
doctors, who were to sustain the ceremonies and practises of the church 
and to oppose all innovation. To meet them four members of the re- 
forming party were summoned, including Dr. Reynolds, a divine of 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 119 

acknowledged learning and ability. Royalty never displayed itself in 
a more undignified manner. Episcopacy never degraded itself more 
by a servile flattery of royalty. James, in his insolent demeanour to 
the representatives of a growing party in the English church, thought 
to avenge himself for the humiliation he had been occasionally com- 
pelled to endure from ministers of the Scottish kirk. He was the chief 
talker in these conferences. Harrington, who was present, says, ' The 
King talked much Latin, and disputed with Dr. Reynolds; but he 
rather used upbraidings than argument, and told the petitioners that 
they wanted to strip Christ again, and bid them away with their sniv- 
elling. . . . The bishops seemed much pleased, and said His 
Majesty spoke by the power of inspiration. I wist not what they mean, 
but the spirit was rather foul-mouthed.' A few alterations were made 
in the Common Prayer Book, and a new^ version of the Holy Scrip- 
tures was ordered to be undertaken. James had taken his side ; but 
his pedantic vanity, though suited to the taste of Bishop Bancroft who 
fell upon his knees and thanked God for giving them such a king, was 
not quite fitted for the government of the English nation." 

At the time the iconoclastic achievements of Henry VIII. and the 
reign of Elizabeth and Cecil and Shakespeare and Bacon and the 
defeat of the Spanish Armada had broken the shackles and opened 
the eyes of all Englishmen to a broader life, this man, whom Ma- 
caulay thus describes, came upon the scene : "It was no light thing 
that, on the very eve of the decisive struggle betw^een our Kings and 
their Parliaments, royalty should be exhibited to the world stammer- 
ing, slobbering, shedding unmanly tears, trembling at a drawn sword, 
and talking in the style alternately of a buffoon and of a pedagogue." 

This is a pen drawing by the great historian of the King whose 
name is prefixed to our version of the Bible as King Janies^ Defen- 
der of the Faith ^ because the translation of the prelates was made 
during the reign of this man, whom Sully aptly styled "the wisest 
fool in Christendom." 

The straightness of the Scottish Protestantism was galling to the 
son of Catholic Mary. It was an easy step for this self-indulgent man 
to fall under the influence of the Anglican prelates. 

A bundle of contradictions, James madly asserted the divine right 
of Kings, which had its legitimate result in the disgraceful death of 
his son on the scaffold, and the ignominious flight of his grandson 
before the victorious approach of William of Orange. 



I20 Cirr OF LYXN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

The Stuart doctrine of the divhie right of Kings made Parliament 
and country Puritan for the time being. 

Anglican prelacy had driven men of tender consciences, like Robin- 
son, Carver, Brewster and Winslow, to Leyden, in Holjand, from 
whence, desiring to rear their children in English habits and English 
tongue, they had fied to the bleak shores of New Plymouth. 

This New Plymouth was, however, in the divine plan the fertile 
seed-ground for the planting of the world-compelling religious and 
political freedom formulated in the immortal compact signed in the 
cabin of the Mayflower in Cape Cod Harbor, on the lid of a chest, 
November ii, 1620 (O. S.). There the Pilgrims from Scroob}' and 
Austerfield, upon the sure foundation of Plymouth Rock, anchored the 
ark of the world's progress. 

After the death of James in 1635 and the accession of his abler but 
more stiff-necked son, the ill-fated Charles, the persecution of the 
Puritans by Archbishop Laud and the prelacy redoubled its energy. 
Then began the great exodus of the Puritans to New England. First 
came Conant and the old planters to Gloucester, then to Salem. Next 
came Captain Endicott with the advance guard of " The Compan}- of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England." In June, 1630, Winthrop 
arrived, bearing the charter which our fathers guarded so carefully as 
the Magna Charta of their liberties. 

From 1630 to 1640 the immigration of Puritans continued to these 
shores. Then the current ceased to flow, for the success of the Parlia- 
ment in the struggle with the Crown brightened the prospects of the 
good men at home, and some, like Hugh Peters of Salem, returned 
for service under Cromwell and for martyrdom under the Restoration. 

Of that amazing religious movement, which had its freest scope and 
fullest development among our own people of Massachusetts, an 
immense and ever-increasing literature has been ci-eated. 

The pens of men and women of all shades of view, narrow and 
broad, have found increasing fascination in the story of the initiation, 
struggles, development and consequences of Puritanism. 

The founders of Massachusetts were the most profoundly steeped 
in religion of any people in the world ; they were the most humble in 
sight of God, but they were exceedingly proud before man — hence 
they conquered themselves first and the world later. 

Our people were closely allied, by blood, political creed and 
religious belief with the Puritans of England, who were discontented 



THE SECOND DAY— THE SCHOOLS. 121 

under the restoration of Charles II. Charles and his ministers early 
discovered that the Massachusetts Bay Colony was a thorn in his side. 
He was in a wrangle with the Colony all through his reign. The 
charter was finally vacated October 23, 16S4. Charles died February 
15, 16S5. James II. was proclaimed in Boston April 20, 16S5. The 
Colony was without a charter. 

The disposition of the new King was unknown, but feared. The 
gifted but much disliked Edward Randolph, the evil genius of the 
Colony, who had been an important factor in the overthrow of our 
charter, was here. There was an interregnum, a troubled season of 
w^aiting. 

On September 39, 16S6, James, under the great seal, cast the 
thunderbolt by making the astute Sir Edmund Andros Governor- 
General of New England. December 20 he landed in Boston and 
published his commission. Edward Randolph was Secretary. These 
men were hated more than any other two men who ever came to these 
shores. The attempt of Randolph, whose covetous eyes had looked 
upon the beauties of Nahant, to steal it from the inhabitants of Lynn, 
had excited intense indignation and was the main public topic of dis- 
cussion in Lynn for years. Many were the devices which our long- 
headed fathers adopted to foil Andros and Randolph. One, and an 
ingenious one it was, set up the Indians as owners of the soil against 
the prerogative of the King of England. Then they persuaded the 
Indians to convey their supposed titles to the planters, generally in 
their collective capacity. 

The Salem deed conveys to the Selectmen and Trustees for the 
town of Salem " for the sole use, benefit and behoof of the Proprietors 
in and purchasers of y^ township of Salem." The Lynn deed runs 
"to the Trustees and Prudentials in behalf of the Proprietors." Each 
of the town deeds was for a consideration of twenty pounds. The 
date of the Salem deed was October 11, 1686, and the acknowledg- 
ment was of the same day. The Lynn deed bears date September 4, 

1686, but does not appear to have been acknowledged until May 31, 

1687. The deeds were executed before a noted settler, Bartholomew 
Gedney of the King's Council. Felt, in his "Annals of Salem," notes 
a fact which is apparent to other observers, namely, that there is a lack 
of uniformity in the orthography of the original deeds, particularly as 
to the Indian names. 

The motive in procuring these releases is seen in a conversation in 



122 Cirr OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

March, 16S9. Andros and some of his friends called upon the Rev. 
Mr. Higginson, the Minister of Salem. Andros asks the latter 
whether the territory of New England does not belong to the King. 
The reply is in the negative, because the Colonists own \i by right of 
just occupation and by purchase from the Indians. 

In the course of debate Andros says, with warmth, " Either you are 
his subjects or you are rebels," intimating that if the people did not 
yield their lands to His Majesty, take new grants and pay rents for 
them, they should be treated as rebels. 

Andros claimed that on the forfeiture of the charter all lands reverted 
to the crown, and that the owners, to hold them legally, must take out 
patents of confirmation from the new government. A schedule of 
forms and fees was arranged by which his friends were to be enriched. 
The commons of several of the towns were seized and given to his 
followers, notably the Ten Hill Farm of 900 acres in Charlestown, 
given to Lieut. -Col. Lidgett, to be held under the crown at a nominal 
rent, the details of which are fully set forth by Frothingham in his 
recital of the petty tyranny of Andros. While Andros was thus 
scheming for the overthrow of the rights of the Colonists, events in 
the mother country were changing the destinies of the English race. 

William of Orange, of blessed memory, landed in England. 
William and Mary became King and Qiieen. 

News of the deposition of James reached Boston April iS, 16S9. 
The hour of vengeance had come at last. The Colony rose in arms, 
imprisoned Andros and Randolph, and the usurpation of New Eng- 
land was at an end. The sturdy planters of Essex County had an 
important share in that drama of freedom. It was the most eventful 
epoch of the Colony down to the American Revolution. There is in 
the Lambeth Palace, at London, among the papers of the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, a manuscript account of the uprising, said to be in the 
hand-writing of Randolph himself. 

The writer says: "April 19th, about 11 o'clock, the country came 
in, headed by one Shepard, teacher, of Lynn, who were like so many 
v/ild bears, and the leader, mad with passion, more savage than any 
of his followers. All the cry was for the Governor and Mr. 
Randolph." July 24th, 16S9, Randolph wrote from jail to the Lords 
of Trade, " All things are carried on by a furious rabble animated by 
y^ crafty ministers." 

Those old Puritan pastors, in spite of their brimstone preaching. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 133 

were men raised up to lead in the wilderness. They were the apostles 
of the modern civilization. This Jeremiah Shepard had a stormy and 
tui'bulent career in his earlier years as a minister at Rowley and Ipswich. 
That training stood him in good stead in later years in the Andros 
crisis. In that year of grace, he was not only the spiritual guide, but 
also Lynn's member of the General Court and leader of its physical 
force. He was Pastor, Legislator and Captain. That his muscular 
and mental fibre were adapted to the locality is manifest fi"om the fact 
that he died here with the harness on in 1720, forty years after his 
settlement. 

April 17, 1629, a letter dated at Gravesend was written by the Gov- 
ernor and Deputy of the Company in England to Mr. Endicott. In it 
was the following advice: " If any of the Saluages pretend right of 
inheritance to all or any part of the lands, graunted in our Pattent, we 
pray you endeavour to purchase their tytle, that we may avoid the 
least scruple of intrusion." It is true there were frequent troubles 
with the Indians, but this deed was given ten years after Governor 
Josiah Winslow had sent Charles II. the "best of our spoyles of the 
Sachem Phillip, taken by Capt. Benjamin Church when he was slayne 
by him, being his crowne, his gorge, and two belts of their own mak- 
ing of their gould and silver." King Philip and his warriors were far 
from our vicinity, away off on the borders of Rhode Island. The 
next Indian outbreak was as far away as Wells in Maine. This 
happened in the spring of 1690. So that the tardy compliance with 
the Governor's advice to Mr. Endicott was not dictated by any nearby 
danger from the Indians who, so far as any tribal power went, were 
remote. It is also hardly reasonable that the Colonists, after sixty 
years of undisturbed possession of the soil, had awakened to conscious- 
ness of the prior rights of a savage race whom they had learned to 
despise hereabouts from their scant numbers, but were alert to send 
their fighting men hundreds of miles into the wilderness to hunt down 
and exterminate as they did wolves and other marauders. 

The second generation — the sons of the companions of Winthrop 
and Endicott, the first generation of American-born Englishmen, the 
sons who had helped their fathers clear the wilderness and establish 
homes in the new world — had come into possession of their heritage. 
After the struggle with nature, after the fathers had yielded the bur- 
dens of pioneer life to the stalwart sons and the mortal part of many 
had been tenderly laid away in God's Acre in each little hamlet, no 



134 CITT OF LINN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

sentimental consideration of justice, no fear of personal danjjer from 
the scattered aborigines, moved these hardy first-born sons of English- 
Americans to carry out the injunction given their fathers by the com- 
pany in England. It was rather one of the early lessons in the school 
of independence which culminated in the clash of arms in the next 
century at Lexington and Bunker Hill. It was one in an unbroken 
series of happenings from their first arrival, which demonstrate the 
purpose of our ancestors to found a Puritan Commonwealth, indepen- 
dent alike of the English church and the English crown. Were they 
seers who could penetrate the veil of futurity and witness the marvelous 
growth of the greater England which they planted? 

Let it be remembered that at this period — or from the day of the 
deposition of Andros, April 19, 16S9, till the arrival of Sir William 
Phips, May 14, 1693 — Massachusetts enjoyed its only three years prior 
to the American Revolution of pure and absolute freedom, independent 
alike of Crown or Parliament. It was a government deriving all its 
powers from the people. When men talk of the sturdy qualities of 
races let them recall the fact that the Puritan, Simon Bradstreet of Sa- 
lem, who was called by universal approval to be Governor, was eighty- 
seven years of age when he took the office. The witchcraft historians 
agree that if he had not been superseded by the arrival of the royal char- 
ter, in 1693, the witchcraft prosecutions would have failed. The venera- 
tion of the people and his own mental powers at ninety years, save for 
foreign interference, would have spared our people that dark horror. 

This cycle of eighty-six years from the accession of James I. to the 
deposition and flight of his grandson and namesake, of whom it can be 
truthfully said that there is hardly a sovereign mentioned in history of 
whom one can find less good to say, embraces the whole period of 
Stuart rule in England. In the language of ro3-alt3' the reigns of these 
four Stuarts, James I., Charles I., Charles II. and James II. had l^een 
continuous. 

In fact, there had been an important interregnum, when England was 
ruled by Oliver Cromwell, the greatest all-round man whom the English 
race has produced. During the struggles at home between King and 
Parliament, befriended by Cromwell and the Commonwealth of En- 
gland, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts had waxed strong. 

Then came eighty-six years under the Hanoverian dynasty and a gov- 
ernment at home of Ministers and here of a Council and General Court, 
comparatively free but nominally under a series of royal Governors who 



7 HE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 125 

did not find their positions sinecures. The ignorance of the Ministers 
of George of the temper of the people of the Colonies, the Stamp Act, 
and taxation without representation, brought about that other mysterious 
cycle day, the 19th of April, 1775, when armed resistance — the ordeal 
of battle — enforced what Winthrop and the Colony of the Massachu- 
setts Bay in New England meant when they landed in Salem in June, 
1630: absolute freedom from old world rule. 

The fourth great cycle day of New England was the 19th of April, 
i86i,when the men of the 6th Massachusetts Regiment were fired upon 
in the streets of Baltimore. The blood shed on that day was the open- 
ing of the most gigantic contest of arms of the modern world. No 
man at its beginning was wise enough to see that out of the sacrifices 
of that war was to come the abolition of chattel slavery of human be- 
ings on the western continent — and in the world among white men, 
save in South Africa : and even there British guns are to-day sounding 
its death-knell. War is a stern teacher, but civilization and human 
progress will follow Lord Roberts' triumph as surely in South Africa 
as they did after Sherman's march to the sea and Grant's crowning 
victory at Appomattox. 

In conclusion I may sum up the turning events of these four strik- 
ing periods, upon the first and second of which I have more fully 
touched as they are more remote and less apt to be enlarged upon : 

March 34, 1603, the great Qiieen died. On the 19th of April her 
crooked successor, James Stuart, was just half way from Scotland to 
London on his journey to assume the crown. The Stuart application 
of the doctrine of the divine right of Kings to absolute rule filled the 
sails of the ]MayJioTver\\\\ she landed the immortal band of Pilgrims on 
Plymouth Rock, and directed the course of the Puritans to Massa- 
chusetts Bay. Eighty-six years from that day, on April 19, 16S9, 
news having arrived in Boston of the deposition of the last of Stuart 
Kings, the men of Massachusetts arose in righteous indignation and 
imprisoned his Governor and tool — New England's Tyrant — Sir Ed- 
mond Andros. Eighty-six years again passed and on the historic 19th 
of April, 1775, " the embattled farmers fired the shot heai'd round the 
world," on Lexington Green, and the first blood was shed in the War 
of the Revolution. Again eighty-six years revolve and another por- 
tent is seen on the same remarkable date, April 19th, 1S61, when the 
first blood is shed in the streets of Baltimore — the blood of Massachu- 
setts men — the opening of the gigantic slaveholders' Rebellion. 



126 CITT OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Here are four cycles of eighty-six years, each with its initial and 
dramatic movement upon the 19th of April. There is no day in the 
calendar of Massachusetts that can be compared with this great c3-cle 
day. These four events are the very hinges of the crises of our exist- 
ence as a civilized community. The first is the compelling influence 
in the planting of the colony ; the second is the overthrow of prelacy 
and despotism ; the third is the resort to arms against the crown ; aiid 
the last is the purification by offering upon the altar of sacrifice its 
heroic sons that the nation might live. This is a most curious historic 
cycle. Surely every loyal son of Massachusetts has an equal right to 
be proud of the 19th of April, and to make his gladness known of all 
men upon that day. 



HOWARD MUDGE NEWHALL. 

[Address, Embracing Substance of Remarks to the Cooper Class of the Washing- 
ton Street Baptist Church, Sunday, May 13, and to the Pupils of the Training 
School (Ingalls Avenue) and the Laighton Street Primary School, Monday, 
May 14.] 



It seems appropriate in speaking of the early days when the parish 
made the boundaries of the town, and when everything civil or relig- 
ious was talked over in the meetinghouse, to recall at this time the 
meetinghouses and early religious organizations of Lynn. At a recent 
meeting of the Lynn Historical Society, Mr. Henry T. Lummus spoke 
of the Congregationalist organization as " The Established Church of 
Massachusetts," and like many another ancient town Lynn's earliest 
organization in 1633 was Congregational. The first meetinghouse is 
supposed to have stood on the corner of what is now Summer and 
Shepard Streets. What was known as the Old Tunnel INIeetinghouse 
was not built until 16S3, and this building stood on the Common about 
opposite Whiting Street, until the year 1S37, when it was torn down 
and parts of it used in the construction of a new meetinghouse on the 
corner of South Common and Commercial Streets, now occupied by 
the Second LTniversalist Society. In this old building town meetings 
were held until the year iSo^, when a difference of opinion arose re- 
garding the rights of the town and parish about the use and repairs of 
the building. Town meetings were then held in a meetinghouse which 
had been erected by the Methodists, standing about opposite our pres- 



THE SECOND DA 7 — THE SCHOOLS. 127 

ent City Hall. The meetings of the town were held in this meeting- 
house until the erection of the Town House in 1S14, the complete 
separation of the town from the parish. 

In 171 2 the people of Lynnfield, or Lynn End as it was called in 
early times, were given the right to build a meetinghouse, and they 
erected the building now standing on the Common at Lynnfield Centre 
which is not only the oldest building erected for devotional purposes 
in the original limits of Lynn, but is one of the three oldest meeting- 
houses in Massachusetts in which services have been continuously held 
and are still held. It is to-day our historic meetinghouse building, 
although in part occupied for school purposes. 

In our local history the First Congregational Society stands as our 
historic parish, having succeeded to and continued the work begun in 
1633, and being one of the oldest parishes in the United States. It 
stood as the only organized religious society in the town until the 
building of the meetinghouse of the Friends in 167S, the first monthly 
meeting being held in 16S9. The Friends, early in this century, were 
very strong in the community in wealth and in numbers. There was a 
time when in influence and in numercial strength they could have con- 
trolled the town. This old Qiiaker stock of Lynn was really our aris- 
tocracy, and the descendants of these old families have been and are to- 
day prominently connected with the affairs of Lynn. Hon. Nathan M. 
Hawkes has called attention to the singular fact that in the early part 
of the century a perfect example of a parish school supported by pub- 
lic funds existed in Lynn in the support of the Friends' school, but when 
the Methodists asked for the same privilege, in 1792, they were re- 
fused, and in 1S21 it was discontinued by a re-districting of the town. 
. The Methodists began in 1791, when Jesse Lee, not heartily received 
and accepted in Boston, came to Lynn by invitation of Benjamin 
Johnson and preached at his house. . The house becoming too small 
the barn was next occupied, and then the Methodist building befoi'e re- 
ferred to was built, the membership coming largely by withdravv^al 
from the First Congregational Society. As the old parish is locally, 
historic, so the First Methodist is our nationally historic church, and is 
known by Methodists throughout the country. It was the first Meth- 
odist society in Massachusetts ; it sent out the first native Methodist 
preacher in New England, Rev. Enoch Mudge ; here was organized 
the Methodist Missionary Society of the United States, and the first 
Methodist missionary sent out, Rev. William Butler, D. D., was 



128 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Pastor of the church ; and tliere were other important matters in con- 
nection with the Methodist work that had a beginning in Lynn. The 
bell which stills hangs in its belfry and summons its worshippers bears 
the name of " Paul Revere & Son." Its former meetinghouse, now 
Lee Hall building, was built from prize timber taken in the war of 
1S12. There are now ten Methodist churches in Lynn. 

Li Lynn, as in other places in early days, the Baptists met with 
opposition, arrest, and sometimes imprisonment. They were violently 
opposed here by the Congregationalists, and it is singular that when 
they finally became established in 1S15, the land they purchased for- 
merly belonged to the Congregationalist parish. The flourishing 
Baptist societies of to-day show none of the effects of early prejudice, 
and are among our most largely attended churches. 

The parent parish, the Congregational, was again drawn upon in 
18 1 9 by several members withdrawing and conducting Episcopalian 
services in the old Lynn Academy under the name of St. John's 
Church. Some continued until 1822 and others withdrew from the 
movement to form the Unitarian society. The Episcopalians organ- 
ized and built Christ Church in 1S36 which was discontinued in 1S41, 
and in 1S44 w^as revived as St. Stephen's Church, the present stone 
memorial church having been erected, in iSSo, by Enoch Redington 
Mudge, son of Rev. Enoch Mudge, the first native Methodist preacher. 

The Roman Catholics first held services in the Town Hall in 1835, 
and afterwards in a wooden house of worship, which stood on what is 
now South Common street, beyond the Second Universalist meeting- 
house. This building, which had been occupied by Methodists, by 
Baptists, by Catholics, and at one time as a school, was burned on May 
28th, 1859, after which the present St. Mar3''s Church on South Com- 
mon Street was built, the oldest brick church edifice in Lynn. 

LTniversalism was preached in Lynn as early as 181 2, in the old 
Lynn Academy, and an organization was effected in the Town Hall 
in 1S33. 

. It is noticeable that the old Academy and the Town Hall were the 
scenes of the beginnings of more than one of the i^eligious organi- 
zations. The Town Hall was destroyed by fire, but the old Academy 
building is still with us, at the corner of Centre Street and Western 
Avenue, although now used for business purposes. 

It is also noticeable that the old First Church was the early home of 
many of the organizers of the later churches of different beliefs, and 




His Excellency WINTHROP MURRAY CRANE. 

GOVERNOR OF MASSACHUSETTS. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 139 

the sturdy members who went forth carried with them into new efforts 
the same determined work as had brought continued success in the old 
field. 

To look back for fifty years is to realize what great changes and 
liberalizing has taken place in the ideas of church people. At this 
day when we make so much of Christmas, think so much of it, look 
forward to it with such pleasant thoughts of peace and good-will, we 
can hardly realize that there has been a time when its observance was 
not a custom, when factories and shops kept in operation as on other 
days, and in fact when it was not only not customary to observe it, but 
when there was even a law against observance so rigid that a man who 
did not work on Christmas Day was subject to punishment. Such, 
however, is the fact. Christmas Day, which is now such a bright day 
to all of us, is i-epresentative of many ideas which are now presented 
in a much pleasanter light, and in many ways and customs the preju- 
dices of early days have softened without interference with doctrine or 
devotion. 

The changes in the names of Lynn streets has been noticeable, and 
it may be interesting to refer to some of them. 

Washington Street was once called Spruce Street ; Exchange Street, 
Pine Street ; Broad Street, from Sea Street to Exchange Street, was 
called Front Street, and from Exchange Street to Lewis Street, Broad- 
way ; Summer Street, from Butman's Mills to Hudson Square, was 
also once called Broadway ; part of Chestnut Street was called Or- 
ange Street, and the part toward Wyoma, North Street; Wyoma was 
known as Dyehouse Village, and Broadway was originally known 
as Bachellei-'s Plains, and later as Boston Street ; Bacheller Street was 
Bousley's Lane ; Pleasant Street was Wharf Lane ; Essex Sti-eet, Mar- 
blehead Lane ; Liberty Street, Back Lane ; Laighton Street, at differ- 
ent times, Trevett's Lane and Grassy Lane; Whiting Street was nick- 
named Shaving Lane, and Shepard Street, Petticoat Lane ; the turn- 
pike became Main Street, and afterwards Western Avenue ; that part 
of South Common Street, in rear of the Boscobel, was Ashton Place, 
when the Boscobel was Healey's Arcade ; North Federal Street was 
Hart Street, and perhaps is legally Hart Street to-day, as there is said 
to be no record of a change having been made ; Highland Square was 
City Square, and at a more recent date Buffum Avenue was changed to 
Hamilton Avenue. 

It may be interesting to trace the Lynn portion of the supposed road 



130 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

between Boston and Lynn. It is believed that the colonists crossed 
the Saugus River at the fording place, near the ancient iron works, in 
Saugus Centre, kept along the base of the hills to Holyoke Street, 
passing over the length of Holyoke Street, now partly Walnut Street, 
to Hart Street, through Hart, Marion, along the Common to the dis- 
continued Franklin Avenue, Franklin Street, Laighton Street (Tre- 
vett's Lane), Western Avenue, the whole length of Maple Street, 
Waitt's Avenue, across to about where Empire Street is situated, Essex 
Street and Loring Avenue route to Salem. This circuitous route was, 
no doubt, governed by the location of the houses and of the iron 
works, which would naturally have mail packages and be on the mail 
route. All through the early records it is evident that great impor- 
tance was attached to the iron works and much attention paid to 
them. Heaps of scoria still remain to mark the spot, although the 
furnaces ceased work over two hundred years ago. 

Having so recently been engaged in war it is interesting to recall 
the stirring scenes of the Civil War and one of the impressions they 
left. As a small boy I recall the day Lynn was to welcome home 
returned soldiers. We had seen them go to the war well equipped, in 
health, and to a certain extent with holiday appearance. With the 
on-lookers I was standing on the lower part of Market street when the 
soldiers came from Front street down the slight hill which was then 
there, and their changed appearance was an impression never to be 
forgotten. The sight was a stoiy of hardship. Sun-burned, some 
wearing caps, some hats, caps without visors, clothes faded beyond 
belief, trousers ragged, and anything but a holiday sight, showing how 
poor the nation was, and in what condition its soldiers had to return to 
their homes. Often in ill-health, emaciated, they came, but always 
determined appearing, and marching, for all their tattered garments, 
as no holiday soldiei-s could march. We can hardly realize today how 
poor the country was, but the progress, the development of wealth, and 
all kinds of enterprises, from that day has been wonderful beyond be- 
lief. The Town Hall and Lyceum Hall, the scenes of so man}^ of the 
activities of war times were both burned, but Tolman's building at the 
corner of Market and Liberty streets, from which many soldiers went 
to the war, still stands. 

Lynn is and always has been a loyal town. Its soldiers and citizens 
have responded to all calls of duty and will still respond to whatever 
demands may be made upon them in the next century of progress. 



THE SECOND DAI — THE SCHOOLS. 131 

There has been a great change in the character of pubHc entertain- 
ments during the past twenty-five or thirty years. The great winter 
attraction in almost any city or Large town was the lecture course, in 
which appeared well-known authors, statesmen, clergymen, reformers, 
historians and scientists. Such men as Henry Ward Beecher, Ralph 
Waldo Emerson, Wendell Phillips, James Parton, Frederick Douglass, 
Robert Collyer and others were much sought and enjoyed. Lecture 
courses and musical entertainments were separate a generation ago, 
but gradually a musical entertainment introduced into the lecture course 
in the end evolved a musical course with no lecture, and often a public 
reader appeared in the entertainments. The lecture seemed no longer 
to entertain, unless accompanied by stereopticon illustrated views, which 
was at one time, and is now, a popular form of entertainment. Pre- 
vious to the advent of the stereopticon, children's illustrated entertain- 
inents, and those for parents as well, consisted of large panoramas. 
The stereopticon did not appear, I think, until about the close of the 
Civil War, the great events of the war being illustrated by panoramic 
paintings, operated on large rollers. Battle scenes and naval conflicts 
were supposed to be made more realistic by pounding on a bass drum 
back of the panorama. They were enjoyable and instructive, how- 
ever, with all their crudeness. 

Lynn was the home of two famous families of concert singers — the 
Hutchinson family and the Barker family. Both families were well 
known, the Hutchinson family especially, and they traveled extensively 
in this country and in Europe. The style of singing was very popular, 
consisting of descriptive, patriotic and household songs, sung with 
quaintness, sweetness and heartiness. For years the Hutchinson family 
sang to large audiences everyv/here, and enjoyed a national reputation. 
Occasionally to-day the survivor' of the Hutchinsons favors an audience 
with some of the quaint songs, which are a pleasant reminiscence of 
the old-time concerts. 

Customs often return, and to-day, in a measure, the lecture is again 
becoming popular, not, perhaps, as the main feature of winter enter- 
tainment, but in the women's clubs, in the churches, and in other ways 
the lecture seems as much in evidence as the concert. The tendency 
to seek instruction as well as amusement is prominent, and, while the 
old customs may never return in the same form as before, some new 
customs may furnish instruction in a modernized way. 

1 John W. Hutchinson. 



132 



CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



A, 1^4^; 







LITERARY SELECTIONS. 



■r-tr. '^ 




' HE LAST OF THE SAUGUS TRIBE.' 
Alonzo Lewis. 

The fields in their autumn tints were dyed, 
And the forest was clad in its robes of pride ; 
The oak in brown and purple was dight, 
And the walnut's mantle was yellow and bright ; 
And O ! 't was a beautiful sight, to see 
The scarlet leaves of the maple tree ! 



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The birch was spotted with paly blue, 

And of brownish red was the ash leaf 's hue. 

And the crimson berries in clusters hung, 

That glowed as the branch in the sunlight swung ; 

And the purple moss, with its mellow locks, 

Like a cushion lay on the shaded rocks. 

But the beautiful cedar, and lofty pine. 
In whose shade the evergreen loves to twine. 
Changed not their robes with the fading scene. 
But kept on their mantle of summer green ; 
Like virtue and friendship, that alter not. 
In the varied scenes of our earthly lot. 

An Indian woman, with looks of woe. 
Came out from the forest, sedate and slow. 
The weight of years on her brow was spread, 

' Legend. — It was the custom of an aged Indian woman, the last of the Sau- 

gus tribe, the feeble remnant of which had 
removed to a spot on the banks of the Mer- 
rimack river, to visit the place of her na- 
tivity, near Nahant, in the autumn of the 
year; when, having gathered shellfish 
and eaten, she would walk slowly and 
sadly away. 




THE SECOND DAT— THE SCHOOLS. 133 

And she seemed like a messenger from the dead. 
She stood on a hill, whose treeless brow 
Looked down on the ocean that rolled below. 

Beside her the fields in their beauty glowed, 
Whence the farmer was bearing the harvest load ; 
And she thought of the time when over the ground 
She had seen the red deer of the forest bound ; 
When every leaf of the wood was stirred 
By the unscared foot of the joyous bird. 

Before her Nahant in its beauty lay, 

And its shadow was stretched o'er the sunny bay ; 

And the scene rose bright on her thoughtful mind 

Of the years which time had left behind ; 

When one whom she loved, from the shadowy cliff 

Each morning went forth in his birchen skiff. 

And then came the time when her children played 
'Mid the beautiful flowers of the forest glade ; 
Or over the beach in their joyfulness run, 
As glad as the birds in the showers and sun ; 
But all whom she loved or remembered were gone, 
And she stood in her age and sorrow, alone ! 

Then she went to the shore, and with faltering hand 
She dug in the damp and the shining sand ; 
And she chanted a lowly song, and smiled. 
When the beautiful shells beside her were piled ; 
For sHe thought of the days when she drest the food 
For her hunter, who came with his bow from the wood. 

And then on the beach, where the storm-tide and blast 
The fragments of wrecks in their fury had cast. 
She sought the dry fuel, and kindled the blaze, 
And feasted and sung as in happier days ; 
Then slowly and sadly she went from the shore. 
And her footsteps were seen in the forest no more ! 



[34 Cirr OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



THE BELLS OF LYNN. 

Henry W. Longfellow. 

O curfew of the setting sun ! O Bells of Lynn ! 
O requiem of the dying day ! O Bells of Lynn ! 

From the dark belfries of yon cloud-cathedral wafted, 
Your sounds aerial seem to float, O Bells of Lynn ! 

Borne on the evening wind across the evening twilight. 
O'er land and sea they rise and fall, O Bells of Lynn ! 

The fisherman in his boat far out beyond the headland. 
Listens, and leisurely rows ashore, O Bells of Lynn ! 

Over the shining sands, the wandering cattle homeward 
Follow each other at your call, O Bells of Lynn ! 

The distant lighthouse hears, and with his flaming signal 
Answers you, passing the watchword on, O Bells of Lynn ! 

And down the darkening coast run the tumultuous surges, 
And clap their hands and shout to you, O Bells of Lynn ! 

Till from the shuddering sea, with your wild incantations. 
Ye summon up the spectral moon, O Bells of Lynn ! 

And startled at the sight, like the weird woman of Endor, 
Ye cry aloud, and then are still, O Bells of Lynn 



ANTHEM.' 

Alonzo Lewis. 



Our fathers came over the wide rolling sea. 

To build them a home where their souls might be free. 

They built them a home, and though tyranny came 

To trample in darkness the new risen star, 

Yet the spirit of liberty kindled a flame. 

That will burn till it ransoms the nations afar, 

> Sling July 4, 1S27. 



THE SECOND DAT-— THE SCHOOLS. 135 

Then let freedom rejoice from the hills to the sea, 
And the people repeat, we are free ! we are free ! 

Rejoice ! and let discord be banished away 

From the lustre and love of this festival day ! 

Let the good and the brave in their praises unite, 

And their orisons rise to the God of the soul, 

That all chains may be broken of darkness and might, 

And our spirits go forth as the waters that roll ; 

Till our children shall shout from the hills to the sea. 

And glad millions repeat, we are free ! we are free ! 



HANNAH AT THE WINDOW, BINDING SHOES. 
Lucy Larcom. 

Poor lone Hannah, 
Sitting at the window, binding shoes. 

Faded, wrinkled, 
Sitting, stitching, in a mournful muse. 
Bright-eyed beauty once was she, 
, When the bloom was on the tree : 

Spring and winter 
Hannah's at the window, binding shoes. 

Not a neighbor 
Passing nod or answer will refuse, 

To her whisper, 
"Is there from the fishers any news.?" 
O, her heart's adrift, with one 
On an endless voyage gone ! 

Night and morning, 
Hannah's at the window, binding shoes. 

Fair young Hannah, 
Ben, the sun-burnt fisher, gaily woes; 

Hale and clever. 
For a willing heart and hand he sues. 
Mid-day skies are all aglow. 



136 



CIT2' OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



And the waves are laughing so I 

For her wedding, 
Hannah leaves her window and her shoes. 

May is passing : 

Mid the apple boughs a pigeon coos, 
Hannah shudders, 
For the mild sou'wester mischief brews. 
Round the rocks of Marblehead : 
Outward bound, a schooner sped : 
Silent, lonesome, 
Hannah's at the window, binding 
shoes. 

'Tis November, 
Now no tear her wasted cheek be- 
dews. 
From Newfoundland 
Not a sail returning will she lose. 
Whispering hoarsely, "Fishermen, 
Have you, have you heard of Ben?" 
Old with watching, 
Hannah's at the window, binding shoes. 

Twenty winters 
Bleach and tear the ragged shore she views. 
Twenty seasons : 
Never one has brought her any news. 
Still her dim eyes silently 

Chase the white sails o'er the sea : 
Hopeless, faithful, 
Hannah's at the window, binding shoes. 




THE SECOND DAT— ENTERTAINMENTS. 137 



AFTERNOON EVENTS. 



CHILDREN'S ENTERTAINMENTS. 

Eight separate sets of tickets, one for each of the variety en- 
tertainments to be given the younger school children Monday 
afternoon, had been judiciously distributed by the officers and 
teachers of the schools, with the result that the four places of 
amusement secured for the purpose were each filled aud emptied 
twice for performances of one and a half hour's duration. The 
children arrived and departed somewhat tumultuously and were 
all interest and excitement while the shows were going on, but 
they kept from disorder and en]'o3'ed unalloyed pleasure. The 
following excellent description of the entertainments, in the con- 
ventional newspaper style, is from the Evening Item^s account 
of the celebration : 

Lynn Theatre was packed from 1.30 to 3.00 o'clock, when Kelly's 
full orchestra gave an overture; Billy Williams appeared in artistic 
buck and wing dancing ; Fred W. Burns sang bass solos ; Miss Ethel 
Cook and Miss Lillian Johnson gave society sketches and some fine 
cake-walking specialties; William J. McDougall appeared in cornet 
solos ; Peter Murray, in impersonations and whistling solos ; Billy 
Sheehan and Tom Dunn, in a laughable nego sketch, " Taking a Les- 
son " ; William Minton sang with his accustomed ability several selec- 
tions ; Albert A. Meader appeared as humorist and entertainer with 
great success, and the Eagle Trio, Messrs. Teague, Snow and Smith, 
gave a Roman ladder performance that pleased the children. 

At Odd Fellows' Hall, Market Street, practically the same enter- 
tainment was given as in Lynn Theatre, with the addition of Miss 
Sadie Wyzanski, pianist, who opened the programme in a very fine 
manner, and then followed in rapid succession the specialties that 
pleased so much at Lynn Theatre.^ 

West Lynn Odd Fellows' Hall contained a large crowd of children, 

' The Odd Fellows' Hall being nearly opposite the Theatre, an interchange of performers was 
effected between them. 



138 Cirr OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

anxious to witness as excellent a performance as is usually given in 
first-class theatres. The overture was by Prof. Walls, and then fol- 
lowed Lena Vance and Kitty Shaw, two artistic singers and cake- 
walkers ; Morse and Batchelder in their lively and funny trick house ; 
the Bryson sisters in pleasing ballads; Harry Wheeler in clog and reel 
dancing, all of it real dancing ; Paddy Cronin in comic songs ; Otis 
Page in musical specialties, appearing as a Rube, and James Groton, 
in blackface songs and funny sayings. 

Prof. James Langford gave the overture in East Lynn Odd Fellows' 
Hall to an enthusiastic audience of children, and he was followed by 
Master Mclntyre, baritone vocalist ; A. McGraw, comical clown and 
acrobat artist; Mrs. Eva Dunn in the latest songs ; John Fay in barn- 
yard frolics, a sketch that was extremely amusing ; little Gracie Dunn, 
song and dance artist ; Fred Leroy, contortionist ; Bertram Taylor, 
character songs ; Prof. J. T. Howard in feats of legerdemain, and 
Misses Vance and Shaw in their celebrated cake-walk. 

The performances thus sketched in outline were repeated in 
each hall from 3.30 to 5 o'clock. 

THE ATHLETIC SPORTS. 

The Common became the scene of a celebration event, Mon- 
day afternoon, when the athletic contests took place, in the 
presence of a large and demonstrative throng of spectators. 
They were no ordinary games, for the Young Men's Christian 
Associations of several New England cities had the best of their 
muscular representatives on the ground to struggle for the cov- 
eted championship, and the Lynn High Schools were there in 
the persons of lithe and agile youths who were determined to 
maintain the supremacy of their respective schools in athletics. 
The sports participated in by the grammar school lads made up 
in amusement what they lacked in displays of strength and 
endurance, and the prize-winners were no less proud of their 
trophies. Spaces were roped in (or the spectators were roped 
out) to give ample room for the running matches and other 
events on the programmes, and judges, referees, timers, etc., 
took their places with profound appreciation of their importance. 



THE SECOND DAT— SPORTS. 139 

In the lightest of costumes the athletes ran, jumped, vaulted, 
threw the hammer or put the shot, and achieved glory or suf- 
fered defeat, according to the ability of their trained bodies. In 
the Y. M. C. A. and High School competitions, "points" 
counted to the extent of 5 for first place, 3 for second place and 
I for third place, and the grand results, together with the par- 
ticulars in scoring, are given below : 

Young Men's Christian Associations, — The team cham- 
pionship trophy, a silver cup of magnificent proportions, was won 
by Lynn, whose athletes scored 17 out of 45 points, Boston and 
Newburyport being tied for second place with 8 each. Silver 
cups were offered as ist, 2d and 3d prizes in the several events 
and were won as follows : 

100- lard Dash. — ist heat, won by E. H. Smith, Newburyport; 
J. M. Jackson, Boston, 2d; 3d heat, won by M. E. Burnstein, Bos- 
ton; Shirley G. Ellis, Lynn, 2d; 3d heat, won by M. J. Murphy, 
Maiden; B. C. Darling, Boston, 2d; final heat and the race, won by 
E. H. Smith; M. E. Burnstein, 2d; B. C. Darling, 3d; time, lO^^ 
seconds. 

Riiitjiiiig High Jump. — Won by S. G. Ellis, Lynn ; E. H. Smith, 
Newburyport, 2d ; B. W. Percival, Lynn, 3d ; height, 5 feet, S inches. 

12-Pound Hammer Throiv. — Won by J. A. McDonald, Melrose; 
S. G. Ellis, Lynn, 2d; C. H. Robinson, Boston, 3d; distance, 100 
feet, 6 inches. 

Pole Vault. — Won by L. P. McGovern,' Lynn; B. W. Percival, 
Lynn, 2d ; H. L. Canney, Melrose, 3d ; height, 9 feet, 8 inches. 

One-Mile Ru7t. — Won by F. S. Doughty, Providence; D. C. Hall, 
Boston, 2d ; F. B. Kirkpatrick, Maiden, 3d ; time, 4 minutes, 53^ sec- 
onds. 

Summary of Points. — 





Firsts. 


Seconds. 


Thirds. 


Total. 


Lynn .... 


'> 


2 


I 


17 


Boston .... 





2 


2 


8 


Newburyport 


I 


I 





8 


Melrose 


I 





I 


6 


Providence 


I 








5 


Maiden 








I 


I 



iTook part also in the High School games. 



I40 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Officials. — Referee, J. H. McCurdy, a director of the International 
Training School at Springfield ; Judges, Sam Chesley, Lynn, M. E. 
O'Brien, Cambridge, G. T. Ferguson, Maiden, Dr. George L. May- 
land, Boston, Philip Goodrich, Lynn, W. L. Kershaw, Melrose, Dr. 
E. A. Kent, Lynn ; Measurers, Messrs. Kershaw, Goodrich and Kent; 
Starter, Gerald Weeman ; Timers, Fred Wood, Boston, Henry Pote, 
Lynn, Dr. George W. Haywood, Lynn ; Scorer, J. E. Thompson, 
Lynn; Chief Clerk, F. I. Eldridge ; Assistants, H. C. Childs, Robert 
Carpenter. 

High Schools. — The High School dual athletic meet was a 
contest between the English and Classical High Schools, and was 
won by the former by a score of 58 to 23. The prizes were gold 
medals for the winners of the games and silver medals for those 
attaining second places, and were so distributed, the subjoined 
score showingr who received them : 

lOO-Tard Dash. — Won by C. R. Brown (Classical); R. W. 
Leach (English), 2d; J. L. Barry (Classical), 3d. 

220- Yard I?as/i, — Won by C. D. Crowell (Enghsh) ; R. W. 
Leach, 2d; C. R. Brown, 3d. Time, 27 seconds. 

44.0- Yard Dash. — Won by R. W. Leach; F. Barry (English), 
2d; R. G. Hart (Classical), 3d. Time, 6o\ seconds. 

Ojie-Mile Rutt. — Won by F. Barry; R. G. Hart, 2d; R. Pritch- 
ard (Classical), 3d. 

I20-I'ard Hurdles. — Won by R. W. Leach; C. R. Brown, 2d; 
L. P. McGovern (Enghsh), 3d. 

Shot- Ptit. — Won by C. L. Goldthwait (English) ; J. J. Peterson 
(Enghsh), 2d; R. W. Leach, 3d. 

Runni7tg High Jump. — Won by L. P. McGovern ; W. E. Folkins 
(Classical) and C. F. Porter (English) tied for second place. Height, 
5 feet. 

Running Broad Jump. — Won by R, W. Leach ; J. L. Barry, 2d ; 
L. P. McGovern, 3d. Distance, iS feet, ^\ inches. 

Pole Vault. — Won by L. P. McGovern ; R. H. Jacobs (Classical), 
2d ; C. L. Goldthwait, 3d. Height, 9 feet. 

Principal Individual Point Manners. — 

R. W. Leach (English) 3, 3, 5, 5, 5, i 22 

L. P. McGovern (English) 5, 5, i 11 



THE SECOND DAT— SPORTS. 



141 



C. R. Brown (Classical) 5, 3, i 
F. Barry (English) 5, i . 
C. L. Goldthwait (English) 5, i 
Summary of Points. — 



1 00- Yard Dash 

2 20- Yard Dash 

440- Yard Dash 

1 20- Yard Hurdles 

One-Mile Run 

Shot-Put 

Running High Jump 

Running Broad Jump 

Pole Vault 



English Classical 

High School. High School. 



Total 58 33 

Officials. — Judges, Elmer Case, Philip Goodrich, W. A. Davis; 
Clerk of Course, S. B. Parker; Assistant Clerk of Course, J. M. 
Harney; Timer, H. M. Johnson; Referee, H. M. Haskell; Custodian 
of Prizes, Eugene D. Russell. 

Grammar Schoolboys. — An absence of formality and a dis- 
regard of established rules marked the games of the 3'Oungsters, 
but there was sport withal and plenty of it. Councilman John 
A. Woodman, member of the Celebration Committee, assumed 
charge of the games, assisted by John J. Heys, Robin Hood, 
Thomas Lawton and Thomas Ryan. The contests were a "dough- 
nut" race, in which the boys, with bound arms, strove to snatch 
with their teeth while on the run doughnuts suspended in their 
path, eat them and be first at the finish line ; a three-legged race, 
sack race, fat boys' race, potato race and a tug-of-war, the last 
with teams from the Lewis and Tracy Schools as contestants. 
Small amounts in cash were given as prizes. A multitude of 
urchins swarmed on the field to take part, and the position of 
the judges became an unenviable one. They managed, how- 
ever, to bring order out of chaos, and awarded prizes as follows : 

Doiig/iJiut Race. — Won by John Buckley; Fred Stone, 3d. 



142 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Three-Legged Race. — Won by William Emery and Clarence John- 
son ; Frank Crowell and Fred Rippon, 3d. 

Sack Race. — Won by Charles Dullea ; Abram Hamburg, 2d. 
Fat Boys' Race. — Won by James Dyer; James Vatcher, 2d. 
Potato Race. — Won by Nelson Edwards; Fred Rippon, 2d. 
Tug-of- War. — Won by the Lewis School team. 

Two very young and charming dancers, Miss Gillespie and 
Master Elvin Hall, appeared before the spectators in fancy cos- 
tume and performed the graceful movements of the "cake-walk," 
the end-of-the-century dance, to the music of another latter-day 
institution, the "hurd3--gurdy." 



Cif^r 



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ittictlt 






in 




w< 






1li)corporatioi) 

X!D^i3.i4a-i5. 

1900 




ro(5rammc 



Design (reduced one-third)]Titlepage Souvenir Programme; Fred B. Valpey, Designer. 




MABEL WARD. 



ISABELLE DOROTHEA O'BRIEN. 



THE SECOND DAT— THE THEATRE. 



II.— EyXERCISES IN LYNN THEATRE. 



H5 



The Gathering and Honored Guests. — Prayer and Ad- 
dress OF Welcome. — Singing by School Children. — 
Poem, Oration and Ode. 

An audience representative of Lynn's citizenship, including 
those prominently identified with the culture, the educational and 
social activities, the government, industries and business of the 
City, assembled in Lynn Theatre, Monday evening, previous to 
the hour for beginning the historical and literary exercises. A 
tasteful display of decorative materials made the auditorium very 
attractive, while the stage harmonized with the occasion by show- 
ing an enlarged City Seal amid a grouping of American flags. 
Seated upon the stage as the exercises began were Hon. William 
Shepherd, Ma3-or of Lynn; Rev. Samuel B. Stewart, Pastor of 
the Unitarian Church; Benjamin N. Johnson, Esq., Orator; 
Henry W. Eastham, President of the Common Council, Alder- 
men Charles C. Fry and George C. Houghton, Councilmen John 

A. Woodman, C. Neal Barney and Eugene Marlor, Citv Mes- 
senger Clarence I. Allen (members of the Celebration Commit- 
tee) ; Hon. Peter M. Neal, Hon. Jacob M. Lewis, Hon. Henry 

B. Lovering, Hon. George D. Hart, Hon. George C. Higgins, 
Hon. Asa T. Newhall, Hon. Elihu B. Hayes, Hon. Charles E. 
Harvvood, Hon. Eugene A. Bessom and Hon. Walter L. Rams- 
dell, ex-Mayors of Lynn. Occupying seats in the body of the 
stage were some 350 boys and girls of the schools, forming a 
chorus which, under the direction of J. Edward Aborn, super- 
visor of music instruction in the public schools, sang the patriotic 
songs in the programme, and the Anniversary Ode. 

There were present in the box at the right of the stage six of 
the surviving officials of the 1850 City Government, viz : Joseph 
M. Rowell, S. Oliver Breed, Capt. John A. Thurston, Harrison 



146 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Newhall, Albert Needham and William H. Lewis. Their col- 
league, Warwick Palfrey, was unable to be present. 

At 8 o'clock the Lynn Theatre orchestra inaugurated the pro- 
gramme with an overture, after which came the exercises as re- 
cited at length in the following pages. Mayor Shepherd pre- 
sided, introducing the speakers with felicitous words. When 
Miss Ward was presented to give the Anniversar}- Poem, the 
young lady appeared from a wing of the stage and rendered the 
lines in a pleasing and impressive manner. Profound interest 
was manifested in the masterly address of Mr. Johnson, and the 
orator was frequently interrupted by applause. All present 
joined in the singing of "America" at the close. 



Unvocation. 

Rev. Samuel B. Stewart. 

O Thou who dwellest in secret, we know that we are the chil- 
dren of Thy Spirit and that this fair and beautiful world is Thy 
handiwork. We lift up our voices in praise and gratitude for 
Thy unfailing love and blessing. We thank Thee for our dwel- 
ling-place, belted about with lovely hills and bathed by the sea, 
and in the spring-time fragrant with blossoms. 

We thank thee for our fathers, who came and chose this pleas- 
ant land and made here their homes ; and for their multiplying 
children, w^ho have built the City whose prosperities we now cele- 
brate with festivities. We thank Thee for the steadfastness and 
loyalty of the people to their traditions of liberty and to the desire 
of knowledge. 

How much w^e ow^e to the genius and invention of men : how 
much to the faithful toils of the people. Day unto day we have 
witnessed the rise of a great community, with commanding in- 
dustries and privileges. Help us to appreciate them. Help us 
to see what blessings they confer upon us and upon our children. 

And when w^e remember these things may we not forget the 
obligations of good citizenship. May it be the care of our hearts 



THE SECOND DA7'— PRATER — CHORUS. 147 

by honest example and by unselfish purpose, to preserve justice 
and good feeling between men of all conditions ; to preserve 
temperance and sobriety upon the streets and in the homes of 
the people, and to awaken pride in all that contributes to the 
common welfare. 

We thank Thee for the good men who have and are still ad- 
ministering the affairs of the City, and for the men of generosity 
who have raised for us handsome memorials of their devotion to 
its spiritual interests. 

And now we commend the Cit}' of our love to Thy care and 
keeping. Our prayer is that, when this happy Anniversary shall 
be repeated in the centuries to come, it may appear that we too 
have lived and labored in love and righteousness. 

So may Thy kingdom come and Thy will be done on earth 
as it is in heaven. Amen. 



Cborus. 

"Native Land, United Land." J. C. Macy. 

{A/r, "O Tan7ie7ibatiin.'"^ 

A song of praise we sing for thee. 

Native land, united land. 
Thy heart beats true, thy sons are true, 

Native land, dear native land. 
Thy children rise when thou dost call. 
And treach'rous foes before thee fall ! 
Thy nation's flag still waves o'er all. 

Freedom's land, O Freedom's land ! 

Our fathers' deeds we cherish still. 

Patriot land, united land. 
With rev'rence we maintain their will, 

Pilgrim's land, beloved land. 
The world has learned our power and might, 
When wrong would seek to crush the right. 



1 48 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

We shed abroad Truth's glorious light, 
Freedom's land, beloved land. 

But not by conquest do we strive. 

Native land, united land. 
For God and human rights we strive, 

Favor'd land, O heav'n-blest land. 
Our benefits to all are free. 
Our deeds are for humanity ; 
And may we thus forever be. 

Native land, united land. 



H&&res5 of Melcome, 

Hon. William Shepherd, Mayor of Lynn. 

Fellozv- Citizens and Invited Guests : — In behalf of the mu- 
nicipality I bid you a cordial welcome to these Anniversary exer- 
cises. Albeit in accord with official custom and therefore within 
the field of the expected I can but esteem it a high personal 
honor to be called upon to preside upon so important and signifi- 
cant an occasion as the present. The closing year of the half- 
century marked the beginning of urban government in Lynn. 
That was in itself an epoch in a municipal history which even 
then dated back nearly two and a quarter centuries. We were 
entering upon what, to us, was an experiment in home politics. 
The abandonment of the old and tried and truly democratic 
"town meeting" was not, indeed, accomplished without a strug- 
gle ; and it is safe to say that many of the advocates of the City 
Charter were not wholly free from misgivings as to the outcome. 
But with a population above 14,000 souls, it could scarcely fail 
to be seen that the "town meeting," as a practical governmental 
agent, had become too unwield}^ for its mission. The only re- 
course was, therefore, to the representative system — the delega- 
tion of the people's authority to the chosen few. 

It is a cause for satisfaction that we have with us some of 



THE SECOND DAT—MAl'OR'S ADDRESS. 149 

those who were members of the City Government of 1850 : 
Joseph M. Rowell, member of the Common Council ; WilHam 
H. Lewis, City Messenger ; Harrison Newhall, Assessor ; Albert 
Needham, School Committee; S. Oliver Breed, Surveyor of 
Lumber ; John A. Thurston, Constable ; Warwick Palfrey, Field 
Driver. Respected fellow-citizens, we bid you welcome ; your 
lives have been bounteously spared beyond the allotted three- 
score years and ten. It has been your privilege to behold the 
young Cit}^ of your youth and love grow and expand into the 
proud municipality that you behold to-day, but how altered — 

Broken seems almost every tie that links 
That day to this, and to the child the man ; 
The world is altered quite in all its thoughts, 
In all its works and ways, its sights and sounds ; 
The old familiar faces from the streets 
One after one have now all disappeai-ed, 
And sober sires are they who then were sons. 

Venerable men, it requires no words from m}^ lips to assure 
you of the deserved respect and esteem in which you are held 
b}" your fellow-citizens. 

And now in the closing year of the eventful nineteenth century 
the sons and daughters of grand old Lynn convene in committee 
of the whole to celebrate that turning point in her governmental 
history. Happily the duty of unrolling before your mental vision 
in panoramic word-painting the varied scenes of this fascinating 
municipal drama has been intrusted to far abler hands than mine. 
Yet a touch of the salient points of the agreeable retrospect may 
be admissible. 

Let us consider for a moment what the half-century has brought 
Lynn in the shape of material development. From a population 
of 14,000, in 1850, it has grown to one of nearly 70,000^ in 
1900; its ratable polls from 3,197 to 19,356; its valuation has 
expanded from $4,000,000 to more than $50,000,000. The 
value of manufactured products has increased from $4,000,000, 

1 The population of Lynn, census of 1900, is 68,513, the figures being announced by the United 
States Census Bureau while this volume was passing- through the press. 



I50 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

in 1850, to a grand total of $40,000,000 in 1900. There were 
3,389 children in the schools in 1850 ; there are 12,299 in the 
schools of Lynn this year. 

Practicall}' at the very beginning of that period, two towns — 
Swampscott and Nahant — were set off from the parent body, 
and have thus ceased to be reckoned as contributors to its 
growth. 

With no tributary territory whatever, but dependent wholly 
upon her own resources, and these (in mercantile lines espec- 
ially) constantly trenched upon by the near-by New England 
metropolis, Lynn yet makes this magnificent showing at the close 
of the century. The chief factors thus operating to her advan- 
tage have been, first, a thorough practical knowledge of the 
staple manufacture by those engaged in it, and, second, an enter- 
prise and courage which has continuall}^ kept every dollar of her 
capital actively employed. Within the half-century the pro- 
cesses of shoe manufacturing have so radically changed as' to 
amount to a revolution. The little shoemakers' shops which for- 
merly dotted the town have given place to the mammoth shoe 
factory, where the twin genii, steam and electricit}", hold sway, 
and where scientific precision and speed have taken the place of 
the crude and slow operations of the past. The germ of this won- 
derful mechanical progress developed in the brain of Elias Howe, 
who, with his sewing-machine of the late forties and early fifties, 
as surely revolutionized the shoe manufacture as did Eli Whitney 
the cotton realm. From Howe's upper-sewing apparatus sprang 
the jMcKay for sole-sewing, and machines of various kinds 
followed until nearly every old-time hand process was covered 
by them. Lynn, by promptly adopting these great helps at 
their inception, kept ahead of all competitors in the race for in- 
dustrial supremacy in her staple line, and remains to-day, as 
always, the great shoe-manufacturing centre of the world. The 
morocco business, also, the shoe trade's great collateral industry, 
has availed itself of many mechanical helps, while the minor 
industries, the outgrowth of both, have also multiplied and 
flourished, as have numerous independent ones. Of late years 



THE SECOND DAT— MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 151 

the development of the electrical industr}^ within our borders has 
been marked and has sensibly added to our population and 
wealth. Our mercantile interests have also grown to imposing 
proportions. 

It would be an agreeable thing, did time permit, to designate 
those who have been the active instruments by which these great 
material gains have come to Lynn. No less so to indicate the 
men and women whose intellectual and moral zeal have given 
to our city her nobler wealth in these realms of high endeavor. 
But the risk of seeming invidiousness, under my necessary limit- 
ations to-day, warns me to forbear. Suffice it to say, their 
names are embalmed in the hearts of the people of Lynn ; and, 
whether active with us now, or passed beyond, the enduring 
meed of praise is theirs. 

Our progress in educational facilities during the last half- 
century has been in full keeping with our material gain. One 
has only to glance at the stately temples of learning to-day and 
mentally compare them with those of the earlier time to be con- 
vinced of this fact. Then as a most valuable adjunct we have 
the Public Library, with its wealth of substantial edifying 
material. This is a fitting time to mention with all honor to her 
memory the name of Elizabeth M. Shute, whose liberal bene- 
faction contributed so largely to the erection of the Lynn Public 
Library building. Lynn has long borne the reputation of being 
a city of readers ; and it is simply giving credit where credit is 
due to assert that the little shoemakers' shops, formerly so plen- 
tiful, and which were the arenas of debate upon all topics 
agitating the public mind, were the real germinal points of that 
love of information which gives Lynn its complimentar}^ repu- 
tation to-day. 

The agencies for the upbuilding of the higher life of Lynn 
ha.ve been active all through the half-century just passed. 
The pulpit, the school and the press have constituted the tacit 
yet strong combination, which makes for good citizenship and 
worth of character and influence. Numerous secular societies 
add their quota of effort in the same direction. Besides, in the 



153 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

social world of Lynn there exists more true democrac}' than 
can be found in any other city in the country. A man here is 
esteemed or despised, not for his wealth nor his poverty, but 
for the intrinsic merits or demerits of his character. Stripped 
of all stage tinsel, he stands before the keen-eyed "people here 
for just what he is really worth — no more, no less. This it is 
that makes Lynn the chosen dwelling-place of sincere, broad- 
minded people from all New England and beyond. 

Within the fifty years in question Lynn has twice been called 
upon to prove her patriotic devotion to the republic. Twice has 
she responded, and in a manner which showed conclusively that 
the spirit of '76 was still vigorous in her sons. In how many 
instances the supreme sacrifice was unflinchingl}' made, let the 
sad yet glorious record tell ! The veterans of the field and 
flood, one and all, who sustained her honor and that of the flag 
in those great tests of American manhood, are our special pride 
to-day. 

Lynn has not neglected her opportunities for securing "breath- 
ing places" for her steadily increasing population. Her Public 
Forest is the largest reservation in the country under municipal 
control, with the single exception of Fairmount Park, Philadel- 
phia ; while her marine and other parks, secured and projected, 
serve to make up a truly imposing total of area set apart for this 
important purpose. I deem it but just to say that to the public 
spirit of The Exploring Circle, organized coincidentl}- with 
the city form of government (viz., in 1850), and composed of 
w^ell known citizens, is due the inception of the public forest pro- 
ject, and that its disinterested labors, supplemented by the neces- 
sity of protecting our new water supply, gave the people for all 
time the grand Lynn Public Forest of to-day. 

A sudden and unexpected test of the inherent stability of our 
City came in the great fire of November, 1889. There is no 
need to particularize. Lynn knows by heart the startling story 
of this ferocious assault of the flames. The event has taken 
its place among the world-famous conflagrations of the historic 
era. Did the business men of Lynn — did the citizens generally 



THE SECOND DAT— MAYOR'S ADDRESS. 153 

— lie supinely down because seven millions of their substance 
had vanished in a day in tire and smoke ? No I no ! ere the 
embers had lost their glow, plans for a rebuilding were being 
drawn, and lo ! as if by magic, a new and greater Lynn arose 
from her ashes ! Home pluck and enterprise wrought this mar- 
vel of recuperation. 

And now, at the end of a half-century of urban corporate 
life, what has Lynn to say of the system? She can say, first, 
as was contended in 1850, that having outgrown the primitive 
though democratic methods of the village and township, the 
change was a necessity of the situation. She can say further, 
and proudly too, that in all these fifty years of City administra- 
tion no scandal of any magnitude has stained her governmental 
annals ; that her public servants have been such in fact as well 
as in name, and have served their immediate constituencies and 
the entire City with faithfulness and capacity. Are not these 
facts worthy of a setting as jewels in the crown of Lynn? 

During the fifty years of the municipality, twenty-seven of- 
ficials have preceded the present incumbent in the office of 
Mayor. Of this number, fifteen have passed over to join the 
great majority. Of the surviving twelve, we are glad to wel- 
come those who are here to honor this occasion by their pres- 
ence. I know that I will meet their approval, and the approval 
of this great audience, if I refer especially to one beloved by all ; 
he who, when the war clouds hovered over the land, when the 
destiny of this nation hung trembling in the balance, when the 
sons of Lynn were battling for the honor of the flag and the pres- 
ervation of the Union, not only tenderly cared for the dependent 
ones at home, but, like a good Samaritan, went down to where 
our boys were on the battle line with timely succor and words of 
hope and cheer. I mention his name with honor and respect — 
Hon. Peter M. Neal. 

The beauties of Lynn have been so often and so ably pictured 
that it would be both superfluous and absurd for my " 'prentice 
hand" to more than lightly touch the theme. Nature has here 
been prodigal of her favors. Whether viewed from High Rock 



154 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



or the loftier eminences of the Public Forest, the scene 
makes the esthetic taste of the beholder a willing 
captive. Hill and dale and wood and lake and stream 
all alike make their silent yet strong appeal. From 
High Rock the view is especially fascinating, c6v- 
erino- as it does our own demain, both settled and 
unsettled, and far beyond; old ocean, laving our 
southern shores; Nahant and Swampscott, gems 
indeed, plucked from the crown of Lynn, but for all 
time jewels of the sea; Marblehead, in her rugged 
yet magnetic beauty; Saugus, another of Lynn's 
children, her silver-ribboned river winding to the 
main ; Revere and Winthrop and the islands of the 
bay ; the State House dome and spires of Boston ; 
the shaft of Bunker Hill ; the blue hills of Milton ; 
Nantasket and the South Shore, fading into dreamy 
perspective in the distance. 

This, fellow-citizens of Lynn, is our grand and 
glorious heritage, our birthright of natural beauty, 
our acquirement of civic wealth. This entire estate 
is ours to-day, but only in trust, to be passed on to our 
children, and by them, in turn, to theirs, and on and 
on, in infinite procession. For, though the 
human units which compose it may one by one 
depart, the municipality itself lives on forever. 



'ilk K 




I 



THE SECOND DA 7— POEM. 



'55 



Bnuivevsarv poem, 

Mabel Ward.^ 

Ring ye joy-bells ! Peal your welcome 

To this jubilee of years ! 
Roll of drum and blast of trumpet 
Sound the jubilee of years ! 

Boom of cannon wake the echoes 

Till the storied past replies, 
And the vanished years add blessing 

With their truth that never dies. 
From fair Lynntield's farthest limit, 

To Nahant's bright summer shore, 
Swampscott's beaches, hills of Saugus, 
Homeward speeding come once more 
Children of the Third Plantation, 

One in heart, once one in name. 
Giving in your joyous greeting 
Half a century's meed of fame. 



Sweet summer loveliness 
alone, Lynn's birthday 
welcome gave. 

From beach of shining sand 
white-wreathed by foam 
of sparkling wave 

To rocky range, whose for- 
est guards their banners 
green waved high, 

1 Born in Lynn, Sept. 2, 1S77; daughter 
of Henry A. and Martha E.Ward; gradu- 
ate Classical High School, 1895 ! author of 
class ode and prophecy; wrote the libretto 
of the operetta " A Modern Portia," and 
other works. 




156 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

And sun-kissed crag's gray-lichened face smiled back to azure sky. 
Ah, happy day in June far off, when first from Naumkeag Bay 
Five men whose hearts for freedom longed so cheerly tracked 

their way 
O'er ledges rough to a "fair playne" in ancient Saugus land, 
And won possession there in peace from friendly chieftain's hand I 
There first in tangled wilderness the white man broke the soil, 
And raised his humble cottage walls with zealous, patient toil ; 
Nor dreamed his ringing axe proclaimed foundation of a town 
For which the course of centuries should win a city's crown. 

The stubborn soil its bount}^ paid to thrifty husbandry. 

The plenty of the sea was won by fishers' industry, 

New-comers versed in many trades wrought with the pioneers 

In dignity of honest toil for good of coming years. 

With hope and stern exalted faith they worked their destiny, 

Guarding with meetinghouse and school their young community ; 

Transmitting through the years which link with ours that early 

time 
A heritage of manliness and energy sublime. 
We honor them to-day, the pioneers of Lynn, nor less 
The generations following, whose hard-won triumphs bless 
With onward, upward progress our fair City by the sea, 
And fill with visions glorious this golden jubilee. 

With rocky coast and harbor poor, with scanty crops to cheer, 
W^hat coigne of vantage opened to our sturdy fathers here ? 
With self-dependence strong they trod the paths of industry. 
To find in Crispin's craft the source of Lynn's prosperity. 
This "gentle craft," that first through Kertland's skill found 

favor here, 
But slowly grew as Time its decades measured year by year ; 
Then came from home, across the sea, the Welshman — Dagyr 

called : 
So skilled he was, so deft of hand, his name was soon extolled 
Throughout the Colony ; shoemaking as an art he taught, 



777^ SECOND DAT— POEM. 157 

And gave fresh impulse to the honored trade at which he wrought. 
The courage of success, which war nor poverty could quench, 
Bro't from the home fireside to little shops the "kit" and "bench" ; 
Here many shoes were sewed and turned, beat out and scraped, 

with care 
Well finished, while the merry jest or song rose on the air ; 
Or argument inspired with broader views on church and state. 
And intellect the keener grew as waged the warm debate. 

A centmy ^ ends — the cycles of the past have run their course. 
Invention tunes the world anew with mighty power and force. 
And brings, with whir of wheel and hum of busy factor}^, 
Supremacy throughout the world to Lynn's great industry. 
The town's horizon broadens to a city's vaster range, 
From which, true hearts a nation's peril see, and yearn to change 
The bondsman's night to Freedom's day ; the City's peaceful life 
Throbs with the sympathy she feels for just and worthy strife. 
The Southern cannon challenges ; brave Sumter's gun replies ; 
Two of Lynn's companies respond before the echo dies ; 
And later, thousands more press on with purpose high to win 
By sacrifice of blood remission of a nation's sin. 
Their valor we recall to-day and give the honor due 
To every faithful veteran who wore the coat of blue. 
For those, the unreturning ones, who, noble-hearted, gave 
Their lives that Freedom's flag unstained through all their land 

should wave. 
We join in harmony of praise each new Memorial Day, 
And strew above their honored graves the fairest buds of May. 
And yet again war's trumpet sounds : the men of ninety-eight 
Go forward to the conflict fierce, with youth and strength elate. 
To lift the yoke from Cuba, that fair island of the sea. 
And raise on alien soil the glorious banner of the free. 

And Peace her victories hath wrought in this half-century — 
In stately church and Learning's shrine her monuments we see ; 

' A century from the coining of Dagyr, in 1750. 



15S CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

And, fairest of memorials, the Public Library — 

A temple beautiful, the people's University. 

Where once the footpath's narrow trail led home through quiet 

field. 
Or o'er forbidding hill, on rocky slope but half revealed, 
Are busy streets through which the tides of travel ebb and flow 
B}' homes in mansions beautiful, or modest cottage low ; 
The little shops to factories expand with magic power. 
Hurrying feet and noise of traffic tell of labor's dower. 
When lo ! with swift, destroying breath, the fire-fiend speeds his 

way. 
And naught but smoking ruins mark the ground where yesterday 
A city's heart beat strong with promise of a future bright. 
Life thrilled the ashes gray ! A new-born Cit}" rose in might 
Of enterprise and energy to breast the future's strife ; 
And aim to master wrong with right through pain or joy of life. 
O'er Nature's forces man's control does ever stronger grow. 
His study wins new benefits with lamp and dynamo. 
The old myth tells of one Prometheus who, from angry Zeus, 
Stole fire and brought it in a hollow staff for mortal's use — 
More potent than that sacred fire the gift that Science brings 
The present age through threads of wire ; with marvelous power 

it wings 
The lightest tone of human speech, or heavy motor runs. 
And changes night to brilliant day with light of mimic suns. 

Where, at herfairest Nature stands green-robed andgirtwith hills, 
With flash of gleaming jewels where her lakes the sunshine fills, 
With charm of var3'ing mood on sunlit heights, in shady glens, 
The Cit}^ consecrates Lynn Woods to all her citizens. 
And this primeval forest grand, in whose superb domain 
Nature gives rest and peace and joy, shall aye reserved remain , 
Our fathers sought in commonage its herbage, timber, food, 
With fear of wolf or witch's spell in demon-haunted wood. 
Where Indian's stealthy foot and swift sped on its sinuous trail, — 
But beckoning phantoms of delight lead us through shady vale. 



THE SECOND DAI'— POE^f. 



159 



Where lowly fern and lordly pine whisper to listening ear 
Familiar legends that we love, and old traditions dear 
Of Dungeon Rock's unfathomed depth, and pirate's store of gold, 
More noted than the prophecies Moll Pitcher told of old ; 
Of swamp whose lofty trees were felled for staunch '' Old Tun- 
nel's " frame. 
Of wolf-pits' masonry that still gives early settlers fame. 
Of Old Man's Walk and stepping-stones in Penny Brook's fair 

dale, 
And mem'ry lingers o'er the names which hill and lake and vale 
Perpetuate, in gratitude for worth and honor bright 
Of those who walked with courage true in duty's paths aright. 
Live on, fair City of our birth, thy past, replete with fame, 
Breathing its words of hope and cheer in blessing o'er thy name. 



Live on and profit by the triumphs brave, true lives have won. 
Nor fail to hear as if from Heaven their tender praise, Well done ! 
God of the ever-circling years, to Thee we prav to-night ; 
Thine only is the sacred power to guide Thy children right. 
May justice, peace and perfect truth guard our dear City well, 
A virtuous life of noble \^'ork her best memorial, 
So we, when years have ceased to chant on earth 

their music sweet, 
May with our fathers' fathers then our God together 

meet. 



'i\ 




i6o CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Cborus. 

"O Land Beloved." 

{Air, '•''The Watch on the Rhine.''') 

O land belov'd, O bright, free land, 
Receive our gifts of heart and hand ; 
Our love, our strength we give to thee, 
With glad devotion thine to be. 
By blood of patriots thou wast won ; 
Thy truths pass'd on from sire to son. 

Blest land ! Our home beloved ! 
O Freedom's land ! True to thy flag to-day, 

Thy children stand. 

Where ride our ships whose guns are mann'd 
By seamen brave — a dauntless band, — 
Or where our army, conq'ring still. 
Spreads. grandly over vale and hill — 
There earth and sea, 'neath Heaven's light. 
Seem glad to hail the noble sight ! 

Blest land ! Our home belov'd ! 
O Freedom's land ! True to thy flag to-day, 

Thy children stand. 

Then guard it well, this home we love ; 
Keep Freedom's light undimm'd above ; 
Preserve with care and rev'rent hand 
America, the heav'n-blest land ! 
The stars and stripes, our flag for aye ! 
This grand, free country, ours to-day ! 

Blest land ! Our home belov'd ! 
O Freedom's land ! True to thy flag to-day, 

Thy children stand. 




BENJAMIN N. JOHNSON, ESQ. 

ORATOR. 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. i6i 

©ration. 

Benjamin Newhall Johnson. 

We are nearing the close of the two hundred and seventy- 
first year in the history of this community. We are met to com- 
memorate an important and far-reaching incident in tliat history, 
to measure what has followed it in the life and progress of our 
people, and to gather, if we may, from a review of the past some 
new and helpful inspiration for the future. But, in the larger 
sense, we cannot commemorate the comparatively recent event 
of 1850, we cannot measure the outcome of these intervening 
years, unless we bring to this occasion an appreciative knowledge 
of the lives and deeds of the men who had gone before. For, 
while it is true that the last lifty 3'ears have been rich in growth 
and significant in prosperity, all that has happened in them has 
been but the continued flow of the uninterrupted current of life 
which had come down in the two hundred and twenty-one years 
preceding. It had taken all those long, slow-moving years to 
bring the old plantation, the rude settlement, and the struggling 
town to a point of development where even the thought of a city 
government was possible. Our fathers had toiled and fought 
and died to lay for us the foundations, and they had laid them 
deep and strong. We surely cannot claim to know the edifice, 
unless we are mindful of those upon whose labors and sacrifices 
it was builded. But it was not onl}^ the old town with its mate- 
rial growth and its varied institutions which those two hundred 
and twenty-one years of strenuous endeavor had brought forth. 
Far more important was it that in those eleven score and one 
years there had been hammered out upon the anvil of time the 
true and distinguishing genius of our Lynn people. The events 
of the more recent years have been but the natural outcome and 
product of that genius. Without the prevailing characteristics 
which had thus been wrought and handed down by the long line 



1 6 3 CITT OF LI 'NN SEMI- CENTENNIA L . 

of brave, united, and freedom-loving men, who toiled here from 
1629 to 1850, you could not have had the Lynn of the last half- 
century, as she has seemed to those who know and love her 
best. It was wholly just and reasonable, therefore, that when 
twenty-one years ago we marked with solemn observance the 
close of the first quarter-millenium in the history of this settle- 
ment, the theme most dwelt upon by orator and poet should be 
the heroic story of those earliest times. But there are other 
reasons which impel us to recount the happenings of those 
remoter years. It is not only that we must do so, that we need 
to know the past in order to interpret the present ; nor is it alone 
because our piety and gratitude add their high impulse to that 
need. We linger with the grand, though simple, story of the 
fathers because we love to do so. All of us have lived through 
sorrie of these fift}^ years now closing, and to many that entire 
period covers but a part of their lives and memories. That 
fascinating touch of the mind which idealizes and glorifies the 
past in which we had no lot or portion cannot work its full magic 
on these latest years. Our modern life with its luxuries and 
hurry cannot compare, in its appeal to our imagination, with the 
toilsome, frugal, but dignified life of the fathers of this com- 
munity. They lived in touch with the very heart-throb of nature, 
and because of the closeness of that touch it sometimes seems to 
us that we know them better than we know ourselves . The pri- 
meval log-house, the thatched-roofed cottage, are more interest- 
ing to us than the more spacious mansion of to-da}'. The early 
water-wheel, cumbrous and wasteful as it was, but dripping plen- 
teously with virgin waters, is certainly more picturesque than the 
modern engine. So is it also with Lynn's ancient farmer, her 
■early fisherman, whether trying his fortune up the Saugus stream 
•or out on the Swampscott deeps, her fighters in the long and 
bloody Indian wars, and her cordwainers in the little shop of by- 
gone days. All these possess for us an interest which cannot per- 
tain to the men of our own day, however favored their mode of 
life, or however highly developed the appliances and skill where- 
with they prosecute their calling. Thus do necessity, duty and 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 163 

inclination all lead us to study and recount the deeds, and to foster 
the memory, of the fathers and founders of our City. 

The present time and occasion permit only a reference to a 
few more important incidents, and a brief statement of their 
significance. We cannot refrain from dwelling for a moment 
upon the very beginning of this ancient settlement. For what 
company of men, however numerous or powerful, will ever 
seem to hold the destinies of this community so wholly in their 
keeping as did Edmund and Francis Ingalls, John and William 
Wood, and William Dixey, when in the summer of 1629 they 
chose this place for their home? Chartered with the broad 
leave of Endicott to go and settle where they would, with the 
ranging shores and the wide inland acres of nearly all of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay before them, they tarried here. From some one 
of these ancient hills they measured with the practical eye of the 
pioneer the "faire playne " which stretched below them; and 
then, when this was done, they looked beyond to the glistening 
surface of Nahant Bay, to its curving beach, and to the pro- 
tected shallows into which flowed the sinuous and chanceful 
waters of the Saugus. Still further out, they gazed upon the 
more restless movements of the open sea. They thought of the 
old home upon its distant shores, of all that it had cost them in 
danger and privation to leave it for this western wilderness. 
They felt with a new thrill the great part which the ocean be- 
fore them had played and was to play in their lives and destiny. 
For was it not both bond and barrier between the old life and 
the new? With these thoughts they lingered, until at length it 
seemed that the very spirit of the place possessed them. "Here," 
they devoutly exclaimed, "shall be our home and that of our 
children. Here, surely, where God hath placed so much of 
beaut}^ we may worship Him as we will. Here shall freedom 
flourish, and here the rights of men shall not perish" ! And 
where in the wide earth has the aspiration of these five wander- 
ers been more completely fulfilled than on this spot, which they 
then for the first time made a white man's home ? On what rood 
of ground has freedom been more highly cherished or oppression 
more bitterly hated? 



1 64 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Only sixty years after the date of that first settlement, when 
the little plantation could not have numbered more than seven 
hundred souls, there happened that which well tested the charac- 
ter and spirit of our people. In 1689 the scheming and arbitrary 
governor of New England, Sir Edmund Andros, proposing to 
add substantial injury to his previous insults, was considering 
the petition of Edward Randolph, his secretary and favorite, for 
the granting to him of a patent of all Nahant. It was in this 
way that Andros had it in mind to consummate his plain denial 
of the title of our people to their lands. Here was a threatened 
subversion of all those plans which, in the furtherance of God's 
will, our fathers had laid for "a new birth of freedom." If the 
men of Lynn yielded to Andros, all might be lost. If the five 
hundred acres of Nahant Neck belonged indeed to the King, as 
Andros had said ; if the sixty years of occupation, toil and pra^-er, 
if the quitclaim from the Indians, were all to count for naught 
in the instance of Nahant, then surely was the dream not only 
of Massachusetts Bay but of all New England to suffer a rude 
awakening. The taunts and threats of Andros had at first been 
met with patient and respectful remonstrance. This, availing 
not, had at length deepened into indignant protest. But Andros 
was blind alike to the claims of justice and the danger of deny- 
ing them. He felt sure of his power, while of their own might 
the people had, as yet, learned nothing. It was a time when 
weaker and less steadfast men might well question whether the 
Lord was in truth with them. Not so the people of New Eng- 
land ; not so our fathers ! On April i8th, 1689, the people of 
Boston rose in open resistance, and in the great deeds of the fol- 
lowing day our fathers bore a brave and honorable part. As- 
sembling betimes in the morning in what we know as the Old 
Tunnel Meetinghouse, but which had then been built but seven 
years, they joined with their sturdy pastor, the Rev. Jeremiah 
Shepard, in prayer, and after listening to a few words of coun- 
sel and encouragement from his manly lips, they followed him, 
at once their pastor and their captain, to Boston ; and there, 
joining the people of other towns, they reaped the fruit of their 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 165 

firmness and determination by seeing Andros not only deprived 
of the exercise of power, but safely lodged on Fort Hill, a pris- 
oner of the people in their own right. No procession of men 
will ever leave this old town with more of the light of freedom 
blazing from their eyes than on that morning of April 19th, 
1689. Small wonder was it that, to a friend of Andros, who 
worshipped established power alone, and who could know 
nothing of what might come from the little flame which was be- 
ing kindled at the altars of liberty, these determined men should 
seem " like so many wild bears," or that their Christian teacher, 
quivering with righteous indignation, should appear " mad with 
passion, more savage than any of his followers." Not until the 
very fabric of our liberties shall be threatened can the deeds of 
that day of the downfall of Andros be here again enacted. 

In the gloom of the passage of the Stamp Act of 1765, and in 
the joy over its repeal the following year, Lynn fully partici- 
pated with the surrounding settlements. The very next year 
the English Parliament passed its fatuous act, which imposed an 
import duty upon several articles, including tea. May 24th, 
1770, the inhabitants of the town met and resolved to discon- 
tinue the use of foreign tea, to vote for no person to any office 
of profit and to return no taverner or retailer to Sessions who 
did not comply with the spirit of their resolution. For two 
years the agitation against the English government, because of 
this tax, not only continued unabated but steadily accumulated 
in force. December i6th, 1773, the people of Lynn, in town 
meeting assembled, passed resolutions which, in the lofty elo- 
quence of simple sincerity, asserted it to be " an essential right 
of freemen to have the disposal of their own property, and not 
to be taxed by any power over which they have no control." 
They denounced the late act of Parliament as a fresh proof of 
the settled and determined designs of the ministers to deprive 
them of liberty and to reduce them to slavery, and closed by 
boldly declaring : " We stand ready to assist our brethren of 
Boston or elsewhere, whenever our aid shall be required, in 
repelling all attempts to land or sell any teas poisoned with a 



1 66 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

duty." And then Lynn had its own Tea Party. For, when the 
women of Lynn marched to the little bake-shop of James Bow- 
ler, on Waterhill, and seized and destroyed the tea which, in 
defiance of the temper and open resolution of the. people was 
being kept there, they launched as direct a blow against oppres- 
sion as was struck at an}/- time or place throughout the Colonies. 
In many meetings the following year our people protested against 
the tyrannous action of the English government in closing Bos- 
ton Harbor to navigation as a penalty for the destruction of the 
tea which had been poured into it, and declared themselves again 
and againthe open enemies of everyform or species of oppression. 

Far as Lynn was from the scene of the conflict, her sons went 
forth to Lexington on the famous 19th of April, 1775, and we 
know of at least four of them who fell and died there. Lynn 
not only did her part in that initial skirmish of the Revolution, 
but throughout the long and painful struggle that followed she 
loyally and cheerfully did more than her full share. There 
could not have been in the town at that time more than four 
hundred men of fighting age, and yet in the Revolutionary war 
Lynn had one hundred and sixty-eight men in the field, and of 
these fifty-six were lost, including the four who were killed at 
Lexington. 

Again, in 1798, when France, who had been to our striving 
Colonies so good a friend, after exacting price upon price of 
gratitude, at length menaced and insulted our new-born nation, 
there was no truer note of lofty and resolute patriotism than that 
which went forth from the people of \^yxvn. Into that noble 
address adopted in town meeting and sent to John Adams, as 
President, there was written — unconsciously, perhaps, but in- 
delibly — the spirit and the character of the men who have made 
this community. In the closing language of that address there 
was a worthy balance of Christian sentiment and patriotic deter- 
mination : 

We wish not again to behold our fields crimsoned with human 
blood, and fervently pray God to avert the calamities of war. Never- 
theless, should our magistrates, in whom we place entire confidence, 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 167 

find it expedient to take energetic measures to defend our liberties, we 
will readily co-operate with them in every such measure ; nor do we 
hesitate, at this interesting crisis, to echo the declaration of our illus- 
trious chief, that " we are not humiliated under a colonial sense of fear ; 
we are not a divided people." Our arms are strong in defense of our 
rights, and we are determined to repel our foe. 

Gracious and deserved, certainly, was the answer of President 
Adams : " Your acknowledgment of the blessings you enjoy 
under your liberty and independence, and determination never 
supinely to surrender them, prove that you deserve them." 

These few incidents, of which many more might be given, 
are enough to demonstrate that in the struggles of the earlier 
plantations of Massachusetts Bay and of New England, as well 
as in those of the combined Colonies, and finally of the nation, 
the people of Lynn bore a most honorable part. They show 
that the history which has been made on this soil was worthy 
of the able and faithful labors which Alonzo Lewis and James 
R. Newhall, our chief local historians, have so gracefully de- 
voted to it. In their loving work, and in the writings and 
sketches of others, some of whom are still with us, our annals 
have been written and the record and the roll of honor have 
been made up. 

But these events do more than illustrate and prove, as they 
surely do, that Lynn was always on the tiring line in those 
great and pivotal battles for freedom. They give us the key to 
the character of our people. From that summer day in 1629, 
when the first live settlers chose this spot for their home, the 
men of Lynn were dominated by two ideas, so deeply rooted 
that they became a passion. They so moulded the genius and 
spirit of the place that no man could breathe its air and live its 
life without yielding to their sway. These omnipresent and 
dominant ideas were freedom and equality. There was none of 
the false note of cant, none of the impotence of the glittering 
generality, in our fathers' conception of these two great princi- 
ples. The freedom which they would have was the right to 
live and toil and enjoy the fruits of their labor, the right to 



1 68 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

govern themselves, and, with that, the sacred obligation to do 
so. They never brought to these shores that sort of fever which 
under the name of liberty has sometimes been ''the cry of the 
Latin or southern peoples, when the red cap is flung to the 
skies, and the populace, unarmed wath a charter and unclothed 
with a constitution, let loose their unbridled frenzy in the blood 
of the barricades." The freedom which our fathers -sought and 
which they achieved and handed down to us was far different. 
In spiHt it was more like the meaning of the northern or Teutonic 
word FREEDOM — "calm and grave as an anthem, of simple 
Doric majesty, it speaks of solemn conviction, of deep-brooding 
thought, of high spiritual passion, of unshaken hold on natural, 
unalterable right." The idea of equality among men has often 
been brought into reproach by the liberal use of the -word 
"equality "among men and peoples who never had the serious aim 
to achieve or recognize the idea itself. In a degree this could 
be said of some of our early New England settlements. In many 
of them an aristocracy both in church and state was not onl}" 
asserted, but in great part recognized. This was not true among 
the men of Lynn. Their belief in the justice and practicability 
of securing for themselves and for those who should come after 
them an equal right before the law, in every essential phase of 
life, became a solemn article of faith. Out of the vigor and 
sincerity with which that early belief was here held, you may 
evolve and interpret the fundamental elements of the public sen- 
timent of Lynn, when fully aroused, at any time and upon any 
question. Far more seriously than by their neighbors in the 
wealthier commercial towns was this idea of equality enter- 
tained by the settlers in Lj-nn. They insisted from the be- 
ginning that there should be no chosen people, and that in this 
broad land there was not room enough for another aristocracy. 
Whoever came to this settlement was soon made to understand 
that it was the adopted home of freemen ; that those who had 
come, and those who might come, were all immigrants alike, 
and that the land and its sacred privileges w^ere not for the few 
but for the many. Our fathers sniffed from afar the ver}^ first 



THE SECOND DAI — ORATION. 169 

approach of anything Hke an exclusive spirit, an attempted 
monopoly in business, or any other form or semblance of power 
which tended in the slightest degree to subjugate one man to the 
will of another. The fact that Lynn had no deep water front 
which would have enabled her people to share in the ship- 
building and commerce of the time, and which would have 
brought them more freely into communication with other lands, 
threw the entire community back upon the constant toil and the 
frugal living, first of a primitive settlement, and then of an in- 
dustrial town. There was no vision of rapid wealth to lure our 
fathers from their high and solemn purpose to establish here a 
pure democracy ; and so it early came to be that it was the 
farmer, the fisherman, the cooper, the tanner, the miller, in 
short the handicraftsman, who was the type of man most cher- 
ished and protected. It was in part because of this jealous care 
that no man should tower above his fellow that the old Iron 
Works Company was met as early as 1645 with so cold a recep- 
tion, and was afterwards harried by the open suspicion and un- 
yielding enmity of our people. There could have been nothing 
which the early settlers so much needed as tools and agricul- 
tural implements, and, indeed, every sort of iron product. It 
was no doubt for this strong practical reason that the General 
Court ventured to bestow exceptional privileges upon the Under- 
takers of the Iron Works. It gave them a monopoly of iron 
works for twenty-one years with the right to dig stone or iron 
on any man's land ; to themselves, their agents, and servants it 
granted immunity from all public charges for all goods used in 
the business ; but more than this, it provided that their clerks 
and workmen should be free from ordinary watchings and train- 
ings. This grant of exceptional privileges to the employees of a 
special industry was an affront to our people. In vain was it that 
the Court in 1653 allowed the town an annual recompense for the 
loss that was incident to these immunities so long as the iron 
works should remain. The objection lay deeper ; it was one of 
principle. Our people ignored, therefore, their important and 
pressing need for iron. They were men with a mission, and were 



170 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

unmindful of all things else. Instead of welcoming the iron works 
as a friend in need, they did all they could to kill them with dis- 
trust. This was, without doubt, carrying the idea of industrial 
equality too far. It was an application of theoretical propositions 
to the concrete facts of human life, which future events have 
proved to be impossible ; but it illustrates the determination of 
those early settlers to allow no dream of local aggrandisement 
to alla}'^ their jealous care for the supremacy of the individual 
and for his right to equal standing, every one with his fellow, 
before the law. It was this same spirit which made even the 
beginning of a social aristocracy here impossible. There are 
indications in the records that, attracted by the natural beauties 
of the place, many came who by temperament and breeding 
required a certain degree of social pre-eminence as the condition 
of happiness. Such people never found a congenial home in 
Lynn, and those who settled here from time to time left before 
the outbreak of the Revolution. The pre-eminence they coveted 
was without value unless recognized by the man}'. Such recog- 
nition the people of Lynn never yielded and never sanctioned. 
The whole idea was foreign to the soil. By the use of their 
gifts, not b}^ the mere possession of them, have the sons of Lynn 
been wont to judge each other ! 

With this imperfect survey of our earlier history and of the 
leading characteristics of our people, we come to the year and 
the event which we especially commemorate to-day. Tuesday 
morning. May 14th, 1850, in Lyceum Hall, which stood only a 
few hundred feet from where we are now assembled, upon the 
present site of Odd Fellows' Building, the old Town of Lynn 
yielded up its rights, powers and privileges to the newly char- 
tered City. Under any circumstances such a change in the 
government of an ancient community must be deemed a solemn 
function. In the Lynn of 1850 this was true in an unusual and 
far-reaching sense. For that which happened here half a cen- 
tury ago, and which to-day the entire City celebrates with a 
common and unanimous rejoicing, lay heavy and disquieting 
upon the hearts of a large number of the citizens of the town. 



THE SECOND DA 7— ORATION. i^i 

The question of the advisability of establishing a city had for 
many months divided our people into two opposed and nearly 
equal camps. In the previous year, at a town meeting held 
March 1 2th, 1849, '^ special committee of seven ^ had been ap- 
pointed to confer with a committee of the Legislature respecting 
a city charter, and to prepare a draft of such document. The 
charter reported by this committee was enacted by the Legisla- 
ture April 9th, 1849 ; but, upon being submitted to the voters of 
the town, eleven days after, it was rejected by a vote of 838 for 
and 950 against it, showing a majority of 112 votes in favor of 
retaining the town government. This comparatively small vote, 
upon an issue at once vital and much debated, would seem to 
indicate that many of the people were so unsettled by their 
doubts that they abstained from voting. But the proposition 
was soon again to challenge their attention. In a towai meeting 
held April ist, 1850, the Selectmen were instructed to petition 
the Legislature on behalf of the town for a city charter, the form 
of which was this time referred to a special committee of fifteen.^ 
This committee, after making certain modifications in the form 
of charter which had been rejected the previous year, presented 
their report to the Legislature, and on April loth, 1850, that 
body put those recommendations into the form of an enactment. 
The deeply-rooted feelings and opposed convictions of the people 
had made the matter one of earnest and prolonged discussion. 
Debate now developed into strife, and never had our citizens 
been so profoundly divided upon any question which affected 
the public weal. But this tinal campaign was a short one. The 
vote on the question of adopting the charter, and thereby estab- 
lishing a city, w^as taken April 19th, 1850, the 75th anniversary 
of the battle of Lexington, and the 161 st anniversarv of the 
great day when the people of Lynn confronted Sir Edmund 
Andros at Boston. There were 2,034 votes cast, of which 1,047 
were for and 987 against the adoption of the charter. By these 

1 This committee consisted of the following H. Parrott, Joseph N. Saunderson, Benjamin 

citizens: Benjamin F. Mudge, John B. Alley, Mudfje, Jonathan Bacheller, George W. Rad- 

Ira P. Brown, Samuel C. Pitman, Henry New- din, Ebenezer Brown, Samuel C. Pitman, Isaac 

hall, Isaiah Breed and George W. Raddin. Brown, Green Page, Asa T. Newhall, Edward 

-William Bassett, Thomas Bowler, Isaiah Carroll, Daniel C. Baker and John Nichols. 



173 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

figures we have brought home to us the impressive fact that the 
incident we to-day celebrate was made possible by a popular 
decision in which the proposal to establish a city secured the 
narrow majority of onl}- sixty votes. A change of thirt}- votes 
and the day we commemorate must have been another day and 
in another year. In what thus happened and in what followed 
we may find a notable and useful lesson. From the vantage 
ground of to-day we can see that the voters who composed that 
majority, small though it was, wisely turned the destinies of our 
people. They were touched by the spirit of progress. They 
felt that the problems of the future demanded new solutions. 
The minorit}^ on the other hand, were contending with equal 
sincerity for an old institution, and for what they believed to be 
the sacred right of the people to assemble and determine public 
questions for themselves. The decision rendered, there was 
an immediate recognition of its binding force. Meagre as was 
the margin of votes by which a form of city government had 
been adopted, and formidable though the defeated minorit}' had 
a right to deem their protestations against it, there was, never- 
theless, a loyal and prompt submission to the will of the major- 
ity. Sincere and torturing doubts there must have been. To 
men who loved the old town and its traditions, and who believed 
that a grave, and possibly irreparable, mistake had been com- 
mitted, the experience mus^ have been a sorrowful and bitter 
one. But in the face of all this, it was the watchword of the 
hour that the new City was to be given a candid trial, and the 
new form of government submitted to an honest test. So far 
was this at once recognized to be the duty of every good citizen, 
that when. May 3d, 1850, the election of our first city officials 
took place, the people chose for their Mayor a man who had 
not only earnestly but most openly opposed the change that had 
been accomplished. This action of the voters certainly demon- 
strated their utmost confidence in George Hood, whom they 
thus elected the first Mayor of the City, and it is, no doubt, to 
his appreciation of so unusual a mark of public esteem that we 
may trace that deeper note of meaning and solemnity which 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 173 

pervaded the words of the first of our inaugurals, as it was read 
by him in Lyceum Hall fifty years ago to-day. 

With what we know of the spirit and genius of our people, 
we cannot deem it strange that they should have clung with 
such loving tenacity to their old form of town government. 
The town meeting, as it had been developed in New England, 
had proved itself the most perfect instrument of democratic 
government the world had seen. Beginning as it had away 
back in the shadowy years of the first settlements, without defi- 
nite precedent or model, guided only by the two beacon lights 
of liberty and law, the town meeting had been to the people 
their nursery of freedom, their school of logic, and their seminary 
of patriotism. It had become the s3'mbol around which centred 
the love and loyalty of the freeman for home and town and state 
and nation. He had come to regard it as the very palladium of 
his liberties. To the people of Lynn the loss of the town meet- 
ing may have had an additonal and peculiar significance. The 
nature of their occupation, especially its compatability with the 
habit of daily reading and discussion of current events, had 
developed here a high degree of originality of character. The 
natural proneness of our people for debate, and their constant 
practice of it while at work, had resulted in an individuality and 
independence of opinion which could find no opportuuitv for 
expression to be compared with that of the town meeting. What 
had thus at first, perhaps, been an exercise of individual gifts 
had come at length to be regarded as a sacred privilege and an 
important dut}^. To abandon that great function of the town 
meeting which gave to every citizen the right to be heard by his 
fellows and the opportunity to influence their decision upon 
matters of local (government seemed indeed like a surrender of 
the first principles of freedom. Besides all this, there were 
comparatively few precedents in the way of city governments 
in the Commonwealth. Only eight charters had theretofore 
been enacted by the Legislature.^ The very first of these, the 
Boston charter, had not been granted until 1822, and not until 

' Boston, 1S22; Salem, 1S36; Lowell, 1S36; Roxbury, 1S46; Cambridge, iS4'>; Charlestown, 1S47; 
New Bedford, 1S47; Worcester, 1S4S. 



174 Cirr OF LVNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

that community had a population of 45,000. Of the remaining 
seven, all but two had been granted within five years, so that 
their successful operation could not be said to be fully established. 
The increased expense of a city government was one of the 
principal objections against its adoption, and, looking at that 
phase of the subject alone, the experience of the few cities which 
had already been established afforded an apparently sound basis 
of argument for those who favored the retention of the town 
system. But larger principles were involved. A new era of 
swifter and broader activities was at hand, and the time had 
surely come when the representative government of the city 
must in the larger centres of population supplant the old democ- 
racy of the town meeting. 

The Lynn of 1850 was singularly the Lynn of earlier days. 
There had been an unusual permanence in the life of the 
original families that had settled here. A considerable por- 
tion of our people were still the offspring of those families. 
Mayor Hood, himself among that number, called attention 
in his first inaugural to the fact that a majority of the men 
elected to administer the first City Government were the imme- 
diate descendants of the first settlers of the town. This was 
certainly a notable fact in a community which had had a con- 
tinuous history of two and one-fifth centuries. Down to the 
3'ear 1830 the town had grown very slowly. At the end of the 
Revolution, after one hundred and fifty years full of high en- 
deavor and historic happening, it had only reached a population 
of about two thousand. In the following fifty years, during 
which the second and third parishes had been lopped off from 
the old family tree, and planted as new towns under the names 
of Lynnfield and Saugus, the inhabitants of Lynn had increased 
to only six thousand. But during the twenty years from 1830 
to 1850 a newer and more vigorous life had supervened. While 
the commerce of Salem and Marblehead had diminished, the 
manufacturing industries of Lynn had correspondingly pros- 
pered. This had brought a new and sturdy addition to our 
people. In those twenty years alone Lynn had grown from a 



THE SECOND DAY— ORATION. 175 

population of six thousand to one of fourteen thousand, thereby 
accomplishing in a score of years a larger actual increase than 
it had theretofore made in two full centuries. It was this excep- 
tional prosperity which had stirred the minds of our people to 
the belief that there was to be a brighter future for the town, 
and it was this which led them to consider the wisdom of estab- 
lishing a city. Yet, even with the unprecedented growth of 
those twenty years, Lynn had changed but slightly in general 
appearance, or in the character of its people. With the City of 
to-day before us, it is almost impossible to delineate the town of 
tifty years ago. To the eye it was little more than a wide and 
scattering village. The dwellings of the people were plain and 
well apart, with onl}^ the old-fashioned garden and the leafy 
orchard to relieve their lack of architectural beauty. In almost 
every garden was the typical shoemaker shop, while here and 
there stood a house of unusual dignity. The growth of the town 
as a whole had been from the west eastward, and, with the 
exception of Woodend, the great eastern section of the City, 
which to-day contains one of our largest wards, was virtuall}- 
without population. The old Common was still unfenced. The 
streets were comparatively few, and these were ungraded, and 
in all respects more like rural highways than town thorough- 
fares. Many of them were little better than lanes, and to a 
great extent were so styled. The town had not yet begun to 
shape itself into its future and more finished form. It was only 
twelve years since the railroad had put in its first appearance, 
and had '' made the old stone walls in the vicinity of Central 
Square disappear, and cow pastures and gardens come into 
requisition for building lots." A comparatively short time be- 
fore, the familiar stagecoach, plying its way over the turnpike 
between Salem and Boston, and making its bustling and cheery 
stops at the old Lynn Hotel, had been the usual means of travel 
between those points. It was eight years before telegraphic 
' communication was to be opened between Lynn and any other 
town. The horse railroad had not been constructed, and was 
not to run through our streets for a decade. Indeed, it was to 



176 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

take two years before the travel between the western and eastern 
portions of the town would reach such volume as to require an 
omnibus to connect those different sections. It was three years 
before illuminating gas was to be introduced, and ten years be- 
fore any one of our streets was to be lighted by it. It had not 
been long since the location of the post office, having first been 
removed from the corner of Boston and Federal Streets to the 
southerly end of the latter street, had begun its gradual but in- 
variably eastward march, pausing on its way first at the corner 
of South Common and Pleasant Streets, and at length in the 
Lyceum Hall Building. There were but two banks of discount 
in the City, and one of these, the Laighton Bank, had been 
organized in the previous year. The business men of Lynn 
still transacted a large part of their banking at Salem, and in 
many other ways the town had been overshadowed by that larger 
and richer neighbor. The industry of shoe manufacturing was 
being carried on as it had been without any substantial change 
in method for over one hundred years. _ The whole appearance 
of the town denoted a past which, long, toilsome, and honorable 
though it had been, had brought no great measure of material 
wealth. The people had worked too hard, and 3'et they had 
acquired little of that reserve power which affords reasonable 
leisure, and, with that, the means to devise and forward the 
larger plans of public development. But whatever the town 
lacked in accumulated wealth, it more than made good in the 
refreshing originality and independent qualities of its people. 
The whole current of life and development had been toward in- 
dividualism. It would be difficult to name another place in 
New England which at that time contained so large a number 
of robust, unconventional, and striking men. 

To this Lynn of 1850, so entirely the product of its own past, 
there was to come a notable change. The spirit of great events 
was even then broodino; over it. What those events were to 
bring forth no man could foresee. In the immediate future, 
there was to begin what may be termed the third era in the in- 
dustrial history of the community. To appreciate what this 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 177 

meant to the City, it is necessary to review for a moment the 
development of that great industry with which the name of Lynn 
has been so prominently associated. In 1635 shoemaking had 
begun here as a fireside and winter occupation, and had con- 
tinued as such until 1750. The work was pursued partly, if 
not altogether, during the cold months of the year, when farm- 
ing, which was the principal means of livelihood, was impossible. 
It was carried on in the home and around the hearthstone. We 
know little of its earliest history. Beyond the fact that Philip 
Kertland and Edmund Bridges were the first shoemakers, and 
that they came here about the year 1635, our information is 
based mainly on tradition. There is direct evidence, however, 
of an early and effective organization among the ver}" first of 
our workers. As early as 165 1, in his " Wonder -Working 
Providence," it was written by Edward Johnson of Woburn, 
concerning Lynn manufacturers, as follows : " All other trades 
have fallen into their ranks and places to their great advantage, 
especially coopers and shoemakers, who had either of them a 
corporation granted, inriching themselves very much." 

The records of that corporation or guild, formed so early in 
our history, would be of priceless value if we had them to-day ; 
but unhappily they were lost, or perhaps burned in the destruc- 
tive excitement following the passage of the Stamp Act. 

During this first period, Lynn acquired a prominent and, 
there is reason to believe, the foremost position in the Colonies 
in the manufacture of women's shoes. The second era in the 
business may be said to have begun in 1750. A new life was 
given to it in that year by the arrival from Wales of John Adam 
Dagyr. He appears to have inspired the manufacturers of the 
community with new courage and to have led them to introduce 
both skill and art into their work. So much did Dagyr accom- 
plish in this direction that as early as 1764 we find an issue of 
the Boston Gazette describing him as "the celebrated shoemaker 
of Essex." It was during this second era, from 1750 to 1850, 
that the little shoemaker shop made its appearance and attained 
its prominence and fame. Alonzo Lewis says that: "From this 



17S CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

time the craft continued to flourish until it became the principal 
business in the town. Fathers, sons, journeymen and appren- 
tices worked together in a shop of one story in height, twelve 
feet square, with a fireplace in one corner and a cutting-board 
in another." Thus was the chimney-corner stripped of its in- 
dustrial accessories, and the alternate occupation of farming 
and shoemaking was forced to yield to the more modern econ- 
om}^, which called upon every man to choose his vocation and 
elect whether he should till the soil or work in the shop. But, 
notwithstanding this movement from the fireside to the shop, the 
methods of shoemaking had remained the same in their essen- 
tial features down to 1850. In the introduction of Alonzo Lewis 
to the Lynn Directory of 185 1, we find from his pen the follow- 
ing plain and simple account of the manner of conducting the 
business at that time : " The stock for the shoes is cut in the 
larger buildings, called manufactories, by men termed clickers. 
The upper parts are then tied in packages and given to females, 
who reside at their own homes, to be bound. They are then 
returned to the manufactories, where they are put together in 
bundles with the soles, and 'distributed to the workmen, who 
make the shoes in small — quite too small — shops, usually at 
or near their homes. The workmen are called cordwainers. 
. . . When the shoes are finished, they are packed at the 
manufactories in wooden boxes usually containing about sixty 
pairs, and sent to all places where there is a demand for them." 
From this it will be seen that even in 185 1 all the labor which 
went into the manufacture of a shoe was done by hand. In that 
vital respect there had been no change from the beginning. 
Everything \jyTiXv people had acquired was the product of the 
toil of their own hands. All this was now to change. The 
half-century then opening was to be one of the most marvelous 
periods of material progress the world has seen. The tele- 
graph, though invented some years previous, was just about, 
with the assistance of the modern daily newspaper, to accom- 
plish its miracle of bringing the happenings of the uttermost 
parts of the earth to our knowledge in minutes instead of weeks 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 179 

or months. The age of great mechanical inventions, of the 
wider appHcations of steam power, and of swift wonder-working 
machinery, was just beginning. The day of the handicrafts- 
man and the all-round workman was to disappear. The time 
was come when, because of the larger requirements to be made 
of every man, whether toiling by hand or brain, he must specialize 
and confine himself to a narrower phase of his work. Thus 
only could he acquire the swiftness and accuracy demanded. 
The touch of this new order of things was upon the whole 
world. It was certain to affect the life and growth of Lynn. It 
was likewise sure vitally to change the methods of its principal 
industr3^ Perhaps the most singular feature of the effect of 
this world-wide movement, in its application to the shoe manu- 
facturing business of L^'un, was the comparatively short period 
in which the great change was wrought. In 1845 Elias Howe 
had invented the stitching machine, and in the following year 
secured a patent upon it; but it was not until 1852 that the 
Singer machine was actually introduced and used in the shoe 
business of the City. This was the first and cardinal step in the 
direction of modern methods. The success of the stitching 
machine ver}- soon did away with the practice of binding shoes 
in houses, and brought the binder to the factory to work the ma- 
chine. This accomplished, the cordwainer soon followed, and 
the whole process of concentration and economy of time and 
space was fairly begun. The second great invention was the 
McKay stitching machine, which was introduced into Lynn in 
1862 ; and it was this machine which accelerated and almost 
completed in its essential features the great movement which 
had been previously commenced. Following this came the in- 
vention and introduction of that long line of modern shoe ma- 
chinery which it is the task of the expert to describe, and which 
has been added to from year to year down to the present time. 
But as early as 1865 the transition from the old to the new 
methods was an accomplished fact. From that year the little 
shop in which so many of the noteworthy characteristics of Lynn 
had been developed, ceased to possess industrial significance. 



I So CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CEyTENNIAL. 

It rapidly became first a relic, then a memory, until at the pres- 
ent time it is passing into that domain which we call history. 
The familiar two-story-and-a-half wooden building, with its con- 
ventional pitch roof, which had so long been unduly dignified 
by the name of " manufactory," was likewise to pass away. It 
soon proved inadequate to the new demands which were made 
upon it, and was gradually superseded by the more substantial 
and spacious business structure of to-day.^ 

But we must go back again for a moment to the year 1850. 

For while this industrial revolution had been going on, there 

was progressing a great moral struggle, leading to a national 

conflict, in both of which the people of Lynn bore their full 

share. Indeed, the very first event which deeply touched the 

hearts of our people, after the first City Government had become 

firmly established, was the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law. 

It was not strange that this measure should meet with especial 

hostility from a people who from the beginning and with so 

much sincerity had builded into their political and social edifice 

the cornerstone of equality. It was entirely natural that an 

enactment which so offended the higher instincts of humanity 

should stir to extremest indignation a community which had 

always discouraged slavery, and which as early as 1776 had 

had a John Basset, who was then freeing his slaves upon the 

high and comprehensive ground that " all nations were made of 

one blood." An anti-slavery society had been organized in 

1832, and the agitation against slavery had been most earnest 

and persistent. But when it became known that on the i8th of 

September, 1850, the Fugitive Slave Law had been approved 

by President Fillmore, there was an outburst of unmeasured 

resentment. Large meetings were held throughout the City. 

On October 5th, Lyceum Hall, in which a few months before 

Mayor Hood had delivered his calm and dignified inaugural, 

was the scene of a far different assemblage. ]Mayor Hood 

1 A most excellent — indeed, the best — ac- given by our accomplished and venerable 

count of the customs of those earlier days, of townsman, David N. Johnson, in his Sketches 

the life in the old-time shop, and of the great o/ Xyww, which will be increasingly valued in 

transition which led to its abandonment, is the future. 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. i8i 

again presided. The whole temper of the meeting and the reso- 
lutions which it passed voiced the unbounded anger of an out- 
raged community. In the measures which they proposed to put 
in operation against the law, the resolutions were little less 
than a vote for nullification. They breathed the very spirit of 
public wrath. In them the people seemed to appeal first from 
tyranny to the constitution, and then if need be from the consti- 
tution to God. They visited unbounded condemnation upon the 
President who had signed the atrocious bill, upon every member 
of Congress who had voted for it, and in anticipation were equal- 
ly severe upon every citizen who should submit to or recognize 
its binding force. In the nine years following, up to the execu- 
tion of John Brown, December 2d, 1859, ^^^ ^^ the firing on 
Sumter, April 12th, 1861, there was in the increasing opposition 
to slavery and in the denunciation of threatened secession a 
constant preparation for the great conflict which was so surely 
approaching. When the struggle came Lynn was ready. It 
was from Lynn that there was sent to headquarters that virile 
and now historic message : " We have more men than guns. 
What shall we do?" In five hours after President Lincoln's call 
had been issued, and only four days after that fateful shot sped 
through the astonished air toward Fort Sumter, two full com- 
panies were ready for military duty. The very next day those 
companies started for the south, followed by the plaudits and 
the aching hearts of the people. To give an adequate account 
of what Lynn did in the war against slavery and secession is 
the work of the historian. The more the subject is examined, 
the more honorable will its part therein appear. This ancient 
community which had sent its conipan}- to the Pequot war in 
1637, which had spilled some of its best blood at Bloody Brook 
in King Philip's war in 1675, which had bearded the arbitrary 
Andros in 1689, whose men were among the prisoners in Queen 
Anne's war of 1704, and in the French and Indian wars of 1755 
to 1763, whose sons had died at Lexington in 1775, and had 
done their full share throughout the Revolution, in 181 2, and in 
the Mexican war, was certain to do its dut\' in the gigantic 



1 82 Cirr OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

struggle which the nation was to wage for union and for the 
rights of men. It did more than that duty; it furnished in that 
great war thirty-two hundred and seventy-four men, exceeding 
its full quota by two hundred and thirty. And when the fight- 
ing was over, the men of Lynn who had taken their part in it 
and who had not paid for their devotion with their lives came 
back and here organized the largest Post of the Grand Army 
of the Republic which exists in the entire length and breadth of 
the country, largest not only in number, but in the broad and 
helpful fellowship which it has practised among its members. 
More than all this, these men who had thus been true soldiers in 
war have proved pre-eminently faithful in the performance of 
the duties which have come to them along the paths of that 
heriosm which belongs to peace. 

While the war was in progress, and while still the very exis- 
tence of the nation was seen to be at stake, the people of Lynn, 
with characteristic courage, took up and carried forward a great 
local undertaking, the completion of which gave the Cit}^ a new 
and almost surprised consciousness of its capacity for larger 
things. This significant work was the erection of our present 
City Hall. The Lynn of 1900 owes a great debt of gratitude to 
the Lynn of 1863 to 1867, for the public spirit and fortitude 
which led it to conceive and erect so fitting and adequate a 
municipal home for its people. When we consider how little of 
the people's money had previously been expended in the con- 
struction of public buildings, it is a marvel that there should 
have been exercised so wise and generous a foresight in provid- 
incT for the needs of coming orenerations. To measure the cour- 
age which it required to do this, and the full meaning of the 
step which was then taken, it is necessary to understand how 
modest and varied had been the previous accommodations of our 
town and city governments. There certainly had been nothing 
to presage so ample a structure as the new City Hall. For one 
hundred and seventy-three j^ears the meetings of the town had 
been held in the meetinghouse of the First Parish. During the 
first fifty of those years the people met in that primitive building 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 183 

which stood in a hollow on a site which corresponds to the pres- 
ent junction of Summer and Shepard Streets, and which was 
entered by descending steps. From 1682 to 1805, the people 
assembled for town purposes in the Old Tunnel Meetinghouse 
upon the Common. It was in that most interesting of all the 
edifices which ever stood in Lynn that were enacted many of 
the momentous incidents in the old town's history. It was there 
that the close association between the early religious zeal of our 
fathers and their growing demand for civil freedom bore its 
choicest fruitage. For years the parish meeting and the town 
meeting were hardly separable, and the distinction between par- 
ish and town affairs was most indistinctly drawn. 

After one hundred and twenty-three years of such historic 
occupancy, the town at length in 1805 withdrew from the Old 
Tunnel Meetinghouse and surrendered its claim upon what it 
must have long considered its true civic home. Whatever the 
ultimate purpose of the church authorities of that day may have 
been, their action resulted in the practical exclusion of the town 
from the meetinghouse, and dealt a death-blow to whatever had 
survived in Lynn of the old idea of the New England theocracy. 
It is true that for nine years following the town met in the First 
Methodist Meetinghouse, but its civic life was more than ever 
separated from the religious interests of the people, and the 
meetinghouse was occupied as an accommodation, or by busi- 
ness arrangement, and not as a matter of right, or because of 
any historic connection or community of interest between the 
church and the town. 

December 28th, 1813, the people were forced by the sale of 
the First Methodist Meetinghouse to assemble in the Second 
Methodist Church at Woodend. This was found to be so re- 
mote from the centre of population that only one meeting was 
held there, and at that meeting, the town, thus wholly without 
shelter or sanctuary of its own, voted to erect a Townhouse. 
Pending its construction, the town met twice in the room above 
the old corner drug-store at the junction of Market and Essex 
Streets, in the same building which now stands upon that spot. 



1 84 CIT2' OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

The place of meeting was described in the warrant as the " Hall 
of Paul and Ellis Newhall," but to the people at large it was 
better known as the "war office," from the fact that it had been 
used as the headquarters of the party which upheld the war with 
England. March 21st, 1814, before its completion, the new 
Townhouse was for the first time occupied by the people. It 
was the first public building in Lynn. It was severely plain 
and inexpensive, but from that time to the adoption of the City 
Charter, and indeed down to the erection of our present City 
Hall, it remained with some additions and alterations our only 
municipal edifice. It stood originally in the centre of the Com- 
mon, but in 1832 was removed to a point on South Common 
Street, near where Blossom Street now opens. 

The first official action looking to the erection of a new City 
Hall was in the form of an order introduced in the Common 
Council, February iSth, 1863. On July 15th following, an ap- 
propriation of $15,000 was made to purchase the old Johnson 
lot at the corner of North Common and Essex Streets. In his 
inaugural address, Januar}^ 4th, 1864, Mayor Neal alluded to 
the fact that, while our community was engaged in a gigantic 
war, and our resources were severely drawn upon, and while 
we had sent our sons to the army by hundreds, we were never- 
theless largely increasing in population and material wealth. 
He exhorted the government to build the new City Hall not for 
the present only but for the future. Little more had been done 
than to refer the matter to a joint special committee when, on 
October 6th, 1864, the old townhouse, under most painful at- 
tendant circumstances, involving the loss of a human life, was 
destroyed by fire. Thus at length was our City Government 
during a war involving no little disquietude to our people pressed 
to build a new City Hall, just as the town, after moving from 
meetinghouse to meetinghouse, had been forced in the most anx- 
ious period of the war of 181 2 to erect its first Townhouse. 
Nothing can more strikingl}" illustrate the great growth and 
progress of this community between the time when the Town- 
house was built and the construction of our present Cit}' Hall 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 185 

than a comparison of their cost. That of the former, as set forth 
in the report of the committee constructing it, was $2,082.69; 
the cost of the latter, as found in the financial statement pub- 
lished at the time of its completion, was $311,722.24. The day 
of the dedication of the new City Hall, November 30th, 1867, 
was one of the gala days in our local history. Its completion 
and dedication gave the City a new knowledge of its power. 
What was achieved in 1867 would have been an utter impossi- 
bility in 1850. Thus it happened that in the first seventeen 3'ears 
of our existence as a city, or in substantially the first third of the 
fifty years we are to-day reviewing, Lynn experienced four great 
awakenings. The aroused consciousness of the inventive genius 
of America had yielded it an industrial revolution. The passage 
of the Fugitive Slave Law had stirred its people to a great moral 
outburst. The war and its weighty issues and results had brought 
to the nation a new political cohesion and a higher assurance of 
its power and perpetuity. In the fruits of that new national 
birth our City had its full share and enjoyment. More narrow 
in its workings, but of vital and almost equal moment to this 
community, was that awakening to its own growing resources 
and its own larger responsibilites, and this had its material ex- 
pression in the erection of the new Cit}' Hall. It could not be 
that these cardinal events were to be repeated or paralleled in 
the years immediately to follow. That is not the way of human 
history. It was both natural and necessary that there should 
ensue a period of time in which these great incidents, with the 
new tendencies and opportunities they had created, should be left 
to bear their appropriate harvest of prosperity and growth. And 
so it was. Lynn was now fairly launched upon that career 
which was to bring it by sure stages to the conditions of to-day. 
But in the rejoicing over the victorious close of the war, and in 
the more local triumph of ha^•ing completed and dedicated the 
new City Hall, there must have been among our people a note 
of regret that, in the flush of their prosperity and in their en- 
trance into so magnificent a government building, all the chil- 
dren of the old town should not still be of one municipal familv. 



1 86 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

But that was not to be. February 28th, 1814, the Second Par- 
ish, more closel}" tied to its parochial affairs than to the larger 
and growing interests of the old town, had become the Town of 
Lynnfield. February 17th, 1815, the same had happened in the 
case of the Third Parish, which became the Town of Saugus. 
The old parish ideas and customs which had been to so great an 
extent shaken off by our people after the withdrawal from the 
Old Tunnel Meetinghouse had shown a greater permanence in 
the outlying portions of the town. The meetinghouse was still 
the centre of activity in the Second and Third Parishes, and it was 
in the original meetinghouse of each that the first meeting of the 
new town was assembled. Thus had Lynnfield and Saugus 
parted from us early in the century. Again in 1852, after the 
incorporation of the City, for no better reason apparently than 
considerations of convenience, Swampscott left us. In 1853, 
because of a mistaken view of public economy on the part of the 
City, Nahant likewise became lost to us except for its picturesque 
retention upon our City Seal. Lynn is justly proud of these four 
fair daughters. They are welcome home to-day. Their annals 
are a sacred part of the history of the parent town from which 
they sprang. In the heroic deeds of the earliest years, Lynn- 
field contributed its full share ; it was under the old Indian name 
of Saugus that the people of the Third Plantation passed through 
their first eight years of severest trial and privation ; it was when 
it was believed that Swampscott was threatened by a landing of 
the British in 1776 that the men of Lynn with Col. Frederick 
Breed at their head marched to its protection ; it had been to 
save Nahant that Lynn had braved Andros in 1689. One ori- 
gin, one histor}', one people — why might they not have been 
kept together to share in the future one and the same municipal 
destiny ? 

During the sixteen years from 1867 to 1883 the history of the 
City was that of a continuous and healthy growth, unaccompa- 
nied by notable or far-reaching incident. In 1870 there was 
inaugurated our present system of public water supply, which to- 
day, after an expenditure of approximately $2,500,000, is finan- 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 187 

daily self-sustaining, and so efficient and thoroughly equipped 
as to be a source of legitimate municipal pride. It seems in- 
credible that it was only thirty years ago that the old town pump 
in the public square, and the shaded well in the garden with its 
familiar and picturesque appliances, first began to suffer neglect 
and at length to disappear. Certain it is, however, that up to 
that comparatively recent date, the people of Lynn had through- 
out their history depended wholly upon those scanty sources. 
It was during these years, from 1867 to 1883, that the manufac- 
ture of morocco leather, which had been originally introduced 
into this country by a native of Lynn, and which began here in 
the year 1800, reached its most rapid development, more than 
trebling its annual product. It was during these years also that 
the tendency to subdivide the various departments of the shoe 
business developed sole-cutting and the manufacture of shoe 
supplies into separate and independent lines of industry. In 
these Lynn immediately took and has ever since held the leading 
position. Before 1883 the manufacture of morocco leather, cut 
soles, and other shoe supplies reached an annual aggregate 
product of more than double that of our entire shoe business in 
1S50. There duly followed other new and diversified industries, 
not only those subsidiary to the manufacture of shoes, but 
many wholly disconnected with it, and all these brought to the 
City a wider and more extended influence. 

The newer methods of carrying on our principal industry, 
which had become fully established during the war, continued 
in a course of constant development and increased efficiency. 
They brought the business to a position where it could welcome 
and take the full advantage of every better process and every 
additional invention. There was a long and brilliant line of such 
inventions, and nowhere were they so readily tested and put into 
successful operation as in Lynn. It is a matter of regret that all 
this could not have been accomplished without the misunderstand- 
ings and periods of conflict which from time to time have here 
arisen between those who organize and conduct the business and 
those who hold the place of employees. But in this respect we 



1 88 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

have only shared in what has seemed to be the inevitable incon- 
venience and irritation which must for a time be the experience 
of the great body of the world's workers, when they are called 
upon to drop old and familiar methods and to take up novel ways 
of w^ork, which seem for a while so strange and unpromising. 
In these unfortunate conflicts, not only in our City but elsewhere, 
there has been on both sides much of what is now recognized to 
have been mistaken leadership and a fruitless effort to combat 
the inevitable. But the men of this communit}- have never been 
wont to surrender what they deemed to be their rights. It has 
been their temper, rather, to fight for them to the very end. In 
the great changes of the past fifty years, the controversies which 
have here arisen between what is familiarlv known as labor and 
capital, have appeared to seek and sometimes to force a tempo- 
rary separation between the two great ideals of the fathers, a 
sacred element of which was that they should always be kept 
together. Equality or justice has been the watchw^ord of the 
w^orker, w^hile freedom has been the standard under which have 
rallied the organizers and conductors of business. The workers 
have contended that the newer methods gave to the organizer 
an unjust share in the products of their toil. The organizers, on 
.the other hand, have advanced the claim that they were free, 
and to meet the world's competition must be free, to manage their 
own business. The first of these great conflicts, which took 
place here in the year i860, attracted the attention not only of 
New England but of the whole country. Similar experiences 
in other lines of manufacture and in other States have since made 
these occurrences in Lynn less noticeable. From ever}" point 
of view these industrial conflicts have been a mistake. To the 
hurt of the manufacturer they hastened and encouraged the or- 
ganization of competing firms throughout the country. To the 
loss of the employee they rallied and recruited into a verj- army 
of rival workers the low^er-paid but hitherto happy and contented 
laborers of a thousand farms. The harm they worked is appar- 
ent and perhaps irreparable, w^hile nothing of good w^as accom- 
plished by them w^hich could not have been wrought in far larger 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 189 

measure by the practice of patient firmness, justice, and mutual 
forbearance. 

There was certainl}- a wide difference between the estate 
of the cordwainer in his shop and that of the workman in 
the modern factory. The former lived a life with a deal of un- 
restraint and freedom in it. There was the opportunity for con- 
versation and discussion, with liberty to come and go, and when 
the weather invited and the spirit moved, the apron could be laid 
aside, and the gun or the fishing-rod promised a day of joyous 
recreation in the open. What a change from that position of the 
old-time cordwainer to the situation of the man who, driving or 
being driven by the ever-hurrying machine, cut off from conver- 
sation with his fellows by the noise and din of the modern fac- 
tor}', is held to his task without interval or respite I But this is 
only one aspect of the situation. The workman of to-day would 
be far from satisfied with the rewards which the cordwainer of 
old received. The old-fashioned store order in which the cord- 
wainer had his pa}' in what was little more than a rough kind of 
barter, with substantially no cash to supplement it, brought him 
barely more than the necessaries of life. The expenditures and 
comforts of the workman of to-day, insufficient though they ap- 
pear, are almost princely compared with those of his predeces- 
sor of that earlier time. It is not alone the changes in industrial 
processes or social conditions which drive us with such hurr}". 
It is in great part, rather, the demands we make upon ourselves. 
It is the pace we set for our lives which whips us on. There 
can be no doubt that in the early days of the introduction of 
labor-saving machinery there was an impulse, unconscious, per- 
haps, to drive into the man the haste of the machine, and to add, 
as the efficiency of the machine increased, to the length of the 
task. This tendency, which no doubt promoted much of hard- 
ship and of discord, has been dulv checked. x\s the first effects 
of this mistake were made apparent in this community years be- 
fore they gave serious trouble in other portions of the country, 
may we not hope that, with broader impulses of fellowship, a 
better knowledge of the community of their interests, and in- 



I90 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

creasingly wise and honest leadership on both sides, we may here 
first achieve a rational, healthy and permanent understanding 
between the two great departments into which the management 
of modern business divides the men who organize and conduct 
it on the one hand, and those whose labors promote and make 
possible its success on the other? 

There is certainly a later and wiser determination that the in- 
sensate hurry of the machine shall not be driven into the worker. 
It is in this larger view that the world-wide movements for 
shorter hours for labor, longer periods of recreation, public 
reservations in wood and park and along the sea, have had their 
beneficent origin. It was because of that better sentiment that 
the attention of our people was turned to the preservation of the 
Lynn Woods. When the lamented Tracy directed our thoughts 
to that noble work, it was not only because he was himself a de- 
voted lover of those woods, but far more for the reason that he 
saw in their rock-bound hills and in the cool and leafy recesses 
of their every vale and glen, a wider outlook and an exhaustless 
fountain of rest for our people. Through his poetic initiative, 
efficiently supplemented by the foresight and noble generosity of 
many of our citizens, these woods ceased to be the separate and 
divided property of the few, and became, as they were in the be- 
ginning, but this time perpetualh^ let us pra}-, the common prop- 
erty of the entire people. That great achievement not only called 
new attention to the surpassing natural beauty of Lynn, but it 
afforded an inspiring example for the Commonwealth, whose 
beneficent and comprehensive work along like lines is one of 
the most welcome evidences that the world is beginning to 
recognize that man does not live for work alone. 

The last seventeen years of the half-century period we are 
to-day commemorating have been significant in their higher and 
more substantial forms of progress. The individualism of the 
earlier da3^s, interesting but ineffective, has yielded to the more 
modern spirit of organization and co-operation. In these years 
have been developed to their highest usefulness the many benef- 
icent and charitable institutions for which our City is to-day 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 191 

justly distinguished. The Home for Aged Women had been 
previously opened in 1S76 ; but the Lynn Hospital and the 
Associated Charities, with their varied and humane offices sup- 
ported wholly by the individual contributions of our people, 
have been established in these more recent years. Besides 
these, we have among us a multitude of noble charities, public 
and private, fraternal orders, societies, and other similar organ- 
izations, the high aim of all of which is to proffer in some fashion 
the helping hand of the strong and fortunate. 

Industrially, it was an event of first importance to us when in 
1883 the Thomson-Houston Electric Company moved its works 
to this City. There was no special advantage here to attract 
the manufacture of electrical apparatus. It came as the direct 
result of the foresight, business ability, and organizing genius 
of a few of our first citizens. In 1883 the practical applications 
of electricity and the manufacture of apparatus therefor were in 
their infancy. These seventeen years appear to be but the 
beginning of what ma}- hereafter be styled the age of electricit}-. 
Yet at the close of these seventeen years in the Lynn works of 
the General Electric Company there are employed 4,000 of our 
people, or more than L3mn's entire male population above 
twenty years of age in 1850 ; the aggregate annual wages paid 
there amount to $2,500,000, and the value of the annual output 
is $5,000,000. These figures vastly exceed those of Lynn's 
entire shoe industry of fifty years ago. 

The other events of these latest years are too recent to call for 
a recounting. That which we can see with our own eyes and 
of which we have been a part needs no portrayal. The Lynn 
of 1900 is before us. The growth from the beginning has been 
a process of evolution, not mere addition. Its long past and the 
robust character of its early men and women gave it a life and 
traditions of its own. These have so influenced and leavened 
its rapidly increasing population that, while the descendants of 
the early settlers who were so considerable a part of the people 
in 1850 are to-day but a slender fraction of its population, yet 
the spirit and the traditions of the older Lynn are as vigorous 



192 CITY OF LrXN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

to-day as ever before. Those who have come from time to time 
to make Lynn their home have joyously placed themselves in 
full accord with its dominant ideals, and have rejoiced to live in 
a social and moral atmosphere which has not been deoxygenized 
of its piquant and vital elements. 

Lynn has been particularly fortunate in the integrity of its 
City Governments. Mistakes have been made, errors of judg- 
ment committed, but the honestv of our administrations and of 
our City Councils has stood unchallenged and above discussion. 
There is no page in the record to which we must turn with shame. 
Lynn has been likewise singularly free from real disasters. 
The sweeping conflagration of November 26th, 1889, may rise 
in our memories for a moment, and seem like a contradiction of 
this statement. On that memorable da}' there was turned into 
debris and ashes iive millions of dollars of property, an amount 
exceeding the entire valuation of the City, both real and per- 
sonal, in 1850. Through the beneficent workings of fire insur- 
ance, however, a very small portion of this loss fell upon our 
own people. Many old and interesting monuments portraying 
the life and history of the earlier days were swept away and we 
could not but regret their loss. But the men of Lynn chose, 
with that sturdiness of spirit and that dauntless courage which 
has always characterized them, to meet what seemed like a ca- 
tastrophe rather as an immeasurable opportunity to rebuild the 
business portions of our City. Their spirit bore its full fruit : 
they took up and carried the burdens of the stricken and the 
homeless, and lined our busy streets with fitting structures of 
brick and stone, in the place of the small, ungainly wooden 
buildings of the earlier day. With the exception of here and 
there an uncovered spot of ground, there is little to remind us 
of that fiery ordeal of 1889, and the final summing up of its 
results will show them to be an unquestioned good. 

Thus in these fifty years has Lynn become a great and flour- 
ishing modern city. With a population of fourteen thousand in 
1850, the number of its people is to-day not less than seventy 
thousand. With property of the value of $4,835,000 then, its 



THE SECOND DA7— ORATION. 193 

valuation to-day will exceed $52,000,000. As throughout the 
one hundred and fifty years preceding, it still holds the foremost 
place in the value of its annual product of women's shoes. In 
the manufacture of shoe supplies and shoe machinery it occupies 
the same leading position. With a total business in 1850 of less 
than $3,500,000, the value of its annual manufacture of shoes, 
shoe supplies and shoe machinery is to-day at least $30,000,000. 
In 1850 there were employed in the shoe industry, including the 
binders who worked in their homes, ten thousand, five hundred 
men and women ; to-day, notwithstanding the extensive use of 
labor-saving machinery, this number has swelled to twenty thou- 
sand. Were it not for that machinery, and were present condi- 
tions like those of 1850, the volume of business of to-day would 
require at least sixt}^ thousand workmen. In these fifty years 
our banking facilities have increased from two state banks with 
an aggregate capital of $250,000, with insignificant deposits, to 
six national banks and two trust companies, with an aggregate 
capital, including surplus, of $2,700,000, with average deposits 
of $5,400,000 and loans of $6,200,000. The savings of the 
people, as illustrated by the deposits in our savings banks, show 
an even greater ratio of increase. In 1850 we had only one such 
bank with nine hundred depositors, with an aggregate deposit 
of $100,000. To-day in our two savings banks there are thirty- 
two thousand two hundred depositors, with deposits of $8,500,- 
000. Our City has shown a wise and constantly increasing in- 
terest in the education of its young. From a few scbools, meanly 
housed, having but forty-three teachers and two thousand, one 
hundred and twenty- four pupils, and sustained by an annual ap- 
propriation of only $12,242 in 1850, we have to-day comfortably 
if not adequately accommodated in large and substantial brick 
buildings, modern in their conveniences and appointments, and 
steadily increasing in number, a great body of two hundred and 
sixty-one trained and efficient teachers, and nine thousand, seven 
hundred and twenty-four pupils, for the advancement of whose 
work our City appropriates a constantly increasing annual amount 
which has reached in the current year the sum of $242,000. 



194 



CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



With all this material progress, with happy homes, with ex- 
emption from hard poverty, with an increasing number of chur- 
ches of all denominations devoted to their high work, fraternizing 
more and more, and adding by their architecture to the beauty 
of the City, and with every other source of prdsperit}^ and 
happiness which it is the lot of man to enjoy, we have indeed 
achieved during these fifty years more than we can know or 
realize. 

Our Free Public Library, which became the property of the 
people in 1862, has constantly improved in character and use- 
fulness. The number of its volumes has increased in these in- 
tervening years from 3,800 to 60,000. It is certainly a matter 
of well-founded congratulation and pride, augmenting the joys 
of this Anniversary day, that there has been opened to our peo- 
ple their new and magnificent library building. This noble edi- 
fice, as chaste and classic in its architecture as it is complete and 
elegant in its appointments, provides a fitting and commodious 
home for our library, not only as it now is, but as it shall be ex- 
tended in the future. It is an enduring monument to the memor}^ 
of William Shute and Elizabeth M. Shute, the husband and wife, 
whose tender foresight and generosity made its erection possible. 
It affords a perpetual evidence of the public spirit of those others 
of our citizens, whose added gifts not only of their substance 
but of themselves, have made it more adequate for its purpose 
and more worthy of our City. Above all this, to our people, 
who have always loved books and read them, to the generations 
who shall come after us, this stately building shall perennially 
renew the invitation to enter within its portals, and there to en- 
joy one of the greatest among the gifts of life, an unvexed in- 
tercourse with those noblest of the minds of our race that speak 
to us through the literature of the ages. 

But great as all these achievements and triumphs are, the 
source of Lynn's true glory has been, and we may trust always 
will be, in its men. Out of the loins of this communit}' have 
gone forth strong and forceful sons, who by their native qual- 
ities and nobleness of purpose have become the leaders in their 



THE SECOND DAT— ORATION. 195 

chosen spheres of life. The sturdy stock of the old town has 
furnished to the country those who have justly acquired a place 
among its recognized historians, educators, judges, college pres- 
idents, men who have adorned the learned professions, great 
soldiers, pioneers in the settling of distant states and territories, 
princely merchants, and the organizers of great and daring un- 
dertakings in business and in public development. The men 
who have clung to the old home have likewise been worthy of 
its traditions. In integrity and public zeal, in the red blood of 
true and helpful fellowship, in intelligence, in loyalty to their 
City, and in the discharge of the duties of a wider patriotism, 
their lives are to us a priceless legacy, an exhaustless source of 
inspiration. But beyond all this, more important perhaps than 
all this, has been the great wealth of faithful citizenship which 
has been brought to this community by those who in the last 
fifty years have chosen it to be their home. No traditions, no 
associations of ancestry, could yield to any city a higher meas- 
ure of loyal public spirit and devotion than that which Lynn has 
received from those who, uncalled by any of the ties of birth or 
blood, have cast their lot and fortune with this fair spot. They 
seem to have brought to it the same fixed and abiding attach- 
ment which characterized those who first made it a Christian 
home. Not only have they brought to the City's welfare, and 
to the upbuilding and upholding of its institutions, the fidelit}' of 
private citizens, but in the fulfilment of public duties, in the oc- 
cupation of its highest places of trust and honor, they have borne 
their full share with faithfulness and credit. This is the richest 
blessing that can befall any community, and it has been deserved. 
The first idea of our earliest settlers that this "faire playne" be- 
tween the hills and the sea, yea, and the very hills themselves, 
should offer a constant welcome to those who might choose to 
come here and make their home, has lived and flourished to this 
very day and hour. There is no place in the wide land where 
the newcomer is more warmly welcomed, or where he is more 
certain to be measured at his true value by the standards of 
character and manhood. 



196 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



So may it always be ! For thus on this ground, hal- 
lowed by a noble history, and once beloved always be- 
loved by those who have known it as a home, shall 
stand an outward and visible sign that the hope of the 
fathers has not perished in us ; thus shall the early set- 
tlers become in very truth the fathers and friends of all 
who here reap the fruit of their spirit ; thus shall the 
chain of one great purpose and one great destiny bind 
the first settler and the latest comer in a high and noble 
fellowship; and thus shall Lynn, its growing life, its 
homes, its woods, its shores, its areas of industry, and 
the very streets whereon we meet and part, consecrated 
by the lives and sacrifices of those who have gone be- 
fore, command in fullest measure our devotion and our 
service. 










iry.tMp,f^. 



THE SECOND DAT— CHORUS. 197 

Cborus. 

" Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean." David T. Shaw. 

O Columbia ! the gem of the ocean, 

The home of the brave and the free. 
The shrine of each patriot's devotion, 

A world offers homage to thee. 
Thy mandates make heroes assemble 

When Liberty's form stands in view, 
Thy banners make tyranny tremble, 

Three cheers for the Red, White and Blue ! 

Chorus: — 

Three cheers for the Red, White and Blue ! 
Three cheers for the Red, White and Blue ! 

The Army and Navy forever ! 
Three cheers for the Red, White and Blue ! 

When war winged its wide desolation. 

And threatened the land to deform, 
The ark then of freedom's foundation, 

Columbia, rode safe thro' the storm ; 
With her garlands of vict'ry around her, 

When so proudly she bore her brave crew. 
With her flag proudly floating before her, 

Three cheers for the Red, White and Blue ! 



198 CITy OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL, 

Bnniversar^ ©t»e. 

IsABELLE Dorothea O'Brien.^ 



Hail ! City by the mighty sea ! 
This happy day we sing to thee 
With grateful hearts. We recognize 
Thy trade and wealth and enterprise ; 
And Nature brings her fairest blooms 
To deck thy shrine. 



Hail ! City by the peaceful sea ! 
Thy golden anniversary 
Is here. How great thou art ! 
Increasing wealth and power and art 
Bespeak thy heart's ambitious wish 
To gain fair fame. 



And when once more thy children meet 
To mark thy hundred years complete, 
May every gift and blessing still 
Have fallen on thee, by God's will, 
And world-wide be thy lustrous fame, 
O Lynn, our pride ! 



1 Born in Somerville, Mass., Dec. S, 1883; daughter of John O'Brien, who removed to Lynn in 
18S7; she was a graduate of the Burrill Grammar School, becoming a pupil of the English High 
School, Class of 1901. 



THE SECOND DAT— BONFIRE. 199 



HIGH ROCK BONFIRE. 



While the audience in the theatre was listening to exercises 
that make up so much of the Anniversar}^ record, another and a 
far larger gathering swarmed on the summit and slopes of High 
Rock, where a huge pile of barrels and boxes had been stacked 
for a bonfire. Not the least of the generous contributions to the 
celebration were abundant donations of inflammable material by 
householders and storekeepers, who had been waited upon by a 
committee of interested citizens, consisting of Charles H. 
Locke, John R. Morrow and Frank E. Ballard. A greater 
quantity of wood than that composing the resulting mountain 
was never before collected on the height, though old High Rock 
had seen some stupendous bonfires in past times. When the 
torch was applied and the flames leaped to the top of the struc- 
ture, a wild, fierce carnival of fire ensued, majestic but terrible, 
illuminating the surroundings in a blazing glow, in the glare of 
which thousands of human faces appeared white and awestruck. 
The City below reflected the blaze from a sea of roofs and the 
country for miles saw the light of the fire reddening the sky. 
The playing of patriotic and popular airs by the 8th Regiment 
Band, together with demonstrations on horns and cow-bells by 
the effervescent youth in the crowd, with now and then volleys 
of cheers and outbursts of song — these with the roaring and 
crackling of the fire made a volume of sound to increase the in- 
terest and excitement. As the last of the burned embers ceased 
to emit tongues of flame the crowd filed down from the Rock, 
meeting on their ways homeward those who had been enjoying 
the radiant play of the electrical fountain on the Common, which 
had been in operation during the evening, and the throngs of 
admiring spectators of the many and varied illuminations by in- 
candescent lamps which made the City sparkle and glow like a 
necklace of diamonds. Thus the programme of the second day 
of the 50th Anniversary celebration was concluded. 



I zvill 7iot vmltiply examples of this free, -Mhole-hearted patriotism. 
I -will leaz'e it on the record, fearing' fio disproof and dreading no 
denial, that as Lytin stood in those days of test and trial so she has ever 
stood, and by the Lord's favor ever will, a fortress for the right., a 
refuge for the oppressed, ready always to preach the rights of hufnatiity 
in her schools a7id sanctuaries, and defettd them, if need be, to the extent 
of her treasure and her blood. I might f II my -whole space with itera- 
tioft of her strokes for liberty, from the day when, on her watch-tower 
of High Rock she zvriing her hands over the lost Chesapeake, down to 
that mysterious igth of April, i86r, when she threw two hundred men, 
in one living meteor of holy wrath, from Faneuil Hall to Washington, 
to blaze and quiver there like the phospor-star for the rallying of the 
hosts of everlasting right. But you ktiow I cannot stay for this. I must 
pass on. — Cyrus Mason Tracy, i?i Oration 07i the 2joth Anniversary 
of the Settlement. 





General CHARLES C. FRY 

CHIEF MARSHAL OF PROCESSION. 



The Third Day. 



Warm Weather and Enthusiasm. — Salute at Oceanside. 

— Reception to the Governor. — Chief Marshal's 
Orders. — March and Roster of the Procession. 

— Concluding Events. 

Whatever anxiety existed with regard to weather conditions 
favorable to the great out-door demonstration planned for Tues- 
day, May 15, was dispelled when the morning dawned with the 
sun rising in full splendor, its beams unimpeded by a single 
cloud. But as the da}- advanced a disposition on the part of 
"Old Sol" to be prodigal in the matter of warmth was observed 
with apprehensions for the comfort of the paraders and the 
throngs of spectators. Memorable for the great Anniversary 
event which it embraced. May 15 became memorable also for 
the extraordinar}^ sultriness which developed and which was 
maintained to the distress of perspiring multitudes until evening 
fell and a grateful thunder-shower came to cool the atmosphere. 
No corresponding day in the month of May had been so hot for 
twenty-nine years, according to the records of the United States 
Weather Bureau. The official report of the highest temperature 
attained was 93 degrees. It stood at 92 in Albany, the same in 
Philadelphia, and 90 in Washington. 

Despite the heat. Lynn carried through the features of the 
celebration assigned to the third and last day of the 50th Anni- 
versary with characteristic vigor and success. And the City 
presented an appearance testifying to the unbounded patriotism 
and enthusiastic interest of her citizens which marked the event 
as a whole. The climax of the civic festival was reached amid 



303 Cirr OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

scenes wherein the streets shone resplendent in a gala dress of 
red, white and blue, and an ocean flood of people, swelled by 
thousands of eager visitors from other cities and towns, poured 
out its multitudes in an inundation of every spot that afforded 
vantage ground for sight-seeing. The long procession, itself a 
human river, flowed between banks of humanity, stretching 
six miles or more from the centre to the circumference of the 
City an around to the centre again. It was the "red blood" of 
Lynn mingling for once in a single artery. There was that in 
the splendid swing of the marching host, the tuneful clangor of 
the bands and drums, the applause and cheers of the lookers-on, 
and the banners and bunting filling all the scene with inspiring 
color, to arouse to the highest pitch of fervor the loyalty of 
Lynn's people to good old Lynn, and she not only had their 
renewed pledges of fidelity, but she won the admiration and a 
place in the affections of the proud denizens of other commun- 
ities who came perhaps to criticise but remained to praise. 

But before the great procession was getting ready, even, 
except in the case of those who were at work early in the morn- 
ing putting finishing touches to the particular displays they 
proposed to make in the line, there were celebration events tran- 
spiring, beginning with the matutinal salute of the bells and the 
discharge of artillery. The latter duty devolved this time upon 
guests of the City, in the persons of the gunners of Battery C, 
1st Battalion Light Artillery, M. V, M.,^ and was performed at 
Oceanside Park, the "Brigadier-General" salute of eleven guns 
being fired, beginning at 7 A. M. The salute was in honor of 
Gen. Fry. On the arrival of the Governor in the City the 
Battery fired a salute of seventeen guns in his honor. 

1 Battery C arrived in Lynn at about 4.20 P.M. the horses were put up. The men marched to 

Monday, having started from the armory in the Grand Central Hotel, where they were quar- 

Lawrence at 9 A. M. Quartermaster William tered during'their stay in Lynn. The officers 

H. Hennessey and Sergeant Joseph C. Rand- were assigned rooms at the Hotel Seymour, and 

lett, Lynn officers on Major Duchesney's Staff, during the evening were entertained at the Lynn 

First Battalion, Light Artillery, met the com- Press Club rooms, besides paying a visit to the 

mand in Wakefield and escorted it to the City Hall to shake hands with the Mayor. The 

City. Dusty and somewhat stiff from the long Battery marched in the procession, and left for 

ride over the road, the Battery came to a halt home at the close of the day, returning to Law- 

at Armitage's stables in Andrew Street, where rence by train. 



THE THIRD DAT— GOVERNOR ARRIVES. 203 

At 7.30 the Cadet Band resumed playing on the City Hall 
stand, and when it had completed its concert, at 9.30, a dense 
crowd was gathered in the neighboring square — the early comers 
to secure favorable positions from which to view the procession 
at the point of greatest interest. 

It was this crowd which witnessed the arrival at the City Hall 
of His Excellency, the Governor, the esteemed citizen of western 
Massachusetts, Winthrop Murray Crane. A committee consist- 
ing of Charles H. Hastings, Henry F. Tapley and A. Jus 
Johnson had met the Governor and his party, including officers 
of his Staff, his Private Secretary, and Speaker James J. Myers 
of the Legislature, in Boston, and had escorted them to Lynn, 
arriving about 9.20 o'clock. At the City Hall they were received 
by Mayor Shepherd and others of the group of officials and 
guests then assembled preparatory to joining in the procession. 
His Excellency in turn held a reception, assisted by His Honor 
the Mayor, Hon. George F. Harwood of the Governor's Coun- 
cil, and Hon. Howard K. Sanderson, State Senator. Follow- 
ing the reception the distinguished guests and City officials 
enjoyed a lunch which was spread in the upper room formerly 
occupied as the Public Library reading-room. There were 
gathered together at this time a notable array of honored citizens 
of the State and City, and as they appeared later in the carriages 
alloted to them in the procession, they were accorded fitting 
recognition by their fellow-citizens along the route, the Governor 
and the presiding Mayor, who occupied the first carriage, being 
recipients of frequent and hearty ovations. 

What seemed a pandemonium of confusion in the streets 
radiating from the City Hall, as the hour drew near to the start- 
ing of the procession, was in reality an orderly working out of 
a carefully arranged plan, duly drawn up and promulgated be- 
forehand by the Chief Marshal, Gen. Charles C. Fry. In Gen- 
eral Orders, No. i, he had given full instructions with regard 
to the organization of the procession, and with efficient Division 
Marshals and active corps of staff officers and aids to see that 
they were properly observed, there was little or no difficulty ex- 



20+ CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

perienced in placing the rapidly arriving contingents of men and 
teams in their assigned positions. On the next page begins a 
copy of the orders thus issued, not only repeating the elaborate 
scheme of organization, but reproducing the style in which it was 
printed for circulation, so far as it is possible in tliis form of 
book to imitate the imposing document called forth by the 
mighty affair in hand.^ But, nevertheless. City Hall Square 
and its environs was a scene of bustle and excitement while the 
great column was forming. Perhaps the most active partici- 
pants therein were the police officers and patrolmen, charged 
with the duty of restraining the overflowing masses of the pop- 
ulation in the spaces alloted to spectators and keeping clear the 
street areas required for the bodies in the procession. A squad 
of broad-shouldered men of the disciplined Boston Police force 
reported for this duty by direction of the Boston authorities, on 
request from the authorities of Lynn, and were assigned to 
stations in and about City Hall Square. The Lynn Police 
force, numbering upwards of lOO men, was detailed along the ex- 
tended route of the procession, a "thin blue line" that adequately 
performed the severe tasks assigned, of maintaining an open 
way for the moving column, preventing disorder and protecting 
the weak or careless from danger. On every hand the blare 
of brass instruments and the roll of drums proclaimed the move- 
ment of battalions into position, squadrons of horsemen cantered 
through the maze to their posts, slow-moving floats passed in 
towering majesty, and perspiring aids galloped from point to 
point on missions that appeared to have a life-and-death issue. 
On all this thousands of bystanders looked with vast interest, 
while elsewhere tens of thousands stood waiting in more or less 
impatience for the pageant which was thus being evolved to 
make its appearance along the route. 

• An interesting and instructive comparison Gen. (then Major) Charles C. Fry. It is in the 

may be made between this order of Gen. Fry's 250th Anniversary volume, and contains the ros- 

and the one issued by Gen. (then Col.) Benj. ter of the procession, deemed of imposing pro. 

F. Peach, Jr., on the occasion of the 250th An- portions in that day, but which was many limes 

niversary of the settlement of I^ynn, 1S7Q, Gen. less in strength of numbers and variety of fea- 

Peach being the Chief Marshal of that celebra- tures than that which marked the soth Anniver- 

tion procession, and having as his Chief of Staff sary of the incorporation of the City. 



THE THIRD DAT— GENERAL ORDERS. zo- 



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THE THIRD DAT— THE MARCH. 215 



ON THE MARCH. 



At 10.40 o'clock a single stroke of the alarm bells and a 
hoarse cry from the big fire whistle on the lighting station at 
Axey's Point announced to the waiting City the near approach 
of the hour of the procession's start. Twenty minutes later the 
signal again sounded and the Chief Marshal, sitting on his horse 
in City Hall Square, raised his hand. A bugle sounded the 
order to march — the Chief Marshal moved off, followed by his 
numerous staff ; another bugle call, and the Marshal of the First 
Division swung into line at the head of a squadron of officers and 
aids. Facing City Hall the military escort to the Governor was 
drawn up in line, and when the carriage in which His Excellency 
was seated rolled out through the gates the extended ranks pre- 
sented arms and a bugler blew the "General." The escort then 
wheeled into column and took up the march. It was a matter 
of pride with the Chief Marshal, as well as an observance of the 
rule of punctuality, that the column should start at the precise 
moment announced in the orders, and so it did start — but the 
advance was brought to a halt soon afterward by a delay in 
placing the multitude of guests in the carriages, the pre-arranged 
plan of City Messenger Allen for doing this promptly having 
been obstructed by the arrival of unexpected guests. When 
finally the long string of vehicles filed two abreast into the gap 
left for them in the line, the column was again set in motion and 
thereafter proceeded without interruption and with only such 
halts as were required to give rest to the marchers. The intense 
heat so severely tried the endurance of the great force that many 
of these stops were advisable and were consequently ordered by 
the Chief Marshal. 

Into North Common Street, passing the stately Public Lib- 
rary, which was adorned with flags and bunting in a manner 
not to detract from its dignity, the Chief Marshal led the way. 



2i6 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

At the outset and thenceforward throughout the long ride he 
was recognized with hearty hand-clapping and cheers. The 
applause was renewed with mingled exclamations of admiration 
as the staff of honorary aids came in view — a cavalcade of fair 
equestriennes, decked in the official regalia and riding capari- 
soned steeds.^ The novelty of their presence in the column and 
their attractive appearance made the ladies the cynosure of all 
eyes. On the way to Market Square, thence through Centre 
Street and a short portion of Western Avenue, returning via 
Market Square and South Common Street, decorated residences, 
blocks and stores were passed at frequent intervals.^ In Mar- 
ket Square the procession encountered the first of the children's 
observation stands, situated between Elm and South Streets. 
Fifteen hundred boys and girls were seated upon it in a tremen- 
dous state of excitement and delight. The major portion of the 
stand was occupied by pupils of the Ward 6 schools, who were 
so dressed in colors and arranged on the seats as to represent an 
American flag, and an exceedingly vivacious and beautiful flag 
it was. The remaining space was taken up by the children of 
the Ward 7 schools who were grouped to form the letters "G" 
"E" and an electric arc lamp, the latter in the centre — a tribute 
to the electric industry.^ Each of the children was possessed of 
a miniature flag, the abundant supply whereof adding amazingly 
to the bright effect of the red, white and blue caps and capes in 
which the shouting multitude was clad. The scene was an in- 

1 Uniform hats and sashes, the latter of the that space does not permit the printing of all the 
colors of the respective Divisions, were worn by names of those who decorated their premises, 
the stafif officers and aids, and the horses' sad- which would require the publication of practi- 
dle-cloths were of one pattern, trimmed with the cally a directory, at least of the streets through 
Division colors, with the word " Lynn " and the which the procession passed. Many house- 
dates " 1850-1900" added, holders and storekeepers who are not men- 

2 Conspicuous among them were the residen- tioned incurred large expense for decorations; 
ces of James Phelan, Thomas A. Kelley, Mrs. many others hung out flags alone, and these 
Edwin Johnson and Capt. George C. Houghton, were by no means confined to the vicinity of the 
on North Common Street; those of William parade. The entire City to the remotest suburbs 
LaCroix and Dr. C. D. S. Lovell, on South Com- wore a holiday dress for the occasion.] 

mon Street, and Frank B. Portland, in Market •' Mrs. Alice D. Walker, teacher in the Bur- 
Square; the West Lynn Odd Fellows' Build- rill Primary Schoolhouse, arranged the design, 
ing, which displayed an elaborate decoration of and was assisted by General Manager Walter 
bunting, including symbols of Odd Fellowship ; C. Fish of the General Electric Works. Princi- 
St. Mary's C. T. A. S. rooms. Western Avenue, pal Bernard W. Owen, of the Tracy School, 
and Police Station 2, Centre Street, were hand- placed the Ward 6 children in the flag formation, 
somely arrayed. [Note. — The Editor regrets 



777^ THIRD DAT— THE MARCH. 317 

spiring one and was repeated at each of the other stands which 
the procession passed in review. 

Through Commercial and Summer Streets to Market Street, 
through a short section of the latter broad thoroughfare to Mun- 
roe Street and thence to Central Square the column moved, 
while still at City Hall Square divisions were waiting for the 
order to march. Along this part of the route decorations were 
multiplied until in the business district they almost concealed 
the buildings from view.^ The crowds of spectators were thought 
to have increased in numbers also, if that were possible, and as 
the procession made its wa}^ through Central Square, up Union 
Street to cross the railroad by the Silsbee Street bridge, the 
masses of people assembled seemed packed together in solid 
blocks.^ 

From Silsbee Street, Mt. Vernon Street, yet destitute of build- 
ings after the great fire,'^ was traversed, and the line turned into 
Exchange Street, to proceed by way of Broad Street to the 
easterly residence section. Those who witnessed the procession 
at this point saw it at its best, for thereafter organizations and 
individuals, unable to endure the sun's torrid rays, dropped out 

1 The Second Universalist Church (Old Tun- lie Building was dressed in patriotic regalia. 
nel) was decorated; the residences of George Munroe Street was in red, white and blue from 
H. Chadwell, Edgar Parsons, Mrs. Allen Bla- end to end, and Central Avenue and Square 
ney Breed, John \V. Darcy, Frederic W. Usher afforded many fine exhibitions. Among the 
and Charles J. H. Woodbury, Commercial latter the Press Club, displaying national flags, 
Street, were examples of beautiful displays, as and the Boyce Block, on which, amid a pro- 
were those of Amory Heald, George H. Plum- fusion of bunting, appeared a banner with the 
mer. Dr. Zenas C. Kelley, Abner D. Towle and device " Lynn Commandery, Knights of Malta." 
Joel V. Taylor, and the Father Mathew Society The Lynn Lodge of Elks made a display of ban- 
Building, the Lynn Theatre and Odd Fellows' ners and flags, with a painting of the battle of 
Hall Building, on Summer Street. Market Manila Bay, on the front of the Fuller Block, 
street, from Summer to Munroe, had many ar- The Item Building was arrayed in a dress of 
tistic exhibitions, among which a noticeable tri-color. 

display was made on the Pythian Hall (Savings ^ -phg Union Street display was most abun- 

Bank) Building, the decoration including nu- dant, embracing nearly every building, and the 

merous electric lamps and exhibiting the names stores occupying the same, in the portion 

of fraternal lodges domiciled in the building, through which the procession first passed; the 

viz : Everett and Abraham Lincoln Lodges, more noticeable being the Earl, Abbott, Ber- 

K. of P., Essex Castle, K. G. E., Lord Beacons- gengren, Fabens and Currier buildings, 

field Lodge, Sons of St. George, and Pythian ' Ground had been broken, March 12, for the 

Sisterhood Assembly No. 10. Across the street construction of the new Daily Evening Item 

hung banners on which the Sons of St. George Building, the first to occupy the burned district 

proclaimed the fact that " King's Lynn Sends of Mt. Vernon Street, and the foundation work 

Greetings to the New Lynn." In Andrew was in progress at the time of the celebration. 
Street, near by, the Grand Army of the Repub- 



2i8 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

of the line. They also saw some of the most effective decora- 
tions displayed in the City.^ 

The route led on from Broad to Nahant Streets, to Ocean, to 
Atlantic, to Lewis, to Breed, thence doubling back to Ocean 
Street, then Cherry Street to Fayette Street and Goldfish Pond, 
the column passing many residences dressed for the occasion,^ 
and finding yet numerous throngs of spectators to give cheers and 
applause. The marchers also found generous hospitality, prac- 
ticed by householders who brought out iced drinks for their re- 
freshment, — not only here but along the entire route, — to quaff 
which stampedes from the ranks took place at every halt. A 
children's stand faced the road at Goldfish Pond, with pupils 
of the neighboring schools gathered thereon, grouped to present 
to the eye the initial letters in the names of their schools, "I" be- 
ing for Ingalls, "C" for Coburn street, "J" for Jackson Street, 
"E" for Eastern Avenue and "P" for Parrott Street. The Hood 
School classes arranged themselves to spell the name "Hood," in 
honor of the first Mayor, and to represent the figures " 1850."^ 

1 A decorative feature by High Rock Council, monogram, composed of the letters "O" "C" 

O. U. A. M., displayed on the Wright Build- about six feet long and marked by white incan- 

ing. Exchange Street, was the subject of much descents, flanked on either side by the figures 

favorable comment. It consisted of a short " 1S50 " and " 1900" also in incandescents; at the 

platform springing from the upper story, with top of the building, the centre and the base, and 

a black background wreathed with tri-color and over the approach, were lines of colored incan- 

surmounted by the arms of the United States. descents. On the points of the roof railing were 

A Goddess of Liberty appeared on the platform, large globes of pure white, with incandescents 

holding in her left hand a beautiful American within. The hundreds of lights illuminated the 

flag and in her right a drawn sword. The entire square, when they were thrown on at 

young lady who personated the Goddess was night, giving an effect of remarkable beauty. 

Miss Louise Gowell. The Lynn Gas and Elec- The Pendragon Club, Broad Street, decorated 

trie Building, Exchange Street, exhibited an its quarters with excellent taste and the Falls 

admirable example of the decorator's art, and Block was radiant with bright colors. On Ocean 

its illumination by electric lights gave it a bril- Street the residences of P. B. Magrane, Joseph 

liant appearance at night. The firm of Samp- N. Smith, Charles H. Conway, A. Jus Johnson, 

son & Allen contributed a unique feature, a zig- John Macnair and Gen. Benj. F.Peach, Jr., were 

zag row of incandescents, which were made to marked by fine displays. So were the homes 

flash in rotation, depicting strokes of light- of W. H. Pierce, on Breed Street; Rev. Dr. 

ning playing up and down the front of the build- James M. Pullman, on Cherry Street; Joel 

ing. The Seymour Hotel and the rooms of the Southwick, on Lewis Street, and Hon. Jacob M. 

Prospect Club were other Exchange Street Lewis and Samuel H. Green, on Fayette Street, 

premises to attract attention by their adorn- ^ Principal Clara L. Cutcheon, of the Hood 

ment. School, assisted by other teachers of the Dis- 

- The Oxford Clubhouse, Washington Square, trict, designed and arranged the emblematic 

presentedamost beautiful appearance, the whole groups on the stand. As was the case with all 

front of the handsome edifice being covered with the stands, the task was a severe one, calling 

flags, bannerettes and bunting, artistically for great exertions and unexampled patience on 

draped in graceful design. In the centre was a the part of the teachers. 



THE THIRD DAT— THE MARCH. 21^ 

The march continued through Fayette Street to Essex Street, 
turning into Chestnut Street and down Union, ^ up Ireson to Essex 
Street again, the route abounding in admiring lookers-on and 
displays of flags and bunting,^ and proceeded to Highland 
Square, where the third observation stand, peopled with young 
folk, glowed with color and rang with enthusiasm as the host 
went by. On this stand the Whiting School children formed the 
letter "W" and those of the Highland School were arranged in 
a five-pointed star.^ The noble High School building stood op- 
posite, its grounds, porticoes and windows filled with spectators, 
while from the grassy slope of the hill ascending to High Rock a 
great multitude enjoyed views of the passing procession. 

Essex Street, Washington Street, Laighton Street, passing 
the Chief Marshal's residence, Johnson Street, Sutton Street, 
Liberty Street, Market Street to City Hall Square — so the last 
part of the long route ran.* On the City Hall lawn, fronting 
Johnson Street, the last of the children's stands was situated, the 
groups forming a star and a lyre, the former representing the 
public schools of Wards i, 2 and 5,^ and the latter composed of 
pupils of St. Mary's School, and though the waiting had been 

'From an upper window of his residence on exhibited as examples the residences of James 

Union Street, Hon. Amos F. Breed, then an A. Anderson, Edward H. Pearson and Mrs. E. 

invalid, looked upon the procession. As a dis- F. Lothrop. In Laighton Street attention was 

tinguished citizen of Lynn he was well known principally attracted to the decorations of Mrs. 

to all. Within a few days his illness terminated Lucy J. Bacheller, Edwin W. Ingalls and Gen. 

in death. Chas. C. Fry, and in Johnson Street to those of 

-The residences of Eugene A. Putnam, J. Frank J. Faulkner, Fred W. Bent, William E. 

Herbert Bowen and John J. Cunningham, on Baker, Charles S. Goodridge, Charles V. Stack- 

Fayette Street, were dressed in flags. The pole, Frederick Abbott, Francis T. Moore, 

Fayette Street Enginehouse was gay with flags Mrs. Elizabeth Bubier and John F. Donohue, 

and bunting and displayed a painted fire scene. The Central Police Station, in Sutton Street, 

The Clover Cycle Club, Chestnut Street, Dr. was festooned with bunting and exhibited an 

Henry P. Leonard, the Ward 3 Young Men's equestrian picture of Washington. Coming 

Republican Club and St. Joseph's Church, Union once more to Market Street the Y. M. C. A. 

Street, showed decorations, the church dis- and Cadet Hall Buildings were distinguished 

playing a streamer of blue with "Our City's for elaborate decorations, the former showing 

Golden Jubilee" lettered upon it in gold. A insignia of the Masonic order, the local bodies 

lively crowd of children from St. Joseph's In- of which have quarters in the building, and the 

stitute (parochial school) were seated upon a latter displaying the names, amid a profusion 

stand in front of the church. of draped and festooned flags and bunting, of 

3 Principal Alice M. Donohue of the High- Calanthe, Peter Woodland and Abram C. 

land School grouped the children. Moody Lodges, Knights of Pythias. 

*Essex Street from Higliland Square was 'i The arrangement was under the direction of 

marked by fine displays, notably those on the Principal Carrie L. Gordon of the Laighton 

residences of Hon. Charles H. Baker and Lieut. Street School. 
William H. Hennessey. Washington Street 



2 30 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

long for the impatient little ones, the juveniles of the Johnson 
Street stand gave the weary procession a rousing greeting. 

City Hall Square/ again invaded by marching battalions, fur- 
nished the closing scene, when the Governor and Mayor, with 
other distinguished officials and guests, ascended the reviewing 
stand from the carriages, and the column marched past. The 
stand was erected on the southerly side of the square, facing the 
City Hall, with one end near the drinking fountain. Between 
the fountain and the Soldiers' Monument Chief Marshal Fr}- took 
up his station, his staff behind him, and reviewed his command, 
soon to be dissolved. The effect of the prevailing high tem- 
perature and the long tramp upon the procession was apparent 
in the depleted and dusty ranks, but it was nevertheless an im- 
posing pageant which, passing into history as it passed the re- 
viewing stand, left an impress on the memory of those who 
witnessed it which will last their lifetimes. 

No accurate data seems to have been preserved to show the 
length of the procession as a whole. Its passage was timed at 
Central Square, a point where it had not been thinned by deser- 
tions due to the heat, the record being but five minutes less than 
three hours. It was estimated that three hours would be re- 
quired to traverse the route, which was more than six miles in 
length, and a calculation based on this would give the length 
of the procession as only slightly less than the length of the 
route. The accompanying roster of the procession may enable 
some mathematical genius to figure out the exact length, as it is 
fortunately quite complete with respect to the numbers and 
variety of the bodies and features in the line. By inquiries and 
correspondence a revision of the list as it was prepared and pub- 
lished at the time has been secured, and it is a fairly accurate 
compendium of the entire column. 

iCity Hall Square was adorned not only by decorative material, and the Clover Club was 

the surpassing decoration of the municipal specially desienated by an electric light display, 

building but by displays on other structures, showing the letters "C""C" in red, with a 

among which the Prescott Block shone resplen- clover leaf between in green. The Rhodes 

dent by night and by day. The Park Club and Block, opposite the reviewing stand, was made 

Clover Club, each occupying an upper floor, to look very handsome by a liberal tri-color 

caused the facade to be elaborately treated with adornment. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 331 



ROSTER OF THE PROCESSION. 



Skirmishers. — Policeman Frank A. BurrlU and John A. Thompson. 
Bugler. — John B. Wright. 

Platoo7i of Mounted Police. — Deputy Marshal David G. Bartlet, 
commanding; Policeman James H. Carroll, George D, Clark, 
John P. Grady, Rufus F. Greene, Joseph M. Russell, Llewellyn 
C. Field, Edward E. Smith, Frank Moore, Martin H. Murphy, 
W. H. Thorne. 

Chief Marshal. — General Charles C. Fry. 

Chief of Staff. — Captain John G. Warner. 

Chief Quartermaster. — Lieutenant William H. Hennessey. 

Bugler. — W. F. Berry. 

Ho7iorary Staf. — Major L. N. Duchesney and Staff, First Battalion 
Light Artillery; First Lieutenant H. Bradford Lewis, Adjutant; 
Major John M. Harvey, Surgeon ; First Lieutenant Frederick H. 
Osgood, Veterinary Surgeon; First Lieutenant Henry B. Clapp, 
Paymaster. 

Honorary Aids. — Mrs. James Castle, Miss Estelle Whitcomb, Mrs. 
F. W. Putney, Miss Pearl Cady, Mrs. E, H. Brann, Miss Lena 
Hale, Miss Bessie M. Baker, Miss Isabelle D. O'Brien, Mrs. E. 
H. Newhall, Miss Ida Winspeare, Miss Gertrude H. Nourse, 
Mrs. Walter Hall, Mrs. Frank H. Thompson, Mrs. W. H. 
Salman. 

Aids. — Capt. Charles H. Hare, Lieut. E. C. Stone, Edward F. 
Bacheller, George R. Beardsell, C. Frank Adams, R. E. Hilliard, 
Frank E. Holt, Matthew McCann, Wm, H. McFarlane, John 
Lancy, Jr., Eugene B. Hayes, James F. Bisbee, John A. Hayes, 
H. R. McGlue, Archibald T. Sampson, Richard Cunningham, 
Everett E. Bates, Capt. Charles W. Knapp, George E. Sprague, 
Henry B. Sprague, Frank P. Ham, S. Henry Kent, F. I. Pet- 
tingell, M. P. Haven, John F. Costello, J. H. H. Hartshorn, 
Albert M. Creighton, Harry W. Woodward, E. H. Brann, 
Elmer E. Boynton, C. I. Kelley, Capt. Winthrop M. Merrill, 
John R. Morrow, Col. Eben T. Brackett, Clifton Coburn, George 



222 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

A. Gartside, Franklin H. Downs, Dr. H. P. Leonard, Dr. James 
Castle, Benjamin Scribner, Jeremiah J. Costello, Fred C. Peach, 
Richard V. Murphy, Walter A. Davis, C. N. P. Hunt, C. Ed- 
ward Allen, Colin C. Lewis. 

FIRST DIVISION. 

Marshal. — Captain George C. Houghton. 
Chief of Staff . — Captain A. J. Hoitt. 
^uarterinaster. — Captain Henry E. Comey. 
Commissary . — Elmer E. Bray. 
Surgeon. — Dr. L. M. Baker. 
Color Bearer. — S. H. Green. 
Bugler. — John A. Schier. 
Aids.—lA&xx'i. W. H. Perry, George B. Hill, James T. Farwell, Dr. E. 
H. Brock, Charles T. Venini, F. D. Mayo, S. Parker Knowles, 
William Ham, James F. Seavey, J. H. Cross, Jr., W. H. 
Eldridge, W. F. Roberts, E. V. Hyde, D. H. Shillaber, J. M. 
Blaisdell, Charles B. Codding, W. W. Smith, N. Weber, Jr., M. 

B. Mank, E. S. Pevear, Harry K. Mayo, Edward D. Dearborn, 
Charles H. Bergengren, Charles Orrin Breed, Owen Kennedy, 
Wallace Bates, Joseph Dickinson, Charles Cross, J. W. Darcy, 
Joseph Perry, W. E. Libbey, Frank W. Patten, E. M. Young, 
Dr. N. R. Miller, H. A. Gay, Everett H. Dunbar, George H. 
Graham, Henry T. Greene, Eben A. Mitchell. 

Lynn Cadet Band, S. S. Lurvey, Leader; thirty pieces. 
Military Escort to His Excellency the Governor. 
Colonel Walter S. Peck, Second Corps Cadets, Commander. 
Staff. — First Lieutenant H. A. Titus, Adjutant; Major J. W. Voss, 
Surgeon ; First Lieutenant G. C. Littlefield, Assistant Surgeon ; 
First Lieutenant E. A. Maloon, Paymaster; First Lieutenant 
Robert Robertson, Inspector Rifle Practice; E. J. Prescott, 
Chaplain; Sergeant Alex. Robertson, Sergeant-Major; J. Clark 
Brown, Quartermaster-Sergeant ; Sergeant F. L. Decker, Hos- 
pital Steward; Sergeant A. D. Coule, Drum Major; Sergeants 
H. P. Nourse and F. H. Cook, Color Sergeants. 
Company D, 8th Regiment, M. V. M. — Captain Charles T. 
Hilliker, commanding ; Fii'st Lieutenant Thomas J. Cobey, 
Second Lieutenant William F. Young; fifty men. 




Capt. GEORGE G. HOUGHTON 

MARSHAL FIRST DIVISION OF PROCESSION. 




UJ 

cc 
< 

a 

CO 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 



223 



Second Corps Cadets, M. V. M.— Major Andrew Fitz, commanding. 
Company A.— Captain Philip Little, First Lieutenant G. E. 

Symonds, Second Lieutenant J. H. Dyer; forty-one men. 
Company B.— Captain A. N. Webb, First Lieutenant E. T. 

Graham, Second Lieutenant F. S. Perkins; fifty-two men. 
Company C— Captain J. E. Spencer, First Lieutenant C. F. 

Ropes, Second Lieutenant H. R. Peach; thirty-seven men. 
Company D.— Captain P. F. Packard, First Lieutenant F. E. 

Clark, Second Lieutenant J. N. Clark; fifty-three men. 
Company E, Naval Brigade, M. V. M. — Lieutenant H. L. Smith, 
commanding; Lieutenant (J. G) M. L. Kimball, Ensign F. H. 
Turnbull ; fifty-six men and guns. 
Battery C, First Battalion Light Artillery, M. V. M.— Captain 
William L. Steadman, commanding ; First Lieutenant Charles F. 
Sargent, First Lieutenant George H. Goldsmith, Second Lieuten- 
ant John F. Powell ; four guns. 

Carriages occupied by Guests and Officials, as follows : — 



His Excellency 

wmilirop Inrray Crane, 

Governor of Massachusetts. 
His Honor 

William Slieplierd, 

Mayor of Lynn. 
Adj utant-General 

Samuel Dallon, 

Governor's Staff. 



Lieutenant-Governor. 

Hon. James J, Myers, 

Speaker of the Massachusetts 
House of Representatives, 

J. B. smitl, 

Governor's Private Secretary. 

Lieut. -Col, Edward J, Gilion, 

Governor's Statf. 



iThe Governor's carriage was drawn by four 
black horses, in white harness, and was flanked 
by a body-guard of six men detailed from the 
militia companies, under command of Lieuten- 
ant F. Ernest Clark, of the Cadets, and followed 



Hon. George F. Harwood, 

Executive Council. 


Col. H. L. Williams, 


Major J. D. Colt, 


Major Join E. Lancaster, 

All of the Governor's Staff. 



by S. Henry Kent and C. Frank Adams, Aids 
on Gen. Fry's staff. The white flag of the Com- 
monwealth was draped on one side of the 
vehicle, and the national flag on the other side. 



234 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Carriages occupied by Guests and Officials. — Coittititied. 



SURVIVING OFFICIALS OF 


1850, 




losepl M. Roweli, 




c 


Duncilman. 


Harrison NewMl, 






Assessor. 


WiUiam H. Lewis, 




City 


Messenger, 


loM A. Tlinrston. 






Constable. 



SURVIVING OFFICIALS OF 

1850. 

AlDert Keeflliam, 

School Committee. 

S. OliTer Breefl, 

Surveyor of Lumber, 



Warwick Pallrey, 



Field Driver. 



Beniarain N. lolnson, Esq., 

Orator, 

Hon. loin w, Berry, 

Judge of Lynn Police Court, 

Hon. Henry C. AllwUl, 

State Senator. 

C. Keal Barney, Esg., 

Councilman, Member of Cele- 
bration Committee. 



Hon. Howard K. Sanderson, 


State Senator, 


George H. StacKpole, 


Representative. 


lolin A. Woodman, 


Eugene larlor. 


Councilmen, Members of Cele- 


bration Committee. 



losepn G. Brown, 

Alderman. 


Henry F. Tapiey, 

Reception Committee, 


Col, AHen G. snepherd. 


Br. Root WMte, 

Guests, 



H. Cnsning Bnlflncli, 

Representative, 

Benjamin A. Goodwin, 

Alderman. 

William R. Salter, 

Representative, 

Edward W. PinMam, 

Reception Committee. 



lames E, Odlin, 




Represei 


tative. 


George H. lacKson, 




Alderman. 1 


Tnomas F. Porter, 




Kepresei 


tative. 


Stephen S. larsn, 




Reception Com 


niittee. 



Claries E. Haywood, Esq., 

Representative. 

Fred w. Allen, 



lames Bnms, 



Representative. 



Samnel G. Gnnn, 

Reception Committee. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 
Carriages occupied by Guests and Officials, — Cofitimied. 



225 



FranK P. Bennett, 

Representative. 


Claries H. TncKer, 

Alderman. 


George H, Batclielder, 


Ctarles S. GoodrWge, 

Councilmen. 



Hon. Peter M. Neal, 

Ex-Mayor of Lynn. 

Rnlus KimDall, 



Hon. lacol) M. Lewis, 

Ex-Mayor of Lynn. 

Howard Mndge Newnall, 

Reception Committee. 



Hon. Elinii B. Hayes, 

Ex-Mayor of Lynn. 

Hon, Cliarles E, Harwood, 

Ex. Mayor of Lynn. 

W. H. Symonds, 



Henry R. Jacotis, 



Councilmen. 



Claries F. Penney, 

Councilman. 

Hon. George C, Higglns, 

Ex-Mayor of Lynn. 

Hon. Asa T. Newnall, 

Ex-Mayor of Lynn. 

WUliam H. Treen, 

Reception Committee. 



Hon, Engene A. Bessom, 

Ex-Mayor of Lynn. 

Hon. Walter L. Ramsdell, 

Ex-Mayor of Lynn. 

George F. Andrews, 
Edward T, BnMer, 



Hany R, Coriiett, 


George w. Coffin, 


S, Walter McDonongli, 


AlDert H, Alexander, 


Councilmen. 



Jaies E. Ricli, 
Walter Penney, 



D. Gage Hint, 

Secretary of School Board. 

Claries H. Clase, 

Chairman 3d District 
(School) Committee. 



Herlien H. Richardson, 


Wiliard B. Cone, 


Claries w. Hnse, 


Roland L. Cnnninglam, 


Councilmen. 



2 26 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Carriages occupied by Guests and Officials. — Contimied. 



Joseph w. Aitwiii, 



City Clerk. 



diaries H. Spear, 

Clerk of Committees. 



Claries E, Parsons, 

Common Council Messenger 



Hon, TliGinas N. Hart, 

Mayor of Boston. 

Hon, D. M. Little, 

Mayor of Salem. 

Edwin W. Ingalls, 
Claries H. Hastings, 

Reception Committee. 



Hon. Jolin H. Allot, 

Mayor of Fall River. 



Hon, Claries H, BaKer, 

Reception Committee. 



Jns Jolnson, 

Reception Committee. 



Hon. Claries C Niclols, 

Mayor of E\ 


erett. 


Hon, loin 0. Hall, 

Mayor of Qu 


incy. 


E. w. Lacroix, 

Reception Comn 


ittee. 


A. R. Merrill, 

Reception Comn 


ittee. 



Hon. William F. Davis, 

Mayor of Wobiirn. 


Hon, Claries; L, Bean, 

Mayor of Maiden. 


Walter 0. Fanlkner, 

Reception Committee. 


W. E. Downing, 

Reception Committee. 



Peter A. Breen, Esii., 

Reception Committee. 

Hon. George 0. Proctor, 

Mayor of Somerville. 

Hon, Edward D. Wilson, 

Mayor of Newton. 

William E. Neat, 

Reception Committee. 



Hon, (leorge F. Merclant, 



Mayor of Gloucester. 



James N. PiKe, 



Reception Committee. 



Join F. Mccarty, 



Reception Committee. 



Hon. Benjamin D, weller. 



Mayor of Beverly. 



Eugene B. Frazier, 



Reception Committee. 



Tlomas B. Knigli, 



Reception Committee. 



THE THIRD DA7'— ROSTER. 

Carnages occupied by Guests and Officials. — Conthmed. 



227 



Hon. Jolin C. Clase, 

Mayor of Haverliill. 

Hon. James F. Leonard, 

Mayor of Lawrence. 

Dr. A. B. MM2B, 

Reception Committee. 

Manrice A. Stevens, 

Reception Committee. 



Hon. George D. Hart, 

Ex-Mayor of Lynn. 

Hon. Henry B. Loyering, 

Ex-Mayor of Lynn. 

James Hill, 
Allen G. Sleplerd, 

Reception Committee. 



J. T. Wilson, 




J. ColBy Wilson, 




C. D. Vary, 

Selectmen of Naliant. 


C. H. Wilson, 


Of Nahant. 



E.A. 

Selectman of Swampscott. 

George J. Leonard, 



P. L 
H. P. 



Reception Committee, 



W. B. 



Reception Committee. 



Join H. Nelson, 

Chairman ist District 
(School) Committee. 

Everett E. Condon, 
cnarles W. Bellows, 

Reception Committt^e. 



Superintendent of Schools. 

Louis A. Wyman, 

Chairman of School Board. 

M. A. Fenton, 
wellman Osborne, 

Reception Committee. 



Walton Titns, 



James B. JacKson, 

Guest. 

lolin J, Heys, 
T. W. Gardiner, 

Reception Committee. 



w. 


D. H. lones. 








City Cle 


rk of Me 


rose. 


M. F. Donovan, 








Recepti 


3n Comm 


ittee. 



3 38 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Salem Brass Band, J. H. Boyle, Leader; twenty-five pieces. 

Gen. Lander Post, No. 5, Grand Army of the Republic. 
Charles T. Jackson, Commander. 

George H. Cary, Adjutant; Thomas M. Burckes, Senior Vice Com- 
mander ; Josiah R. Lee, Junior Vice Commander ; Dr. William 
H. Baker, Surgeon; Charles A. Chapman, Chaplain; Clarence 
M. Sprague, Qiiartermaster ; John S. Mann, Officer of the Day; 
Owen Kenney, Officer of the Guard; William H. Goodwin, Ser- 
geant-Major ; Eben K. Storer, Quartermaster-Sergeant. 

Staff. — Past Commander Cyrus A. Chadwell, Chief; Past Com- 
manders Joseph E. Shaw, Theodore A. Manchester; Captains 
(unattached) Michael Scannell, Joseph W. Colcord, John C. 
Metcalf. 

Companies of Veterans, under command of Captains James W. Hoitt, 
Alonzo Hollis, Edwin Bates, William A. Frazier, Thomas F. 
Rowley, Horace Parker, Eugene M. Libbey, Henry E. Hay 
(Color Company), and George W. Seeley. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Charles R. Mudge Camp, No. i. Sons of Veterans. 
Fi-ed C. Deming, Commander. 

Arthur W. Ames, First Lieutenant ; Henrie J. Perry, Second Lieu- 
tenant; Clarence A. Cutler, First Sergeant; Arthur S. Stone, 
Quartermaster- Sergeant; Julian H. English, Chaplain ; Herbert 
W. Seeley, Color- Sergeant ; Carl J. Berry, Principal Musician ; 
Clayton S. Irish, Corporal ; Ernest A. Cross, Inside Guard ; Ar- 
thur R. Arline, Outside Guard ; Nathan H. Holmes, P. C, Wal- 
ter Penney, P. C, Benjamin E. Thompson, Jr., Camp Council. 

Lynn Veteran Light Infantr}'. 
Major Freeman Murray, Commander. 
Lieutenant I. Warren Chase, Adjutant ; C. W. Palmer, Qiiartermaster ; 
Dr. Warren Tapley,^ Surgeon; James D. Alley, Assistant Sur- 
geon ; fifty men. 

Carter's Band of Boston, Thomas M. Carter, Leader; twenty-five 

pieces. 

Lynn English High School Battalion, 150 men. 
Major John M. Harney, Commander. 

' Dr. Tapley appeared in the uniform he wore as Surgeon of the Sth Regiment, M. V. M., in the 
Civil War. James D. Alley also wore the old uniform, showing how the Lynn Light Infantry of 
forty years ago looked when on parade. A number of other " minute-men of '6i " were in the line. 




S^<) i^^. i^c/^Xs^. 



GLIMPSES OF THE PROCESSION. 

Right and Left of Grand Army Veterans. 
Float of Poquanum Tribe, I. O. R. M. Float of St. Mary's Parochial School. 

" Sale of Nahant." 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 



229 



Lynn English High School Battalion. — Continued. 

C. H. Vaughen, Adjutant; C. H. Porter, Qiiartermaster ; Lieutenant 
C. D. Crowell, Ex-Major J. F. Morse, Aids; E. W. Grover, 
Sergeant-Major ; B. E. Ames, Quartermaster- Sergeant ; S. H. 
Parker, Ex-Signal Officer. 

Signal Corps. — First Sergeant C. W. Merrill. 

Company C. — Captain J. F. Peterson, First Lieutenant R. W. 
Leach, Second Lieutenant A. J. Somers. 

Company B, — Captain J. J. Thomson, First Lieutenant L. P. 
McGovern, Second Lieutenant J. H. Sullivan. 

Company A. — Captain F. J. Barry, First Lieutenant H. L. Pay- 
row, Second Lieutenant C. R. Palmer. 

Ambulance Corps. — First Sergeant J. H. Madden. 

Lynn Classical High School Battalion, seventy-four men. 
Major Joseph L. Barry, Commander. 
E. A. Barry, Adjutant; C. F. Lovejoy, Qiiartermaster ; H. K. Rich- 
ardson, Sergeant-Major. 
Company A. — Captain A. W . Ingalls, First Lieutenant M. A. 

Poole, Second Lieutenant F. M. Hill. 
Company B — Captain T. A. Welch, First Lieutenant H. B. Baird, 
Second Lieutenant W. H. New^hall. 



Letter Carriers' Drum Corps, W. R. Felter, Leader; ten pieces. 

Lynn Letter Carriers' Relief Association, Branch No. 7, National 
Association of Letter Carriers. 
Frank A. E. Marsh, Marshal ; fifty men. 
Carriages, containing United States Officials. — 



George A. HiUDarfl, 

Postmaster of Boston. 

W. Harrey Merrill, 

Postmaster of Salem. 

Fred H. Nicliols, 

Acting Postmaster of Lynn. 

William G. Earp, 



lames D. Gill, 

Internal Revenue Cc 


Hector. 


Ariinr F. Moody, 

Deputy Co 


Hector. 


stnan F, Mccieam, 

Collector of C 


ustoms. 


lolm L. ParKer, 

Deputy Collector. 



230 CITY OF L7NN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Lynn Letter Carriers' Relief Association. — Continued. 



WAGONETTE 

Co7itai7iing Clerks of 
Lynn Post- Office. 



SECOND DIVISION. 

Marshal. — Henry W. Eastham. 

Chief of Staff . — Arthur B. Corrin. 
Bugler. — Eric Aklund. 

Color Bearer. — Frank C. Hooper. 
Aids.— YXm&x E. French, Joseph G. Fadden, N. J. McLeod, Charles 
H. Baxter, F. H. Bates, Elbert A. Mansfield, C. H. Sullivan, O. 
J. Markee, E. G. Bean, Charles McElman, Martin J. Condon, 
Howard M. Call, J. W. Wentworth, Elmer E. Humphrey, 
Herman Watson, Dayton Stackpole, Joseph N. Kelley, William 
Miller, George W. Perry, J. J. Sullivan, Edward P. Groesbeck, 
O. F. Sherrin, Levi Hudson, William K. McClennan, H. K. 
Wheeler, William Olcut, Matthew Higgins, Clarence Estes, John 
Muckian, C. H. Hill, John G. Woodbury, A. W. Dick, L. W. 
Hanson, Elmer E. Neal, Charles F. Cotter, William Hosker, 
George Mansfield, John J. Murphy, Fred A. McKennon, William 
F. Talbut, Thomas Griffin. 

Waltham Watch Factory Band, John A. Flockton, Leader; H. A. 
Browning, Drum Major ; twenty-five pieces. 

Patriarchs Militant, I. O. O. F. 

Brigadier-General Edgar H. Emerson, Department Commander of 

Massachusetts, and Staff; fifteen Chevaliers (mounted). 

2d Regiment, Dept. of Mass. 

Colonel Alvin E. Bliss, Commander, and Staff; ten Chevaliers 

(mounted). 




HENRY W. EASTHAM 

MARSHAL SECOND DIVISION OF PROCESSION. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 231 

Patriarchs Militant, I. O. O. F. — Contiiitied. 

1st Battalion. — Major George P. Hutchinson. 

Canton City of Lynn, No. 63 ; eighty-five Chevaliers. 
Canton Maiden, No. 55 ; eighty Chevaliers. 

2d Battalion. — Major James A. Jones. 

Canton Fells, No. 26, of Stoneham ; twenty-five Chevaliers. 
Canton City of Beverly, No. 67 ; thirty-one Chevaliers. 
Canton Mascot, No. 12, of Boston; twenty-three Chevaliers. 

Grand Canton Shawmut, No. i, of Boston; Major Oscar C. Emer- 
son, Lieut. De Wolfe, Ensign William Welch ; thirty Chevaliers. 

Canton Harmony, No. 47, of Newburyport ; Captain S. J. Ford; 
twenty-eight Chevaliers. 

Canton Hudson, No. 19, of Hudson; Captain L. C. Jefts ; twenty- 
four Chevaliers. 

Guests from Lowell, Brockton, Lawrence, Haverhill and Chelsea. 

Cambridge Cadet Band, Paul Hurfuith, Leader; twenty-five pieces. 

Bay State Lodge, No. 40, I. O. O. Y} 

Richard McBrien, P. G., Marshal. 

Aids. — John Davis, P. G., John A. Holmes, P. G. ; 150 men. 

Alpha Drum and Fife Corps of Boston, Herbert Tyler, Leader. 

Richard W. Drown Lodge, No. 106, 1. O. O. F. 
William A. Weston, P. G., Marshal. 
J. N. Cromie, Color-Bearer. 
Aids. — E. H. Glasure, P. G., C. E. Todd, N. G., Laforest Wes- 
ton, V. G., W. D. Sprague, P. G., O. R. Dushuttle, P. G., 
Frank Gay, P. G,, J. W. Winchester, P. G. ; 100 men. 

Teel's Military Band o£ Boston, Benj. F. Teel, Leader; twenty-five 

pieces. 

East Lynn Lodge, No. 207, I. O. O. F.'^ 

Chas. H. Annis, P. G., Marshal. 

Aids. — Anson L. Woods, P. G., John B. Pearson; 125 men. 

' A humorous feature of this Lodge's parade in the City was left open to question, but it was 

was a goat, upon whose blanket covering was doubtless the latter. 

displayed the " three links " of Odd Fellowship - East Lynn Lodge displayed a handsome new 

and the designation "Mother of them All." silk flag, fringed with deep gold lace, which was 

Whether the latter was intended to convey an presented to the lodge that morning by the fam- 

idea of the maternal achievements of the goat ily of the late Postmaster E. Knowlton Fogg, a 

or detailed the fact that Bay State Lodge was member of the lodge before his death, 
the parent of all the other Odd Fellows' Lodges 



232 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

American Band of Peabody, P. Ingraham, Leader; twenty-five pieces. 

West Lynn Lodge, No. 65, I. O. O. F. 
diaries H. Day, Marshal; seventy-five men. 

Kearsarge Lodge, No. 217, L O. O. F. 

Albert S. Carleton, Marshal. 

Aids. — Frank T. Philbrick, James W. Webber; 125 men. 

Salem Cadet Band, Jean M. Mussud, Leader; tw^enty-five pieces. 

Palestine Encampment, No. 37, I. O. O. F. 
George A. Beal, Chief Captain. 
Fred L. Norris, Adjutant; John Ingram, First Captain; William J. 
Lewis, Second Captain ; Fred L Peabody, Third Captain ; ninety- 
five men. 

Excelsior Drum Corps of Marblehead, A. M. Stone, Leader; fifteen 

pieces. 

Winnepurkit Tribe, No. 55, Improved Order of Red Men.^ 

Benjamin S. Courtis, P. G. S., Marshal. 

Staff of Past Sachems, G. F. Conner, Captain. 

Aids.— William F. Embree, Albert W. Ellison, Fred E. Richardson, 

George B. Eaton, William E. Pike; 100 men. 
Guests. — Members of Manataug, Wamscott, Powhatan, Winnepoykin 
and other Tribes. 

I St Regiment Fife, Drum and Bugle Corps, Boston, J. Clark, Leader ; 

twenty-five pieces. 

Nanapashemet Tribe, No. 82, Improved Order of Red Men,^ 

George M. Cormack, P. S., Marshal. 

J. Arthur Wheeler, P. S., Assistant Marshal ; 100 men. 

Poquanum Tribe, No. 105, Improved Order of Red Men. 
Wesley H. Sharp, Medicine Man; forty men. 

1 With the Red Men were Dr. J. Mitchell and used by Col. Gillespie, in Banks' raid, and in 
Fred W. Tufts, mounted and dressed in com- Sherman's march to the sea during the Civil 
plete Indian costumes (see cut). War, and which had three horses shot from 

2 In the line of the Nanapashemet Tribe M. under it. 
Henry McDermott rode on a saddle that was 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 



233 



Poquanum Tribe, I. O. R. M. — Coiitintied. 
Float.— 



"The Sale Of NaW." 

( Repyesentiug an Incideiit t'ti 
Lynn History.) 

CHARACTERS: 
Poqiianiim, otherwise known in history as 

'■Black Will," John F. Currj'. 
William Witter, Otis L. Paige. 
Lynn Settler, Fred Durgin. 
Indimis, E. A. Cann, William Wolcott, 

Charles Stevens, C. W. Bragden. 



Globe Cadet Band of Boston, James Sullivan, Leader ; Patrick Mc- 
Manus, Drum Major ; twenty-five pieces. 

Emmet Guards. 
Captain Daniel J. Donovan, Commander. 
First Lieutenant John J. Griffin, Second Lieutenant Daniel T. 
Looney, First Sergeant John Looney, Second Sergeant Patrick 
Cryan, Third Sergeant Dennis Donohue, Fourth Sergeant John 
Walsh, Fifth Sergeant John Cavanaugh, Corporals Matthew 
Downing, Patrick Joyce, Richard Cooney, Michael Connaughton ; 
fifty men. 

Division No. 7, Ancient Order of Hibernians. 
Felix J. Dolan, Marshal; fifty-five men. 

Division lo, A. O. H., Drum Corps, Patrick Sweeney, Leader. 

Division No. 10, Ancient Order of Hibernians. 
James Hayes, President. 
Aids. — Thomas F. Mahoney, Thomas Matthews, Dennis Foote, 
Martin J. Hogan ; 100 men. 



Wolfe Tone Guards. 
Captain John J. Kelley, Commander; fifty men. 



234 



CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



Division No. i6, Ancient Order of Hibernians. 
Daniel J. O'Keefe, President. 
Aids. — John J. Kelley, John J. Cuddy, Michael J. Sheehan, William 
J. Finnery ; 125 men. 



Knights of Pythias. 

Mounted Knights in armor. 

Edward Russell, Commander ; fifteen men. 

Martland Fifth Regiment Band of Brockton, Mace Gay, Leader; 
Andrew Grant, Drum Major ; thii-ty pieces. 

Louis A. Downey, Marshal. 
Aids. — George F. Barbour, W. G. Coffin. 
Honorary Staff. — Chancellor Commanders Ernest A. Sawyer, No. 
17; Thomas Needham, No. 20; Edward H. Field, No. 72; 
Eben Rounseville, No. 95 ; L. M. Oliver, No. 99 ; Dr. Frederick 
W. McPherson, No. 120. 

United Knights of Pythias Lodges. — Calanthe, No. 17 ; Everett, No. 
20 ; Peter Woodland, No. 72 ; Stillman S. Davis, No. 95 ; Abram 
C. Moody, No. 99; Abraham Lincoln, No. 120; 300 men. 

Float.— 



"The Lessou of Frieiiilsliip;' 

{Illustrating^ the Story of 
Damon and Pythias.^ 



CHARACTERS: 


Damon 


U. I. Grant 


Pytliias 


Sewall T. Watts 


Catanthe - - - 


Miss May Clark 


Di07iysius - 


Samuel B. Carroll 


Phintias, a Senatcr, 


F. S. Worcester 


Phccitis^ a Settatoy - 


Chas. E. Newman 


Captain 0/ the Guard, 


F. W. Birmingham 


Headsviati 


Fred Wardman 


Guards, Abner Carter. 


H. E. Dyson, E. A. 


Griffin, E. P. Taylor. 





Reed's Brass Band of Chelsea, F. Percy Reed, Leader; P. H. Murray, 
Drum Major ; twenty-five pieces. 

Mystic Lodge, No. 19, Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
John Symonds, Marshal. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 235 

Mystic Lodge, A. O. U. W. — Conthiued. 
Aids. — John Z. Weber, John S. Lang, George A. Coombs, W. H. 
Vose, Jr., E. W. Wilson. 

Float.— 



"A Home Preseryefl ty ttie 

Ancient Order of Unilefl 

Worhnen." 

The Faintly^ Mrs. E. P. Groesbeck and three 
children. 



Reeves' American Band of Providence, B. R. Church, Leader ; thirty- 
five pieces. 

Father Mathew Total Abstinence Society. 

James J. Muckian, President. 

Aid. — John Muckian ; 200 men. 

St. Francis Cadets Drum Corps, Albert Sutton, Chief Drummer. 

St. Francis Cadets, Charlestov^n. 
Major Thomas E. Spain. 
Staff. — William F. Kane, Adjutant; William J. Dooley, Quarter- 
master; Thomas J. Stevens, Sei:geant- Major ; Thomas Kiley, 
Quartermaster-Sergeant. 
Company A. — Captain Timothy J. Reardon ; First Lieutenant William 

J. Crimmens ; Second Lieutenant Edward Costello. 

Company C. — Captain Joseph S. Derrick; First Lieutenant William 

Breen ; Second Lieutenant Eugene L. McCarthy; eighty men. 

Essex Commandery, No. 5, Knights of the Golden Eagle, escorting 

Essex Castle, No 13, K. G. E. 

Ellery C. Libbey, Captain; 100 men. 

Guests, — John B. Roberts, Supreme Chief, K. G. E. ; Colonel Henry 

F. Logan, Massachusetts Regiment, K. G. E. 



236 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



Working Boys' Home Band of Boston, Vincent A. Keroyd, Leader; 
Master George Hardy, Drum Major ; forty pieces. 

Massachusetts Catholic Order of Foresters. 
Lafayette Court, No. 14; George Washington Court, No. 85. 
Michael F. Keenan, P. C. R., John H. Walsh, V. C. R., Marshals. 
Aids.— Daniel L. McEntee, C. G. O., John W. Walsh, C. G. O., 
John B. McCarthy, P. C. R., Joseph W. Driscoll, P. C. G. 
O., Timothy J. Kiley, P. C. G. O., Frank A. Hennessey, M., 
William A. Kelley, P. C. R., James P. Burns, C. G. O. ; 240 
men. 
Carriages, with Officials and Guests. — 



R. B. Doody, H. C. R. 
Dr C. A. Ahearne, C. R. 



Rev. Patrick Colman, 

Chaplain. 

Rev. Francis Hannawin. 



Rev. Denis F. Suilivan. 
Rev. William J. IVIcCarthy. 
Rev. T. J. Farrell. 
William Culliton. 



National (French) Band of Lynn, J. O. D. DeBondy, Leader; 

twenty-five pieces. 

St. Jean Baptiste Society. 
Napoleon Bergeron, Commander ; Antoine Joyal, Sergeant-at-Arms. 
"George Washington" (mounted), Gilbert Lauzon ; "Gen. Lafay- 
ette," Joseph Beauchamp. 
Float.— 



"St JeanBaplisteaMHis 
Laml)." 

Representing the Saint, Master E<lward St. 
John. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 

St. Jean Baptiste Society. — Continued. 



237 



Guard of Honor (in French military uniforms), T. Gaudette, F. X. 
Soucy, Charles Parent, Fred Turgeon. 

Carriages containing Officials and Guests. — 



Rev. J. B. Parent, 



Chaplain. 



Rev. Fi Leveque, 



Gaspard Li Dion, 



J. H. Doucette, 

Vice-President. 



Louis Martin, 

Sec'y of Committee. 

J. M. Carrecabe. 
Zotique Beaudry. 
Piacide Hebert. 



A. Dugas, 

Recording Secretary. 

Napoleon Drouin, 

Financial Secretary. 

Antoine Lapointe, 

Cor. Secretary. 

W. Langevin, 



Lud. Bellveau. 
Henry Bourque. 
Joseph Metivler. 
Joseph Grandmaison. 



Lynn Carpenters' Union.* 

George H. Murray, Marshal. 

Aids. — Richard H. Stevens, Oscar A. Healey ; 150 men. 



Salem Drum Corps, H. B. Morrill, Leader; twelve pieces. 

Iron Molders' Union, No. 103. 

E. J. Morrow^, President. 

H. Sullivan, Vice-President. 

Aids.— R. J. McCartney, William Albohm, William Giffen, A. E. 

Soule, E. A. Joyce, Henry Nelson; 150 men. 

1 " We are out on the square," "Just tell them that U saw us," and other mottoes were displayed 
by the Carpenters' Union. 



23S CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Iron Molders' Union. — Continued. 
Carriage, conveying Guests. — 



Patrick J. Scully. 
Wllliam.Lindsey. 
Adolph May. 
John Deioughrey. 



Float. 



Biilton Of tie Lynn Retail 
Clerte' Association. 

Displaying the advice — 
" Trade -with the Man zvho 
Wears the Button." 



Uncle Sam's True Blues Drum Corps, Thomas Anderson, Drum 
Major ; fourteen pieces. 

Uncle Sam's True Blues.* 
Major Rinaldo A. L. Colby, Captain F. A. Mowatt, First Lieutenant 
Lawrence R. Colby, Second Lieutenant H. E. A. Travis, First 
Sergeant John F. Bessom. 

Naval Brigade, escorting Miniature Battleship. 
Lieutenant Edwin Hodgdon, Commander. 



1 An organization of youths of East Lynn, 
uniformed and drilled in military style; a model 
of a battleship (on wheels) was drawn by the 



naval division clad in sailor dress ; passing the 
reviewing stand the boys presented bouquets to 
the Governor and Mayor. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 239 

Malta Band of Beverly, Charles H. Gruch, Leader; twenty-five pieces. 

Lynn Commandery No. 196, Knights of Malta. 

Sir Knight Commander O. L. Spencer. 

Captain-General C. H. Haskell ; Past Commander Allen F. West, 

Marshal ; Past Commander H. M. Jacobs, Chief of Staff. 
Staff. — Past Commanders H. W. Reynolds, E. M. Dolloff, M. D., 
C. B. Smith, W. E. Leach, John S. Crowley, J. S. Backman, 
T. R. Grow, M. D., A. E. Rukie, D. Presley, J. C. Macdonald, 
C. E. Holman, F. O. Morse, W. H. Knox, G. J. W., George S. 
Jones, S. O., J. J. Heme, John D. Smith, D. G. C. ; 300 men. 

Carriage, containing Guests. — 



John W. Hicks, 

Supreme Commander. 

Walter W. Savage, 

Grand Commander. 

David I. Robinson, 
Imperial Representative. 

L. IM. Campbell, 

Grand Generalissimo. 



Pendragon Club. 
Frank G. Vaughen, President ; Clarence B. Humphrey, Vice-Presi- 
dent; Herbert H. Brown, Secretary; Waldo L. Hart, Treasurer. 



PENDRAGON CLUB 
TALLY-HO. 

Tvj e n ty-fo n r Me tn bers. 



PENDEA&ON CLUB 



Sixteen Metnbers. 



240 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



THIRD DIVISION. 

Marshal. — Captain Edward H. Smith. 

Chief of Staff . — James C. Pool. 
Bugler. — George H. Middleton. 
Color Bearer. — J. Forrest Goldthwait. 
Division Color Bearer. — Clement T. Dame. 
Aids. — Frederick P. Root, Frank D. Hodges, Herman A. Watson, 
Elmer B, Newhall, Ralph E. Marston, Frederick S. Murphy, Dr. 
M. H. Couture, Chauncey A. Sutherland, Richard J. White, 
Albion Bartlett, Horace W. Sawyer, Ernest G. Waldron. 

Eighth Regiment Band, Herbert F. Putnam, Leader; twenty-five 

pieces. 



Floats and Companies of Boys from Lynn Schools.^ 
Float.— 



"Mannal Training anfl lis 
Results." 

English High School. 

A. B. Newhall, G. H. Dickinson, 
R. W. Prentiss, F. P. Bryant, R. 
Bruce and W. L. Coggin were stu- 
dents on the float, and they were at 
work at a forge, an anvil, lathe and 
bench. In the centre of the float 
was a model of a full-rigged sloop, 
which was built at the school. 



1 As may be observed in the roster of the First 
Division the High Schools were represented in 
the procession by their Battalions, which were 
appropriately placed with the other military or- 
ganizations. The float of the Manual Training 
department of the English High School was 
therefore without an escort from the school. The 
positions of the Grammar Schools in the line 
were determined by lot and the floats preceded 



the companies of boys. The latter were the lads 
of the 7th, Sth and 9th grades, officered by their 
own schoolfellows. Each school was desig. 
nated by a banner carried in the procession and 
the boys were decorated by colored sashes. The 
proportion of the youthful paraders who tramped 
the whole route of march was greater than of the 
adults in the column, which spoke volumes for 
tlieir courage and endurance. 




Capt. EDWARD H. SMITH 

MARSHAL THIRD DIVISION OF PROCESSION. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 

Float.— 



241 



"Moll Pitclier Foretelling 
tlie Glory of Lynn." ' 

Shepard Grammar School. 

CHARACTERS: 
Moll Pitcher ... Edna Farwell 

Telling fortune to Madeline Mudge. 
Goddess of Liberty ■ • Bessie Ballard 
Goddess 0/ Industry • - Grace Woodard 
Goddess 0/ Progress • Ada Brannon 

Sprites, Katie Wilson and Edna W.Newhall. 
Boys o/'jO, Ernest Phillips and Aaron Harris. 



Shepard School Drum Corps, Harold Morse, Drum Sergeant. 
Company of Boys of Shepard School. 
Captain George McAlevy, Commander; Banner Bearer, Edward 
Lummus ; Color Bearers, William Webber, Carl Haskins, Charles 
Ardrie ; 125 boys. 
Company A. — John Linsenmeyer, Commander. 
Company B. — Captain Thos. Bvnke, Lieutenant Harry Jacobs. 

Float.— 



Lynn's Flora. 

Tracy Grammar School. 

Carrie Preston personated Flora, 
and Bessie Akeroyd, Bertha Max- 
well, Stella Gardiner, Stella Pilling, 
Winifred Rowell, Amy Venn, Mary 
Lecolst, Edith Moses, Lillian Key. 
nolds, Aroline Jacques, Mildred 
Tapley, Zee Smith, Alice Cashman 
and Statia Scott represented flowers. 



1 The cottage of the celebrated old lady ap- 
peared with little brownies peeking from the 
window, and in front, on the green, Moll her- 
self was seated, stirring her witch-pot, sur- 
rounded by sprites and fairies, with several 
staid Puritans gravely observing the proceed- 



ing by which Miss Pitcher created a cloud from 
which arose a vision of Lynn's greatness, 
typified by a beautiful goddess on a lofty throne 
and two graces beside her, standing for " Lib- 
erty," " Industry" and " Progress." 



242 



CITl OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



Tracy Grammar School. — Continued. 

Tracy School Drum Corps, Chester Reynolds, Drum Sergeant. 
Drummers. — JohnMcAuliffe, John Hill, James Shanahan, Leo Kelley, 
Peter Brennan, Arthur Raymond, William Shields, Frank Mudge. 
Company of Boys of Tracy School. 
Captain Herbert Waterhouse, First Lieutenant Frank E. Crowell, 
Second Lieutenant Fred Rippon, First Sergeant George Tyler, 
Second Sergeant Herbert Tyler ; eighty boys. 

Float.— 



"Colonial Life and Homes." 

Ingalls Grammar School. 

Representing a home of the Co- 
lonial days, with dames and sires 
in the garb of the olden times. 

CHARACTERS: 
Bessie Travis, Marjory Graves, Lillian 
Smith, Catherine Carroll, Lizzie Newhall, 
Margery Frost, Miriam Carleton, Harold 
Hyde, Robert Nelson, Charles Townsend, 
Elmer Lasselle, Hubert Leonard, Charles 
Sprague. 



Ingalls School Drum Corps, William Dullea, Drum Major. 

Drummers. — Herbert Keith, Carl Bacheller, Walter Oliver, Willie 
Dennison, Samuel Blakeley, Fred Travers, Earl Phillips, Harold 
Brown, Leslie Herrick, Albert Graves, Ralph Bean, Charlie 
Dullea, Everett Sawyer, Perry Richards, Fred Graves, Fred 
Tuson, Harry Silsbee, Willie Sargent, Charles Hayter. 

Outriders (Continentals) escorting Float. — Irving Youland, Walter 
Glover, Clinton Lowe; Bugler, Seth Wood. 

First Company, Ingalls School. — Captain Wm. Potter, First Sergeant 
Talmage McKenzie, First Lieutenant Leonard Grow, Second 
Lieutenant Clarence Johnson, Second Sergeant Sumner Arm- 
strong ; 100 boys. 

Second Company, Ingalls School. — Captain Robert Coffee, First 
Sergeant Herbert Perry, First Lieutenant Wyer Green, Second 
Lieutenant Herman Story, Second Sergeant Nelson Edwards ; 
Color Bearer, Benjamin Grandison ; 100 boys. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 343 

Float.— 



"Onr Fair City aM Her 
DausMers." 

Lewis Grammar School- 

Lynn, Greek Coslutne, Beatrice A. Delany 
NAHANT, Mermaid, Adela M. Balcli 
SWAMPSCOTT, Fisher 

Girl ... - Agnes S. Fisher 
LYNNFIELD, Country 

Maiden - • • Alice M. Bowley 
SAUGUS. Indian Maid, Mildred G. Howard 



Lewis School Drum Corps, Drummers Everett Stone and Harold 

Ames. 

Company of Boys of Lewis School. 

Captain Bert Howard ; Banner Bearer, Ralph S. Armour; sixty-five 

boys. 

Float.— 



"Lynn's Best Product" 

Whiting Gramtnar School. 

The float exhibited a low cut shoe, 
typical of Lynn's chief industry, 
formed by sixty-five girls, costumed 
in white and arranged in such a 
manner that the outlines of a shoe 
were complete. A canopy erected 
at the rear of the float served to 
build up the heel and instep. 



Whiting School Drum Corps, Harry Estes, Leader. 
Company of Boys of Whiting School. 
Chief Officer James Greenwood ; Captains John Conway, James 
Kennedy, Walter Brown, William Fitzgerald, Daniel Cuthbert, 
William Baldwin ; 125 boys. 



244 



CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Float.— 



I! 



Lynn in Fonr Wars." 



Btirrill Grammar Sckool. 

CHARACTERS: 
Victory .... Grace McGilvray 
Sai/ors, Edward Lomasney, Ralph Hill, 

Frank Crowley, 
Soldiers, John Walsh, Herbert Linnell. 

Joseph Rogfers. 
Attendants upon Victory, Viola McMahan, 

Helen Cunningham. 



Saugus Drum Corps, Dan. Mansfield, Leader. 

Company of Boys of Burrill School. 
Company A. — Captain Everett E. Bickford, First Lieutenant John 

McCarthy, Second Lieutenant Everett Ferris. 
Company B. — Captain Frederick Williamson, First Lieutenant Wm. 

McGarvey, Second Lieutenant Frank Van Blarcom ; Mounted 

Color Bearer, John O'Brien ; Banner Bearer, Horace Cropley ; 

seventy eight boys. 

Float.— 



" Jewels ol the TW Plan- 
tation." 

Pickering Grammar School. 

CHARACTERS: 
Nellie Campbell, Nettie Chamberlain, 
Florence Davis, Edith Farwell, Ella Kelley, 
Almina Lawrence. MoUie McRobbie, Bertha 
Mellon, Mildred Morrill, Clara Newhall, 
Pearl Ranger, Gertrude Simpson, Alice Stone, 
Etta White, Edna Gordon. Mae Nelson. 



Company of Boys of Pickering School. 
Captain Karl McRobbie ; thirty-two boys. 



THE THIRD DAY— ROSTER. 



245 



Float. 



"LynEjliMeiiiittie 


Wo*'" 


Cobbei Grammar School. 


CHARACTERS: 


Columbia .... Vivian Hall 


Lynn ■ 




Lulie Raddin 


U. S. Sailor 




Wallace Billings 


U. S Soldier 




Edward Linnehan 


Philippines 




Ruth Williams 


Porto Rico 




Zabel Trtfunkjian 


Hawaii 


. 


Ida Greenberg 


Cuba 


. 


Lillie Lemp 


General Electr 


cCo. 


Frederic Baker 


Britannia 


. 


Marion Squire 


Turkey 




Marie Gunn 


India 


. 


Grace Goldman 


China 




Ruth Brockway 


Russia 




Albert Byers 


France 




Lelia Thwinsr 


Uncle Sam - - - C. W. Hodgson 



Cobbet School Drum Corps, Arthur Wilsey, Drum Major; Roy 

Wentworth, Leader. 

Company of Boys from Cobbet School. 

Captain Otis Lyons ; Lieutenants Wallace Wright, Frank Leach, 

Robert Fulton, Frank Bessom, Arthur Morse, Frank O'Meara, 

Walter Sheaff, Louis Manning. 



Master King's Schoolboys. 
William Stone, Edward S. Newhall, Marshals; 

Bugler. 



Frank O. Niles, 



1 Description of Cobbet School Float, prepared 
by Principal Philip Emerson : 

"On a dais, beneath a canopy, was seated 
Columbia, in Grecian costume, an arc light by 
her side, and a light trolley pole and wheel as 
her wand, this being exclusively a Lynn inven- 
tion. By her side stood Lynn, as her hand- 
maid, a fair woman, with the City Seal in white 
on her steel shield, a crown of colored incandes- 
cent lights, and tiny incandescents as jewels on 
her drapery. At their feet was a large dynamo, 
representative of the power of electricity, which 
at Lynn's bidding, Master Baker, son of the 
Superintendent of the General Electric plant, 
extended to the electrical gifts in the hands of 
the nations and colonies by ribboned wires. On 
Columbia's left were representatives of Lynn's 
soldier and sailor boys, who prepared the way 
for granting light to our present dependencies. 
The sailor boy led forward unwilling and unruly 
Philippine, while the maid denoting Porto Rico 



was asking that no tariff should forbid her freely 
receiving promised blessings. Cuba and Hawaii 
appeared beyond, happy in learning to use their 
new opportunities. Above Columbia a fan 
motor was placed, run by a hidden storage bat- 
tery, and floating forth over the colonies were 
the national colors. A group of palms and 
tropical plants divided the float, and to the right 
were representatives of the nations. Behind the 
driver. Uncle Sam, was seated China, just with- 
in the " open door " of the flowery kingdom. 
Russia, in military costume, was pushed aside 
by the wide swinging doors, and listening at the 
telephone to what Columbia might say. Against 
the palms Britannia stood resplendent in mailed 
armor, with a little Hindoo from India and an 
Arab from Egypt at either hand. Before all 
was seated France, with the flags of all the 
countries gathered to her exposition, which also 
received light from our hands." 



246 CITT OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Master King's Schoolboys. — Contimied. 



TALLY-HO. 

With Thirty Master 
King's Schoolboys. 



FOUR-HORSE BRAKE. 

With Sixteen Master 
King's Schoolboys. 



Float. 



"RelipnaMMerty&nart- 

m the CMldreii of 

Lynn." 

St. Mary's Parochial School. 

On a dais Liberty was seated hold- 
ing in her right hand the Stars and 
Stripes. By her side were sailor and 
soldier boys, while behind was Re- 
ligion bearing in one hand a cross, 
with the other guarding Liberty and 
her children. Religion was attended 
by angels. Around the dais were 
grouped the children. At one cor- 
ner stood Justice with her golden 
scales; at the other Peace bearing 
her olive branch. 



Rev. A. J. Teeling, Pastor St. Mary's Parish (mounted). 
Aid. — Rev. J. J. McCafferty (mounted). 

Knights of the Sacred Heart Drum Corps, Somerville, Christopher 
Cullen, Leader; ten pieces. 

Company of Boys of St. Mary's School, under direction of the Christian 

Brothers. 

Captain Joseph Haven, Lieutenants Daniel Donohue, Frank Duffy? 

Hugh Cunningham, Joseph Coughlin ; 130 boys. 




it 



s. "H =c 

^ C 1, 

O « ^ 

GO :. - 

_I -r. U 

O t'-5 

-T S 

1 ':> 
O 5 
05 ^ -= 



CO > *^ 

Z :^ 5 

DC u o. 

uj := g 

CD _ :S 

< ■? w. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 

Float.— 



247 



"The Fifty Years ol Lynn 
as a City." 

St. Joseph's Parochial School. 

Decorated barge with fifty children 
dressed in Grecian costumes. 



Lynn Fire Department. 

Charles H. Downing, Chief Engineer. 

Driver Chief's Carriage, E. O. Churchill. 

Haverhill City Band, Haverhill, William Belfield, Drum Major; C. 
J. Qiiinn, Leader; twenty-five pieces. 

Battalion, Permanent and Call Men. 
First Assistant Engineer Thomas Ray, Commanding. 
Staff.— Second Assistant Engineer, W. H. Honors; Third Assistant 
Engineer, Walter A. Steward; Fourth Assistant Engineer, John 

H. Roberts. 
Captains of Companies.— George F. Skidmore, Engine i; Edward 

E. Chase, Engine 2 ; George P. Newhall, Engine 3 ; Ernest 

Bellatty, Engine 4; William H. Gowell, Engine 5; George A. 

Woodman, Engine 6; Joseph B. Wade, Engine 7; William B. 

Bessom, Truck i ; W. S. Northrup, Truck 2 ; Horace B. Smith, 

Truck 3 ; R. M. Hamson, Truck 4. 
Lieutenants of Companies.— N. E. Wright, Engine i ; George M. 

Chase, Engine 2 ; W. E. Bowden, Engine 3 ; Richard F. Zeigler, 

Engine 4; Fred L. Clark, Engine 5 ; Samuel A. Parker, Engine 

6 ; James Reed, Engine 7 ; George E. Hayward, Truck i ; G. W. 

Hill, Truck 2; Thomas H. Alley, Truck 3 ; C. E. Willey, 

Truck 4. 

115 Men of the Department. 



34S CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Lynn Fire Department. — Co7itinued. 

First Division of Fire Apparatus. 

Hose Wagon i, Commercial Street; J. D. Dennis make, built 1897; 

E. E. Barnicoat, Driver. 
Steam Fire Engine i, Commercial Street; Amoskeag make, built 

1873; C. O. Lovering, Driver; T. A. Harris, Engineer. 
Chemical Engine 3, Tower Hill; Holloway make, built 1891 ; W. H. 

Kelley, Driver. 
Hose Wagon 3, Federal Street; Abbott-Downing make, built 1889; 

O. A. Prime, Driver. 
Steam Fire Engine 3, Federal Street; Amoskeag make, built 1S81 ; 

S. G. Burt, Driver; C. S. Jordan, Engineer. 
Ladder Truck 3, Federal Street; Seagrave make, built 1895 ; Fred W. 

Baldwin, Driver. 
Steam Fire Engine 7, Relief, Tower Hill ; Amoskeag make, built 

1S66; John H. Wade, Driver; H. F. Wiffen, Engineer. 

Hose Wagon 7, Commercial Street ; Sawyer & Chase make, built 

1886; F. A. Smith, Driver. 

Hose Reel ; F. C. Chamberlain, Driver. 

Coal Wagon ; Joseph P. Southwick, Driver. 

Coal Wagon ; G. W. Hutchinson, Driver. 

Second Divisio?t of Fire Apparatus. 

Chemical Engine 2, Hollingsworth Street ; Babcock make, built 18S8 ; 

Henry S. Avery, Driver; E. N. Tarbox, Engineer. 
Combination Wagon i, Wyoma ; Holloway make, built 1898; C. E. 

Phillips, Driver; S. H. Reed, Engineer. 
Steam Fire Engine 3, Glenmere ; Button make, built 1S90; A. G. 

Preble, Driver; C. H. Chaffee, Engineer. 
Hose Wagon 2, Glenmere ; Abbott-Downing make, built 1890 ; Alonzo 

Alley, Driver. 
Ladder Truck 4, Glenmere ; Hunneman make, built 1875 ; John Clark, 

Driver. 

Hose Reel ; C. S. Parrott, Driver. 

Coal Wagon ; S. H. Johnson, Driver. 

Coal Wagon ; W. C. Durkee, Driver. 

Coal Wagon; C. O. B. Young, Driver. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 249 

Lynn Fire Department. — Contimied. 

TJilrd Division of Eire Apparatus. 

Chemical Engine 4, Lewis Street; Holloway make, built 1S91 ; S. B. 
Peach, Driver; George M. Wilson, Engineer; W. L Hiller, 
Relief Driver. 
Hose Wagon 5, Fayette Street; Abbott-Downing make, built 1886; 

S. H. Williams, Driver. 
Steam Fire Engine 5, Fayette Street; Amoskeag make, built 1S93; 

J. F. Poland, Driver; A. G. Weldon, Engineer. 
Ladder Truck i, Fayette Street; Seagrave make, built 1900; Herbert 

E. Lougee, Driver. 

Hose Reel; W. G. Blossom, Driver. 

Goal Wagon; G. A. Harraden, Driver. 

Goal Wagon; J. E. Tarbox, Driver. 

Eoiirth Division of Eire Apparatus. 

Ghemical Engine i. Broad Street; New England Fire Extinguisher 
Go. make, built 1S79; Fred Bacheller, Driver; Walter E. Ray, 
Engineer. 
Hose Wagon 4, Broad Street; J. D. Dennis make, built 1897; Otis 

Partridge, Driver. 
Steam Fire Engine 4, Broad Street; Amoskeag make, built 1869, re- 
built 1897; A. A. Richardson, Driver; Edward M. Roberts, 
Engineer. 
Hose Wagon 6, Lewis Street; Sawyer & Ghase make, built 1886; 

George H. Ghilds, Driver. 
Steam Fire Engine 6, Broad Street; LaFrance make, built 1890; 

Daniel Hill, Driver; Robert Mee, Engineer. 
Ladder Truck 3, Broad Street; Hayes Aerial, built 1886; Fred Rob- 
inson, Driver; H. A. Brennan, Tillerman. 
Hose Reel; Willis O. Stone, Driver. 
Goal Wagon; E. B. Dyer, Driver. 
Hydrant Wagon ; G. G. Sterling, Driver. 
Swampscott Steam Fire Engine i ; Silsbee make, rebuilt 1898; Glar- 
ence Kendrick, Gaptain of Swampscott Gompany ; J. G. Owens, 
Driver; James Warnock, Engineer. 



350 CITT OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Lynn Veteran Firemen's Association, 

B. Frank Moody, President; James Reed, Foreman; N. W. Pitts, 

Assistant Foreman; Josiah Wilson, Treasurer; William H. 
Baldwin, Financial Secretary; S. W. Dalton, Secretary; William 
P. Emory, William Churchill, Aids; C. S. Caswell, Bugler; 
fifty men, drawing Hand Engine " City of Lynn."' 

Eagle Veteran Fire Association. 

C. W. Lawrie, President; George N. Nichols, Clerk; David Cun- 

ningham, Foreman ; H. D'Orsay, Assistant Foreman ; sixty men, 
drawing Hand Engine " Eagle."* 

Woburn Brass Band, Thomas H. Marrinan, Leader; twenty-five 

pieces. 

Highway Department. 

James M. Tarbox, Superintendent; Carlos A. Pitkin, Assistant Sup- 
erintendent; Foremen, Charles H. Ingalls, Edwin Blaisdell, 
Robert B. Stott, James A. Blaisdell; 115 men in line. 

Division of Teams. — George H. McPhetres, Master Mechanic ; Charles 
E. Harriman, Engineer; eight double teams, ten single teams, 
road machinery. 

Poor Department. 

Carriage containing Board of Overseers of the Poor. — Henrj' Grover, 

Robert S. Sisson, Secretary William A. Attwill, Visitor Eben 

Beckford. 
Carriage containing Isaiah Pinkham, Superintendent of City Home, 

and William Chamberlain. 
Wagons and Farm Implements from City Home. — Two-horse heavy 

farm wagon, tip-carts, mowing machines, hay rake, hay tedder, 

plow, express wagon, with gypsy moth sprayer. 

'Built by William JefFers, Pavvtucket, R. I., -Built by William Bradley, 1S59; formerly 
1856; formerly in the possession of the town owned in St. John, N. B. ; Association organ- 
of South Royalston, Mass.; Association organ- ized 1S96, took part in twenty-six musters pre- 
ized 1SS7, and had participated in twenty- vious to 1900, winning ten prizes; record of 
six firemen's musters up to date of celebration, engine, 211 feet 10*4 inches, played in Cam- 
winning twenty prizes; the greatest distance bridge, Mass., 1S9S. 
pl.ayed by the engine was 215 feet S' 4 inches, at 
Pepperell, Mass., 1S99. 




J. CLARENCE WILSON 

MARSHAL FOURTH DIVISION OF PROCESSION. 



Health Department. 

Landau containing William LaCroix, President, Dr. William B. 
Little and Dr. William H. Woodfall of the Board of Health. 

Henry Farrell, Superintendent of Department, mounted. 

Carriages containing Henry E. Palmer and Merritt S. Foye, Sanitary 
Inspectors, Gustavus A. Badger, Clerk of Board, Charles Cham- 
berlain, Plumbing Inspector, and William E. Welts and Alex- 
ander S. Wright, Milk Inspectors. 

Fumigating Wagon with John A. Ellis, Foreman. Thirteen double 
teams and nine single teams. 

Street Sprinkling Department. 

J. B. Kennison, Superintendent. One new style Sprinkling Cart, one 
old style Sprinkling Cart. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER, 251 

City Engineer's and Drainage Department. 

Landau containing the following persons: Walter H. Spear, George 

I, Leland, William L. Vennard, Frederick F. Furbush, Assistants 

in City Engineer's office. 
Sewer Division Wagon containing the following persons : Arthur C. 

Townsend (in charge), Joseph Y. Patterson, John Miller, Fred 

E. Willis, Owen Kevill, John P. Heffernan. 
Catch Basin Cleaning Cart, Julius F. Merrifield, Driver, and David J. 

Lomasney. 
Catch Basin Cleaning Cart, George F. Wallace, Driver, and John 

Keefe. 

Water Department. 

Landau containing Thomas P. Nichols, D. A. Sutherland and W. B. 

Littlefield, of the Water Board, and L. A. Taylor, of Boston. 

Landau containing H. G. Littlefield, S. W. Dearborn, W. J. Rowell, 

Wallace O. Mudge. 

Landau containing J. F. Pool, W. B. Moulton, John Chamberlain. 

Five wagons, loaded with hydrants, meters, service pipe, repair kit, 20 

and 16-inch water pipe. 



FOURTH DIVISION. 

Marshal. — J. Clarence Wilson. 

Chief of Staff . — Joseph R. Graves. 
Bugler. — W. E. Schrieter. 
Color Bearer. — F. C. Conrad. 
Aids.— Q. H. Rhodes, W. B. Laskey, Ward Kimball, W. S. Bow- 
den, R. S. Bessom, F. L. Longley, Chester A. Bates, H. I. 
Pierce, F. H. Bassett, J. S. L. Green, Parker Fowler, J. J. 
Martin, A. W. Hibbs, J. S. Bessom, J. J. Bresnahan, F. J. 
Ward, W. T. Parry, J. O. Porter, Jr., John Ward, T. D. Snow, 
C. M. Eraser, A. W. McLaughlin, P. Archer Mullin, G. L. 
Gove, H. O. Parry, John F. Sisk, C. H. Lovejoy. 

Lynn Brass Band, Albin Knuepfer, Leader; twenty-five pieces. 
Mercantile and Manufacturing Displays. 



-:>■ 



C/TI OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



J. B. Blood & Co., Grocers. 
Company of lOO men in marching column, fifty uniformed in white 
frocks and fifty in brown suits, bearing red and white pennants 
each displaying the name of the firm ; two-horse wagonette con- 
taining six ladies; six-horse float representing the North, East, 
South and West contributing to Lynn. 

The National Biscuit Company, Kennedy Branch, Josiah Wilson, 

Manager. 

Electric automobile delivery wagon ; two four-horse wagons, loaded 

with crackers and biscuit in many varieties. 

Quinlan Bros., Florists. 
Two-horse float, displaying a group of young ladies in white, fra- 
ternal society emblems made up in floral pieces, and a national 
flag in immortelles; wagon, exhibiting a floral ship, the " City of 
Lynn." 

Mrs. E. F. McKeon, Millinery. 
Carriage and pair, displaying millinery. 

Andrew Lord, Florist. 
Wagon, with floral exhibit in rustic boxes beneath an arch of flowers. 

Elmer E. Bray, Carriages and Harness. 

Boulevard carriage and pair, Mrs. Bray driving, accompanied by Mrs. 

Mabel Frederick, of Dorchester. 

E. B. Greenleaf, Funeral Director. 
Stanhope buggy and pair. 

Felt Bros., Dry Goods. 
Four-horse tally-ho coach, conveying twelve young girls clad in white. 

R. E. Hilliard & Co., Cut Soles. 
Six-horse dray, loaded with factory products. 

Anton B. Hoffmann, Morocco Manufacturer. 
Four-horse decorated wagon, exhibiting "Crown" kid and other 

leathers. 

Para Rubber Cement Company. 
Four wagons, loaded with goods. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 



->o 



The Old Robert Ramsdell Shoe Shop. 
Float, conveying the identical shop, removed from the premises of A. 
H. Wyer, Maple Street, where it had stood in recent years. The 
shop was formerly located on Boston Street, near Strawberry 
Brook, and later on the Western Avenue estate where the War- 
i-en Mansfield house stands. The old cordwainer's bench of 
Robert Ramsdell, and other articles of the early epoch of shoe- 
making, were exhibited in the interior. 

Gardiner, Beardsell & Co., Stiffening, Taps, etc. 
Four-horse dray and wagon, showing a complete set of counter-mould- 
ing machinery, made by Stewart Bros. 

Thomas W. Gardiner, Last Manufacturer. 

Four-horse float, with last-turning lathe, and exhibit of Lynn Boiler 

Co., of boiler in full operation. 

Tripp Giant Leveller Co. 
Four-horse dray, showing Tripp duplex levellers. 

William H. Treen, Shoe Machinery. 

Two-horse dray, with exhibit of Reece buttonhole machines, sewing 

machines, skivers, etc. 

Singer Sewing Machine Co., J. M. Dame, Manager. 
Three-horse dray, exhibiting sewing machines in full operation. 

J. B. Renton Heel Co., Heels, Soles, etc. 
Two-horse wagon, loaded with factory products. 

Q. A. Towns Leather Co., Heels, Soles, etc. 
Wagon, with display of goods. 

Littlefield & Flummer, Box Manufacturers. 
Five wagons, loaded with wood and paper boxes and stock. 

Frank E. Vincent, Box Manufacturer. 
Two wagons, displaying goods. 

John M. Carrecabe, Leather and Straw Board. 
Wagon, showing gigantic moulded counter. 

Albert G. Potter, Box Manufacturer. 

Two wagons, with exhibit of boxes, one of them advertising Wellman 

Osborne and "Mizpah" shoe. 



254 CITY OF Ll'NN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Everett H. Dunbar, Retail Shoe Dealer. 
Car, exhibiting large shoe of russet leather ; float, displaying paint- 
ings, one of Mr. Dunbar's store in iS6o, another of his store in 
1900, and another of a shoemaker's shop of the olden time. 

Joseph H. Cochey, Leather. 
Wagon, exhibiting shipping cases. 

The United Shoe Machinery Company. 
Two eight-horse floats, exhibiting machinery. 

Shepard, Norwell & Co., Boston, Department Store. 
Four-horse float, advertising " Sorosis " shoe. 

Luddy & Currier, Shoe Manufacturers. 
Two-horse float, with factory products. 

Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Company. 

Open barouche and pair ; twenty-one wagons loaded with the Pinkham 

proprietary medicines. 

Williams Bros., Fish Market. 

Two covered wagons, one open wagon and one democrat wagon, 

driven by men in duck suits and escorted by two mounted riders. 

Will F. Roberts, Fish Dealer. 
Advertising wagon. 

Caswell, Livermore & Co., S. W. Dalton, Manager, Salt Fish. 
Two-horse wagon. 

Martin Durgin, Swampscott, Fisherman. 
Four-horse float, displaying fishing dory, manned and equipped for 

work. 

Pine Hill Exhibit. 

A float, setting forth illustrations of Lover's Leap Avenue before and 

after a contemplated improvement there. 

Charles Crompton & Sons, Liniment and Extracts. 
Two covered wagons, decorated with flags, flowers and fir branches. 

Albert H. Alexander, Carpenter and Builder. 
Wagon, with model of summer cottage. 

Electric Spring Water Company, L. C. Dearborn, Manager. 
Two advertising wagons. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 255 

Lover's Leap Spring Water Company. 
Two delivery wagons and two market wagons, loaded with bottled 

water. 

Elbridge Blaney, Swampscott, Florist. 
Wagon, with floral display. 

Professor Asa J. Kenerson, Dancing Instructor. 
Light wagon with canopy top. 

Alfred Cross & Co., Clothiers. 
Carriage, with coachman in livery. 

Almy, Bigelow & Washburn, Salem, Department Store. 
Electric automobile, advertising " Soi'osis " shoes. 

General Electric Company. 
Extensive exhibit of electrical apparatus ; wagon, with display of fan 
motors, arranged in a pyramid and operated by concealed storage 
batteries ; eight-horse dray, loaded with a great arc light generator 
of the Brush type, transformer, potential regulators, etc., and ex- 
hibiting a collection of ornamental arc lamps of the new patterns ; 
six-horse wagon, conveying motors of the railway, automobile 
and other types. The exhibit of the Company was valued at 
$40,000. 

W. C. Quinby, Plumbing and Heating. 
One Wagon. 

Garfield Tea Co., George H. Eaton, Agent. 
Decorated wagon. 

The Soapine Company. 
Wagon, displaying trade-mark on a large globe. 

The Union Creamery Company. 
Decorated wagon. 

The Turner Centre Creamery Company. 
Wagon, with dairy products. 

Ruby Milk Farm, Clifton. 

Two-horse float, carrying a Jersey cow ; several wagons, with exhibit 

of milk]cans and dairy products. 

Swampscott Gelatine Company. 
Wagon. 



256 CITl OF LTXN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Cornelius Keefe, Boston, Wine Merchant. 
Wagon. 

The Lynn Carpet Cleaning Company. 
Two wagons, exhibiting carpets and advertisements 

Francis Leake, Cigar Manufacturer. 
Advertising wagon. 

T. J. Ready Company, Furniture. 
Two-horse wagon, loaded with "Glenwood" ranges; wagon, exhib- 
iting "White Mountain Grand" refrigerator. 

William H. Hay. 
Wagon, with exhibit of "Knock-'em-all" box gum. 

Warren O. Kelley, Butter, Cheese and Eggs. 
Wagon. 

D. B. H. Power & Co., Furniture. 
Three wagons, carrying "Magee" ranges, carpets and furniture. 

M. E. Kellam, Cutting Boards and Die Blocks. 
Wagon, with exhibit. 

Frank H. Hearan, House Furnishings. 
Wagon, conveying six small boys and displaying kitchen utensils. 

Hiram Hook, Concrete Paving. 
Two-horse wagon, with employees. 

Osborne & Co., Groceries and Provisions. 
Two-horse wagon, displaying immense canvas advertising sign. 

Michael C. Murray, Cash Registers. 
Carriage, with exhibit of " Hallwood " cash register. 

Anderson's Soups, Boston. 
Four-horse decorated drag, conveying party of twelve peisons. 

Chase & Sanborn, Boston, Coffees. 
Wagon, with huge coffee-pot. 

William E. Alley, Medicines. 
Decorated wagon, displaying goods. 

Seaside Laundry, Joseph A. Callahan, Manager. 
Three decorated wagons, from which samples were distributed to 

spectators. 



THE THIRD DAT— ROSTER. 257 

Frank R. Benner & Co., Tents and Awnings. 
Decorated wagon. 

E. W. Pinkham & Son, Groceries and Provisions. 
Three decorated wagons. 

John W. Blaney & Co., Lime, Cement, etc. 
Two-horse wagon, with masons' supplies. 

Stevens & Newhall, Coal. 
Seven coal wagons, with varieties of coal. 

The Standard Crayon Company. 
Two-horse wagon, displaying crayons and chalk. 

Fred A. Reed, Oils. 
Decorated oil wagon, with illuminating oil and gasoline. 

George P. Brooks, Groceries and Provisions. 
Six wagons, exhibiting goods. 

Whittredge & Ryan, Masons' Supplies. 
Two-horse wagon, exhibit of lime, cement, drain pipe, etc. 

The Hutchinson Lumber Company. 

Two four-horse wagons, two two-horse wagons, and five one-horse 

wagons, exhibiting varieties of lumber and building materials. 

William Henry Hutchinson, Hardware. 
Four-horse float, exhibiting hardware and tools ; two-horse wagon, 
with paints, oils, etc. ; two two-horse wagons, with doors, sashes 
and blinds. 

Ira P. Nador, Ice Cream and Confectionery. 
Five ice cream wagons ; one confectionery wagon. 

Stevenson & Moulton Co., New York and Boston, Wholesale Grocers. 
Four-horse wagon, exhibiting "Bee Hive" brand of molasses and 

syrup. 

C. W. Hudson Oil Co., Harness Oils and Soap. 
Wagon, with exhibit of goods. 

Shapleigh Coffee Co., Boston. 
Four-in-hand chariot, with exhibit of coffees. 

C. A. Buzzell, Saugus. 
Wagon, with exhibit of home-tried lard. 



258 CIT7' OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Clapp's Cigar Store. 
Wagon, with " Sagamore" cigars, preceded by a mounted " Indian." 

George O. Grimston, Confectioneiy and Corncakes. 
Two-horse wagon, with exhibit of goods. 

James S. Barker, Confectionery and Corncakes. 
Two-horse wagon, displaying goods. 

Elliott S. Blakeley, Manager, Fleischmann's Yeast. 
Two-horse float, exhibiting yeast. 

P. B. Magrane, Department Store. 
Three decorated wagons, displaying advertisements. 

H. P. Hood & Sons, Milk Contractors. 
Five wagons and an automobile. 

Edgar J. Johnson, Provisions. 
Two wagons, with exhibit of goods ; wagon displaying market baskets. 

William A. Fay, Lumber. 

Four-horse wagon, two-horse wagon, two one-horse wagons, showing 

finished lumber of all decriptions. 

Enterprise Laundry, Durkee & White. 
Two wagons, from which a large quantity of fans was dispensed to 

the crowds. 

Sprague & Breed, Coal. 
Three-horse coal wagon, two one-horse coal wagons, loaded with coal. 

Trinity Bicycle Club. 
Captain A. F. Stevens, commanding; sixty wheelmen. 

Nelson R. Stiles & Co., Wood and Coal. 
Three wagons, carrying wood, coal and charcoal. 

George E. Marsh & Co., Soap Manufacturers. 
Three wagons, loaded with soap ; two two-horse wagons, one of which 
displayed a representation of a fort with cannon, built up of boxes 
of "Napthol" soap. 

S. H. Dane & Co., Carriages and Harness. 
Five vehicles, representing types of carriages sold by the firm. 

L. A. May & Co., Tinsmiths and Plumbers. 
Advertising wagon. 



THE THIRD DAT— LUNCHEON 



259 



HOSPITALITY. 



The afternoon was well advanced toward evening when the 
rear of the procession passed through City Hall Square, and 
the great demonstration was at an end. The one thought of 
all, the paraders and spectators included, was of food and re- 
freshment, and there was a unanimous departure in search 
thereof. Re-entering the carriages, the officials and guests of 
the City were conveyed to the Oxford Clubhouse, where a gen- 
erous luncheon awaited them, with L^mn as the host. Governor 
Crane, being obliged to take an early leave, could not be pres- 
ent at the feast ; but a large company remained, to whom Mayor 
Shepherd extended a hospitable invitation to partake of the fol- 
lowing menu : 



Oysters on half shell. 




SOUP. 


Cold 


Bouillon, in cups. 




FISH. 


Boiled Salmon. 


Sauce with Peas. 




REMOVES. 


Hot Roast Turkey. 


Cranberry Sauce. 


Sliced Tomatoes 


French Dressing. 


Mashed Potatoes. 


Radishes. 


Olives. 


Fillet of Beef. 


Mushroom Sauce. 




ENTREES. 


Lobster Salad. 


Roman Punch. 




Cigarettes. 




DESSERT. 


Frozen Pudding, 


Harlequin Cream. 


Rolls and Butter. 


Cake. Coffee. 




Apollinaris. 




Caterer, Andrew Schlehuber. 



26o CIT2' OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

The Marshals of the procession and their staff officers and 
aids were entertained with a similar luncheon in the old Library 
reading-room in the City Hall. Battery C, of the military 
escort, went to the Grand Central Hotel for dinner, while a 
spread was enjoyed by the other militia companies of the escort, 
including the Cadet Corps, in the South Common Street Armory. 
The schoolboys, who so bravely performed their part in the 
day's work, were invited to lunch in the old Franklin Street 
Armory — an invitation which resulted in the building being car- 
ried by storm. The older boys of the High School Battalions 
were entertained in the High Schoolhouse. Other guests of the 
City were the policemen from Boston, who were invited to the 
Earl & Martin restaurant. 

In many club-rooms and social halls hospitable attentions 
were shown to the City's visitors. A notable example was the 
Lynn Press Club, which pla3'ed the host to a numerous em- 
bassy of newspaper representatives, some seventy-five of whom 
signed the visitors' book during Tuesday. The club-rooms 
were placed at the convenience of the reporters the previous 
day and remained open continuously, with means at hand to 
assist the news-gatherers as well as refresh them in the course 
of their arduous tasks. In no quarter was praise of the City 
and the celebration more lavish than among these observant 
couriers of the press. 




THE THIRD DAT— EVENING. 261 



EVENING. 



Belfield's Broad Street Battery, whose alliterative title was 
not borne on any militia roll, but which was, nevertheless, 
capable of great execution with its one vigorous little cannon, 
fired a sunset salute of twenty-one guns, and shortly afterward, 
though no connection could be traced between the two events, 
the clouds of an approaching thunder-shower gathered in the 
sky. Welcome as the cooling rain was after the scorching heat 
of the dav, it proved a disaster to the concluding features of the 
celebration, the recepdon at the City Hall and the fireworks on 
the Common and at Goldfish Pond. The former suff'ered in the 
fact that the attendance of cidzens was limited to a few hun- 
dreds when thousands had been expected, and the latter was 
obviously doomed to utter exdnguishment, at least for the time 
being. The Goldfish Pond display of pyrotechnics took place 
despite the shower ; but it was due to the fact that the materials 
could not be removed to shelter in dme to save them from a 
wetdng, and were accordingly set off indiscriminately in one 
general explosion, the mines, rockets and set pieces bursting 
and blazing at the same time. It was a grand spectacle during 
the few minutes it continued, and the neighborhood was thor- 
oughly searched by the erradc and fiery projectiles, creating 
alarm as well as enthusiasm among the residents. The exhi- 
bition arranged for the Common was protected from the rain 
and was put off till another evening. 

Brilliantly illuminated was the City Hall interior when, at 7 
o'clock, His Honor the Mayor welcomed the aged survivors of 
the 1850 government in the executive chamber and joined with 
them in the recepdon to cidzens, as set down in the programme. 
Putnam's 8th Regiment Orchestra was stationed in the adjacent 
rotunda to play throughout the evening. The music, the lights 
and the abundant and beautiful decorations combined to make 



262 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

the scene exceedingly interesting and attractive, and the visitors 
who arrived before the rain descended, as well as those who 
afterward came in defiance of the storm, were amply rewarded. 

Assisting in the reception in the Mayor's office were Charles 
H. Spear, Mayor's Clerk and Clerk of Committees, and Miss 
yi'Axy A. Warren, Department Stenographer. In the other of- 
fices on the main floor receptions were held and visitors enter- 
tained by Joseph W. Attwill, City Clerk; Hartwell S. French, 
City Treasurer ; William F. Brackett, City Auditor ; Starr Par- 
sons, City Solicitor; Capt. Edward H. Smith, City Engineer, 
and William R. Melden, John R. Story and Philip A. Newhall, 
Assessors. In the School Committee room, on the upper gal- 
lery, Orsamus B. Bruce, Superintendent of Schools, and D. 
Gage Hunt, Secretary of the School Committee, welcomed 
many citizens. The members of the Board of Health, Chair- 
man William LaCroix, Dr. William B. Little and Dr. William 
B. Woodfall, assisted by Capt. Henry E. Palmer and Merritt 
Foye, Health Inspectors, gave hospitable greeting to guests in 
the office on the ground floor ; while in the Water Board office, 
on the same floor, callers were received and entertained by In- 
spectors John Chamberlain, Winslow J. Rowell and William B. 
Moulton and Registrar Wallace O. Mudge. Cit}' Messenger 
Allen was active attending to the general direction of affairs. 

During the evening Mayor Shepherd received a telephonic 
message from the town of Maynard, as follows : 

The Commissioners of the Industrial Exposition and merchants of 
Maynard send this greeting on their opening night to the 50th Anni- 
versary of Lynn as a City : The Town of Shuttles and Bobbins sends 
greetings to the City of Shoes. 

To this the Mayor sent the following reply : 

Tiie City of Lynn fully appreciates the kind wishes and congratu- 
lations of the Town of Maynard, and in return, through the Mayor, 
wishes that the Exposition will be as satisfactory to the citizens of May- 
nard as the celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the City of Lynn 
has been to Lynn and its people. 



THE THIRD DA7^— FIREWORKS. 263 



A POSTPONED EVENT. 



The exhibition of fireworks which was to take place on the 
Common, Tuesday evening, was postponed to Friday evening, 
May 18, but rain again prevented the display. Postponed to 
Monday evening, May 21, another disappointment due to wet 
weather was experienced, and the next evening, Tuesday, was 
selected. There was no diminution of interest because of the 
delay and a great gathering of people assembled on the Com- 
mon to see the show, which began at 8 o'clock. The Pain 
Pyrotechnic Company provided the display, the character of 
which may be judged from the following programme : 

1. Salute of five aerial guns, 15 inches, fii'ed from a mortar to the 
height of 500 feet and exploding with a loud report. 

2. Illumination of grounds with 25 powerful colored lights. 

3. Same as above, finishing with streamers 100 feet long. 

4. Display of two magnificent shells, 30 inches in diameter (the 
first occasion when shells of this size have been used in New Eng- 
land). The effect is very beautiful. 

5. Special device, actual size of frame 25 by 25 feet, representing 
the Seal of the City of Lynn. 

6. Four balloons of saucissons, with thousands of serpents twist- 
ing and gyrating through the air. 

7. Salvo of four 15 -inch bombs. 

8. Special set piece, appropriate to the occasion, giving a repre- 
sentation of a trolley car, 20 by 10 feet. 

9. Twelve Rayonet tourbillions, with wonders of fii"e. 

10. Special device, grove of jeweled palms, extending 300 feet 
across the ground, thousands of beautiful stars and a golden shower. 

11. Five large mines of stars and serpents. 

12. Salvo of four 15-inch shells, variegated colors. 

13. Six shells fired from mortar at once. 

14. Exhibition of six fountains. 

15. Special set piece, representing a shoemaker at the bench, sew- 



364 CITT OF LJ'NN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

ing a shoe, showing the old method, lo by 20 feet, with motto, " The 
Old Method, 1850." 

16. Four large " devils among the tailors." 

17. Salvo of seven 24-inch shells. 

18. Special set piece, representing a McKay machine, with motto, 
" New Method, 1900," a companion piece to No. 15. 

19. Salvo of six 15-inch shells. 

20. Discharge of two 30-inch shells, four colors. 

21. Salvo of two repeating shells, red, white and blue. 

22. Set piece, portrait of Mayor Hood, Lynn's first Mayor. 

23. Explosion of four large cracker mines. 

24. Four 15-inch bombs, liquid fire. 

25 to 31. Fifteen-inch shells, different colors. 

32. Acrobatic monkey in fire, representing monkey on trapeze. 

33. Balloon of three large colored saucissons. 

34. Second illumination of grounds. 

35. Salvo of 24-inch Manhattan Beach bombs, with moonlight 
produced by electricity never before applied to fireworks. 

36. Flight of six 15-inch shells. 

37. Star of Columbia, various colors. 

38. Golden cloud, studded with jewels, produced by simultaneous 
discharge of nine 9-inch shells. 

39 to 42. Fifteen-inch shells. 

43. Salvo of 15-inch bombs, shooting stars. 

44. Thirty-inch Manhattan Beach shells. 

45. Starry flag produced by discharges of 9-inch shells. 

46. Whirlwinds. 

47. Design representing pearls, jewels, etc. 

48. "Mother of Thousands" bomb. 

49. Field of the Cloth of Gold, produced by the discharge of shells, 
exhibiting gold stars and glittering spangles. 

50. Portrait of Mayor Shepherd. 

51. Old-fashioned stagecoach. 

52. Motto, "Good Night," flanked on each side with columns of 
red, white and blue, surmounted by stars, 20 by 50 feet. 

A special piece, consisting of a Pain shell giving at the height of 
300 feet six distinct explosions, changing colors and finishing with 
electrical effect. This was vised for the first time on the occasion of 
the Dewey Day celebration in New York, September, 1899. 



COMMENTS OF THE PRESS. 265 



EDITORIAL EXPRESSIONS. 



The newspapers published in other cities and towns of the 
Commonweahh not only made their readers acquainted with 
the progress of the celebration but had pleasant things to say of 
the City in their editorial coknnns, as witness the subjoined 
extracts : 

Lynn is "right in it" with its 50th birthday celebration. Its pride 
is justifiable. — Milford Daily Journal. 

Our congratulations to the City, of Lynn, as it celebrates the com- 
pletion of the first half-century of its corporate existence. May it in 
the future enjoy even greater prosperity than has been its good fortune 
during the past fifty years. — Newburyport Daily Herald. 

Here's hoping that Lynn will have a red-hot celebration and not 
wake up the next morning with a bad headache. — Newburyport Daily 

Neivs. 

Lynn should be proud of two young ladies so skillful in the handling 
of rhyme and meter as the authors of her Anniversary poem and Anni- 
versary ode. Happy indeed is the occasion unmarred by ruthless 
plungers up the scarred and abused hill. — ^o?Xovi Journal. 

Lynn as a city is fifty years old, and is celebrating the event with 
proper parades, sports and enthusiasm. Lynn has had more than its 
share of troubles, its fire a decade ago having been as severe a blow as 
most cities can stand, but it is but a memory now and in reality was a 
blessing to Lynn, the burned district has blossomed into the finest com- 
mercial district of the City, and Lynn ranks as one of the leading, if 
not the leading boot and shoe making city of the nation. — Worcester 
Telegram. 

Lynn's jubilee begins to-day and the City is in holiday attire for the 
event. The sports take place to-day. To-morrow the big parade will 
be held and many Wakefield people will enjoy the hospitality of the 
City and her citizens. Lynn has made wonderful progress in the past 



266 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

half-century and the Shoe City has a bright future before it. — Wake- 
field Item. 

Were you ever in Lynn? If not, now is a good time to go. The 
great Shoe City looks beautifully on this 50th Anniversary. — Maiden 

Neivs. 

The City of Lynn is celebrating to-day and to-morrow its semi- 
centennial. Lynn is one of the most progressive cities in the Com- 
monwealth and she never does things by halves, hence, her natal day 
is likely to be observed in a manner commensurate with her importance. 

— Lawrence Telegratn. 

Lynn is having a happy time this week, celebrating her 50th Anni- 
versary as a city. Fortunately, it comes just when everybody is pros- 
perous down there. The factories and mills are running full. Lynn 
is a lively town, but it makes a great difference with its appearance how 
the wages are coming out daily. — Boston Record. 

Lynn had a fine day for its all-day demonstration, and hundreds of 
Maiden people were there to see the parade. — Maiden News. 

Many happy returns to our sister City of Lynn. May the centennial 
anniversary find her just twice as prosperous and populous as she is 
to-day. — Taunton Gazette. 

Lynn is showing its appreciation of the distinction of half a century 
of municipal life. It takes a shoe city to rise to the full stature of an 
occasion of that kind and why shouldn't this be the case ? It has all 
the other places under its feet, in a figurative sense, as a usual thing. 

— Brockton Thnes. 

Lynn is doing herself proud to-day, on the occasion of her 50th 
Anniversary, and Battery C, of Lawrence, is aiding in making the show 
a grand success. — Lawrence Telegra?)!. 

Half a century is a long span in the life of an American city. It 
covers a period of growth in which small things have become great. 
More especially is this true in the case of our manufacturing towns. 
The great advance in the methods of production has been made in the 
last half of the nineteenth century, and those communities whose de- 
velopment has followed along this line show even greater progress than 
those devoted to commerce and general trade. Lynn is one of these 
municipalities, and the fifty years of corporate existence which its 



COMMENTS OF THE PRESS. 



267 



people are now celebrating represent an aggregate of accomplished 
facts of which any community might be proud. 

Lynn to-day has a population five times as great as in 1850. Its in- 
dustries have grown even in a greater ratio. Its resources for public 
comfort, advantage, education, instruction, have grown apace. There 
is much to celebrate in this jubilee year of the municipality, and the 
people are celebrating with right good will and a hearty appreciation 
of the meaning of it all. 

Lynn represents one of the leading industries of Massachusetts. It 
is a city having a character especially its own and a place peculiarly 
its own in our system. But aside from the specialty on which its early 
prosperity is based, Lynn has developed a municipal character which 
gives it a worthy place among the cities of Massachusetts which we all 
recognize and honor. — Boston Post. 

Lynn is mighty lively for a fifty-year old, anyway. — Boston Adver- 
tiser. 

Lynn is celebrating with festivals of every nature her semi-centen- 
nial as a city in the old Commonwealth. Every one of her sister 
cities will send her their best wishes for the success of her elaborate 
observances. — Worcester Spy. 

Congratulations, Miss Lynn ! You may be fifty, but really you don't 
look a day over thirty-five. — Brockton Enterprise. 



^^ 




268 CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Cit^ Of X'^XiW, 1850-1900. 

George Brickett. 

'Tis the nature of man, whatsoe'er he may feign, 
To exult over triumphs of muscle or brain, 
And the haughty, the humble, the proud and the meek 
Are but children of nature when praises they seek. 

It was God who made heavens and ocean and land ; 
He created supply, then created demand. 
The wild beast of the forest, the songster that flies, 
To enjoy the magnificent earth and the skies. 

And a man was brought forth by mysterious birth 
To adorn with inventions the unimproved earth. 
To obey the inherent command, " Push ahead. 
And unveil the mysterious, living or dead." 

O Mohammedans, Infidels, Christians and Jews, — 
Theological athletes of different views ! 
Cease your passionate war, for an armistice pray. 
Join the army of peace on this glorious day. 

Let us cease to discuss the creation of man. 
Let us cease to discuss when creation began, 
Let us skip from the Garden of Eden and sin 
To the woods, to the hills, to the beaches of Lynn. 

All these forests and cliffs, all these lakelets we own. 
For, by search of the records, our title is shown, 
Not as gift from our God, but a quit-claim by law, 
Signed by David and Abigail Kunkshamooshaw. 



CITT OF LTNN, 1850-igoo. 269 

Then, the Newhalls, the Burrills, the Ingalls, the Breeds, 
And the Johnsons, the Browns, by illustrious deeds, 
Were preparing the town for its ultimate fate. 
To expand and emerge from the chrysalis state. 

As the angels were singing sweet carols one night. 
In a vision the town saw a beautiful sight ; 
'Twas the end of a life, a new life to begin. 
She awoke in the dawn as the City of Lynn. 

To the heart of a mother, when fifty years old, 
The affection of children is dearer than gold ; 
So, as children of Lynn, in communion to-day, 
We salute our dear mother and homage we pay. 



Mother City of Lynn, in our home by the sea. 

May we ever remember our duty to thee ! 

We caress thee, we love thee, thy name we adore. 

On thy breast, where we nestled, our blessings we pour. 

We are proud of our forefathers' wisdom, as shown 
In selecting the spot where our City has grown ; 
We are proud of our beaches, our woods and our vales. 
We are proud of our lakes, of our hills and our dales. 

We are proud of our beautiful churches of Lynn, 
We are proud of our people who worship therein. 
We are proud of our fact'ries, where industry rules, 
We are proud of our safeguards, our free public schools. 

We are proud of our City and proud of our State, 

Massachusetts, may love for thee never abate ! 

We are proud of our country, and patriots true. 

We are proud of Old Glory, the Red, White and Blue. 




CITY OF LYNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

We sing praises in paeans triumphant and loud 
To commemorate birthdays, because we are proud ; 
We are proud of ourselves, but, a thousand years hence, 
Shall we know and recall these impressive events? 

In a thousand years hence, on the opposite shore. 
Our majority waits the recruit coming o'er ; 
Shall we eagerly hear, in the tidings he gives. 
That the City of Lynn, our dear mother, still lives? 

That a city outlives her creators should seem 
A malevolent phantom, a nightmare, a dream ; 
Immortality? Yes, 'tis our hope, and we pray 
That our forefathers witness our service to-day. 

O ye spirits beloved, ye immortalized throng. 

In the homeland of Love that awakens our song ! 

Is it madness to hope, is it sadness to pray. 

Does remembrance of life on the earth pass away? 

O Mohammedans, Infidels, Christians and Jews, — 
Theological athletes of different views ! 
Push ahead with your war, bid your armistice cease, 
re are mysteries yet, and we cannot have peace. 




CITY GOVERNMENT. 



z'ji 



THE CITY COUNCIL OF 1900. 



Mayor. 
Hon. William Shepherd. 

Board of Aldermen. 
Joseph C. Randlett, President, 
Charles H. Tucker, Joseph G. Brown, 

George H. Jackson, Rufus Kimball, 

Benjamin A. Goodwin, Charles C. Fry, 

Fred W. Allen, George C. Houghton. 

Common Council. 
Henry W. Eastham, President. 
Wards- — 



Ward I . — 

Herbert H. Richardson. 

Ward 2 . — 

Eugene Marlor, 
George W. Coffin. 

Ward 3 . — 

Charles W. Huse, 

John Ingram, 

George H. Batchelder, 

Harry R. Corbett, 

S. Walter McDonough. 

Ward 4. — 

Henry R. Jacobs, 
Matthew McCann, 
C. Neal Barney, 
Willard B. Cone, 
George J. Leonard. 



Edward T. Bubier, 
Albert H. Alexander, 
Charles S. Goodridge, 
George F. Andrews, 
John A. Woodman. 

Ward 6. — 

Henry W. Eastham, 
Roland L. Cunningham, 
Henry W. Maxwell, 
Charles F. Penney, 
William H. Simonds. 

Ward 7. — 

Walter Penney, 
James E. Rich. 



272 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 

Joseph W. Attwill, City Clerk and Clerk of the Board of 

Aldermen. 
S. Henry Kent, Clerk of the Common Council. 
Charles H. Spear, Clerk of Committees and Mayor's Clerk. 
Clarence I. Allen, City Messenger . 
Charles E. Parsons, Common Council Messenger. 



City Officers. 
City Marshal Thomas M. Burckes. 



Deputy Marshal 



City Treasurer and Collector of Taxes, Hartwell S. French. 



Auditor of Accounts . 
City Solicitor 
Investigator of Accidents 
Superintendent of Streets 
City Engineer . 
Assistant City Engineer 
Inspector of Buildings 



David G. Bartlet. 



. William F. Brackett. 
. Starr Parsons. 
. Fred A. Broad. 
. James M. Tarbox. 
. Edward H. Smith. 
. Walter H. Spear. 
. Herbert C. Bayrd. 
Sealer of Weights and Measures . John B. McCarthy. 

Board of Assessors. 
William R. Melden, John R. Story, Philip A. Newhall. 
Board of Health. 
William LaCroix, Chairman; William B. Little, M. D., Wil- 
liam H. Woodfall, M. D. ; Superintendent of Health De- 
partment, Henry Farrell. 

Overseers of the Poor. 
Henry Grover, Chairman ; Charles E. Harwood, George C. 
Higgins, Robert S. Sisson, Ebenezer Beckford, Visitor ; 
William A. Attwill, Secretary; Keeper of City ^Home, 
Isaiah Pinkham. 

Board of Park Commissioners. 

James E. Jenkins, Chairman ; Nathan M. Hawkes, Charles H. 

Pinkham,! Charles S. Hilton, P. B. Magrane. 

1 Died November lo, 1900. 



CITT GOVERNMENT. 373 

Public Water Board. 

William B. Littlefield, President; Thomas P. Nichols, James 

Bm-ns, Charles E. Sprague,^ Stephen W. Dearborn. 

Board of Public Library Trustees. 
Henry A. Pevear, President ; William Shepherd, Henry W. 
Eastham, Elihu B. Hayes, Nathan Clark, Charles H. 
Chase, Joseph N. Smith, John W. Berry, Walter O. 
Faulkner, Rollin E. Harmon, Stephen S. Marsh. 

Commissioners of Pine Grove Cemetery. 
B. F. Spinnev, Chairman ; Alfred Cross, Henry H. Green, 
James F. Seavey, William A. Willey, Charles R. Smith, 
Henry F. Tapley, Rufus Kimball, Charles H. Newhall, 
George F. Harwood. 

License Commissioners. 
Fred W. Herrick, Chairman; Peter A. Breen, Esq., Allen G. 

Shepherd. 

Registrars of Voters. 

Joseph W. Haines, Chairman ; Philip Smith, Stephen M. Walsh, 

Joseph W. Attwill. 



REVISED CITY CHARTER. 



An act of the Legislatin-e of 1900, revising the Lynn City 
Charter, was adopted by a majority vote of the citizens in the 
election of^Nov. 6, to go into effect at the beginning of the next 
municipal year. It provides in the main for an increase of two 
members in the Board of Aldermen, a Board of Public Works 
elected by the people, and a reduction of the School Committee 
to twelve members, elected to serve three-year terms each. 

1 Elected to succeed Daniel A. Sutherland, appointed Superintendent of Water Works, vice 
John C. Haskell, deceased. 



74 CITY OF LTNN SEMI-CENTENNIAL. 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT. 



RECEIPTS. 



Appropriation _.---.-- $5,000.00 
Contributions -.------ 7,970.00 

Interest on bank deposits - - - - - - 29.06 

$12,999.06 



EXPENSES. 

Badges ...--,---- $504.20 

Children's entertainments, games, etc. . . _ 414.60 

Decorations ..-.---- 1,386.78 

Exercises at Lynn Theatre ------ 164.00 

Fireworks -------- 700.00 

Refreshments for guests, children, militia, et als - 1,498.81 

Music --------- 1,163.99 

Printing --------- 568.00 

Procession expenses ------- 2,112.69 

School expenses -_..-_- 1,506.95 

Stands ------ -.- 1,321.01 

Incidental expenses ------- 598.11 

Balance for expenses of Memorial Book - . _ 1,0^9.92 



$13,999.06 



INDEX. 



[The names in the list of contributors, pages 9-16, are not included in this index.] 



Abbot, Frederick E,, 35; Hon. John H., 226. 
Abbott block, 217. 

Frederick, 219; E. Frances, loi ; WilHara 

B., 8, 227. 
Aborn, J. Edward, 145. 
Abstract from inaugural address of Mayor 

Shepherd, xiv. 
Adams, C. Frank, 206, 221, 223; John (Presi- 
dent,) 114, 166, 167. 
Address of welcome, 14S. 
Ahearne, Dr. C. A., 236. 
Ahern, Margaret V., 95'. 
Akeroyd, Bessie, 241. 
Aklund Eric, 208, 230. 
Album of fifty years ago (exercise), 95. 
Albohm, William, 237. 

Allen, C. Edward, 206, 222; Clarence I., vii, 3, 
17, 27, 145, 215, 262, 272; Fred W., 224, 271 ; 
Grace A., 104; L. Mabel, 95; Lillie B., 97; 
Walter B., 99. 
Alexander, Albert H., 225, 254, 271. 
Alley, Alonzo, 24S; James D., 22S; Hon. John 
B., 171; Thomas H., 247; William E., 256. 
Almy, Bigelow & Washburn, 255. 
" America," 146. 

American Mechanics, order of United, 21S. 
Ames, Arthur W., 22S; B. E., 229; Harold, 243; 

J. Edgar, 90. 
Anderson, James A., 219; Thomas, 2S8. 
Anderson's soups, 256. 
Andrews, George F., 225, 271; Marion £.,98; 

Rev. Neil, Jr., 34, 78. 
Andros, Sir Edmund, 114, 121, 164, 165, 171, 

iSi, :S6. 
Annals of Lynn, 63, no. 
Annis, Charles H., 231. 
Anniversary ode, 198. 
Anniversary poem, 155. 
Anthem, "Our fathers came over the wide 

rolling sea," 134. 
Anti-slavery society, iSo. 
A. P. A. -ism, 56. 
Appropriation order, xv. 
Archibald, Harriet C, 104. 
Ardrie, Charles, 241. 



Arline, Arthur R., 22S. 
Armitage stable, 202. 
Armory, Franklin street, 260. 

South Common Street, 260. 

Armour Ralph S., 243. 

Armstrong, Sumner, 242. 

Arnold, Benedict, 114. 

Artists, vii, 29. 

Ash street school, 103, 104. 

Associated charities, 191. 

Athletic sports, 17, 13S. 

Atkins Charles H., 93, 100. 

Attwill, Hon. Henry C, 224; Joseph W, 220, 

262, 272, 273; William A., 250, 272. 
Atwood, Luther, 92. 
Avery, Henry S., 24S. 
Axey's point, 215. 



Bacheller, Carl, 242; Edward F., 206, 212; 
Francella W., 102; Fred, 249; Jonathan, 
171 ; Lucy J., 219. 

Bachiler, Rev. Stephen, 24. 

Backman, J. S., 239. 

Badge, ofScial, 17, 29. 

Bag bosses, 76. 

Bagley, Ida Gray, 98. 

Baird, H. B., 229. 

Baker, Bessie M., 206, 221 ; Hon. Charles H., 
7, 219, 226; Hon. Daniel C, S6, 116, 171; 
Frederic, 245; Juliet N., 103; Dr. L. M., 
206, 222; William E., 219; Dr. William H., 
228. 

Balch, Adela M. 243. 

Baldwin, Fred W., 24S; Mary I., 103; William, 
243; William H, 250. 

Ballard, Bessie, 241 ; Frank E., 199. 

Baltimore street school, loi. 

Bancroft, Clara L., 95; C. Lucille, 103. 

Bands of music, American, of Peabody, 208,232; 
Carter's, of Boston, 207; Cambridge cadet, 
20S, 231; Globe cadet, of Boston, 209, 233; 
Haverhill city, 210; Lynn brass, 90, 210, 
251; Lynn cadet, 91, 203, 207, 222; Lynn 
national (French), 209, 236; Martland, of 
Brockton, 209, 234; Malta, of Beverly, 209, 



276 



INDEX. 



Bands of music. — Continued. 

239; Putnam's 8th regiment, of Lynn, 91, 
199, 210, 240; Reed's, of Chelsea, 209, 234; 
Reeves', of Providence, 209, 235 ; Salem 
brass, 207; Salem cadet, 20S, 232; Teel's, of 
Boston, 20S, 231 ; Working Boys' home, of 
Boston, 209, 236; Woburn brass, 210; Wal- 
tham watch factory, 208, 230. 

Popular airs played by, 90. 

Banking in Salem, 176. 

Banks, 176, 193. 

Baptists in Lynn, 12S. 

Barbour, George F., 234. 

Barker family, 131. 

James S., 258. 

Barney, C. Neal, xv, 17, 99, 145, 224, 271. 

Barnicoat, E. E., 24S. 

Barry, Abbie J., viii; E.A.,229; Eva, 94; F.J.> 
140, 141, 22q; Joseph L., 140, 229. 

Bartlet, David G., 205, 221, 272. 

Bartlett, Albion, 209, 240; Bertha B., 96; John 

S., 35- 
Basset, John, 180. 

Bassett, F. H., 210, 251 ; William, S6, 171. 
Batchelder, Blanche, 94; Caroline E.,97; Fred 

P., 94; George H., 225, 271. 
Bates, Chester A., 210,251 ; Edvvin,22S; Everett 

E., 206, 221 ; Hon. John L., 19, 223 ; Wallace, 

207, 222. 
Battleship, miniature, 23S. 
Baxter, Charles H., 20S, 230. 
Bayrd, Herbert C, 272. 
Beal, George A., 232. 

Bean, E. G., 20S, 230; Ralph, 242; HaltieC, 9S. 
Beardsell, George R., S, 206, 221. 
Beaudry, Zotique, 237. 
Beckford, Ebenezer, 250, 272. 
Beecher, Rev. Henry Ward, 131. 
Belfield's Broad street battery, 261. 
Belfield, William, 247. 
Beliveau, Lud., 237. 
Bellatty, Ernest, 247. 
Bell cast by Paul Revere, leS. 
Bellows, Charles W., 8, 227. 
Bellringers, 90. 

" Bells of Lynn, The," 67, 92, 134. 
Benner, F. R. & Co., 257; Julia M., 97. 
Bennett, Frank P., 225. 
Bent, Fred W., 219. 
Berry, Carl J., 22S; EffieC.,103; Hon. John W., 

19, 97, 224, 273; Susanna W., 103; W. F., 

205, 221. 
Bergengren building, 217. 

Charles H., 207, 222; Rena, 94, 

Bergeron, Napoleon, 236. 

Bessom, Frank, 245; Hon. Eugene A., 145, 225; 

John F., 23S; J. S., 210, 251 ; R. S., 210, 25t ; 

William B., 247. 



Beverly, 2S, 226, 231. 

Bickford, Everett E., 244. 

Bicycles, 61. 

Billings, Alice G., 102; Edward B., 102; Wal- 
lace, 244. 

Birmingham, F. W., 234. 

Bisbee, James F., 306, 221. 

Blackett, Rev. Charles C, 3?, 40, 41. 

Blaisdell, Edwin, 240; Elton L., 92; James A., 
250; J. M., 207, 222. 

Blakeley, Elliott S., 25S; Samuel, 242. 

Blaney, Elbridge, 255; John W. & Co., 257; S. 
Ellen, 97. 

Bliss, Alvin E., 230. 

Blood, Arthur J., 7; J. B. & Co., 252. 

Bloody Brook, iSi. 

Blossom street school, 102. 

W. C, 249. 

Bond, Elizabeth W., 104. 

de Bondy, Prof. J. O. D., 38, 236. 

Bonfire on High Rock, 199. 

Boston, 2S, 59, 63, 69, 71, 73, 74, 76, 139, :S4, 164, 
173. 17s. 226, 231, 254. 

and Maine Railroad company, 6. 

harbor, closing of, 166. 

Gazette, 66, 177. 

" Greater," 35, 1 1 1 . 

Ne^M s- Letter, w^. 

policemen, 204. 

street school, 103. 

Bourque, Henry, 237. 

Bowden, W. E., 247; W. S., 210, 251. 

Bowen, J. Herbert, 219. 

Bowler, James, 166; Thomas, 171. 

Bowley, Alice M., 242. 

Boyce block, 217. 

Helen A., 97. 

Boyle, J. H., 22S. 

Boynton, Elmer E., 206, 221. 

Bracket!, Col. Eben T., 206, 221; William F., 
103, 162. 

Bradley, William, 250. 

Bradstreet, Simon (Governor), 114. 

Brady, Rev. Falher, 54. 

Bragden, C. W., 233. 

Brainard, Albion H., 92. 

Brann, E. H., 206, 221 ; Mrs. E. H., 206, 221. 

Brannon, Ada, 241. 

Bray, Elmer E., 206, 212, 252; Mrs. Elmer E., 
252. 

Breed, Adelaide L.,94; Mrs. Allen Blanej', 217; 
Hon. Amos F., 219; Anna, 103; Col. Fred- 
erick, 1S6; Charles Orrin, 207, 222; Clara L., 
loi ; Elizabeth W., 96; Henry W., 21, 102; 
Isaiah, 171 ; Mary E., 103; S. Oliver, iS, 145, 
149, 224. 
Breen, Peter A., Esq , S, 226,273; William, 235. 
Brennan, H. A. 249; Peter, 242. 



INDEX. 



277 



Bresnahan, J. J., 210, 251. 

Brickett, George, 26S. 

Bridges, Edmund, 177. 

Briggs, Edith L., 93. 

Bristow, Hon. George (Mayorof King's Lynn), 

20. 
Brittania, 245. 
Broad, Fred A., 272. 
Brock, Dr. Edwin H., 21, 207, 222. 
Brockton, 231. 
Brockway, Ruth, 245. 
Brogan, Katherine F., 103. 
Brooks, George P., 257. 
Brothers of the Christian schools, 99. 
Brown, C. R., 140, 141 ; Ebenezer, 171 ; Harold, 
242; Herbert H., 239; Ira P., 171; Isaac* 
171; Sergt. J. Clark, 222; John (execution 
of), iSi ; Joseph G., 224, 271 ; Mabel R., loi ; 
Mary C, 102; Jiicholas (early settler), 113; 
Walter, 243. 
Browning, H. A., 230; Robert (poet), 74. 
Bruce, Orsamus B., 21, 227, 262; R,, 240. 
Bryant, F. P., 240; Mary J., loi. 
Bubier, Edward T., 225, 271; Elizabeth, 219; 

Helen P., 104. 
Buckley, John, 141. 

BufFum, Hon. James N., 2S, S6; Jonathan, S6. 
Bultinch, H. Cusliing, 224. 
Bunker hill, 154. 

Burckes, Capt. Thomas M., 22S, 272. 
Burke, Thomas, 241. 
Burnham, Elizabeth M., 9S. 
Burns, James, 224, 273; James P., 236. 
Burnstein, M. E., 139. 

Burrill, Abby M., 92; Ebenezer, 116; Frank A. 
221 ; George (early settler), 113, 114; John 
junior, 115; John senior, 114; William S., 4. 

family, 114, 116. 

primary school, 216. 

school, 9S, 113, 244. 

Burt, S. G., 24S. 

Butler, Rev. Dr. William, 127. 

Butman, Alice, 9^. 

Buzzell, C. A., 257. 

Byers Albert, 245. 

Byrne, Gertrude F,, 103. 



Cady, Pearl, 206, 221. 

Cadet hall building, 219. 

Cake-walk, 142. 

Callahan, Julia F., 104; Joseph A., 256. 

Callaghan, Mary J., 102. 

Call, Howard M., 20S, 230. 

Cambridge, 1, 173, 250. 

Campbell, L. M., 239; Nellie, 244. 

Cann, E. A., 233. 



Canney, H. L., 139. 

Carleton, Albert S., 232; Miriam, 94, 242. 

Carpenter, Robert, 140. 

Carpenters' union, 209, 212, 237. 

Carpet cleaning company, The Lynn, 256, 

Carpets in 1850, 60. 

Carrecabe, J. M., 237, 253. 

Carroll, Catherine, 242; Edward, 171; Helen, 

94; James H., 221; Samuel B., 234. 
Carriage, governor's, decorated with flags, etc., 

223. 
Carriages, 17, 2S. 
Cashman, Alice, 241. 
Case, Elmer, 92, 141. 

Castle, Dr. James, 206, 222; Mrs. James, 206, 221. 
Caswell, C. S., 250. 

Livermore & Co., 254. 

Carter, Abner, 234; Thomas M., 22S. 
Cavanagh, John, 233. 

Celebration committee, v, vii, viii, xiv, xv, 17, 
iS, 21, 22, 23, 24, 29, 99, 141, 145, 224. 

finance committee of, 5. 

sub-committees of, 17. 

Census of 1900, 149. 

Ce7ile7inial memorial, 30. 

Central police station, 219. 

Centre street school, 103. 

Chadwell, Cyrus A., 22S; Fannie M., 99; 

George H., 217. 
Chaffee, C. H., 24S. 
Chamberlain, p\ C, 24S; John, 251, 262; Lucy 

A., 9S; Nettie, 244; William, 250. 
Changes in character of public entertainments, 

13'- 
Chapman, Chas. A., 22S. 
Charlestown, 173. 

Chase, Alice C.,96; Charles H., 21, 225, 273; 
Edward E., 247; George M., 247; Lieut. I. 
Warren, 22S; Hon. John C, 227 ; Maud D., 
103; Philip A., 4. 

& Sanborn, 266. 

avenue school, 103. 

Chatham street school, 100. 
Chelsea, i, 2S, 231. 

Chesley, Bertha B., ico; Samuel, 140. 
Chief marshal appointed, 17. 
Children's entertainments, 17, 22, 137. 

observation stands, 22, 2i5, 218, 219. 

of guests, 28, 259, 260, 262. 

Childs, George H., 249; H. C, 140. 
Child, Susan W., 92. 
Christian brothers, 246. 
Christian citizenship, The (sermon), 39. 
Christmas day, non-observance of, 129. 
Church, B. R., 235; Emily, 94. 
Churches, Boston street M. E., 40; Broadway 
M. E., 41, 97; Central Cong., 24, 42, 63; 
Chestnut street Cong., 39, 63 ; Christ (non- 



27S 



INDEX, 



Churches. — Continued. 

existent), 12S; Church of the Incarnation, 
35; Church of the Sacred Heart, 42; East 
Bapt., 34, 7S; Essex street Bapt., 37; First 
Bapt., 23, 39, 40, 90; First Cong., 24, 39, 40, 
63, 127; First M. E. (Lynn Common), 41, 

71, 90, 127, 12S; First Presbyterian, 41 ; First 
Universalist, 34, 35; Highland M. E., 36, 
102; High street Free Bapt., 37; Maple 
street M. E., 41, loi ; North Cong., 34, 41, 
5S, 63, 64, 90; People's, 41; Scandinavian, 
39,63; Second M. E., 183; Second Univer- 
salist, 34, 41, 64, 82, 90, 103, 126, 12S, 217; 
South street M. E., 38, 40; St. Jean Bap- 
tiste, 38, 65; St. John's (non-existent), 12S; 
St. Joseph's, 35, 219; St. Luke's M. E., loi ; 
St. Mary's, 34, 53, 128; St. Stephen's, 23, 24, 
33, 90, 102, 12S; St. Paul's M. E., 34, 69, 71, 

72, 90; Trinity M. E., 34, 83, 90; Unitarian, 
23, 24, 34, 64, 67, 12S; Washington street 
Bapt., 34, 74. 

decorations in, 33. 

historical references to, 24, 35, 36, 42, 53-57, 

63165, 71, 127, 12S. 
invitations from, to city government, 23, 24, 

74- 

pastors of, mayor's letter to, 22. 

vote of committee requesting services by, 23. 

Churchill, E. O., 247. 

Circus, 89. 

Cities, rate of growth of, 59. 

Citizens, collection committees of, 7. 

co-operation of, 3. 

City charters enacted previous to 1S50, 173. 
Citv charter of 1850, committees to prepare, 171. 

votes on adoption, 171. 

of 1900, new, 273. 

council, xiii, xiv, xv, xvi, 19, 23, 33, 74, 107, 

117, 192, 271. 
departments, 26, 210, 212, 213, 214, 250, 251, 

272, 273. 

governments, integrity of, 153, 193. 

hall, 22, 27, 28, 58, 64, 90, 91, 93, 1S2, 1S4, 

1S5, 203, 215, 219, 260, 261. 

home, 85, 250, 273. 

"City of Lynn" hand engine, 250. 

City that is at unity in itself, A (sermon), 43. 

Clapp, Lieut. Henry B., 221. 

Clapp's cigar store, 25S. 

Clark, Lieut. Fred E., 223; Fred L., 247; 

George D., 221; J., 232; Lieut. J. N., 223; 

John, 248; Lucia L., 104; May, 234; Na- 
than, 273; Sarah F., 100. 
Classical high school, 92, 140, 141. 

battalion, 207, 211, 229. 

glee club, 92. 

Clifton, 255. 

Clubs, Chapin, 35; Clover, 220; Clover cycle, 



219; Lincoln, 28; Lynn press, 28, 29, 202, 
217, 260; Oxford, 28, 21S, 259; Park, 28,220; 
Pendragon, 209, 212, 218, 23q; Prospect, 28, 
21S; Trinity bicycle, 258; Unicorn ath'etic, 
28; Ward 3 young men's republican, 219; 
West Lynn republican, 28. 

Cobbet primary school, 102. 

school, 97, 102, 245. 

schoolhouse, dedication, 64. 

Cobey, Lieut. Thomas J., 222. 

Coburn, Clifton, 206, 221. 

street school, 100, 218. 

Cochey, Joseph H., 254. 

Codding, Charles B., 207, 222. 

Coffee, Robert, 242. 

Coffin, George W., 225, 271 ; W. G., 234. 

Coggin, W. L., 240. 

Colby, Rinaldo A. L., 238; Lawrence R., 23S. 

Colcord, Joseph W., 99, 22S. 

Collins, Mrs. C. A. (««^ Cornelia Newhall),97; 
Charles H., 8; Sarah A., 93. 

Collyer, Robert, 13:. 

Colman, Rev. Patrick, 35, 236. 

Colonial days, 58. 

life and homes (float), 242. 

Colt, Major J. D., 223, 

"Columbia, the gem of the ocean," 197. 

Comey, Capt. Henry E., 206, 222. 

Committees to prepare first city charter, 171. 

Common, 26, 28, 40, 90, 175 263. 

Concert singers, families of, 131. 

Concord, 118. 

Condon, Everett E., 8, 227; Martin J., 20S, 230. 

Cone, Willard B., 225, 271. 

Congregationalists in Lynn, 24, 63, 127, 128. 

Connaughton, Michael, 233. 

Conner, G. F., 232. 

Conrad, F. C, 210, 251. 

Contributors, 9. 

Conway, Charles H., 7,218; Rev. Father, 54; 
John, 243. 

Cook, Sergt. F. H., 221. 

street school, 102. 

Coombs, George A., 235. 

Cooney, Richard, 233. 

Cooper class, 74. 

Rev. Clayton S., 34, 74. 

Corbett, Harry R., 225, 271. 

Cordwainers, 17S. 

Cormack, George M., 232. 

Corrin, Arthur B., 20S, 230. 

Corson, Carrie M., 95. 

Costello, Edward, 255; Jeremiah J., 206, 222; 
John F., 206, 221 ; Julia L., 99. 

Cottage street school, 104. 

Cotter, Charles F., 208, 230; Elizabeth A., C4 

Coughlin, Joseph, 246. 

Coule, Sergl. A. D., 222. 



INDEX. 



379 



Courtis, Benjamin S., 232. 

Courtney, Mary L., 100. 

Couture, Dr. M. H., 209, 240. 

Covell, Ada S., 100; Rev. Arthur J., 34, 41, 5S; 

Mabel F., loi. 
Crabtree, Emma L., 99. 
Crane, Hon. Winthrop Murray, Governor of the 

Commonwealth, iS, 29, 202, 203, 214, 220, 222, 

223, 23S, 259. 
Creighton, Albert M., 206, 221. 
Crimmens, William J., 235. 
Cromie, J. N., 231. 
Crompton, Charles & Co., 254. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 124. 
Cropley, Horace, 244. 
Crosby, Elizabeth M., 99. 
Cross, Alfred, 273 ; Charles, 207, 222 ; J. H., Jr., 

207, 222; Mary A., 103. 

Alfred & Co., 255. 

Crowell, C. D., 140, 229; Frank E., 142, 242. 
Crowley, Fran*, 242; Elizabeth A., 104; John 

S., 239; Richard, 100. 
Cryan, Patrick, 233. 
Cuba, 59, 157, 245. 
Cuddy, John J., 234. 
Cullen, Christopher, 246. 
Culliton, William, 236. 
Cummings, Susan M., 102. 
Cunningham, David, 250; Helen, 244; Hugh, 

246; Jennie, 100; John J., 219; Richard, 206, 

221; Roland L., 225, 271. 
Curnick, Rev. Edward T., 34, 69. 
Currier, Benjamin W., 35; George Burrill.S; 

Mrs. George Burrill, S. 

building, 217. 

Curry, John F., 233 ; Kate T., 103 ; Capt. Patrick 

S., 103, 104. 
Cutcheon, Clara L., 100, 21S. 
Cuthbert, Daniel, 243. 
Cutler, Clarence A., 22S. 
Cutts, Annie L., 102; Grace R., 102; Priscilla 

L., 99- 
Cycle days of New England, 117. 

D 

I^agyi John Adam, 66, 70, 77, 113, 156, 157. 
Dalton, Gen. Samuel, 224; S. W., 250, 254. 
Dame, Anna M., 97; Clement T., 209, 240; J. 

M., 253. 
Damon and Pythias, story of (float), 234. 
Damon, Ethel, 94. 
Dane, S. H. & Co., 25S. 
Darcy, John W., 207, 217, 222. 
Darling, B.C., 139. 
Darwin, Erasmus, S5. 
Davis, Rev. Abbott P., 37; Florence, 244; John, 

231 ; Hon. William F., 226; Walter A., 141, 

206, 222. 



Day, Charles H., 232; George Willis, 92. 

Dean, Hon. Charles L., 226. 

Dearborn, Bertha, 94; Edward D., 207, 222; L. 
C, 254; Stephen W., 251, 273. 

Decker, Sergt. F. L., 222. 

Decorations, 27, 33, 91, 95, 214-220, 262. 

Delaney, Beatrice A., 243. 

Delnow, Grace P., 97. 

Deloughrey, John, 23S. 

Deming, Fred C, 22S. 

Dennison, Willie, 242. 

Derrick, Joseph S., 235. 

Descendants of first settlers in first city govern- 
ment, 174. 

Dewey day celebration, 264. 

Dewey, Isabel C, 92. 

Dick, A. W., 20S, 230. 

Dickinson, G. H., 240; Joseph, 207, 222. 

Didham, Sarah B., 9S. 

Dion, Gaspard L., 237. 

Dixey, William (first settler), 163. 

Doherty, Mary E., 102. 

Dolan, Felix J., 233 ; Rev. Edwin J., 35. 

DoUotf, Dr. E. M., 239. 

Donohue, Alice M., 102, 219; Daniel, 246; Den- 
nis, 233; John F., 2ig. 

Donovan, Daniel J., 233; M. F., 7, 227; K. 
Agnes, 102; Teresa F., 96, 100. 

Doody, R. B., 236. 

Dooley, William J., 235. 

Doran, Charles, 100. 

D'Orsay, H., 250. 

Doucette, J. H., 237. 

Dougherty, Mary A., 96. 

Doughty, F. S., 139. 

Douglass, Frederick, 131. 

Dow, Ella F., 94. 

Downey, Louis A., 209, 234. 

Downing, Annie V., 101; Charles H., 247; 
Matthew, 233; William E., 4, 7, 226. 

Downs, Franklin H., 206, 222. 

Doyle, Herbert, 94. 

Driscoll, Joseph W., 236. 

Drouin, Napoleon, 237. 

Drum Corps, Alpha, 20S, 231; Cobbet school, 
245; Division 10, A. O. H., 209, 233; Ex- 
ceisior, 20S, 232; First regiment, 20S, 232; 
Ingalls school, 242; Knights of the Sacred 
Heart, 246; Lewis school, 243; Salem, 209, 
237; Saugus, 244; Shepard school, 241; 
Tracy school, 242; Whiting school, 243. 

Duchesney, Major L. N., 202, 206, 221. 

Dudley, Joseph (Governor), iiS. 

Duffy, Frank, 246. 

Dugas, A., 237. 

Dullea, Charles, 142, 242; William, 242. 

Dunbar, Everett H., 4, 7, 207, 222, 254. 

Dungeon rock, 159. 



28o 



INDEX, 



Durgin, Fred, 233; Martin, 254. 
Durkee & White, 258. 

W. C, 24S. 

Dushuttle, O. R., 231. 

" Dyehouse village," 9S, 129. 

Dyer, James, 142; Lieut. J. H., 223; E. B., 249. 

Dyson, H. E., 234. 



E 

" Eagle" hand engine, 250. 

veteran fire association, 210, 212, 250. 

Earl building, 217. 

& Martin, restaurant, 260. 

Earle, Louise S., 92. 

Earp, William G., 229. 

Eastham, Henry W., xv, 17, 25, 33, 145, 208,230 
271,273. 

Eaton, George B., 232; George E., 255. 

Eastern avenue school, 93, 100, 218. 

Edwards, Nelson, 142, 242. 

Egg Rock lighthouse, 64. 

Eldredge, W. H., 207, 222. 

Eldridge F I., 140. 

Electric apparatus, manufacture of, 67, 191. 

cars, travel by, 61, 65. 

fountain, 28, 65, 199. 

industry established, 191. 

spring water company, 254. 

works, 64, 66, 191, 216. 

Elks, Lynn lodge of, 217. 

Elliot, D. Weston, 92. 

Ellison, Albert W., 232; Laura A., loi. 

Ellis, Shirley G., 139, 

Elm street school, 103, 204. 

Elmwood avenue chapel, 104, 

Embree, William F., 232. 

Emerson, Abbie, 102; Edgar H., 230; Oscar C, 

231; Philip, 97, 245; Ralph Waldo, 131. 
Emery, William, 142. 
Emmet guards, 209, 211, 233. 
Emory, William P., 250. 
Endicott, Governor, 163. 
English high school, 92, 109, 140, 19S, 240. 

battalion, 207, 211, 240, 260. 

glee club, 93. 

English, Julian H., 228. 
Enterprise laundry, 258. 
Episcopalians in Lynn, 12S. 
Erection City hall, 1S4. 
Erickson, Emil S., 37. 
Estes, Clarence, 20S, 230. 
Euclid avenue school, 103. 
Europeans, settlement by, 69. 
Everett, 226. 
Exchange building, 71. 
Exercises in Lynn theatre, 145. 
Exploring circle. The, 152. 



F 

Fabens building, 217. 

Fadden, Joseph G., 20S, 230. 

Fall River, i, 226. 

Falls block, 21S. 

Families, old, of Lynn, 72, 76, 268. 

of concert singers, 131. 

Faneuil hall, 200. 

Farnham, Clara C, 94. 

Farrar, Rev. J. W., 103. 

Farrell, Henry, 272; Rev.T. J., 236. 

Farnngton, Ellen G., 103. 

Farrow, Maud, 94. 

Farwell, Edna, 241 ; Edith, 244; James T., 207, 
222. 

Father Mathew total abstinence society, 209, 
212, 217, 235. 

Faulkner, Frank J., 219; Walter O., 7, 226, 273. 

Fayette street enginehouse, 219. 

school, 100. 

Fay, William A., 258. 

Fellows, Bertha A., 100. 

Felter, W. R., 229. 

Felt brothers, 252. 

Fen country of England, 113. 

Fenton, Michael A., 7, 227. 

Ferguson, G. T., 140. 

Ferris, Emma G., 103; Everett, 244. 

Field, Edward H., 234; Llewellyn C, 221. 

Fifty years a city (address), 40. 

— of Lynn as a city. The (float), 247. 

Fillmore, President, iSo. 

Finnery, William J., 234. 

Fire apparatus, by whom made and date of con- 
struction, 248, 249. 

Fire, the great (of November, 1SS9), 65, 152, 
158, 192. 

Fireworks, 17, 28, 261, 263. 
First blow for independence, 118. 
city government, descendants of early set- 
tlers in, 174. 

inauguration of, 170. 

clerk of the writs, 113. 

house in Lynn, 106. 

parish meetinghouse, 182. 

postmasters, 113. 

Methodist meetinghouse, 183. 

settlement, 69. 

things and last things (address), 98. 

white child born in Lynn, 106, 113. 

Fisher, Agnes S., 243. 
Fish, Walter C, 216. 
Fiske, Maria C, 103. 
Jitz, Major Andrew, 223. 
Fitzgerald, William, 243. 
Flags, 26, 216, 226. 
Flockton, John A., 230. 
Flora, Lynn's (float), 214. 



INDEX 



3«I 



Flower, Stella, 94. 

Fogg, Bertha G., 100; Hon. E. Knowlton, 19, 

231 ; Ethel G., :oo. 
Folkins, W. E., 140. 
Follett, Alice W., 98. 
Foote, Dennis, 233. 
Ford, S.J., 231. 

Foresters, Mass. Catholic order of, 209, 212, 236. 
Fort hill, 165. 

Sumter, iSi. 

Foss, Effie M.,g6. 

Foster, Rev. A. N., 3^, 41, S2; Cora M., 96; 

George, S6. 
Fourth of July, hour of bellringing, 28. 
Fowler, Parker, 2:0, 251. 
Foye, Merritt, 262. 
Framingham, i. 
France, exactions of, 166. 
Franklin street school, 103. 
Eraser, C. M , 210, 251 ; E. B., S. 
Frazier, ClaraJ., 97; Eugene B., 226; William 

A., 22S; William H., 23. 
Frederick, Mrs. Mabel, 252. 

French Canadian parish, parochial school in, 56. 

French, Elmer E., 20S, 230; Hartwell S., 262, 
272. 

Friendship, the lesson of (float), 234. 

Friends' meetinghouse, 64, 123. 

Frizzell, Mabel R., 9S. 

Frost, Margery, 242. 

Fry, Gen. Charles C, v, xv, 5, 6, 17, 24, 145, 202, 
203, 205, 214, 219, 220, 271. 

Fugitive slave law, 86, iSo, 1S5. 

Fuller block, 217. 

Full, Rev. William, 34, 41, S3. 

Fulton, Robert, 245. 

Future of the city. The (sermon), 36. 

Furbush, Frederick F., 251. 

6 

Galeucia, Alice A., gS, 103. 
Gammon, Maud G., 103. 
Gardiner, Beardsell & Co., 253. 

Stella, 241 ; Thomas W., 7, 227, 253. 

Garfield tea company, 255. 

Gartside, George A., 206, 222. 

Gas, illuminating, 64, 176. 

Gaudette, T., 237. 

Gay, Frank, 231 ; H. A., 207, 222; Mace, 234. 

Gedney, Bartholomew, 121. 

General electric company, 191, 245, 255. 

General orders, 203, 205. 

George street school, 103, 104. 

George tavern on Boston neck, 115. 

Giffen, William, 237. 

Gihon, Lieut. -Col. Edward J., 223. 

Gillespie, Col., saddle used by, 232. 



Gill, James D., 229. 

Glasure, E. H., 231. 

Glenmere, 95, 24S. 

Gloucester, i, 226. 

Glover, Walter, 242. 

Goat in the procession, 231. 

Goldfish pond, 22, 28, 261. 

Goldman, Grace, 245. 

Goldsmith, Lieut. George H., 223. 

Goldthwait. C. L., 140; J. Forrest, 209, 240. 

Goodrich, Moses F., 92; Philip, 92, 140, 141. 

Goodridge, Charles S., 219, 223, 271 ; Capt. Henry 

B., 92. 
Goodwin, Benjamin A., 224, 271 ; William H., 

228. 
Gordon, Carrie L., 103, 219; Edna, 244. 
Gove, G. L., 210, 251. 
Gowell, Louise, 21S; William H., 247. 
Gowen, Grace A., 103. 
Grady, John P., 221. 
Graham, Lieut. E. T., 223; George H., 207, 222. 

Grand Army of the Republic, 28, 1S2, 207, 211, 
213, 217, 22S. 

Grandison, Benjamin, 242. 

Grandmaison, Joseph, 237. 

Granger, Lewis W.. 90. 

Grant, Andrew, 234; Urban I., 234. 

Graves, Albert, 242; Fred, 242; Marjory, 242; 
Joseph R., 210, 251. 

Great Britain, 60. 

Green, Caroline B., loo; Henry H., 273; J. S. 
L., 210, 251 ; Mary E., loi ; Samuel H., 206, 
218, 222; Wyer, 242. 

Greenberg, Ida, 245. 

Greene, Henry T., 207, 222; Lola A., 94; Rev. 
Dr. Roscoe L., 41 ; Rufus F., 221. 

Greenlaw, Frank M., 92. 

Greenleaf, E. B., 252. 

Greenwood, James, 243. 

Greeting from Maynard, 262. 

Griffin, E. A., 234; John J., 233; Thomas, 20S, 
230. 

Grimston, George O., 25S. 

Groesbeck, Edward P., 20S, 230; Mrs. Edward 

P-. 2SS- 
Grover, Charles S., 95; E. W., 229; Henry, 

250, 272. 
Grow, Leonard, 242; Dr. T. R., 239. 
Growth toward God (sermon), 42. 
Gruch, Charles H., 239. 
Gunn, Marie, 245; Samuel G., 7, 224. 



Haddock, Rev. F. C, 40. 
Haines, Joseph W., 273. 
Hale, Miss Lena, 206, 221. 

Hall, D. C, 139; Hon. John O., 226; Mrs. 
Walter, 206, 221 ; Vivian, 245. 



>S2 



INDEX. 



Hall of Paul and Ellis Newhall, iS^. 

Hamburg, Abram, 142. 

Ham, Frank P., 206, 321 ; William, 207, 222. 

Hamilton, Elsie E., 102. 

Hamson, R. M., 247. 

Hancock, John (Governor), 114. 

Hand engines, 250. 

" Hannah at the Window, Binding Shoes," 

poem, 70, 92, 135. 
Hannawin, Rev. Francis, 236. 
Hanson, L. W., 20S, 230. 
Hardy, George, 236. 
Hare, Capt. Charles H., 206, 221. 
Harmon street school, 104. 
Harney, John M., 141, 22S. 
Harraden, C. A., 249. 
Harriman, Charles E., 250. 
Harrington, Rev. John C, 21, 104. 
Harris, Aaron, 241 ; T. A., 248. 
Hart, Hon. George D., 145, 227; R. G., 140; 
Hon. Thomas N., 226; Waldo L., 239. 

house, 114. 

Hartnett, Katherine L., 102; Mary E., loi. 

Hartshorn, J. H. H., 2c6, 221. 

Harvard college, 115. 

Harvey, Major John M., 221. 

Harwood, Hon. Charles E., 4, 145, 225, 272; 

Hon. George F., 8, 203, 223, 273. 
Hastings, Charles H., 4, 5, 203, 226; "V. Mar- 
guerite, viii. 
Haskell, Bertha F., loi ; C. H., 239; H. M., 

141; Mabelle W., 104. 
Haskins, Carl, 241. 

Haven, Joseph, 246; Michael P., 206, 221. 
Haverhill, 227, 231. 
Hawaii, 59, 245, 
Hawkes, Hon. Nathan Mortimer, 4,98, 113, 127, 

272. 
Hawks, Dr. Esther H., 102. 
Hayward, Fred, 90; George E., 247. 
Haywood, Chas. E., Esq., 224; Dr. George W., 

S, 140. 
Hayes, Hon. Elihu B., 145, 225, 273; Eugene 
B., 206, 221; James, 233; John A., 206, 
221. 
Hay, Henry E., 22S; John F., 28; William H., 

256. 
Hayter, Charles, 242. 
Heald, Amory, 217. 
Healey, Oscar A., 237. 
Hearan, Frank H., 256. 
Heath, Mary L., 104. 
Hebert, Placide, 237. 
HefFernan, John P., 251. 
Hennessey, Frank A., 236; Lieut. William H., 

202, 205, 219. 
Heme, J. J., 239. 
Herrick, Fred W,, 273; Leslie, 242. 



Hewes, Rosamond, 96, 100. 

Heys, John J., 7, 141, 227. 

Hibbard, George A., 229. 

Hibbs, A. W., 210, 251. 

Hibernians, Ancient order of, 209, 211, 212, 233, 

234- 
Hicks, John W., 239. 
Highland school, 102. 
High masses, 35, 38, 42, 53. 
High rock, 28, 44, 69, 73,91, 153, 154, 199, 200, 

219. 
Higgins, Hon. George C, 14S, 225, 272; Mat- 
thew, 20S, 230. 
High schoolhouse, 65, 78, SS, 107, 219, 260. 
High schools, iS, 27, 92, 105, 13S, 140, 240. 
Hill, C. H., 20S, 230; Daniel, 249; F. M., 229; 
George B., 207, 222; G. W., 247; James, 8, 
227; John, 242; Josephine R., 104; Ralph, 
244. 
Hiller, Edward L., 27; W. I., 249. 
Hilliker, Capt. Charles T., 222; Lucy E., 95; 

Sarah T., 95. 
Hilliard, R. E., 206, 221. 

& Co., 252. 

Hilton, Charles S., 272. 
Historical society, Lynn, 3, 4, 20, 65, 126. 
Hitchings, James W., 7; Ezra (early postmas- 
ter), 113. 
Hodgdon, Edwin, 23S. 
Hodge, May C, 104. 
Hodges, Frank D., 209, 240. 
Hodgson, C. W., 245. 

Hoffmann, Anton B., 252. 

Hogan, Martin J., 233. 

Hoitt, Capt. A. J., 206, 222; James W., 22S. 

Holden, J. Florence, loi; William C, 92. 

Holland, Rev. Father, 38. 

Hollis, Alonzo, 22S. 

Holman, C. E., 239. 

Holmes, John A., 231 ; Nathan H., 22S. 

Holt, Frank E., 206, 221 ; Rev. Frank M., 37. 

Holyoke, Edward (early settler), 113. 

Home for aged women, Lynn, 191. 

life of Lynn, The (sermon), 41. 

Honors, W. H., 247. 

Hood, Hon. George, 27, 86, 116, 172, 174, 180, 
218, 264; H. P., 8, 227; Robin, 141. 

H. P. & Sons, 258. 

school, 100, 218. 

Hook, Hiram, 256. 

Hooper, Frank C, 208, 230. 

Horgan, Nora J., 104. 

Horse railroad, 175. 

Hosker, William, 208, 230. 

Hospitality, 17, 218, 259. 

Hospital, Lynn, 64, 191. 

Hotel, Grand Central, 202, 2O0. 

Seymour, 202, 21S. 



INDEX. 



^83 



Houghton, Capt. George C, v, xv, xiv, 17, 25, 
145, 206, 216, 222, 271; Jennie C, 92; John 
C, 9S, 117. 

horticultural society, 99. 

House, A. B., 90. 

Howard, Bert, 243; Mildred G., 243. 

Howe, Elias, 15c, 179. 

Hudson (town of), 231. 

(C. \V.) oil company, 257. 

Levi, 20S, 230. 

Humphrey, Clarence B., 239; Elmer E., 20S, 
230. 

Hunt, Anna M., 95; C. X. P., 206, 322; D. 
Gage, 235, 262; Lillian M., 104; Nellie B., 
103. 

Hurdy-gurdy, 142. 

Hurfurth, Paul, 231. 

Huse, Charles \V., 225, 271. 

Hussey, Mabel F., 95; Maud A., loa. 

Hutchinson family of singers, 131. 

George P., 231 ; G. W., 24S; John W., 41, 

94, 131; Thomas (Governor), 115, iiS; Wil- 
liam Henry, 257. 

lumber company, The, 257. 

Hyde, E. V., 207, 222; Harold, 94, 242. 



Ideal city. The (sermon), 83. 

Illinois leather company, 9S. 

Indian deeds, 114, 121, 164. 

Indians, 58, 121, 232. 

Indian woman, legend of, 132. 

Ingalls, Alfred \V., 229; Charles H., 250; 

Francis (first settler), 66, 163; Edmund 

(first settler), 163; Edwin W., 5, 219, 226; 

Mary M., 94. 

avenue school, 100. 

school, 93, 21S, 242. 

schoolhouse, dedicated, 64. 

Ingraham, P., 232. 
Ingram, John, 102, 232, 271. 
Integrity of city governments, 192. 
Intelligence and religion fundamental in the 

life of a republic (sermon), 37. 
Intoxicating liquors, xvi. 
Inventions, 1S7. 
Invitations, 17, 26. 
Invocation, 146. 
Irish, Clayton S., 22S. 
Iron molders' union, 209, 212, 237, 238. 

works, 66, 130, 169. 

Item building, 217. 
new, 217. 



Jackson, Charles S., 92; Charles T., 22S; 
George H., 224, 271 ; James B., 227; J. M., 
139; Mae, 94; Major, 114. 



Jackson street school, 100, 21S. 

Jacobs, Harry, 241 ; Henry R., 225, 271 ; H. M., 
239; R. H., 140. 

Jacques, Aroline, 241. 

Jeffers, William, 250. 

Jefts, L. C, 231. 

Jenkins, James E., 272. 

Jewels of the third plantation (float), 244. 

Johnson, A. Jus, 7, 203, 218,226; Annie M., 95; 
Benjamin (early Methodist), 71, 127; Ben- 
jamin N. (orator), 4, iS, 35, 1^5, 146, 161, 
224; Clarence, 143, 242; David N., SS, 95, 
iSo; Edgar J., 258; Edward (^Wonder- 
Worhing Providence), 117; Mrs. Edwin, 
216; Hattie F., loi ; H. M., 141 ; Rev. J. A., 
39; Rev. Joseph, 36; Luther S., 35; S. H., 
248; Rev. Tillman B., 23, 32, 40. 

Jones, George S., 239; James A., 231; W. D. 
H., 227. 

Jordan, C. S., 248. 

Joyal, Antoine, 236. 

Joyce, E. A., 237; Patrick, 233. 



Kane, William F., 235. 

Keefe, Cornelius, 256; John, 251. 

Keenan, Michael F., 236. 

Keith, Herbert, 242. 

Kellam, M. E., 256. 

Kelley, C. I., 206, 221 ; Ella, 244; John J., 233, 
234; Joseph N., 208, 230; Leo, 242; Thomas 
A., 216; Warren O., 256; W. H.,24S; Wil- 
liam A., 236; Dr. Zenas C, 217. 

Kendrick, Clarence, 249. 

Kenerson, Asa J., 255. 

Kennedy, Owen, 207, 222; James, 243. 

Kenney, Owen, 228. 

Kent, Dr. E. A., 140; S.Henry, 7, 206, 221, 223, 
272. 

Keroyd, Vincent A., 236. 

Kershaw, \V. L., 140. 

Kertland, Philip, 66, 70, 76, 156, 177. 

Kevill, Owen, 251. 

Kiley, Thomas, 235; Timothy J., 236. 

Kimball, Caroline F., 102; Maria F., 96; Lieut. 
Martin L., 90, 233; Mary H., 97; Rufus, 
225, 271, 273; Ward, 210, 251. 

King, Alicia C, 104. 

King's Lynn, 19, 20, 69. 

Kirkpatrick, F. B., 139. 

Knapp, Capt. Chas. W., 206, 221. 

Kneeboards, 76. 

Knight, Charles (historian), nS; Rev. Frank- 
lin, 102; Thomas B., 4, 7, 226. 

Knights of Malta, 209, 212, 217, 239. 

of Pythias, 209, 212, 217, 219, 234. 

of the Golden Eagle, 209, 212, 217, 235. 

Knowles, S. Parker, 207, 222. 



284 



INDEX. 



Know-nothingism, 56. 

Knox, W. H., 239. 

Knuepfer, Albin, 251. 

Kunkshamooshaw, David and Abigail, -268. 



Labor troubles, 1S8. 

LaCroix, Edward W., 7,2-26; William, 216, 262, 

272. 
Ladies of chief marshal's st'.ift", i\(s. 
Lafayette, General, 236. 
Laighton bank, 176. 

street school, 103, 219. 

Thomas, 5S, 62. 

Lamphier, Marcia A., 92. 

Lancaster, Major John E., 2^j. 

Lancy, John, jr., 206, 221. 

Lang, John S., 235. 

Langworthy, Laura M., 99. 

Langevin, \V., 237. 

Lapointe, Antoine, 237. 

Larcom, Lucy, 70, 135. 

Larkin, Martha M., 96. 

Last of the Saugus tribe. The, 132. 

Laskey, VV. B., 210, 251. 

Lasselle, Elmer, 242. 

Laughlin, Alice, 94. 

Lawrence, Almina, 244; Charles A., viii, 87; 

Rt. Rev. William (bishop of Massachu- 
setts), 23, 33, 43. 

(city of), 202, 231. 

Lawrie, C. W., 250. 

Lawton, Thomas, 141. 

Leach, Frank, 245; R. W., 140,2-29; W. E., 239. 

Leake, Francis, 256. 

Lear, Tobias, 114. 

Leek, Elizabeth S., loi. 

Lecolst, Mary, 241. 

Lee Hall building, 71, 12S. 

Jesse (early Methodist preacher), 71, 127; 

Josiah R., 22S. 
Leiand, George I., 251. 
Lamp, Lillie, 245. 
Length of the procession, 220. 
Leonard, George J., 227 271 ; Dr. 'Henry P., 206, 

219,222; Hubert, 94, 242; Hon. James F., 227. 
Leslie, Robert, 7. 
Letter carriers' relief association, 207,211, 229, 

230. 
Leveque, Rev. F., 237. 
Lewis, Alonzo, 27, 116, 132, 134, 167, 177, 178; 

Colin C, 206, 222; Lieut. H. 'Bradford, 221 ; 

Hon. Jacob M., 145, 218, 225; William H., 

18, 146, 149, 224; William J. ,232. 

school, c5, 141, 142,243. 

Lexington, 64, 166, 171, 181. 

Libbey, A. Florence, 102; EUery C, 235; 

Eugene M., 228; W. E., 207, 222. 



Library, 6, 64, 65, 67, 79, %%, 117, 151, 158, 194, 
212, 215, 

old reading-room of, 28, 260. 

Lincoln, President, message to, 181. 

Lindsey, William, 238. 

Linnehan, Edward, 245. 

Linnell, Herbert, 244. 

Linsenmeyer, John, 241. 

Litchfield, Martha T., 103. 

Literary selections in school exercises, 132. 

Little, Hon. D. M., 226; Capt. Philip, 223; Dr. 
William B., 262, 272. 

Littlefield, Lieut. G. C, 222; H. G., 251; Wil- 
liam B., 7, 251, 273. 

& Plummer, 253. 

Livingston, Isabel C. R., 92. 

Locke, Charles H., 199. 

Lodge, Hon. Henry Cabot, 19. 

Logan, Henry F., 235. 

Lomasney, David J., 251; Edward, 244. 

Longfellow, Henry W. (poet), 67, 134. 

Longley, F. L., 2io, 251. 

Looney, Daniel T., 233; John, 233. 

Lord, Andrew, 252; George F., S; Lizzie S., 
104. 

Lothrop, Mrs. E. F., 219. 

Lougee, Herbert E., 249. 

Lovejoy, C. H., 210, 251 ; C. F., 229. 

Lovell, Dr. C. D. S., 216. 

Lovering, C. O., 24S; Hon. Henry B., 145, 227. 

Lover's leap spring water company, 255. 

Lowe, Clinton, 242. 

Lowell, 63, 173, 231. 

Luddy & Currier, 254. 

Lummus, Edward, 241; Henry T., 100, 126; 
Lucinda M., 102. 

Luncheon, 259. 

Lurvey, Samuel S., 90, 222. 

Lurvey's orchestra, 38. 

Lyceum hall, xvi, 55, 85, 86, 130, 170, 173, 176, 180. 

Lydon, Flora B., 100. 

Lynch, Catherine M., loo; Gertrude, 99. 

Lynn academy, 12S. 

Lynnfield, 63, 73, iii, 155, 174, 1S6. 

church, 127. 

street school, 103. 

Lynn enlightening the world (float), 245. 

gas and electric company, 6, 27, 218. 

growth of, by self-development, 65. 

in four wars (float), 244. 

light infantry, 22S. 

Regis, England — See King''s Lynn. 

the metropolis of Essex county, 66. 

veteran firemen's association, 210. 

Lynn's best product (float), 243. 

flora (float), 241. 

wonderful half-century (sermon), 58. 

Lyons, Otis, 245. 



INDEX. 



28= 



M 

Macaulay (historian), 61. 
Macdonald, J. C, 239. 
Macnair, John, 21S. 
Madden, J. H., 229. 
Magrane, P. B., 21S, 25S, 2J2. 
Maloney, Thomas F., 233; Rev. Father, 54. 
Maiden, i, 139, 231. 
Maloon, Lieut. E. A., 222. 
Manchester, Theodore A., 22S. 
Mangan, Anna B., 102. 
Manila bay, Battle of (painting), 217. 
Mank, M. B., 207, 222. 
Manning, Louis, 245. 
Mann, John S., 228. 

Mansfield, Albert E., 20S, 230; Dan., 244; Eme- 
line, 19. 

Warren, house, 253. 

Manual training and its results (float), 240. 

school, 26. 

Marblehead, i, 65, 66, 154, 174. 
Markee, O. J., 20S, 230. 
Marlor, Eugene, xv, 17, 145, 224, 271. 
Maroney, Agnes T., 97; Mary J., 100. 
Marrinan, Thomas H., 250. 
Marsh, Frank A. E., 229. 

George E. & Co., 258. 

Stephen S., 7, 224, 273. 

Marston, Ralph E., 209, 240. 

Masonic headquarters, 219. 

Martin, Augustus B., 35; J. J., 210, 251; Louis, 

237- 
Master Batchelder's school, 96. 

King, 117. 

King's school, (fi. 

King's schoolboys, 19, 210, 212, 245, 246. 

Matanzas, 91. 

Matthews, Thomas, i^^. 

Maxfield, E. A., 227. 

Maxwell, Bertha, 241 ; Fannie M., 100; Henry 

W., 271. 
May, Adolph, 23S. 

Mayflower, Compact signed in cabin of, 120. 
Mayland, Dr. George L., 140. 
May, L. A. & Co., 258. 
Maynard, 262. 

Ella F., 98. 

Mayo, F. D., 207, 222; Harry K., 207, 222. 

McAlevy, George, 241. 

McAuliffe, John, 242. 

McBrien, Richard, 231. 

McCafferty, Etta, loo; Rev. J. J., 53, 246. 

McCann, Matthew, xv, 7, 206, 221, 271. 

McCarthy, Eugene L., 235; John, 244; John B., 

236, 272; Rev. W. J., 42, 236. 
McCartney, R. J., 237. 
McCarty, John F., 8, 226. 
McClearn, Stuart F., 229. 



McClennan, William K., 208, 230. 

McCurdy, J. H., 140. 

McDonald, J. A., 139. 

McDonough, S. Walter, 225, 271. 

McElraan, Charles, 20S, 230. 

McFarlane, William H., 206, 221. 

McGarvey, William, 244. 

McGilvray, Grace, 244. 

McGlue, H. R., 206, 221. 

McGovern, L. P., 139, 140, 229. 

McHugh, Bridget, 100. 

Mclntire, Margaret, 104. 

Mclver, Jean B., 92. 

McKay machine, 150, 179. 

McKeen, Emily E., 104. 

McKennon, Fred A., 20S, 230. 

McKenzie, Cora A., 95; Talmage, 242. 

McKeon, Mrs. E. F., 252. 

McKinley, President, 19. 

McLaughlin, A. W., 210, 251. 

McLeod, Charles K., 90; N. J., 20S, 230. 

McMahan, Viola, 244. 

McManus, Patrick, 233, 

McMurdy, Rev. D. B., 41. 

McPherson, Dr. Frederick W., 234. 

McPhetres, George H., 250. 

McRobbie, Mollie, 244; Karl, 244. 

Meader, Alice E., 102; Effie M., 92. 

Medford, 28. 

Mee, Robert, 249. 

Melden, William R., 262, 272. 

Mellon, Bertha, 244. 

Melrose, i, 139. 

Memorial day, 157. 

Menu, 259. 

Merchant, Hon. George F., 226. 

Merchants' association, Lynn, 3, 4. 

Merrifield, Julius F., 251. 

Merrill, Albert R., 7, 226; C. W., 229; W. Har- 
vey, 229; Rev. William C, 24, 39, 40, 104; 
Capt. W. M., 206, 221. 

Merritt, Charles, 86. 

Message to President Lincoln, iSi. 

Metcalf,John C, 228. 

Methodists in Lynn, 63, 71, 127, 171. 

Metivier, Joseph, 237. 

Mexican war, iSi. 

Miars, Mary E., 103. 

Middleton, George H., 209, 240. 

Miller, Isabelle H., 104; John, 251; Dr. N. R., 
207, 322; William, 27, 208, 230. 

Milton blue hills, 154. 

" Minute-men of '61," 22S. 

Missud, Jean M., 232. 

Mitchell, Eben A., 207, 222; Dr. J., 233. 

" Mizpah " shoe, 253. 

Moll Pitcher, 159. 

foretelling the glory of Lynn (tioat), 241. 



zS6 



INDEX, 



Montgomery, J. D., viii, 99. 

Moody, Arthur F., 229; B.Frank, 250; Dwight 

L., S4. 
Moore, Anna L., 97; Francis T., 219; Frank, 

221. 
Moral significance of the city, The (sermon), 34. 

transitions of the half-century, 61. 

Moran, Gertrude, 94; M. Florence, 9S. 
Morocco leather, manufacture of, 1S7. 
Morrill, H. B , 237; Mildred, 244. 
Morrow, E. J., 237; John R., 199, 306, 221. 
Morse, Arthur, 245; F. O., 239; Harold, 241; 

J. F., 229; Mary I., loi. 
Moses, Edith, 241. 
Mottoes of carpenters' union, 237. 
Moulton, Kate R., viii; Sarah H., 97; \V. B., 

251, 262. 
Mowatt, F. A., 23S. 

Mt. Vernon street, burned district of, 217. 
Muckian, James J., 235; John, 20S, 230, 235. 
Mudge, Dr. Arthur B., S, 227; Benjamin, 86, 

171; Benjamin F., 171; Frank, 242; Rev. 

Enoch, 127, 12S; Enoch Redington, 12S; 

Wallace O., 25 (, 262. 
MuUiken, Samuel (early postmaster), 113. 
Mullin, P. Archer, 210, 351. 
Mulryan, Harriet L., 103. 
Murphy, Frederick S., 209, 240; John J., 20S, 

230; Martin H., 221; M. J., 139; Richard 

v., 206, 222. 
Murray, Major Freeman, 22S; George H., 237; 

Michael C, 256; P. H., 234. 
Myers, Hon. James J., 19, 203, 223. 
Myrtle street school, 104. 
Mysterious cycle days of New England, 117. 

N 

Nador, Ira P., 257. 

Nahant, 17, 19, 63,69, 70,73, iii, 114, 150, 154, 
iSS. 1S6. 

the sale of (float), 233. 

Nantasket, 154. 

Nantucket, 63. 

" Napthol" soap, 25S. 

National biscuit company, The, 252. 

" Native Land, United Land," 147. 

Naumkeag bay, 156. 

Neal, Elmer E., 20S, 230; Hon. Peter M., 102, 
14S, 153, 184, 225; William E., 8, 226. 

Needham, Albert, iS, 146, 149, 224; Thomas, 234. 

Nelson, Henry, 237; John H., 21, 95, 227; Mae, 
244; Robert, 242. 

New Bedford, i, 63, 173. 

Newburyport, i, 139, 231. 

Newhall, A. B., 240; Mrs. Annie P., 100; Hon. 
Asa T., 93, 105, 145, 225; Asa T. (senior), 
171; Charles H.,273; Clara, 244; Cornelia, 
97; Edna W., 241; Edward S., 245; Mrs. 



E. H., 2c6, 221 ; Elmer B., 209, 240; Frances 
II., 98; George H., 101; George P., 247; 
Harrison, iS, 146, 149, 224; Henry, 171; 
Howard Mudge, 4, 7, 74, go, 96, 103, 126, 
225; Israel Augustus, 99; Hon. James R., 
vii, xvi, 167; Lizzie, 242; Paul and Ellis 
(hall of), 184; Philip A., 262, 272; Sarah 
A., 99; Thomas, 113; W. H., 229. 

Newman, Charles E., 23^. 

Newspapers, acknowledgment to, vii. 

editorial comments from, 265. 

reports of, vii. 

reporters of, 260. 

Boston Advertiser, 6, 267 ; Boston Globe, 

6, 27; Boston Herald, 6; Boston yournal, 
6,265; Boston i?<:c-orrf, 6, 266; Boston /"os/, 
6, 267; Boston Tranacripi, 6; Boston 
Traveler, 6; Brockton Enterprise, 267; 
Brockton Times, 266; Essex County Re- 
publican, viii, 6; Lawrence Telegram, 266; 
Lynn Item, 6, 137; Lynn Nezus, 6; Lynn 
Review, 6; Lynn Times, 6; Maiden A'iftw, 
266; Milford yournal, 265; Newburyport 
Herald, 265 ; Newburyport News, 265 ; 
Taunton Gazette, 266; Worcester Spy, 267; 
Worcester Telegram, 265; Wakefield Item, 
266. 

Nichols, Bessie F., 102; Hon. Charles C, 226; 
Fred H., 229; George N., 350; John, 171; 
Thomas P., 251, 273. 

Nicholson, Elizabeth E., 104; Marianna, 98. 

Niles, Frank O., 245. 

Norman, Ethel, 99. 

de Normandie, Sarah T., 92. 

Norris, Fred L., 232. 

Northrup, W. S., 247. 

Nourse, Gertrude H., 206, 221 ; Sergt. H. P., 
222. 

Nutter, Corinne H., 99. 

Nye, Harry Ashton, 74. 

Nyquist, Deacon A. L., 39. 

O 

Oakwood avenue school, 100. 

O'Brien, Rev. Father, 54; Isabelle Dorothea, 

iS, 19S, 206, 221 ; John, 19S, 244; M. E., 140. 
Oceanside, 202. 
Odd Fellows' hall, East Lynn, 22, 13S. 

• Market street, 22, 55, 137, 170, 217. 

West Lynn, 22, 137, 216. 

Odd Fellows, Independent order of, 42, 20S, 211, 

230, 231, 232. 
Odlin, James E., Esq., 224. 

O'Flaherty, Rev. Father, 54; Katherine F., 103. 
O'Keefe, Daniel J., 234; Elizabeth A., 96. 
" O Land Beloved," 160. 
Olcut, William, 20S, 230. 
Old bowery, 71. 



INDEX, 



387 



Oldest brick church in Lynn, 12S. 
Old man's walk, 159, 

post-office, 176. 

road between Lynn and Boston, 130. 

Robert Ramsdell shoe shop, 253. 

Oldtime shoe shop, 75. 

Old Tunnel meetinghouse, 64, 82, 126, 159, 164, 

1S3, 1S6. 
Oliver, L. M., 234 ; Walter, 242. 
O'Meara, Frank, 245. 
O'Neil, Mattie F., 102. 
One hundredth anniversary, xiii, 99. 
Ontario street school, 104. 
Onslow, Sir Arthur, 115. 
Oration, 161. 
Orne, Martha R., 94. 
Osborne, William, 7, 227, 253. 

& Co., 256. 

Osgood, Lieut. Frederick H., 221 ; Rev. George 

VV.,39. 
Our city's golden jubilee (poem), 100. 
Our fair city and her daughters (float), 243. 
Ouse river, 69. 
Owen, Bernard W., 99, 216. 
Owens, J. G., 249. 



Packard, Capt. P. F., 223. 

Page, Green, 171. 

Paige, Otis L., 233. 

Pain pyrotechnic company, 263. 

Palfrey, John Gorham (historian), 117; War- 
wick, iS, 146, 149, 224. 

Palmer, C. R., 229; C. W., 22S; Capt. H. E., 
262. 

Para rubber cement company, 252. 

Parent, Charles, 237; Rev. Jean B., 38,237. 

Parker, Horace, 22S; John L., 229; Samuel A., 
247; S. B., 141 ; S. H., 229. 

Parochial schools, 2t, 99, 104. 

school supported by public funds, 127. 

Parrott, C. S., 24S; Emma, 103; Grace L., 102; 
Isaiah H., 171. 

street school, 101 ; 218. 

Parry, H. O., 210, 251; W. T., 210, 251. 

Parsons, Charles E., 226, 272; Edgar, 217; 
Sally, loi ; Starr, Esq., 262, 272. 

Parton, James (historian), 131. 

Partridge, Otis, 249. 

Patten, Frank W., 207, 222. 

Patterson, Joseph T., 251. 

Paul, Maria E., 98. 

Pay row, H. L., 229. 

Peabody, Fred T., 232. 

(town of), 28, 65. 

Peach, Gen. Benj. F., Jr., 204, 21S; Fred C, 206, 
222; Lieut. H. R , 233; S. B., 249. 

Pearson, Edward H., 219; John B., 231. 



Peck, Col. Walter S., 222. 

Penney, Charles F., 99, 225, 271 ; Walter, 225, 

22S, 271. 
Penny brook, 159. 
Pentathlon, 27. 
Pepperell, 250. 
Pequot war, :8i. 
Percival, Dr. B. W., 139. 
Perkins, Lieut. F. S., 223; William A., 92. 
Perry, George W., 20S, 230; Henrie J., 22S; 

Herbert, 242; Joseph, 207, 222; Lieut. W. 

H., 207, 232. 
Peterson, J. F.,229; J. J., 140. 
Petroleum, Discovery of, 60. 
Pettingell, F. L., 206, 221. 
Pevear, E. S., 207, 222; Henry A., 273. 
Phelan, James, 216. 
Philbrick, Frank T., 232. 
Philippines, 59, 64, 91, 255. 
Phillips, C. E., 248; Earl, 242; Ernest, 241; 

Wendell, 131. 
Phips, Sir William (governor), 124. 
Physicians' fees, in. 
Pickering school, 97, 103, 244. 
Pierce, H. I., 210, 251; Nellie E., 100; Sarah 

M.,95; W. H., 21S. 
Pike, James NT., 7, 226; William E., 232. 
Pilling, Stella, 241. 
Pine Grove cemetery, 40, 64, in, 254. 
Pinkham, Bessie M., 97; Charles H., 35,272; 

Edward W., 7, 224; Isaiah, 250, 272. 
E. W. & Son, 357. 

(Lydia E.) medicine company, 254. 

Pitkin, Carlos A., 250. 

Pitman, Samuel C, 171. 

Pitts, N. W., 250. 

Plummer, Annie E., 96; George H., 217. 

Plymouth rock, 69. 

Post-office, 64. 

clerks, 207, 230. 

Postmaster, 113, 229. 
Preble, A. G., 24S. 
Prentiss, R. W., 240. 
Prescott block, 220. 

E. J., 222. 

Presley, D., 239. 

Press agency, 6. 

Preston, Carrie, 241. 

Prime, O. A.,24S. 

Principles of first settlers, 167. 

Pritchard, R., 140. 

Procession, arrangements, 24, 25, 26; marshals 
appointed, 17, 25; invitation to organiza- 
tions to parade, 24, 25; route, 31, 214; gen- 
eral orders concerning, 203,205; organiza- 
tion, 203, 204; start, 215; review and dis- 
missal, 220; length, 220. 

Proctor, Hon. George O., 226. 



288 



INDEX. 



Programme of celebration, 30. 

first draft of, 3. 

souvenir, viii, 29. 

Progressive city of shoes, The (sermon), 74. 
Protestant denominations established in Lynn, 

63- 
Point of pines, 69. 
Poland, J. F., 249. 
Police, 204, 260. 

station 2 (Centre street), 216. 

Pool, James C, 209, 240; J. F., 251. 

Poole, M. A., 229. 

Pomeroy, Lena M., 100. 

Popular airs played by the bands, 90. , 

Population, 59, 63, 65, 70, 149, 174, 192. 

Porter, Annah G., 102; C. F., 140; C. H., 229; 

J. O., Jr., 210, 251 ; Thomas F., 224. 
Portland, Frank B., 216. 
Porto Rico, 59, 245. 
Pote, Henry, 140. 

Potter, Albert G., 253; William, 242. 
Powell, Lieut. John F., 223. 
Power, D. B. H. & Co., 256. 
Powers, Lucy M., 100. 
Pullman, Rev. Dr. James M., 34, 35, 21S. 
Puritans, persecution of, 120. 
Putnam, Eugene A., 4, 219; Herbert F.,91, 240. 
Putnam's Sth regiment orchestra, 261. 
Putney, Miss F. W., 206, 221. 
Pythian hall building, 217. 
sisterhood, 217. 



Quinby, W. C, 255. 
Quincy, 226. 
Quinlan brothers, 252. 
Quinn, C. J., 247. 

R 

Raddin, George W., 171 ; Lulie, 245. 

Railroads, 61, 64, 65, 175. 

Ramsdell, Carolyn E., 94; Robert (old shoe 

shop), 253; Hon. Waller L., v, viii, 94, 145, 

225. 
Randlett, Joseph C, 202, 271. 
Randolph, Edward, 114, 121, 164. 
Ranger, Pearl, 244. 
Raymond, Arthur, 242; Haltie A., 99. 
Ray, Thomas, 247; Walter E., 249. 
Ready (T.J.) company, 256. 
Reardon, Timothy J., 235. 
Reception, 203, 262. 
Red Men, Improved order of, 20S, 209, 211, 232, 

233- 
Red Rock street school, loi. 
Reed, Fred A., 257; F. Percy, 234; James, 247, 

250; M. Alice, 103; S. H., 24S. 



Reid, Myra C, 104. 

Religion and liberty guarding the children of 

Lynn (float), 246. 

in Lynn, 71. 

Renton (J. B.) heel company, 253. 
Resolutions against British taxation, 86. 

denouncing fugitive slave law, 86. 

Retail clerks' association, 209. 

button of the (float), 23S. 

Revere, 154. 

Reviewing stand, 220. 

Reynolds, Bertha W., 99; Chester, 242; H. W., 

239; Jennie F., 102; Lillian, 241. 
Rhodes block, 220. 

G. H., 210, 251 ; Jessie C, 95. 

Richardson, A. A., 249; Annie L., 102; Fred 

E., 232; Herbert H., 225, 271 ; H. K., 229; 

Kate R., 102. 
Richards, Perry, 242. 
Rich, James E., 225, 271. 
Rippon, Fred, 142,242. 
Roberts, Edward M., 249; Hon. Ernest W., 19; 

John B., 235; John H., 247; W. F.,207, 222, 

2S4- 
Robertson, Sergt. Alex., 222 ; Lieut. Robert, 222. 
Robie, George H., 4. 
Robinson, C. H., 139; David L, 239; Fred, 249; 

James (early postmaster), 113. 

street school, 104. 

Rogers, Lillian, 94; Martha A., 96; Joseph, 244. 

Rolfe, Charles E., 4. 

Roman catholics in Lynn, 35, 36, 42, 49, 53-57, 

65, 128. 
Root, Frederick P., 209, 240. 
Ropes, Lieut. C. F., 223. 
Ross, Rev. Albion H., 35. 
Rounseville, Eben, 234. 
Rourke, Annie F., 99; Minnie G., 99. 
Rowell, Joseph M., iS, 117, 145, 149, 224; Wini- 

fred, 241 ; Winslow J., 251, 262. 
Rowley, Thomas F., 22S. 
Roxbury, 173. 
Royal family of Lynn, 116. 
Ruby milk farm, 255. 
Rukie, A. E., 239. 
Russell, Edward, 234; Eugene D., 92, 141; 

Grace L., 99; Joseph M., 221. 
Ryan, Mary A., 101 ; Thomas, 14; . 



Saddle used in Banks' raid, 232. 

Sadler, Richard, first clerk of the writs, 113. 

Salem, 28, 63, 65, 130, 173, 174, 175, 226, 255. 

Salter, William R., 224. 

Salutes, 28, 89, 202, 261. 

Sam Adams' rebels, 116. 

Sampson & Allen, 218. 

Archibald T., 206, 221. 



INDEX. 



589 



Sanborn school, 101. 

Sanderson, Hon. Howard K., 104, 203, 224; 
Hon. George P., 19. 

Santry, Ella M., 93. 

Sargent, Lieut. Charles F., 223; Willie, 242. 

Sashes, 26, 216. 

Saugus, 44,63,66,70, 73, :n, 130. 'S4> '55. 'S'^^ 
162, 174, 1S6, 257. 

branch railroad, 64. 

river, 163. 

" Saugust," iii, 69. 

Saunderson, Joseph N., 171. 

Savage, Walter W., 239. 

Savings banks, deposits in, 193. 

Savirtell, Alice E., 104. 

Sawyer, Ernest A., 234; Everett, 242; Henry 
A., 4; Horace W. 209, 240. 

Scannell, Michael, 22S. 

Schier, John A., 206, 222. 

School committee, 21, 262. 

of the Angel Guardian, 56. 

regalias and flags, 17. 

street school, 102. 

Schoolhouses, 64, 65, 91. 

custom of storing wood in, 96. 

Schools in the procession, 21, 26, 210, 212, 240. 

history of, 109, 150, 193. 

Schrieter, W. E., 210, 251. 

Scott, Statia, 241. 

Scrapbook of local history, 114. 

Scribner, Benjamin, 206, 222. 

Scully, Patrick J., 23S. 

Seal of the city, 27, 29, 93, 14S, 1S6, 263. 

of the state, 93. 

Seaside laundry, 256. 

Seavey, James F., 207, 222, 273. 

Second parish, 1S6. 

Seeley, George W., 22S; Herbert W., 22S. 

Seldomgood pasture, 9S. 

Selman, Mrs. W. H., 206, 221. 

Settlement, 250th anniversary of, vii, xvi, i, 20, 
64 204. 

Sewall, Samuel, 114, 

Shanahan, James, 242. 

Shapleigh coffee company, 257. 

Sharp, Wesley H., 232. 

Shaw, Joseph E., 22S. 

Sheaff, Walter, 245. 

Sheehan, Agnes H, 103; Michael J., 234. 

Shepard, Rev. Jeremiah, 114, 122, 164. 

Norwell & Co., 254. 

school, 64, 99, 241. 

Shepherd, Col. Allen G., 224; Allen G., 227, 
273; Hon. William (Mayor), v, xiii, xiv, xv, 
S, 17, 20, 22, 27, 33, 99, 145, 146, 14S, 202, 203, 
224, 23S, 259, 261, 262, 264, 271, 273. 

Sherrin, O. F., 20S 230. 

Shields, William, 242. 



Shillaber, D. H., 207, 222. 

Shoe and leather trade, journals of, 6. 

machinery, 179. 

makers' associations, (£>, i^jy. 

making in Lynn, 66, 70, 150, 177. 

shops, 175. 

supplies, 1S7. 

Shorey, John L., 9S, 117. 

Shute, Mrs. Elizabeth M., 65, 79, 151, 194; 

Samuel (governor), 115; William, 28, 65, 

194. 
Silsbee, Harry, 242. 

Simpson, Charles E., 92; Gertrude, 244. 
Singer sewing machine company, 253. 
Sisk, John F., 210, 251. 
Sisson, Robert S., 250, 272. 
Sisters of Notre Dame, 100. 
Skidmore, George F., 247. 
Small-pox, 115. 

Small, Rev. Edward E., 41, loi. 
Smith, Carrie E., 103; C. B., 239; C. R., 273; 

Edward E., 221 ; Capt. Edward H., 25, 139, 

209, 240, 262, 272; F. A., 24S; Rev. Father, 

54, 55; Hon. George E., 19; Goldwin, Si; 

Lieut. Herbert L., 90, 223; Horace B., 247; 

J. B. (governor's private secretary), 223, 

247; John D., 239; Joseph N., 218,273; Kate 

F. S., 96; Lillian, 242; Mary E., 103; W. 

W., 207, 222; Zoe, 241. 
Snow, T. D., 210, 251. 
Somerville, 19S, 246. 
Soule, A. E., 237. 
South Royalston, 250. 
South shore, 154. 

Southwick, Joel, 21S; Joseph P., 24S. 
Southworth, Sarah J. K., 102. 
Soapine company. The, 255. 
Soldiers' monument, 79, 220. 
Soldiers, return of, from civil war, 130. 
Somers, A. J., 229; S. Maud, 103. 
Sons of St. George, Lord Beaconsfield lodge, 

217. 
" Sorosis " shoe, 254, 255. 
Soucy, F. X., 237. 
Spain, Thomas E., 235. 
Spear, Charles H., 226, 262, 272; Walter H., 

251, 272. 
Spencer, Capt. J. E., 223; O. L., 239. 
Spinney, Benjamin F., 4, 35, 273; Elizabeth C, 

96. 
Sprague, Henry B., 206, 221; Charles, 242; 

Clarence M., 22S; George E., 7, 206, 221; 

W. D., 231. 

& Breed, 258. 

Springfield, i. 

Squire, Marion, 245. 

Stackpole, Charles V., 219; Dayton, 20S, 230; 

George H., 224, 



290 



INDEX. 



Stagecoach, 175. 

Stamp act, 118, 165, 177. 

Standard crayon company, The, 257. 

Staples, Flora G., 95. 

" Star-Spangled Banner," 100. 

Statehouse, 69, 154. 

Staton, Clara M., loi ; Mary R., 103. 

St. Crispin, 70, 156. 

Steadman, Capt. W. L. 225. 

Steam engine, 61. 

Stearns, Jennie E., 9S. 

Stereopticon, :,^i. 

Sterling, C. G., 249. 

Stevens, A. F., 258; Charles, 233; Maurice A., 

7, 227; Richard H., 237; Thomas J., 235. 

& Newhall, 257. 

Stevenson & Moulton Co., 257. 
Steward, Walter A., 247. 
Stewart, Rev. Samuel B., 24, 67, 145, 146. 
St. Jean Baptiste and his lamb (float), 236. 

society, 209, 212, 236. 

St. John, Master Edward, 236. 

St. Joseph's institute (parochial school), 21, 56, 

104, 210, 212, 219, 247. 
St. Mary's Catholic total abstinence society 

(rooms), 216. 

school, 21, 99, 210, 212, 219, 246. 

Stiles, Harry E., 91 ; J. Harry, 7. 

Nelson R. & Co. 25S. 

Stitching machine, 179. 

Stone, Alice, 244; A. M. 232: Arthur S., 22S; 

Fred, 141 ; Lieut. E. C, 206, 221 ; Everett, 

243 ; William, viii, 96, 102, 245 ; Willis O., 249. 
Stoneham, 2S, 231. 
Store orders, 1S9. 
Storer, Eben K., 22S. 
Story, Herman, 242; John R. 262, 272. 
Stott, Robert B., 250. 

Strain, Rev. James (Monsignor), 42, 54, JS. S^- 
Streets, changes in names of, 129. 
Strike of 1S60, iSS. 

Survivors first city government, 18, 29, 224, 261. 
Swain, Gertrude, 102. 
Swampscott, 19,63,69,70, 73, iii, 150, 154, 155, 

162, 1 86, 249, 254, 255. 

gelatine company, 255. 

Swan tavern, 115. 

Sweeney, Patrick, 233. 

Swift, Caroline, 99. 

Sub-committees, 17. 

Sullivan, C. H., 20S, 230; Rev. Dennis F., 42, 

236; H.,237; James, 233; J. H., 229; J. J., 

208, 230. 
Sutherland, Chauncey A., 209, 240; D. A., 251, 

273- 
Sutton, Albert, 235. 
Symonds, Lieut. G. E., 223; John, 234; Walter 

E., 35 ; W. H., 225, 271. 



Talbut, William F., 208, 230. 

Tafunkjian, Zabel, 245. 

Tapley, Henry F., 4, S, 203, 224, 241, 273; Dr. 

Warren, 228. 
Tarbox, Florence B.,93; E. N.,24S; James M., 

250, 272; J. E., 249; Nellie S., 100. 
Taylor, E. P., 234; Joel V., 217; L. A., 251; 

Mabel M., 92. 
Tea party in Lynn, :66. 
Tebbetts, Gertrude H., 94; Mary E., 94. 
Teel, Benjamin F., 231. 
Teeling, Rev. Arthur J., 21, 34, S3> 246. 
Telegraph, 61, 64, 71, 175. 
Telephone, 61, 71. 
Ten-hour system, 64, no. 
Temperature of third day, 201. 
Theatre (Lynn), 17, 22, 137, 14S, 217. 
Third parish, 1S6. 
Thompson, Benjamin E., Jr., 228; Mrs. Frank 

H., 206, 221 ; George (anti-slavery orator), 

Ss; J. E., 140; John A., 221. 
Thomson-Houston electric company, 191. 
Thomson, J. J., 229. 
Thorndike, Mildred, 94. 
Thome, W. H., 221. 
Thornton, Georgietta M., 95. 
Thunder-shower, 201, 261. 
Thurston, Capt. John A., iS, 14S, 149, 224. 
Thwing, Lelia, 245. 
Thyng, Mary E., loo. 

Titus, Lieut. H. A., 222; L Walton, 4, 5, 227. 
Todd, Abbie, 94; C. E., 231 ; Mary A., 93. 
Tolman building, 130. 

fund, 65. 

Tomlins' swamp, 58. 

Topsfield, I. 

Townhouse, 54, 93, 127, 128, 130, 183, 1S4, 196. 

Town of shuttles and bobbins, 262. 

Townsend, Arthur C, 251; C. Bernice, loi ; 

Charles, 242. 
Towns (Q; A.) heel company, 253. 
Towle, Abner D., 217. 
Tracy, Cyrus Mason, 200. 

school, 99, 104, 11:, 141, 190, 216, 241, 242. 

schoolhouse dedicated, 65. 

Trade, board of, 3, 4. 

Training school, 96, 100. 

Travers, Fred, 242. 

Travis, Bessie, 242; H. E. A., 238. 

Treen, Mary A., 99; William H., 7, 225, 253. 

Tripp giant leveller company, 253. 

Ina E., 97. 

True basis for civic rejoicing. The (sermon), 35. 
Trufant, Annie, 109. 
Tucker, Charles H., 225, 271. 
Tufts, Adelaide S., 99; Fred W., 232; Grace 
M., 104; Mary L, 93. 



INDEX 



391 



Tupper, Mabel L., 104. 

Turnbull, Ensign F. H., 223. 

Turgeon, Fred, 237. 

Turner Centre creamery company, The, 255. 

Tuson, Fred, 242. 

Tyler, George, 242; Herbert, 231, 242. 

U 

Uncle Sam's True Blues, 209, 23S. 
Union creamery company. The, 255. 
United shoe machinery company, The, 254. 
United States officials, 229. 

wealth of, 60. 

weather bureau, 201. 

workmen. Ancient order of, 209, 212, 234. 

a home preserved by the (float), 235. 

Universalism in Lynn, 63, 12S. 

Usher, Frederick W., 217; Hon. Roland G., 2S. 



Valpey, Harold D., viii; Fred B., viii, 143. 

Valuation, 150, 193. 

Van Blarcom, Frank, 244. 

Van Buren, Rev. James H., 23, 34. 

Vary, C. D., 227. 

Vatcher, James, 142. 

Vaughen, C. H., 229; Frank G., 239. 

Venini, Charles T., 207, 222. 

Venn, Amy, 241. 

Vennard, William L., 251. 

Veteran light infantry, 207, 211. 

Veterans, sons of, 207, 211. 

Vincent, Frank E., 253. 

Vose, W. H., Jr., 235. 

Voss, Major J. W., 222. 

Votes on adoption of first city charter, 171. 

Wade, John H., 24S; Joseph B., 247. 

Walden, Hon. Edwin, 2S. 

Waldron, Ernest G., 209, 240. 

Walker, Alice D., 103, 216. 

Wallace, George F., 251. 

Wall, Mabel P., 92. 

Walsh, John, 233, 244; John H., 236; Rev. 

Louis S., 42; Stephen M., 273. 
Wakefield, 2S, 202. 
War, civil, 64, 130, 157, iSi, 22S, 332. 

revolutionary, 166, 174, iSi. 

Spanish, 64, 91, 157. 

Ward, F. J., 210, 251 ; Grace, E. G., 92; Henry 

A., 155; John, 210, 251; Mabel, iS, 155, 146; 

Martha E., 155; Rhoda, 100. 
Wardman, Fred, 234. 
Warner, Capt. John G., 25, 205, 214, 221. 
Warnock, James, 249. 



Warren, Mary A., 262. 

Washington, George (President), 114, 219, 236. 

street school, 102. 

Waterhouse, Herbert, 242; William H., 90. 

Water supply, inauguration of, 1S6. 

Watson, Herman, 20S, 230; Herman A., 209, 

240. 
Watts, Sewall T., 234. 
Webb, Capt. A. N., 223. 
Webber, Hon. Benjamin D., 226; James W., 

232; Parker J., 7, 227; William, 241. 
W^eber, John Z., 235 ; N., Jr., 207, 222. 
Webster, Susan A., 92. 
W^eeman, Gerald, 140. 
Weeks, Bertha M.,9S; Carolyn G.,9S; Marion, 

Welch, T. A., 229. 

Weldon, A. G., 249. 

Wells, Arvista M., 94. 

Wentvvorth, J. W., 20S, 230; Roy, 245. 

West, Allen F., 239; Jennie D., 104; M. Eliza- 
beth, 99. 

Weston, Laforest, 231 ; William A., 231. 

" What constitutes a state," 84. 

Wheeler, H. K., 208, 230; J. Arthur, 232. 

Whitcomb, Estelle, 206, 221. 

White, Bertha F., 104; Etta, 244; Richard J., 
209, 240; Dr. Root, 224. 

Whiting, Rev. Mr., 6g. 

school, 96, 219, 243. 

Whitman, Alice S., 104. 

Whitmore, Clara H., 92; Edith, 102. 

Whitney, Eli, 150. 

Whittredge & Ryan, 257. 

Wiffen, H. F., 24S. 

Wilder, Grace F., 100. 

Willard, George A., 90. 

Willey, C. E., 247; W. A., 273. 

Williams, A. Maude, 103; Rev. Amos A., 41 ; 
Col. H. L., 223; Ruth, 245; S. H., 249; 
Zilpha J., 99. 

brothers, 254. 

Williamson, Frederick, 244. 

Willis, Fred E., 251; Thomas (early settler), 

"3-. 

Wilsey, Arthur, 245. 

Wilson, C. H., 227; Charles W., 8; Hon. Ed- 
ward D., 226; E. W., 235; George M., 249; 
J. Clarence, 25, 210, 251; J. Colby, 227; 
Joseph T., 227; Josiah, 250, 252; Katie, 241. 

Witham, Annie J., 104. 

Wiggin, Madelene, 96. 

Wiley, Rev. Father, 54. 

Winspeare, Ida, 206, 221. 

Winthrop, 154. 

Woburn, 226, 177. 

Wolcolt, William, 233. 

de Wolfe, Lieut., 23:.; 



292 INDEX, 

Woodard, Grace, 241. Wyer, A. H., 253. 

Woodbury, Charles J. H., 217; John G., 208, 230. Wyman, Louis A., 2:, 227. 

Woodend, 175, 1S3. Wyoma, 98, 129, 24S. 

Woodfall, Dr. William B., 262, 272. Wyzanski, Sadie, 92. 
Woodman, George A., 247; John A., xv, 17, 

141, 145, 224, 271. Y 

Wood, Fred, 140; John and William (early 

settlers,), 163; Mary W.. 96; Seth, 242. Young, Charles, 94; C. O. B. 24S; E. M.. 207, 
Woods, Anson L., 231. "2; Lieut William F.. 222. 

Lynn (public forest), 40, 152, 158, 190. ^oung men's Christian association, 27, 42, 64, 

Woodward, Harrv T., 206, 221. "^S, i39- 

Worcester, i, 63, 173. building, 2.9. 

p g Youland, Irving, 242. 

World's fair, 61,84. 

Wright building, 218. „ 

John B., 205, 221; N. E., 247; Rev. M. E., 

41 ; Wallace, 245. Zeigler, Richard F., 247. 




3 9097 00139602 8 

Lynn, Mass. 

City of Lynn, Massachusetts semi 



1900. 



P74 

L98 
L98 



203894 



Lynn, Mass. 

^etts, semi-centennial 
01 incorporation. 



203894